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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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IMPROVING THE HEALTH, SAFETY, AND WELL-BEING OF

YOUNG ADULTS

Workshop Summary

Clare Stroud, Tara Mainero, and Steve Olson, Rapporteurs
Board on Children, Youth, and Families

INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE AND
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
                                    OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS     500 Fifth Street, NW     Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The workshop that is the subject of this workshop summary was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This activity was supported by Contract HHSH25034014T between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The views presented in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the activity.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-28562-9
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-28562-3

Additional copies of this workshop summary are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

For more information about the Institute of Medicine, visit the IOM home page at: www.iom.edu.

Copyright 2013 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine) and NRC (National Research Council). 2013. Improving the health, safety, and well-being of young adults: Workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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PLANNING COMMITTEE ON IMPROVING THE HEALTH, SAFETY, AND WELL-BEING OF YOUNG ADULTS1

RICHARD BONNIE (Chair), Harrison Foundation Professor of Medicine and Law, University of Virginia School of Law, Charlottesville

WILLIAM ADELMAN, Adolescent Medicine Consultant to the Army Surgeon General, U.S. Army, Maryland

CLAIRE BRINDIS, Director, Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco

ROBERT CROSNOE, The Elsie and Stanley E. (Skinny) Adams, Sr., Centennial Professor in Liberal Arts, Department of Sociology, University of Texas, Austin

MARK COURTNEY, Professor, School of Social Service Administration, University of Chicago, Illinois

MARYANN DAVIS, Research Associate Professor, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Department of Psychiatry, Worcester

BEATRIZ LUNA, Director, Laboratory of Neurocognitive Development, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

VELMA McBRIDE MURRY, Professor of Human Development & Betts Chair, Department of Human and Organizational Development, Peabody College of Vanderbilt University, Nashville

ZIZI PAPACHARISSI, Professor and Head, Department of Communication, University of Illinois, Chicago

JOHN SCHULENBERG, Professor of Psychology and Research Professor, Institute for Social Research and Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

LAURENCE STEINBERG, Laura H. Carnell Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

LESLIE WALKER, Professor and Chief, Adolescent Medicine Division, Seattle Children’s Hospital, Washington

Project Staff

CLARE STROUD, Project Director

TARA MAINERO, Research Associate

DOUGLAS KANOVSKY, Senior Program Assistant

_________________

1 Institute of Medicine and National Research Council planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published workshop summary rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
×

Board on Children, Youth, and Families Staff

KIMBER BOGARD, Director

FAYE HILLMAN, Financial Associate

PAMELLA ATAYI, Administrative Associate

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
×

Reviewers

This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Reserch Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published workshop summary as sound as possible and to ensure that the workshop summary meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this workshop summary:

Amelia M. Arria, University of Maryland

Tamera Coyne-Beasley, University of North Carolina

Charles E. Irwin, Jr., University of California, San Francisco

Robin J. Mermelstein, University of Illinois at Chicago

Carola Suárez-Orozco, University of California, Los Angeles

Patrick H. Tolan, University of Virginia

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the workshop summary before its release. The review of this workshop summary was overseen by Elena O. Nightingale, Institute of Medicine. Appointed by

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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the Institute of Medicine, she was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this workshop summary was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this workshop summary rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2013. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18340.
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Next: Part I: Introduction, Development, and Context »
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Young adults are at a significant and pivotal time of life. They may seek higher education, launch their work lives, develop personal relationships and healthy habits, and pursue other endeavors that help set them on healthy and productive pathways. However, the transition to adulthood also can be a time of increased vulnerability and risk. Young adults may be unemployed and homeless, lack access to health care, suffer from mental health issues or other chronic health conditions, or engage in binge drinking, illicit drug use, or driving under the influence. Young adults are moving out of the services and systems that supported them as children and adolescents, but adult services and systems--for example, the adult health care system, the labor market, and the justice system--may not be well suited to supporting their needs.

Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults is the summary of a workshop hosted by the Board on Children, Youth, and Families of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the National Research Council (NRC) in May, 2013. More than 250 researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and young adults presented and discussed research on the development, health, safety, and well-being of young adults. This report focuses on the developmental characteristics and attributes of this age group and its placement in the life course; how well young adults function across relevant sectors, including, for example, health and mental health, education, labor, justice, military, and foster care; and how the various sectors that intersect with young adults influence their health and well-being. Improving the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Young Adults provides an overview of existing research and identifies research gaps and issues that deserve more intensive study. It also is meant to start a conversation aimed at a larger IOM/NRC effort to guide research, practices, and policies affecting young adults.

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