National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×

Novel Processes for
Advanced Manufacturing

SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP

Maureen Mellody, Rapporteur

Standing Committee on Defense Materials,
Manufacturing and Infrastructure

National Materials and Manufacturing Board

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, D.C.

www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS   500 Fifth Street, NW   Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this workshop summary was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This study was supported by Contract/Grant No. W911NF-10-C-0098 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Department of Defense. The views presented in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-28591-9
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-28591-7

This report is available in limited quantities from:

National Materials and Manufacturing Board
500 Fifth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001
nmmb@nas.edu
http://www.nationalacademies.edu/nmmb

Additional copies of this workshop summary are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu/.

Cover: The image depicts the juxtaposition of established industrial processes such as sand-casting of metals. It shows the novel uses of additive manufacturing, which is capable of creating objects of intriguing complexity in many dimensions, voxel by voxel, and represents a case of modernization and rejuvenation, perhaps even a revolution, of established industrial processes. Artist: Erik Svedberg, 3D image generated computationally, pixel by pixel.

Copyright 2013 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR NEW AND NOVEL PROCESSES THAT ARE ON THE VERGE OF INDUSTRIAL MODERNIZATION: A WORKSHOP

ROBERT E. SCHAFRIK, GE Aviation, Chair

ROSARIO A. GERHARDT, Georgia Institute of Technology

GEORGE T. GRAY III, Los Alamos National Laboratory

ROBERT H. LATIFF, R. Latiff Associates

MICHAEL F. McGRATH, Analytic Services, Inc.

GREGORY B. OLSON, Northwestern University

PRABHJOT SINGH, GE Global Research

SONYA T. SMITH, Howard University

DENISE F. SWINK, Private Consultant

HAYDN N.G. WADLEY, University of Virginia

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×

STANDING COMMITTEE ON DEFENSE MATERIALS, MANUFACTURING AND INFRASTRUCTURE

ROBERT H. LATIFF, R. Latiff Associates, Chair

ROBERT E. SCHAFRIK, GE Aviation, Vice Chair

VALERIE BROWNING, ValTech Solutions, LLC

JESUS M. de la GARZA, Virginia Polytechnic and State University

GEORGE T. GRAY III, Los Alamos National Laboratory

MICHAEL F. McGRATH, Analytic Services, Inc.

E. SARAH SLAUGHTER, Built Environment Coalition

DENISE F. SWINK, Private Consultant

A. GALIP ULSOY, University of Michigan

HAYDN N.G. WADLEY, University of Virginia

STEVEN G. WAX, Private Consultant

Staff

DENNIS I. CHAMOT, Acting Director

ERIK B. SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer

TERI G. THOROWGOOD, Administrative Coordinator

HEATHER LOZOWSKI, Financial Associate

ANN F. LARROW, Program Associate, until May 2013

JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant, from June 2013

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×

NATIONAL MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING BOARD

ROBERT E. SCHAFRIK, NAE, GE Aviation, Chair

PETER R. BRIDENBAUGH, NAE, ALCOA, retired

LAWRENCE D. BURNS, NAE, University of Michigan

JIM C.I. CHANG, National Cheng Kung University

STEPHEN H. DAVIS, Northwestern University

GEORGE T. GRAY III, Los Alamos National Laboratory

JENNIE S. HWANG, H-Technologies Group

SUNDARESAN JAYARAMAN, Georgia Institute of Technology

ROBERT H. LATIFF, R. Latiff Associates

MICHAEL F. McGRATH, Analytic Services, Inc.

CELIA MERZBACHER, Semiconductor Research Corporation

EDWARD MORRIS, National Center for Defense Manufacturing and Machining

ROBERT C. PFAHL, JR., International Electronics Manufacturing Initiative

VINCENT J. RUSSO, Aerospace Technologies Associates, LLC

HAYDN N.G. WADLEY, University of Virginia

BEN WANG, Georgia Tech Manufacturing Institute

ALBERT R.C. WESTWOOD, Sandia National Laboratories

Staff

DENNIS I. CHAMOT, Acting Director

ERIK B. SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer

TERI G. THOROWGOOD, Administrative Coordinator

HEATHER LOZOWSKI, Financial Associate

ANN F. LARROW, Program Associate, until May 2013

JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant, from June 2013

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×

Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this workshop summary:

Peter R. Bridenbaugh (NAE), ALCOA, retired,
Rosario A. Gerhardt, Georgia Institute of Technology,
Paul S. Peercy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, and
Prabhjot Singh, GE Global Research.

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the workshop summary before its release. The review of this workshop summary was overseen by Lyle Schwartz, University of Maryland. Appointed by the NRC, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this summary was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this summary rests entirely with the author and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×
Page R1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×
Page R3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×
Page R4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×
Page R5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×
Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×
Page R11
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18345.
×
Page R12
Next: Overview »
Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacturing: Summary of a Workshop Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $40.00 Buy Ebook | $31.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

The Standing Committee on Defense Materials Manufacturing and Infrastructure (the DMMI standing committee) of the National Materials and Manufacturing Board of the National Research Council (NRC) held a workshop on December 5 and 6, 2012, to discuss new and novel processes in industrial modernization. The participants of the workshop provided their individual opinions but no recommendations were developed as a result of the workshop. The workshop focused on Additive manufacturing, electromagnetic field manipulation of materials, and design of materials.

Additive manufacturing is the process of making three-dimensional objects from a digital description or file. The workshop addresses different aspects of additive manufacturing including surface finish and access to manufacturing capabilities and resources. Electromagnetic field manipulation of materials is the use of electric and/or magnetic fields to change the mechanical or functional properties of a material or for the purposes of sintering. The workshop examined research prioritization in this area as well as other objectives. "Design of materials" refers to the application of computational and analytic methods to materials to obtain a desired material characteristic; the workshop features a discussion on materials genomics in this area and more. Novel Processes for Advanced Manufacture: Summary of a Workshop presents a summarization of the key points of this workshop and includes outlines of the open discussions on each area.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!