Rita R. Colwell, Chair, University of Maryland; Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc. Rita Colwell is Chairman of Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc. and Distinguished University Professor at both the University of Maryland at College Park and Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. Her interests are focused on global infectious diseases, water, and health, and she is currently developing an international network to address emerging infectious diseases and water issues, including safe drinking water for both the developed and developing world. Dr. Colwell has held many advisory positions in the U.S. government, nonprofit science policy organizations, and private foundations, as well as in the international scientific research community. Dr. Colwell is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. She holds a BS in bacteriology and an MS in genetics from Purdue University, and a PhD in oceanography from the University of Washington.
Enriqueta C. Bond, Burroughs Wellcome Fund Enriqueta Bond, PhD, retired in August 2008 as President of the Burroughs Wellcome Fund (BWF), a private foundation whose mission is to advance the medical sciences through the support of research and education. She is a founding partner of QE Philanthropic Advisors and consults with philanthropic and nonprofit organizations on program development and governance. Before that she served for nearly 20 years as staff officer and division director at the Institute of Medicine, serving as executive officer from 1989 to 1994.
Dr. Bond serves on numerous board and advisory groups such as the Council of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the Institute of Medicine Committee to Review the Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) Program at the National Center for Advancing Translational Science, the National Research Council Committee on Developing a Framework for an International Faculty Development Project on Education about Research in the Life Sciences with Dual Use, the Burroughs Wellcome Fund Career Award for Science and Mathematics Advisory Committee, and the Board of the Health Effects Institute and the James B. Hunt Jr. Institute for Educational Leadership.
Dr. Bond chairs a National Academies Board on Developing the Capacity of African Academies of Science, serves as a member of the Institute of Medicine Forum on Microbial Threats to Health, and is a frequent reviewer of Academy reports. She previously chaired the Institute of Medicine Clinical Research Roundtable and was a member of the Council of the Eunice Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Dr. Bond is a member of the Institute of Medicine and is a fellow of the Association for the Advancement of Science. She was educated at Wellesley College
(AB), the University of Virginia (MA), and Georgetown University, where she earned a PhD in genetics and molecular biology.
John D. Clements, Tulane University Dr. Clements is a professor of microbiology and immunology at Tulane University School of Medicine and director of the Tulane Center for Infectious Diseases. After receiving his doctorate in 1979 from the University of Texas Health Science Center at Dallas, he completed a National Research Council Associateship at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in Washington, D.C. In 1980, Dr. Clements was appointed an assistant professor in the Departments of Microbiology and Medicine at the University of Rochester School of Medicine in New York. In 1982, he joined the faculty at Tulane University, where he has served as professor and chair of the Department of Microbiology and Immunology since 1999. He was Vice Dean for Research from 2006 to 2009 and in 2009 was appointed director of the Tulane Center for Infectious Diseases. Dr. Clements maintains an active research program focused on development of vaccines against infectious diseases. His research has been continuously funded from a variety of Public Health Service and Department of Defense sources. He is currently Director of the Tulane/Xavier Vaccine Development/ Engineering Project and the Tulane/Xavier Vaccine Peptide Program, both supported by the Department of Defense. Dr. Clements is also Co-Director of the South Louisiana Institute for Infectious Disease Research and Co-Director of the Louisiana Vaccine Center, both collaborative projects between Tulane University and Louisiana State University Health sciences Center in New Orleans. Research in Dr. Clements’s laboratory has resulted in more than 100 peer-reviewed publications and book chapters, and 13 patents. Dr. Clements has served on numerous scientific panels and editorial boards. He currently serves on the scientific advisory boards of the Western Regional Center for Excellence in Biodefense Research and the PATH Enteric Vaccine initiative. In 2003, he was trained as a U.N. Weapons Inspector (Biologic) in the 7th United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC). In 2003 and again in 2004, he served as a member of the Iraq Survey Group as a subject matter expert in weapons of mass destruction and dual use equipment and programs.
Nancy D. Connell, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Dr. Connell is a professor in the Division of Infectious Disease in the Department of Medicine at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ), New Jersey Medical School. A Harvard University PhD in Microbiology, Dr. Connell’s major research focus is the interaction between respiratory infectious agents and the macrophage. She is director of the Biosafety Level Three (BSL-3) Facility of UMDNJ’s Center for the Study of Emerging and Re-emerging Pathogens and chairs the University’s Institutional Biosafety Committee. She has served on a number of National Academies committees, e.g., the Committee on Advances in Technology and the Prevention of their Application to Next Generation Biowarfare Agents and the Committee to Review the Scientific Approaches used in the FBI’s Investigation of the 2001 Bacillus anthracis Mailings.
Clarissa Dirks, The Evergreen State College Clarissa Dirks is an associate professor in scientific inquiry, biology at the Evergreen State College in Olympia, Washington. She earned her PhD in molecular and cellular biology at the University of Washington, conducting research in virology at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer
Research Center. As a virologist she currently investigates the evolution of viruses and host viral inhibitory proteins as well as the coevolution of bryophytes and species of Tardigrada. As a biology education researcher, she has implemented programs to improve retention of underrepresented students in first-year science courses, and conducted studies to better understand how students acquire and master science process skills. She has received two Tom Rye Harvill Awards for the Integration of Art and Science, has been named a National Academies Education Fellow and Mentor in the Life Sciences, and is the recipient of two Biology Leadership Education grants. She works to provide professional development opportunities for faculty and postdoctoral scholars by serving on the Committee for National Academies Summer Institute on Undergraduate Education in Biology, leading a Pacific Northwest Regional Summer Institute, and mentoring postdoctoral fellows as a regional field station leader for the Faculty Institute for Reforming Science Teaching. She is a member of the editorial board of the journal CBE-Life Science Education and a cofounder of the Society for Biology Education Research (SABER).
Mohamed El-Faham, Bibliotheca Alexandrina Mohamed El-Faham is director of the Center for Special Studies and Programs (CSSP), Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Egypt. He is also a professor and director of Power Systems Group at the Department of Electrical and Computer Control Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Arab Academy for Science and Technology and Maritime Transport in Alexandria. He received his BSc in electrical engineering from the University of Alexandria and his MSc and DSc in electrical engineering from the George Washington University, Washington, D.C. He is a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the author/coauthor of a number of publications. As director of the CSSP, he organizes, each year, a number of major conferences in the fields of science, technology, and education.
Alastair Hay, University of Leeds Alastair Hay is professor of environmental toxicology in the School of Medicine at the University of Leeds, U.K. He holds a BSc in chemistry and PhD in biochemistry, both from the University of London. As a toxicologist his major interests are the effects of chemicals on health but his research also covers work on calcium metabolism, kidney damage, drugs of abuse, pharmacokinetics, and proteomics. Professor Hay currently teaches basic biology, research methodology, and ethics to medical students in years 1 to 3 of their 5-year medical degree. External to the university he has been an advisor to the U.K. government for over 20 years on both the regulation of chemicals and exposure standards in the workplace; he also advises the European Union on workplace exposure limits. He has more than 35 years’ experience with chemical weapons issues and advises the U.K. government on matters relating to the implementation of the 1997 Chemical Weapons Convention. He has developed teaching materials for chemists on such topics as multiple uses of chemicals; chemical weapons; and codes of conduct. Professor Hay has worked with numerous national and international organizations to promote these issues in both the chemical and biological sciences and to help find innovative teaching approaches to engage young scientists and promote responsible conduct in research.
Elizabeth Heitman, Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Dr. Heitman received her PhD from Rice University in 1988. She has extensive expertise in
biomedical ethics, responsible conduct of research, and ethics in public health, as well as experience with biodefense-related ethical decision making as a member of the Policy, Ethics, and Law Core of the Southeast Regional Center of Excellence for Emerging Infections and Biodefense (SERCEB). Her primary research addresses the evaluation of education in the responsible conduct of research, and the cultural awareness and professional socialization of students and researchers. Dr. Heitman is the director of a four-year research ethics education program for Costa Rican biomedical researchers and research ethics review committees sponsored by the NIH’s Fogarty International Center and a member of the Clinical Research Ethics Key Function Committee of the Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) Consortium. She is the coauthor of The Ethical Dimensions of the Biological and Health Sciences (with Drs. Ruth Ellen Bulger and Stanley Joel Reiser).
Adel A.F. Mahmoud, Princeton University Adel A.F. Mahmoud, MD, PhD, is a professor in molecular biology and public policy at Princeton University, and former president of Merck Vaccines of Merck & Company, Inc. Before that, he served at Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals as chairman of medicine and physician in chief. Dr. Mahmoud’s academic pursuits focused on investigations of the determinants of infection and disease in human schistosomiasis and helminthic infections. He has led efforts to develop new vaccines for measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, rotavirus, shingles, and human papillomavirus. Dr. Mahmoud served as a member of the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity. He was elected to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences in 1987 and has served on numerous committees. For example, his leadership in setting global health strategies shaped the agenda of the IOM Forum on Microbial Threats by tackling such topical issues as biological threats and bioterrorism; SARS; and pandemic flu. He received an MD from the University of Cairo and a PhD from the University of London, School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
Mona Mostafa Mohamed, Cairo University Mona Mostafa Mohamed, PhD, is professor of cell biology and head of the Cancer Biology Research Laboratory, Faculty of Science, Cairo University. Upon completion of her doctorate at Cairo University, she was competitively selected for a prestigious Avon-AACR International Scholar award in breast cancer research (2005-2007), one of only 12 selected from several hundred applicants. Dr. Mohamed’s research focuses on the interactions between inflammatory macrophages and their associated cytokines and proteolytic enzymes observed during breast cancer, with the ultimate goal of understanding mechanisms by which macrophages induce breast cancer progression and identifying novel targets for drug development. Returning to Egypt in 2007, she was awarded start-up funds from Avon Foundation and Cairo University to establish the first specified breast cancer biology laboratory in Egypt (CBRL; www.cbrl.cu.edu.eg). CBRL’s state-of-the-art equipment has enabled Dr. Mohamed’s group to achieve outstanding results in breast cancer research, including those of 13 master’s and doctoral students. Dr. Mohamed is the recipient of numerous grants from the Science and Technology Development Fund, Egypt; the Avon Foundation (U.S.A.) in collaboration with New York University; the Fogarty International Research Collaboration -Basic Biomedical (FIRCA-BB) Research Award (R03); and Wayne State University (U.S.A.). Dr. Mohamed is a leading example for women in science, blazing a path forward for future
women seeking scientific and academic careers. She was recently selected for the 2012 Women in Science Hall of Fame for her scientific accomplishments (http://jordan.usembassy.gov/wshf_2012.html).
James H. Stith, American Institute of Physics James H. Stith is Vice President Emeritus for the American Institute of Physics (AIP). While an officer of the Institute, he had oversight responsibilities for AIP’s Magazine Division, the Media and Government Relations Division, the Education Division, the Center for the History of Physics, the Statistical Research Division, and the Careers Division. Throughout his career, he has been an advocate for programs that ensure ethnic and gender diversity in the sciences. His doctorate in physics was earned from the Pennsylvania State University, and his master’s and bachelor’s in physics were received from Virginia State University. A physics education researcher, his primary interests are in program evaluation, and teacher preparation and enhancement. He was formerly a professor of physics at the Ohio State University and professor of physics at the United States Military Academy. A retired colonel, he was the first African American to earn tenure at the Academy. Dr. Stith has been a visiting associate professor at the United Air Force Academy, a visiting scientist at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, a visiting scientist at the University of Washington, and an associate engineer at the Radio Corperation of America. He is a past president of the American Association of Physics Teachers, past president of the National Society of Black Physicists, a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a fellow of the American Physical Society, a chartered fellow of the National Society of Black Physicists, and a member of the Ohio Academy of Science. He was named a distinguished alumnus of the Pennsylvania State University (the Alumni Association’s highest award); an honorary member of Sigma Pi Sigma (its highest award), the physics honor society; and a National Academies Education Mentor in the Life Sciences. He was recognized by Science Spectrum Magazine as one of the 50 Most Important Blacks in Research Science and was named a ScienceMaker by HistoryMakers. Additionally, he serves on a number of national and international advisory boards and has been awarded a Doctor of Humane Letters by his alma mater, Virginia State University. He is married and has three adult daughters and two grandchildren.
National Academies Staff
Lida Anestidou is senior program officer at the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, where she directs a diverse portfolio of studies on the use of laboratory animals; biodefense and biosecurity; and research integrity/responsible conduct of research. Prior to this position she was faculty at the Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society, Vanderbilt University Medical Center. She earned her doctorate in biomedical sciences from the University of Texas at Houston. Working with physiologist Norman Weisbrodt, she explored the effects of nitric oxide on the motility of the gastrointestinal musculature. Working with research integrity expert and biomedical ethics educator Elizabeth Heitman, she concurrently pursued her interests in biomedical ethics, scientific integrity, and science policy. Dr. Anestidou also holds a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree from Greece (her home country) and an MS in Veterinary Sciences from the University of Florida. She is an editorial board member of Science and Engineering Ethics, Lab Animal, and SciTech Lawyer and an ad hoc reviewer for
the American Journal of Bioethics. She is a member of the National Conference of Lawyers and Scientists. Dr. Anestidou serves as an expert reviewer in the Ethics Evaluation of grant applications to the 7th Framework Program of the European Research Council and the European Commission Directorate General Research.
Jo L. Husbands is a scholar/senior project director with the Board on Life Sciences of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS), where she manages studies and projects to help mitigate the risks of the misuse of scientific research for biological weapons or bioterrorism. She represents the NAS on the Biosecurity Working Group of IAP: The Global Network of Science Academies, which also includes the academies of Australia, China, Cuba, Egypt, India, Nigeria, Poland (chair), Russia, and the United Kingdom. From 1991 to 2005 she was director of the NAS Committee on International Security and Arms Control (CISAC) and its Working Group on Biological Weapons Control. Before joining the National Academies, she worked for several Washington, D.C.-based nongovernmental organizations focused on international security. Dr. Husbands is currently an adjunct professor in the Security Studies Program at Georgetown University. She is a member of the Temporary Working Group on Education and Outreach in Science and Technology of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and the Global Agenda Council on Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Weapons of the World Economic Forum. She is also a fellow of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. She holds a PhD in political science from the University of Minnesota and a master’s in international public policy (international economics) from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies.
Jay B. Labov is senior staff member of the National Research Council’s Center for Education. In this capacity, he leads an institution-wide effort to leverage the National Academies’ work in education by helping to make more deliberate connections between the work of the Center for Education, the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and the program units of the National Research Council. He is the principal liaison on education activities between the program units of the National Academies and its Office of Communications, with the goal of enhancing communication with outside stakeholders about the Academies’ work in education and the public’s understanding of science and technology. He also has been the study director for several NRC reports: Evaluating and Improving Undergraduate Teaching in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology (2003); Learning and Understanding: Improving Advanced Study of Mathematics and Science in U.S. High Schools (2002); Educating Teachers of Science, Mathematics, and Technology: New Practices for the New Millennium (2000); Transforming Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology (1999); Serving the Needs of Pre-College Science and Mathematics Education: Impact of a Digital National Library on Teacher Education and Practice (1999); and Developing a Digital National Library for Undergraduate Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education (1998). He has been Director of the Center’s Committee on Undergraduate Science Education and oversees the National Academy of Science’s efforts to improve the teaching of evolution in the public schools. Prior to assuming his position at the NRC Dr. Labov was a member of the biology faculty for 18 years at Colby College in Waterville, Maine.