National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: Appendix B: Speaker Biosketches
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Health Impact Assessment of Shale Gas Extraction: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18376.
×

C

Acronyms

AMCV air monitoring comparison value
ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry
AutoGC auto gas chromatography
 
bcfd billion cubic feet per day
 
CAS Chemical Abstract Services
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
 
DFW Dallas–Fort Worth
 
EIS environmental impact statement
EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
 
GAO U.S. Government Accountability Office
GWP global warming potential
 
HAP hazardous air pollutant
HI hazard index
HIA health impact assessment
HQ hazard quotient
 
ICMM International Council on Mining and Metals
IFC International Finance Corporation
IOM Institute of Medicine
 
kWh kilowatt-hour
 
MCF thousand cubic feet
MSETC Marcellus Shale Education & Training Center
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Health Impact Assessment of Shale Gas Extraction: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18376.
×
 
NCEH National Center for Environmental Health
NIEHS National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NORM naturally occurring radioactive material
NOx nitrogen oxides
NRC National Research Council
 
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
 
PM particulate matter
ppb parts per billion
 
RfC reference concentration
 
SO2 sulfur dioxide
STEPS Service, Transmission, Exploration, and Production Safety Network
 
TCEQ Texas Commission on Environmental Quality
 
USGS U.S. Geological Survey
 
VMT vehicle miles traveled
VOC volatile organic compound
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Health Impact Assessment of Shale Gas Extraction: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18376.
×
Page 141
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Health Impact Assessment of Shale Gas Extraction: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18376.
×
Page 142
Health Impact Assessment of Shale Gas Extraction: Workshop Summary Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $44.00 Buy Ebook | $35.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Natural gas extraction from shale formations, which includes hydraulic fracturing, is increasingly in the news as the use of extraction technologies has expanded, rural communities have been transformed seemingly overnight, public awareness has increased, and regulations have been developed. The governmental public health system, which retains primary responsibility for health, was not an early participant in discussions about shale gas extraction; thus public health is lacking critical information about environmental health impacts of these technologies and is limited in its ability to address concerns raised by regulators at the federal and state levels, communities, and workers employed in the shale gas extraction industry.

Health Impact Assessment of Shale Gas Extraction is the summary of a workshop convened in 2012 by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine to discuss the human health impact of shale gas extraction through the lens of a health impact assessment. Eminent scientists, physicians, public health experts, and representatives from government agencies at federal and state levels, from nongovernment organizations, from the business sector, and from interest groups representing the interests of the citizens met to exchange ideas and to inform on hydraulic fracturing as a means of extraction of natural gas. This report examines the state of the science regarding shale gas extraction, the direct and indirect environmental health impacts of shale gas extraction, and the use of health impact assessment as a tool that can help decision makers identify the public health consequences of shale gas extraction.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!