EVIDENCE FOR VIOLENCE PREVENTION ACROSS THE LIFESPAN AND AROUND THE WORLD
JANUARY 23-24, 2013
Evidence shows that violence can be prevented and its impact reduced, in the same way that public health and criminal justice efforts have prevented and reduced tobacco use, motor vehicle–related injuries, workplace injuries, and infectious diseases in many parts of the world. The factors that contribute to violent responses—whether they are factors of attitude and behavior or related to larger social, economic, political, and cultural conditions—can be changed.
Successful violence prevention programs exist around the world, but a comprehensive approach is needed to systematically apply such programs. As the global community recognizes the connection between violence and failure to achieve health and development goals, such an approach could more effectively inform policies and funding priorities locally, nationally, and globally.
The paradigm of knowledge management serves as the framework for the workshop agenda, and is relevant to understanding the evidence base for violence prevention. The four stages of knowledge management are knowledge generation, knowledge integration, knowledge dissemination, and knowledge application.
The workshop will examine
- What is the need for an evidence-based approach to global violence prevention?
- What are the conceptual and evidentiary bases for establishing what works?
- What interventions have evidence of a reduction in violence?
- What are common approaches most lacking in evidentiary support?
- How can demonstrably effective interventions be adapted, adopted, linked, and scaled up in different cultural contexts?
DAY 1: WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2013
|8.00 AM||Continental breakfast will be served|
DEEPALI PATEL, Institute of Medicine
JAMES MERCY, Centers for Disease Control and
KATRINA BAUM, National Institute of Justice
MICHELLE BACHELET, UN Women (via video)
Day 1 Keynote
MARTA SANTOS PAIS, Special Representative of the United
Nations Secretary General on Violence against Children
Part I: The Need for Evidence. Beginning with definitions of evidence, knowledge, and evidence-based, this panel will highlight the need for evidence about what works to prevent violence from the perspective of organizations and people who seek to reduce violence through large scale global or domestic initiatives. Topics include: How do we define evidence? What is the difference between evidence and knowledge? Why is an evidence-based approach important? Who benefits from the use of evidence to inform decision making? How is evidence used by different stakeholders, and from where is it obtained? What are some of the challenges to making progress in building and implementing evidence-based approaches to violence prevention?
What Is Evidence and Why Do We Need It?
Moderator: MARK ROSENBERG, The Task Force for Global Health
NEIL BOOTHBY, U.S. Agency for International Development
DANIELA LIGIERO, U.S. Department of State
JERRY REED, Education Development Center
MARY LOU LEARY, U.S. Department of Justice
Part II: Generating and Integrating Evidence. While definitions of what constitutes “evidence” have been debated, there is increasing recognition that evidence is vital for decision makers who fund and implement violence prevention strategies. This part of the workshop will review the various forms of evidence and their value, the theory of change and the foundation for evidence-based programs, and how evidence is established and integrated. Topics include: How do we know if an intervention or policy works? What are the most common methodologies for establishing evidence and what are their strengths and weaknesses? How can we effectively integrate large bodies of evidence to help guide decision makers?
|11:00 AM||Importance of Assessing Threats to Study Validity: Cautions About Applying Questionable Evidence to Policies and Programs to Reduce Violence
The purpose of this presentation is to aid researchers, policy makers, and practitioners in assessing the quality of evidence and the interpretation and generalizability of research results in violence prevention. Using examples from the field of violence prevention, Daniel Webster will address how to assess the rigor of alternative approaches to evaluating a program or policy and how to determine if a specific program or policy is responsible for producing the desired outcomes.
DANIEL WEBSTER, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Integrating Evidence About Violence Prevention
Introduction: Anthony Petrosino, WestEd
Systematic Reviews/the Campbell Collaborative
MARK LIPSEY, Vanderbilt University
Blueprints for Violence Prevention
PHELAN WYRICK, U.S. Department of Justice
|1:00 PM||BREAK (Pick up boxed lunch)|
Experiential Evidence and ICT Interventions for Violence Prevention
CAROL KURZIG, Avon Foundation for Women
NANCY SCHWARTZMAN, Circle of 6
THOMAS CABUS, Circle of 6
Part III: Integrating the Evidence Across Low- and Middle-Income Countries and High-Income Countries. The evidence supporting violence prevention is unequally distributed across the world. We know much more about what works in high-income than low- and middle-income countries. Topics include: In what parts of the world do we have evidence that violence prevention works and for what types of violence? What do we know about what does not work to prevent violence? What are the gaps in our knowledge about violence prevention in different parts of the world?
Global Overview of What Works in Violence Prevention
MARK BELLIS, Liverpool John Moores University
Using a Lifestage and Ecological Framework to Integrate the Evidence for Violence Prevention Across the Life Stages This panel will focus in greater depth on information about what is known about violence prevention across stages of life across the world. A lifestage framework is a useful organizing principle because risk and protective factors and violent behavior and experiences earlier in life can have consequences at later stages. The presenters will consider how an understanding of violence prevention strategies at each life stage fit within a social ecological framework (individual, family, community, society) and varies across regions of the world.
Moderator: MARK BELLIS, Liverpool John Moores University
Early childhood (Prenatal through adolescence: ages 0-12)
HARRIET MACMILLAN, McMaster University
Youth and emerging adult (Adolescence through young adult: ages 13-24)
JENNIFER MATJASKO, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Suicide across the lifespan
MICHAEL PHILLIPS, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
Intimate partner violence across the lifespan
CHRIS MAXWELL, Michigan State University
|4:20 PM||Q&A and Discussion|
Summary of Day 1 and Wrap-Up
JACQUELINE LLOYD, National Institute on Drug Abuse
|5:30 PM||ADJOURN DAY 1|
DAY 2: THURSDAY, JANUARY 24, 2013
The objectives of the second day of the workshop are to explore how research and evidence is disseminated and adapted across settings, and how organizations and agencies can create their own data and evidence.
|8:00 AM||Continental breakfast will be served|
Opening and Summary of Day 1
JAMES MERCY, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
KATRINA BAUM, National Institute of Justice
Day 2 Keynote
LISBETH SCHORR, Center for the Study of Social Policy and Harvard University
Part IV: Dissemination and Application of Evidence. Over the past several decades the science related to developing and identifying evidence-based practices and programs for violence prevention has advanced greatly. However, the science of how to disseminate and implement these programs broadly with fidelity and good outcomes lags far behind. This part of the workshop focuses on the following questions: How can we effectively and efficiently communicate
knowledge of evidence-based programs to stakeholders? What are the best strategies for implementing and scaling up evidence-based violence prevention programs? What are the barriers and opportunities for such strategies? What are the unique challenges faced by low- and middle-come countries?
Barriers to Successful Dissemination and Implementation of Evidence-Based Programs and Opportunities to Overcome Them
Moderator: JAMES MERCY, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
JULIE MEEKS GARDNER, The University of the West Indies
CATHERINE L. WARD, University of Cape Town
BRIAN BUMBARGER, The Pennsylvania State University
DEAN FIXSEN, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Introduction to Breakout Sessions
JACQUELINE LLOYD, National Institute on Drug Abuse
|11:00 AM||BREAKOUT SESSIONS
Key Steps in Applying Evidence: Translating Knowledge into Effective Action
The purpose of the breakout sessions is to explore key steps and issues in successfully applying evidence-based knowledge about violence prevention to create sustainable actions at the community level. Each breakout group will
|include a facilitator and rapporteur, who will be responsible for organizing and reporting out from each breakout group.|
|Breakout Group Topics:|
Evidence-based decision making based on community needs
Breakout Leaders: ELIZABETH WARD, Violence
Identifying and engaging key stakeholders and people to be involved
Breakout Leaders: JULIA DA SILVA, American
Adapting evidence-based programs to local conditions and culture
Breakout Leaders: DINA DELIGIORGIS, UN Women
Evaluation and sustainability
Breakout Leaders: PATRICIA CAMPIE, American Institutes for Research
Reports from the Breakout Groups
Moderator: EVELYN TOMASZEWSKI, National Association of Social Workers
What Practitioners Need in Order to Implement Evidence-Based Programs
Moderator: KATRINA BAUM, National Institute of Justice
Criminal justice perspective
JIM BUEERMANN, Police Foundation
VIRGINIA DOLAN, Anne Arundel County Public Schools
JOAN SERRA HOFFMAN, World Bank
TAMMY MANN, The Campagna Center
The Way Forward
JACQUELYN CAMPBELL, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing
THOM FEUCHT, National Institute of Justice
ALYS WILLMAN, The World Bank Group
|3:30 PM||ADJOURN DAY 2|