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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. The Quality of Science and Engineering at the NNSA National Security Laboratories. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18440.
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The Quality of Science and Engineering at the
NNSA National Security Laboratories

Committee to Review the Quality of the Management and of the Science and Engineering Research at the
Department of Energy’s National Security Laboratories—Phase II

Laboratory Assessments Board

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, D.C.

www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. The Quality of Science and Engineering at the NNSA National Security Laboratories. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18440.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS   500 Fifth Street, NW   Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the authoring board responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported by Contract No. DE-DT0001744 between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Nuclear Security Administration, an agency of the U.S. Department of Energy. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number 13: 978-0-309-29090-6
International Standard Book Number 10: 0-309-29090-2

Copies of this report are available from

Laboratory Assessments Board
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
National Research Council
500 Fifth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001

Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2013 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. The Quality of Science and Engineering at the NNSA National Security Laboratories. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18440.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. The Quality of Science and Engineering at the NNSA National Security Laboratories. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18440.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. The Quality of Science and Engineering at the NNSA National Security Laboratories. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18440.
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COMMITTEE TO REVIEW THE QUALITY OF THE MANAGEMENT AND OF THE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING RESEARCH AT THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY’S NATIONAL SECURITY LABORATORIES—PHASE II

CHARLES SHANK, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Co-Chair

C. KUMAR N. PATEL, Pranalytica, Inc., Co-Chair

JOHN F. AHEARNE, Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society

CHRISTINA BACK, General Atomics

PHILLIP COLELLA, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

JILL DAHLBURG, Naval Research Laboratory

ROGER FALCONE, University of California, Berkeley

YOGENDRA GUPTA, Washington State University

WICK HAXTON, University of California, Berkeley

MICHAEL D. HOPKINS, University of Chicago

RAYMOND JEANLOZ, University of California, Berkeley

JOHN KAMMERDIENER, Independent Consultant

WILLIAM MARTIN, University of Michigan

MARGARET MURNANE, University of Colorado

ROBERT E. NICKELL, Applied Science and Technology

KENNETH PEDDICORD, Texas A&M University

PAUL S. PEERCY, University of Wisconsin-Madison

ANTHONY ROLLETT, Carnegie Mellon University

ROBERT ROSNER, University of Chicago

ROBERT SELDEN, Independent Consultant

KENNETH SHEA, University of California, Irvine

FRANCIS SULLIVAN, Institute for Defense Analyses/Center for Computing Sciences

GARY WAS, University of Michigan

KATHERINE YELICK, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Staff

ALAN SHAW, Study Director

RICHARD ROWBERG, Assisting Study Director; Deputy Director, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

JAMES P. McGEE, Director, Laboratory Assessments Board

SCOTT WEIDMAN, Director, Board on Mathematical Sciences and their Applications

LIZA HAMILTON, Administrative Coordinator

ERIC WHITAKER, Senior Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. The Quality of Science and Engineering at the NNSA National Security Laboratories. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18440.
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LABORATORY ASSESSMENT BOARD

JOHN W. LYONS, U.S. Army Research Laboratory (Retired), Chair

CLAUDE R. CANIZARES, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

ROSS B. COROTIS, University of Colorado, Boulder

JOSEPH S. FRANCISCO, Purdue University

C. WILLIAM GEAR, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

LIEUTENANT GENERAL HENRY J. HATCH, U.S. Army (Retired)

LOUIS J. LANZEROTTI, New Jersey Institute of Technology

ELSA REICHMANIS, Georgia Institute of Technology

LYLE H. SCHWARTZ, Air Force Office of Scientific Research (Retired)

CHARLES V. SHANK, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

DWIGHT C. STREIT, University of California, Los Angeles

Senior Staff

JAMES McGEE, Director

ARUL MOZHI, Senior Program Officer

CY BUTNER, Senior Program Officer

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. The Quality of Science and Engineering at the NNSA National Security Laboratories. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18440.
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Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

Marvin Adams, Texas A&M University,

Michael Anastasio, Los Alamos National Laboratory (retired),

Arden Bement, Purdue University,

Paul Fleury, Yale University,

Paul G. Gaffney II, Monmouth University,

Neil Gehrels, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center,

James Hyman, Tulane University,

Cherry Murray, Harvard University,

Steen Rasmussen, University of Southern Denmark,

Thomas Romesser, Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems (retired),

Maxine Savitz, Honeywell Inc. (retired), and

Merri Wood-Schultz, Los Alamos National Laboratory (retired).

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations, nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Stephen M. Robinson, University of Wisconsin, Madison. Appointed by the National Research Council, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring panel and the institution.

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The three National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) national security laboratories--Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL)--are a major component of the U.S. government's laboratory complex and of the national science and technology base. These laboratories are large, diverse, highly respected institutions with broad programs in basic sciences, applied sciences, technology development, and engineering; and they are home to world-class staff and facilities. Under a recent interagency agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Defense, Department of Homeland Security, and the intelligence community, they are evolving to serve the needs of the broad national security community. Despite this broadening of substance and support, these laboratories remain the unique locus of science and engineering (S&E) for the U.S. nuclear weapons program, including, most significantly, the science-based stockpile stewardship program and the S&E basis for analyzing and understanding nuclear weapon developments of other nations and non-state actors. The National Research Council (NRC) was asked by Congress to assess the quality of S&E and the management of S&E at these three laboratories.

The Quality of Science and Engineering at the NNSA National Security Laboratories is the second of two reports produced as part of this study. This report assesses the quality of S&E in terms of the capability of the laboratories to perform the necessary tasks to execute the laboratories' missions, both at present and in the future. The report identifies the following as four basic pillars of stockpile stewardship and non-proliferation analysis: (1) the weapons design; (2) systems engineering and understanding of the effects of aging on system performance; (3) weapons science base; and (4) modeling and simulation, which provides a capability to integrate theory, experimental data, and system design.

The Quality of Science and Engineering at the NNSA National Security Laboratories offers a snapshot of the present with an eye to the future. This report discusses the current state of S&E and makes recommendations to maintain robust programs.

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