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Appendix D THE COMPREHENSIVE ROSTER AND SURVEY OF DOCTORATE RECIPIENTS The Comprehensive Roster of Doctorate Recipients, compiled by the National Research Council's Commission on Human Resources, contains data on 402,000 individuals. The roster consists of scientists and engineers who earned Ph.D.'s within the period 1934-1976 (including recipients of degrees from foreign universities who were employed as scientists and engineers in the United States), and humanists who earned doctorates from U.S. universities within the period 1930-1976. The roster was compiled primarily from the NRC's Doctorate Records File and the NSF's National Register of Scientific and Technical Personnel. Also consulted were American Men and Women of Science, college and university catalogues, and other sources. Surveys of a sample of the doctorate recipients were conducted in 1973, 1975, and 1977 to collect longitudinal data on field, type of em- ployer, salary, and other employment information. The 1977 survey, which was the first to include Ph.D.'s in the humanities, included a sample of 79,400 individuals of which 65,100 were scientists and engineers. The sample was stratified by field of doctorate or field of science/ engineering employment, the year the doctorate was awarded, degree cate- gory (i.e., U.S. doctorates in science, engineering, or the humanities; U.S. doctorates in education or professional fields working in science or engineering; and doctorates from foreign institutions who were employed as scientists or engineers), sex, and race/ethnic group. A sampling rate was set for each stratum, varying from 7 to 100 percent, in order to provide sufficiently large samples for certain subgroups of the population, e.g., women. Within each stratum a simple random sample was selected. Responses from 50,600 Ph.D.'s or 64 percent of the sample, were weighted to estimate the U.S. doctoral population. The questionnaire used in 1977 is reproduced on the following pages. Details of the survey, sampling frame, response rates, weighting procedure, and sampling errors may be found on pp. 2-5 and in Appendices A-E of the report, Science, Engineering, and Humanities Doctorates in the United States, 1977 Profile. The Comprehensive Roster and Survey was initiated by the National Science Foundation and is currently supported by the Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Endowment for the Humanities. 151
1977 SURVEY OF DOCTORATE RECIPIENTS OMB NO. CONDUCTED BY THE NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL WITH THE SUPPORT OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION, THE NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES, AND THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH THE ACCOMPANYING LETTER requests your assistance in this biennial survey of Ph.D.'s in the humanities, sciences, and engineering. PLEASE READ the instructions for each question carefully and answer by printing your reply or checking the appropriate box. PLEASE CHECK the pre-printed Information to be certain that It is correct and complete. PLEASE RETURN the completed form in the enclosed envelope to the Commission on Human Resources, JH 638, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20418. NOTE: THIS INFORMATION IS SOLICITED UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ACT OF 1950, AS AMENDED. ALL INFORMATION YOU PROVIDE WILL BE TREATED AS CONFIDENTIAL AND USED FOR STATISTICAL PURPOSES ONLY. INFORMATION WILL BE RELEASED ONLY IN THE FORM OF STATISTICAL SUMMARIES OR IN A FORM WHICH DOES NOT IDENTIFY INFORMATION ABOUT ANY PARTICULAR PERSON. YOUR RESPONSE IS ENTIRELY VOLUNTARY AND YOUR FAILURE TO PROVIDE SOME OR ALL OF THE REQUESTED INFORMATION WILL IN NO WAY ADVERSELY AFFECT YOU. If your name and address are incorrect, please en- ter correct information above. Include ZIP CODE. If there Is an alternate address through which you can always be reached, please provide It on the line below. (10) c.;o Number Street City State ZIP Code (11) 1. Data ol Birth Mo. Day Year 2. Slat* or Foreign Country ol Birth 3. Citizenship 4. Sm 0 D U.S.A. 1 D Nor. U S (19) V. Specify Country 1 DM2DF (22) (12-16) (17-18) (20-21) S. What Is your racial background? Sa. Is 0 D American Indian or Alaskan Native 0 1 D Asian or Pacific Islander 1 2 D Black 3 D White (23) your ethnic heritage Hispanic? Dves DNO (24) 6 List In the table below all collegiate and graduate degrees, excluding honorary degrees, that have been awarded to you. Please check the pre printed Information, Including the number and name of the specialty from the list on page 4, to be certain that It Is correct and complete. Typed Degree Granted Major Field (Use Specialties List) Name Number Institution Name City (or Campus) * State Bachelor's Mo. Yr. Master's Doctorate Other (Specify) 7. What was your employment status as (Check only one category.) of February 612. 1977? Employed full-time In field of Ph.D Employed full-time In field other than field of Ph.D. Employed pan-time Were you seeking full-time employment? 1 D Yes 2 D No (66) Postdoctoral appointment (fellowship, traineeship, research associateshlp, etc.) Unemployed and seeking employment Not employed and not seeking employment Retired and not employed Other, specify: Di nT D4 n5 D6 D7 .Da (65) ; > 7a. If you were employed full-time during February 6-12, 1977, In a field other than your field of Ph D , whit was the MOST Important reason for taking the position? Preferred position outside Ph.D. field .............................. D 1 Promoted out of position in Ph.D. field ............................. D 2 Better pay ................ D 3 Locatlonal factors ..................... ............................ D 4 Position in Ph.D. field not available ................ D S Other, specify: _ D 6 (67) If you checked 5, 6 or 7, ANSWER ONLY 8a, 9a, 13, 14 and 17 of the following questions. 152
8. Which category below best describes the type of organization ol your principal employment OR postdoctoral appointment during February 8-12, 1977? (Check only one category.) Hospital or clinic ................ D 10 U.S. military service, active duty, or Commissioned Corps, e.g., USPHS, NOAA ................ U 11 U.S. government, civilian employee ................ LJ 12 State government ................ LJ 13 Local or other government, specify: Medical school. 4-Year college. Business or industry LJ 1 Junior college, 2-year college, technical institute LI 2 D 3 D4 University, other than medical school LJ 5 Elementary or secondary school system LJ 6 Private foundation D 7 Museum or historical society LJ 8 Research library or archives LJ 9 _____ ........ Non-profit organization, other than those listed above ............... LJ 15 Other, specify: ____ . ........ D 16 (68-69) 8a. Which of the above categories best describes the type of organization related to your first position following the receipt of your doctorate? (List only one category) Type of Organization (70-71) What percent of time did you devote to each of the following activities during the week of February 6-12,1977? (Total should equal 100%) What were your primary (A) and secondary (B) work activities? (Check only one In each column.) Management or administration of Research and development Other than research and development Both Basic research Applied research Development of equipment, products, systems, data . Development of humanities resource materials Design Teaching Writing, editing Curatorial Production Consulting, specify: Professional services to individuals Quality control, Inspection, testing Sales, marketing, purchasing, estimating Other, specify: .(10) -(12) -(14) -(16) .(18) .(20) -(22) -(24) -(26) -(28) -(30) -(32) -(34) -(36) -(38) -(40) -(42) a;; a 17 a Total =100% (44-47) 9a. Which of the above categories best describes the primary work activity related to your first position following the receipt of your doctorate? Primary Work Activity Number (48-491 10. From the Degree and Employment Specialties List on page 4 select and enter both the number and title of the employment specialty most closely related to your principal employment or postdoctoral appoint- ment during the week of February 6-12, 1977. Write in your specialty if It Is not on the list. 11. Please give the name of your principal employer (organization, company, etc. or, if self employed, write "self"), and actual place of employment as of the week of February 6-12,1977. Name of Employer (53-58) Number Title of Employment Specialty (50-52) Number Street City State ZIP Code (59*3) 12. What was the basic annual salary* associated with your principal professional employment during the week of February 6-12, 1977? II you were on a postdoctoral appointment (e.g., fellowship, traineeship, research assoclateship), what was your annual stipend plus allowances? $ per year (64-66) â¢NOTE: Basic annual salary is your annual salary before deductions for income tax, social security, retirement, etc., but does not Include bonuses, overtime, summer teaching, or other payment for professional work. IF ACADEMICALLY EMPLOYED'. a. Check whether salary was for LJ 9-10 months or LJ 11-12 months. (67) b. Did you hold a tenured position during February 6-12,1977? 0 D Yes 1 D No (68) If Yes, what year was tenure granted? c. What was the rank of your position? (Check only one.) 1 LJ Professor 2 U Associate Professor 3 LJ Assistant professor d. What, if any, administrative position did you hold? 1 D Dean 2 LJ Department Chairman 3 LJ President or Chancellor (69-70) i Instructor I Lecturer I Other, specify: (71) 4 lH Vice-President or Vice-Chancellor 5 U Other, specify: 6 LJ Does not apply (72) 153
13. How many full-time â¢quivalenl years of professional work experience, including teaching, have you had? - Yearfs) (73-74) 14. Following completion of your doctorate have you ever held a fellowship, traineeship, or research associateship? 0 LJ Yes 1 LJ No (75) 15. Listed below are selected topics of national interest. If you devoted a proportion of your professional time which you considered significant to any of these problem areas during the week of February 6-12, 1977, please check the box for the one on which you spent the MOST time. 1 D Health 2 D Defense 3 LJ Environmental protection, pollution control 4 LJ Education 5 D Space 6 LJ Crime prevention and control 7 LJ Energy and fuel 8 LJ Food and other agricultural products 9 LJ Natural resources.other than fuel or food 10 LJ Community development and services 11 D Housing (planning, design, construction) 12 LJ Transportation, communications 13 D Cultural life 14 D Other area, specify: 15 CJ Does not apply 16. Was any of your work in the week of February 6-12,1977 supported or sponsored by U.S. Government funds? 0 D Yes 1 LJ No 2 D Donâ¢t know If Yes, which of the following federal agencies or departments were supporting the work? (Check all that apply.) 13 LJ Agency for International Development 14 I. I Energy Research & Development Administration 15 LJ Environmental Protection Agency 16 LJ National Aeronautics & Space Administration 17 D National Endowment loi the Arts 18 LJ National Endowment for the Humanities 19 I I National Science Foundation 20 LJ Nuclear Regulatory Commission 21 LJ Smithsonian Institution 22 IJ Department of Agriculture (12) Department of Health. Education, and Welfare 25 D National Institutes of Health 26 D Alcohol, Drug Abuse & Mental Health Administration 27 D National Institute of Education 28 LJ Office of Education 29 LJ Other, specify: 23 I I Department of Commerce 24 LJ Department of Defense 30 LJ Department of Housing and Urban Development 31 LI Department of the Interior 32 Ll Department of Justice 33 LJ Department of Labor 34 D Department of State 35 LJ Department of Transportation 36 IâI Other agency or department, specify: 37 LJ Donâ¢t know source agency 17. If you received your doctoral degree in science or engineering or are employed as a scientist or engineer, please check all that apply below: LJ (a) Changed positions during the period 1973 to 1976. LJ (b) Received doctoral degree m 1965 or later and employed sometime since receiving your doctoral degree in industry, government, or as non-faculty academic sfaff C (c) Held a postdoctoral appointment any year during 1970-1976 inclusive. Ll (d) None of the above apply. (38-41) If you have checked rf. b, or c. please give a brief caieor history starting with the position prior to your present position and continuing back in time for a maximum of four positions after receiving your doctoral degree (Include postdoctoral appointments). Name and Location (City and Slate) of Employer Position Title Dates Held Primary Work Activity* Employment Specialty Reason for Leaving Position 1. (Use Degree & Employ- ment Specialties List) 2. 3. 4. â¢Enter code (1-17) trom the list given in item 9 (a) Of the positions described above, as well as your present position, please check any in which your doctoral training was/is not being used. LJ Position 1 7] Position 2 Ll Position 3 C Position 4 CD Present Position LJ None 154
DEGREE AND EMPLOYMENT SPECIALTIES LIST MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES 000 Algebra 010 â¢ Analysis & Functional Analysis O20 - Geometry 030 Logic 040 â¢ Numtjer Thaory 062 - Probability 055 - Math! Statistics (saa also 544. 670, 725. 729) 060 â¢ Topology 082 â¢ Operations Rasaarch (saa also 478) 065 - Appliad Mathematics 089 â¢ Combinatorics & Finite Mathematics 091 - Physical Mathematics 096 Mathematics. General 099 Mathematics, Other" COMPUTER SCIENCES 071 - Theory 072 - Software Systems 073 - Hardware Systems 074 â¢ Intelligent Systems 079 â¢ Computer Sciences, Other PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY 101 â¢ Astronomy 102 Astrophysics 110 - Atomic & Molecular Physics 120 - Electromagnet ism 130 â¢ Mechanics 132 â¢ Acoustics 134 â¢ Fluids 135 - Plasma Physics 136 Optics 138 Thermal Physics 140 â¢ Elementary Particles 150 Nuclear Structure 160 - Solid State 198 Physics. General 199 Physics, Other" CHEMISTRY 200 â¢ Analytical 210 â¢ Inorganic 215 â¢ Synthetic Inorganic & Organometalhc 220 - Organic 225 â¢ Synthetic Organic & Natural Products 230 Nuclear 240 Physical 245 â¢ Quantum 250 - Theoretical 255 . Structural 260 â¢ Agricultural & Food 265 Thermodynamics & Material Properties 270 - Pharmaceutical 275 - Polymers 280 - Biochemistry (see also 540) 285 â¢ Chemical Dynamics 298 - Chemistry, General 299 Chemistry, Other* EARTH, ENVIRONMENTAL AND MARINE SCIENCES 301 â¢ Mineralogy. Petrology 305 - Geochemistry 310 - Stratigraphy, Sedimentation 320 Paleontology 330 Structural Geology 341 - Geophysics (Solid Earth) 350 - Geomorph & Glacial Geology 391 - Applied Geol.. Geol. Engr. & Econ. Geol. 395 - Fuel Tech. & Petrol. Engr, (see elso 479) 360 - Hydrology & Water Resources 370 - Oceanography 397 â¢ Marine Sciences, Other* 381 - Atmospheric Physics & Chemistry 382 â¢ Atmospheric Dynamics 383 Atmospheric Sciences. Other* 388 Environmental Sciences. General (see also 480, 528) 389 Environmental Sciences, Other* 398 Earth Sciences, General 399 - Earth Sciences. Other* ENGINEERING 400 - Aeronautical & Astronautical 410 Agricultural 415 â¢ Biomedical 420 Civil 430 - Chemical 435 â¢ Ceramic 440 - Electricel 445 Electronics 450 â¢ Industrial & Manufacturing 455 Nuclear 460 - Engineering Mechanics 465 - Engineering Physics 470 â¢ Mechenical 475 â¢ Metallurgy & Phys. Met. Engr. 476 â¢ Systems Design & Systems Science (see also 072, 073, 074) 478 Operations Research (see also 082) 479 Fuel Technology & Petrol. Engr. 480 - Sanitary & Environmental 486 Mining 497 â¢ Materials Scienceâ¢Engr. 498 Engineering, General 499 Engineering, Other* AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES 500 â¢ Agronomy 501 Agricultural Economics 502 â¢ Animal Husbandry 504 Fish & Wildlife 505 Forestry 506 Horticulture 507 â¢ Soils & Soil Science 510 - Animal Science & Animal Nutrition 511 Phytopathology 517 - Food Science & Technology (see also 573) 518 - Agriculture, General 519 Agriculture. Other* MEDICAL SCIENCES 520 â¢ Medicine & Surgery 522 Public Health & Epidemiology 523 Veterinary Medicine 524 Hospital Administration 526 Nursing 527 â¢ Parasitology 528 . Environmental Health 534 â¢ Pathology 536 Pharmacology 537 Pharmacy 538 Medical Sciences, General 539 Medical Sciences. Other* BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 540 Biochemistry (see also 280) 542 Biophysics 543 Biomathematics 544 Biometrics, Biostatistics (see also 055. 670. 725. 729) 545 Anatomy 546 Cytology 547 Embryology 546 Immunology 550 Botany 560 Ecology 562 Hydrobiology 564 Microbiology & Bacteriology 566 Physiology, Animal 567 Physiology. Plant 569 Zoology 570 Genetics 571 - Entomology 572 â¢ Molecular Biology 573 Food Science & Technology (see also 517) 574 Behavior/Ethology 576 Nutrition & Dietetics 578 Biological Sciences. General 579 Biological Sciences, Other* PSYCHOLOGY 60O -Clinical 610 â¢ Counseling & Guidance 620 - Developmental & Gerontological 630 - Education 636 â¢ School Psychology 641 - Experimental 642 Comparative 643 â¢ Physiological 650 â¢ Industrial & Personnel 660 â¢ Personality 670 - Psychometrics (see alto O55, 544, 725, 729) 680 -Social 698 Psychology, General 699 Psychology, Other* SOCIAL SCIENCES 700 - Anthropology 703 Archeology 708 Communications* 709 Linguistics 710 Sociology 720 Economics (see also 501) 725 Econometrics (see also 055, 544, 670. 729) 729 Social Statistics (see also 055, 544, 670. 725) 740 Geography 745 Area Studies" 751 . Political Science 752 â¢ Public Administration 755 - Internetional Relations 770 â¢ Urban & Regional Planning 775 History & Philosophy of Science 798 Social Sciences, General 799 Social Sciences, Other* HUMANITIES 802 â¢ History & Criticism of Art 804 History. American 805 â¢ History, European 806 History, Other* 808 American Studies 830 Music 831 Speech as a Dramatic Art (see also 885) 833 Religion (see also 881) 834 Philosophy 836 Comparative Literature 878 - Humanities, General 879 Humanities, Other* 891 â¢ Library & Archival Sciences LANGUAGES & LITERATURE 811 - Americen 812 English 821 German 822 Russian 823 French 824 â¢ Spanish & Portuguese 826 - Italian 827 Classical* 829 Other Languages* EDUCATION & OTHER PROFESSIONAL FIELDS 938 - Education 801 Art. Applied 881 - Theology (see also 833) 882 - Business Administration 883 Home Economics 884 â¢ Journalism 885 - Speech & Hearing Sciences (see elso 831) 886 . Law, Jurisprudence 887 - Sociel Work ,897 â¢ Professional Field, Other* 899 OTHER FIELDS* â¢Identify the specific field in the space on the questionnaire 155