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QC 833.5 .A87 1981 C-' Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences (U.S.). Current mesoscale meteorological research in
Current Mesoscale Meteorological Research in the United States Ad Hoc Panel on Mesoscale Processes Committee on Atmospheric Sciences Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.Q. 1981
NOTICE The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council whose members are drawn from the Councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Acad- emy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the Com- mittee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sci- ences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was established by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and of advising the federal government. The Council operates in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy under the authority of its congressional charter of 1863, which establishes the Academy as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation. The Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in the conduct of their services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. It is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of En- gineering and the Institute of Medicine were established in 1964 and 1970, respectively, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences. This material is based on work supported jointly by the National Science Foundation and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration under Grant Number ATM-8024257. Available from Committee on Atmospheric Sciences 2101 Constitution Avenue Washington, D.C. 20418
Committee on Atmospheric Sciences RICHARD J. REED, University of Washington, Chairman VERNER E. SUOMI, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Vice Chairman RICHARD A. A NTH ES, Pennsylvania State University DAVID ATLAS, National Aeronautics and Space Administration FERDINAND BAER, University of Maryland D. JAMES BAKER, JR., University of Washington RALPH J. CICERONE, National Center for Atmospheric Research ROBERT E. DICKINSON, National Center for Atmospheric Research JOHN V. EVANS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology PETER V. HOBBS, University of Washington T. N. KRISHNAMURTI, Florida State University JAMES C. McWILLIAMS, National Center for Atmospheric Research JAMES E. NEWMAN, Purdue University F. SHERWOOD ROWLAND, University of California, Irvine FRED D. WHITE, Executive Secretary
Ad Hoc Panel on Mesoscale Processes RICHARD A. ANTHES, Pennsylvania State University, Chairman PETER V. HOBBS, University of Washington DOUGLAS K. LILLY, National Center for Atmospheric Research HAROLD D.ORVILLE, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology FREDERICK SANDERS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology DOUGLAS H. SARGEANT, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Adminis- tration
Contents SUMMARY 1 1. INTRODUCTION 2 2. SURVEY OF CURRENT RESEARCH ON MESOSCALE METEOROLOGY 6 2.1 Overview of Mesoscale Research 8 2.2 Observational Studies and Field Programs 8 2.3 Mesoscale Computer Simulation Models 12 2.4 Theoretical Studies 16 2.5 Technological Advances in Measurement Systems 20 3. OPPORTUNITIES FOR ADVANCING MESOSCALE METEOROLOGICAL RESEARCH AND ITS APPLICATIONS 24 4. RECOMMENDATIONS 28 APPENDIX A: REPRESENTATIVES OF FEDERAL AGENCIES MAKING PRESENTATIONS TO THE PANEL 30 APPENDIX B: ABBREVIATIONS OF ORGANIZATIONS 32