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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy: Lessons from Information and Communications Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18510.
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Appendix A

Acronyms

3GPP

Third Generation Partnership Project

ABNT

Brazilian Association of Technical Norms

ABS

Academy of Broadcasting Science (China)

ADR

alternative dispute resolution

AML

anti-monopoly law

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

AQSIQ

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection, and Quarantine (China)

AVS

Audio Video Coding Working Group of China

BIS

Bureau of Indian Standards

CADE

Competition Administrative Court (Brazil)

CAS

China Association for Standardization

CATR

China Academy of Telecommunications Research

CCSA

China Communications Standards Association

CESA

China Electronics Standards Association

CESI

China Electronic Standardization Institute

CIPO

Chinese State Intellectual Property Office

CJEU

Court of Justice of the European Union

CNIS

China National Institute of Standardization

CONMETRO

National Council of Metrology, Standardization, and Industrial Quality (Brazil)

COSTIND

Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (China)

DOJ

Department of Justice

DOSTI

Development Organization of Standards for Telecommunications in India

EPO

European Patent Office

ETSI

European Telecommunications Standards Institute

FRAND

fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory

FTC

Federal Trade Commission

GISFI

Global ICT Standardization Forum for India

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy: Lessons from Information and Communications Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18510.
×
HDMI

High Definition Multimedia Interface

IEC

International Electrotechnical Commission

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IEEE-SA

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Standards Association

IETF

Internet Engineering Task Force

ICT

information and communications technology

INMETRO

National Institute of Metrology, Standardization, Quality and Technology (Brazil)

INPI

Brazil Patent and Trademark Office, National Industrial Property Institute (Brazil)

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ITC

International Trade Commission

ITU

International Telecommunications Union

ITU-T

International Telecommunications Standardizations Sector

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

IPR

intellectual property rights

LITD

Electronics and Information Technology Division Council (India)

MIIT

Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (China)

MII

Ministry of Information Industry (China)

MOST

Ministry of Science and Technology (China)

MOU

memorandum of understanding

NCAC

National Copyright Administration of China

NDRC

National Development and Reform Commission (China)

NFC

Nearfield Communications Forum

NIST

National Institute of Standards and Technology

NPL

non-patent literature

OASIS

Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards

RAND

reasonable and non-discriminatory

RF

royalty free

SAC

Standards Administration of China

SAIC

State Administration for Industry and Commerce (China)

SANBFT

State Administration for Broadcasting, Film, and Television (China)

SARFT

State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (China)

SASTIND

State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry (China)

SCITO

State Council Informatization Office (China)

SDO

standards development organization

SEP

standard-essential patent

SGIP

smart grid interoperability panel

SIG

special interest group

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy: Lessons from Information and Communications Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18510.
×
SINMETRO

National System of Metrology, Standardization, and Industrial Quality (Brazil)

SIPO

State Intellectual Property Office (China)

SSO

standard-setting organization

STIC

Scientific and Technical Information Center (U.S.)

TBT

Technical Barriers to Trade

TEC

Telecommunications Engineering Center (India)

TRIPs

Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights

TSDSI

Telecommunications Standards Development Society (India)

USITO

United States Information Technology Office

USPTO

United States Patent and Trademark Office

VITA

VMEBus International Trade Association

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

WTO

World Trade Organization

W3C

World Wide Web Consortium

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy: Lessons from Information and Communications Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18510.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy: Lessons from Information and Communications Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18510.
×
Page 149
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy: Lessons from Information and Communications Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18510.
×
Page 150
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy: Lessons from Information and Communications Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18510.
×
Page 151
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy: Lessons from Information and Communications Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18510.
×
Page 152
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Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy: Lessons from Information and Communication Technology examines how leading national and multinational standard-setting organizations (SSOs) address patent disclosures, licensing terms, transfers of patent ownership, and other issues that arise in connection with developing technical standards for consumer and other microelectronic products, associated software and components, and communications networks including the Internet. Attempting to balance the interests of patent holders, other participants in standard-setting, standards implementers, and consumers, the report calls on SSOs to develop more explicit policies to avoid patent holdup and royalty-stacking, ensure that licensing commitments carry over to new owners of the patents incorporated in standards, and limit injunctions for infringement of patents with those licensing commitments. The report recommends government measures to increase the transparency of patent ownership and use of standards information to improve patent quality and to reduce conflicts of laws across countries.

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