Review of NASA’s Evidence
Reports on Human Health Risks
2013 LETTER REPORT
Committee to Review NASA’s Evidence Reports
on Human Health Risks
Board on Health Sciences Policy
Carol E. H. Scott-Conner, Daniel R. Masys,
Catharyn T. Liverman, and Margaret A. McCoy, Editors
INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
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This project was supported by Contract NNH13CK19B, Task Order NNH13CK20D, between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The views presented in this publication are those of the editors and attributing authors and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.
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Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2014. Review of NASA’s evidence reports on human health risks: 2013 letter report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine
The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.
The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president of the National Academy of Engineering.
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COMMITTEE TO REVIEW NASA’S EVIDENCE REPORTS ON HUMAN HEALTH RISKS
CAROL E. H. SCOTT-CONNER (Chair), University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City
DANIEL R. MASYS (Vice Chair), University of Washington, Seattle
SUSAN A. BLOOMFIELD, Texas A&M University, College Station
KAREN S. COOK, Stanford University, CA
ELEANOR A. O’RANGERS, Space Medicine Associates, LLC, Belcamp, MD
SCOTT E. PARAZYNSKI, UTMB Center for Polar Medical Operations, Galveston (Resigned)
JAMES A. PAWELCZYK, Pennsylvania State University, University Park
ROBERT L. SATCHER, JR., University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston
JACK STUSTER, Anacapa Sciences, Inc., Santa Barbara, CA
PREM S. SUBRAMANIAN, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD
GAYLE E. WOLOSCHAK, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL
LAURENCE R. YOUNG, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge
CATHARYN T. LIVERMAN, Study Director
MARGARET A. MCCOY, Study Director
CLAIRE F. GIAMMARIA, Research Associate
JUDITH L. ESTEP, Program Associate
ANDREW M. POPE, Director, Board on Health Sciences Policy
This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:
PETER CAVANAGH, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle
HARTMUT DERENDORF, University of Florida, Gainesville
NAOMI L. GERBER, George Mason University, VA
WARREN N. HARDY, Virginia Tech–Wake Forest Center for Injury, Biomechanics, Blacksburg
DAVID KLAUS, University of Colorado, Boulder
ANDREW G. LEE, Houston Methodist Hospital, TX
KRIS LEHNHARDT, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC
MICHAEL A. WILLIAMS, Sinai Hospital, Baltimore, MD
Although reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by JOHN R. BALL, American College of Physicians, and ROBERT A. FROSCH, Harvard University. Appointed by the Institute of Medicine, they were responsi-
ble for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.