National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: Appendix C: Acronyms
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×

Appendix D

Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

Susan T. Fiske (Chair) is Eugene Higgins professor, psychology and public affairs, at Princeton University. She investigates social cognition, especially cognitive stereotypes and emotional prejudices, at cultural, interpersonal, and neural levels. She is known for the continuum model of impression formation, her power-as-control theory, the ambivalent sexism theory, and the stereotype content model showing fundamental dimensions of social cognition. Currently an editor of the Annual Review of Psychology, Psychological Review, Handbook of Social Psychology, and Science (Board of Reviewing Editors), Dr. Fiske has authored more than 300 articles and chapters, as well as multiple monographs. She was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 2009, the American Psychological Association’s Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, and the Association for Psychological Science William James Award. She has been elected president of the Association for Psychological Science, president of the Foundation for the Advancement of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, president of the Federation of Associations in Behavioral and Brain Sciences, and fellow of both the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences. A member of the National Academy of Sciences, Dr. Fiske has a Ph.D. in social psychology from Harvard University. She has served on IRBs for four decades, most recently 10 years as IRB Chair at Princeton.

Melissa E. Abraham is an assistant clinical professor at Harvard Medical School and is on the staff of the Department of Psychiatry at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. She is a chair at the Partners Human Research

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×

Committee— the Institutional Review Board for the Brigham and Women’s and Massachusetts General Hospitals. In that role she reviews minimal-risk biomedical and social and behavioral research protocols and is involved in developing guidance and policy on social science methods used in the biomedical setting, such as deception, quality improvement, Internet/social media, medical education, and cognitive science. Previously she had a postdoctoral fellowship with the Mongan Institute for Health Policy and a fellowship in Medical Ethics at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Abraham has a M.Sc. in epidemiology from the Harvard School of Public Health and a Ph.D. in clinical psychology from Northwestern University Medical School.

Celia B. Fisher is Marie Ward Doty university chair and professor of psychology at Fordham University, as well as founding director of the Fordham University Center for Ethics Education. Her research interests include ethical issues and well-being of vulnerable populations, including ethnic minority youth and families, active drug users, college students at risk for drinking problems, and adults with impaired consent capacity. She currently directs the Fordham University Training Institute on HIV Prevention Research Ethics. She is past chair of the Environmental Protection Agency’s Human Studies Review Board, past member of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Secretary’s Advisory Committee on Human Research Protections, and a founding editor of the journal Applied Developmental Science. She chaired the American Psychological Association’s Ethics Code Task Force and the Society for Research in Child Development Common Rule Task Force. Dr. Fisher has authored or co-edited multiple monographs and is an author on over 100 theoretical and empirical publications on ethics in medical and social science research and practice and on life-span development. She received the 2010 Health Improvement Institute’s Lifetime Achievement Award for Excellence in Human Research Protection. She has a Ph.D. in experimental psychology from the New School for Social Research.

Robert M. Groves is provost of Georgetown University. Previously he was director of the U.S. Census Bureau and a professor of sociology and director of the Survey Research Center in the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan. He is a fellow of the American Statistical Association and elected member of the International Statistical Institute, Institute of Medicine, and National Academy of Sciences. He received the Innovator Award and an award for exceptionally distinguished achievement from the American Association for Public Opinion Research. He has a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Michigan.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×

Patricia K. Hammar is founder and managing member of PKH Enterprises, which provides consulting services to the federal government on policy and technology infrastructure that supports intelligence analysis, information sharing, privacy, and civil rights and civil liberties. Previously she held management positions in the Department of Transportation and the Federal Aviation Administration and was executive vice president with Dynamic Security Concepts, Inc., vice president and general counsel with National Security Research, Inc., and vice president with CACI International, Inc. Her expertise is in the legal basis and policy implementation for interagency information sharing, information management, and information access control. She helped develop rules on controlled unclassified information, including privacy information standardization across the federal government, and she has worked on rules for handling data among federal, state, local, and private industry partners. She served as a government expert on automating privacy and has applied proprietary policy and privacy analysis techniques and advice in education, child welfare, and health care. She is a member of the Maryland, District of Columbia, and Virginia bars. She received her B.S. in theoretical mathematics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and her J.D. and MPA from the University of Baltimore.

Julia I. Lane is a senior managing economist at the American Institutes for Research, a professor of economics at BETA University of Strasbourg CNRS, chercheur (investigator) at the Observatoire des Sciences et des Techniques, Paris, and professor at the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economics and Social Research, University of Melbourne. She was formerly director of the National Science Foundation’s Science of Science and Innovation Policy program, senior vice president at NORC at the University of Chicago, and senior research fellow at the U.S. Census Bureau. She established the NORC/University of Chicago Data Enclave. She has authored over 65 refereed articles and edited or authored seven books, as well as co-editing the Handbook of Science of Science Policy. She has worked with several national governments to document the results of their science investments. She has testified on science investments to both the U.S. Congress and the European Parliament. She earned her M.S. in statistics and her Ph.D. in economics from the University of Missouri, Columbia.

Rena S. Lederman is professor of anthropology at Princeton University. Her research includes early work in rural Papua New Guinea regarding the politics and everyday practice of “gift” (nonmarket) exchange, gender relations, and historical consciousness. Her current work concerns the anthropology of academic practice and involves comparative research on disciplinary knowledge and expertise in the humanities and social sciences. Her recent publications have focused on the impacts on ethnography and

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×

related research styles of institutional review board (IRB) regulations. She served as both chair and member on the American Anthropological Association’s Committee on Ethics and as a member of Princeton University’s IRB. She was a co-author of the American Anthropological Association’s 2011 commentary on the proposed overhaul of IRB regulations (45 C.F.R. § 46). She has received research grants from the National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, American Philosophical Society, Columbia University, and Princeton University, as well as conference grants and sponsorship from the Wenner Gren Foundation and the National Endowment for the Humanities. Dr. Lederman holds a Ph.D. in anthropology from Columbia University.

Felice J. Levine is executive director of the American Educational Research Association. Previously she was executive officer of the American Sociological Association. Her work focuses on research and science policy issues, research ethics, data access and sharing, the scientific and academic workforce, and higher education. She served on the National Human Research Protections Advisory Committee of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and on the 2000 Decennial Census Advisory Committee. She was on the National Research Council panel on Putting People on the Map: Protecting Confidentiality with Linked Social-Spatial Data and chaired the NRC workshop on Protecting Student’s Records and Facilitating Education Research. Currently, she is on the Executive Committee of the Consortium of Social Science Associations, and is past chair and on the Board of Directors of the Council of Professional Associations on Federal Statistics. She is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Educational Research Association, and the Association for Psychological Science and an elected member of the International Statistical Institute. Levine has a Ph.D. in social psychology from the University of Chicago.

Robert J. Levine is professor of medicine and lecturer in pharmacology at Yale University; chair of the Executive Committee, Yale Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics; and director, Law, Policy, and Ethics Core, Yale Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS. Most of his research, teaching, and publications during the past 35 years have been in the field of medical ethics, particularly the ethics of human subjects research. He is a fellow of The Hastings Center, the American College of Physicians, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science; a member of the American Society for Clinical Investigation and American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics; and past president of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics. He was for many years chair of the Institutional Review Board at Yale-New Haven Medical Center and the founding

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×

co-director of the Yale Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics. He chaired the section on medico-legal matters and research and development administration of the American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. He was associate editor of Biochemical Pharmacology, editor of Clinical Research, and founding editor of IRB: Ethics and Human Research. He chaired the Steering Committee for Revision of the International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects of the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences. He has received numerous awards for contributions to the field of research ethics and human research protection. He has an M.D. from the George Washington University School of Medicine.

Bradley A. Malin is the director of the Health Information Privacy Laboratory, associate professor of biomedical informatics, and associate professor of computer science at Vanderbilt University. His research focuses on the development and evaluation of data privacy technologies, with an emphasis on personal biomedical information. He was the organizing chair of the workshop on the HIPAA Privacy Rule’s De-Identification Standard for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Civil Rights in 2010 and chair of the Electronic Health Information & Privacy Conference in 2009. He was the scientific program chair of the Privacy Aspects of Data Mining Workshop at the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) International Conference on Data Mining. He served on committees of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) International Health Informatics Symposium, the ACM/IEEE Model-Based Trustworthy Health Information Systems Workshop, and the IEEE Conference on Healthcare Informatics, Imaging, and Systems Biology. In 2010, he received the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers. He received his MPhil in public policy and management and his Ph.D. in computer science at Carnegie Mellon University.

Richard E. Nisbett is Theodore M. Newcomb distinguished university professor and co-director of the Culture and Cognition Program at the University of Michigan. Dr. Nisbett’s research interests have focused primarily on how lay people reason and make inferences about the world. His earlier work was concerned with inductive inference, causal reasoning, and covariation detection. More recent work on reasoning compares East Asians with Westerners. Dr. Nisbett is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship. He won the American Psychological Association’s William James Book Award in 2004. Dr. Nisbett has a Ph.D. in social psychology from Columbia University.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×

Charles R. Plott is Edward S. Harkness professor of economics and political science and founder and director of the Laboratory for Experimental Economics and Political Science at the California Institute of Technology. He was co-founder with Vernon Smith of the field of experimental economics and has applied the methodology of experimental economics to address public policy issues and challenges, including work on the design and implementation of computerized market mechanisms for allocating complex items such as markets for pollution permits in Southern California, the FCC auction of licenses for personal communication systems, the auctions for electric power in California, and the allocation of landing rights at airports. Dr. Plott is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, fellow of the Econometric Society, fellow of the Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory, and distinguished fellow of the American Economic Association. He has a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Virginia.

Margaret Foster Riley is professor of law at the University of Virginia School of Law, where she teaches bioethics, law and ethics of human subjects research, food and drug law, health law, animal law, and public health law. She also has secondary appointments in the Department of Public Health Sciences at the University of Virginia School of Medicine and in the Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy. Her areas of interest include animal law and rights, biomedical ethics and research, biotechnology, chronic disease, food and drug law, genomics, health disparities, health institutions and reform, reproductive technologies, and stem cell research. She has a J.D. from the Columbia University Law School.

Yonette F. Thomas is a senior researcher with the Association of American Geographers. In addition, she is on faculty in the Department of Public Health Sciences at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine where she teaches social epidemiology. She was formerly the associate vice president for research compliance at Howard University. Previously she served as the program director for the sociology epidemiology program and branch chief of the Epidemiology Research Branch at the National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health. She has faculty appointments in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and in the School of Pharmacy at Howard University. She is a member of the Consortium of Social Science Associations Advisory Committee and the Steering Committee of the National Hispanic Science Network. Her primary research and publications have focused on the social epidemiology of drug abuse and HIV/AIDS and the link with geography. She has a Ph.D. in medical sociology and demography from Howard University.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×

David R. Weir is a research professor in the Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, at the University of Michigan. He is the principal investigator for the Health and Retirement Study, a longitudinal survey of over 22,000 persons over age 50 in the United States, supported by the National Institute on Aging. Previously, he was a visiting associate professor in the department of economics and research associate in the Harris School of Public Policy at the University of Chicago, where he received a Special Emphasis Research Career Award from the National Institute on Aging, and an associate professor of economics at Yale University. His current research interests include the use of longitudinal data to study chronic disease processes, especially diabetes and dementia; health care decision making at older ages; how couples jointly plan for risks of old age including retirement, widowhood, and disability; the role of personality factors in lifetime economic success; and the use of biomarkers, particularly genetics, in population surveys. He serves as an advisor to international studies linked to the Health and Retirement Study in Europe, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Japan, Israel, China, India, and Brazil. He has a Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×
Page 161
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×
Page 162
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×
Page 163
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×
Page 164
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×
Page 165
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×
Page 166
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×
Page 167
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2014. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18614.
×
Page 168
Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $50.00 Buy Ebook | $39.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences examines how to update human subjects protections regulations so that they effectively respond to current research contexts and methods. With a specific focus on social and behavioral sciences, this consensus report aims to address the dramatic alterations in the research landscapes that institutional review boards (IRBs) have come to inhabit during the past 40 years. The report aims to balance respect for the individual persons whose consent to participate makes research possible and respect for the social benefits that productive research communities make possible.

The ethics of human subjects research has captured scientific and regulatory attention for half a century. To keep abreast of the universe of changes that factor into the ethical conduct of research today, the Department of Health and Human Services published an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) in July 2011. Recognizing that widespread technological and societal transformations have occurred in the contexts for and conduct of human research since the passage of the National Research Act of 1974, the ANPRM revisits the regulations mandated by the Act in a correspondingly comprehensive manner. Its proposals aim to modernize the Common Rule and to improve the efficiency of the work conducted under its auspices. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences identifies issues raised in the ANPRM that are critical and feasible for the federal government to address for the protection of participants and for the advancement of the social and behavioral sciences. For each identified issue, this report provides guidance for IRBs on techniques to address it, with specific examples and best practice models to illustrate how the techniques would be applied to different behavioral and social sciences research procedures.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!