National Academies Press: OpenBook

Responsible Science, Volume I: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process (1992)

Chapter: A: BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF PANEL MEMBERS

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Suggested Citation:"A: BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF PANEL MEMBERS." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 1992. Responsible Science, Volume I: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1864.
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A

Biographical Sketches of Panel Members

EDWARD E. DAVID, JR., D.Sc., the panel's chairman, is president of EED, Inc., in Bedminster, New Jersey. Educated as an electrical engineer, Dr. David previously served as White House Science Adviser (1970-1973) and was formerly president of Exxon Research and Engineering Company and research director of Bell Telephone Laboratories.

PHILIP H. ABELSON, Ph.D., is deputy editor, Science, and science advisor for the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Dr. Abelson was the editor of Science for more than 20 years and is a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Science.

VICTOR R. BAKER, Ph.D., is Regents Professor and Professor of Geosciences and Planetary Sciences at the University of Arizona.

ALBERT BARBER, Ph.D., is vice chancellor for research at the University of California, Los Angeles.

MICHAEL BERMAN, J.D., is president of The Duberstein Group, Inc., Washington, D.C. He is an attorney and has extensive legislative experience. Mr. Berman was deputy chief of staff to Vice President Walter F. Mondale.

JOHN DEUTCH, Ph.D., is former provost and Institute Professor of Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Deutch was formerly undersecretary of the Department of Energy.

Suggested Citation:"A: BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF PANEL MEMBERS." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 1992. Responsible Science, Volume I: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1864.
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VAL L. FITCH, Ph.D., is James S. McDonnell Distinguished University Professor of Physics, Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1980.

MARYE ANNE FOX, Ph.D., is the M. June and J. Virgil Waggoner Regents Chair in Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin. She is an associate editor of the Journal of the American Chemical Society and a member of the National Science Board.

PETER GALISON, Ph.D., is co-chairman of the History of Science Program at Stanford University.

BERNARD GERT, Ph.D., is Stone Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy at Dartmouth College.

IRA J. HIRSH, Ph.D., is Mallinckrodt Distinguished University Professor of Psychology and Audiology at Washington University in St. Louis, where he was formerly dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. He was also formerly director of research at Central Institute for the Deaf.

JENNY L. McFARLAND, Ph.D., is a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

LAURIE E. McNEIL, Ph.D., is an associate professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

RICHARD A. MESERVE, J.D., Ph.D., is a partner with the firm of Covington and Burling in Washington, D.C. He previously served as legal counsel to the President's Science and Technology Adviser (1977-1981).

FRANK M. RICHTER, Ph.D., is professor and chairman of the Department of Geophysical Sciences, University of Chicago.

ARTHUR H. RUBENSTEIN, M.D., is professor and chairman of the Department of Medicine at the University of Chicago. He chaired the 1989 Institute of Medicine study titled The Responsible Conduct of Research in the Health Sciences and is a member of the IOM council.

HOWARD K. SCHACHMAN, Ph.D., is a professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the University of California, Berkeley. He was formerly president of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology and of the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.

Suggested Citation:"A: BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF PANEL MEMBERS." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 1992. Responsible Science, Volume I: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1864.
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HOWARD E. SIMMONS, Jr., Ph.D., is vice president, Central Research and Development Department, E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, Inc., in Wilmington, Delaware.

ROBERT L. SPRAGUE, Ph.D., is a professor in the College of Medicine and is the director of the Institute for Research on Human Development at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

SHEILA WIDNALL, D.Sc., is associate provost and Abby Rockefeller Mauze Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Widnall was formerly president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

PATRICIA K. WOOLF, Ph.D., has conducted research and written extensively about misconduct and the sociology of science. She is a lecturer in the Department of Molecular Biology at Princeton University.

KEITH R. YAMAMOTO, Ph.D., is professor and vice chairman of the Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics at the University of California, San Francisco.

Study Staff

ROSEMARY CHALK, study director, previously directed the 1989 Institute of Medicine study on scientific conduct. She also served as program head of the AAAS Office of Scientific Freedom and Responsibility from 1976 to 1986.

BARRY D. GOLD, senior staff officer, was previously senior program associate at the AAAS. He also served as a staff officer for the AAAS-American Bar Association National Conference of Lawyers and Scientists.

DAVID H. GUSTON, research associate, is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has previously served as a research assistant at the AAAS and at the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment.

Suggested Citation:"A: BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF PANEL MEMBERS." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 1992. Responsible Science, Volume I: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1864.
×
Page 185
Suggested Citation:"A: BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF PANEL MEMBERS." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 1992. Responsible Science, Volume I: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1864.
×
Page 186
Suggested Citation:"A: BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF PANEL MEMBERS." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 1992. Responsible Science, Volume I: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1864.
×
Page 187
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Responsible Science, Volume I: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process Get This Book
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Responsible Science is a comprehensive review of factors that influence the integrity of the research process. Volume I examines reports on the incidence of misconduct in science and reviews institutional and governmental efforts to handle cases of misconduct.

The result of a two-year study by a panel of experts convened by the National Academy of Sciences, this book critically analyzes the impact of today's research environment on the traditional checks and balances that foster integrity in science.

Responsible Science is a provocative examination of the role of educational efforts; research guidelines; and the contributions of individual scientists, mentors, and institutional officials in encouraging responsible research practices.

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