National Academies Press: OpenBook

Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program (2014)

Chapter: Appendix D: Summary of Responses to Web-Based Questionnaire

« Previous: Appendix C: Web-Based Questionnaire
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Summary of Responses to Web-Based Questionnaire." National Research Council. 2014. Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18652.
×

D

Summary of Responses to
Web-Based Questionnaire
1

Please select one of the following options that best describes you:

 

Research performer, educator, extension leader, or grant seeker (researcher from academic, government, non-profit, or other institutions)

524 90.8%

Research user from government or industry

  34 5.9%

Agricultural or forest producer and related professional society

  19 3.3%

Total Responses

577  
 

Research Performers - Type of Institution:

   
 

1862 Land Grant University

387 75.2%

1890 Land Grant University

  39 7.6%

1994 Land Grant University

   4 0.8%

Public Non-Land Grant

  30 5.8%

Private University/College

  12 2.3%

Private Research

   7 1.4%

Federal

  30 5.8%
    2.3%
 

Other

  12  

Australian Government

 (1)  

Botanic Garden

 (1)  

M&O for NSF’s FFRDC

 (1)  

_______________

1Responses from all respondents are available upon request through the National Academies Public Access Records Office for this study.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Summary of Responses to Web-Based Questionnaire." National Research Council. 2014. Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18652.
×

Multiple of above

 (1)  

Non-profit

 (2)  

Public University

 (2)  

Scientific Professional Society

 (1)  

State Experiment Station

 (1)  

Total Responses

521  
 

Area of Research

   
 

Agronomy

  41 7.9%

Animal science

  87 16.8%

Crop science

  52 10.1%

Economics

  26 5.0%

Food science

  48 9.3%

Nutrition

  40 7.7%

Plant science

106 20.5%

Renewable energy, natural resources and environment

  75 14.5%

Sociology

  26 5.0%

Soil science

  29 5.6%

Veterinary science

  41 7.9%

Weed science

  32 6.2%

Other

158  

Agricultural Law

 (1)  

Agricultural Literacy

 (1)  

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources Research

 (1)  

Anthropology

 (1)  

Aquaculture

 (1)  

Atmospheric Sciences

 (1)  

Biochemistry and Cell Biology

 (1)  

Biologicals

 (1)  

Biology

 (1)  

Carbohydrate

 (1)  

Communication

 (1)  

Community/Economic Development

 (1)  

Family Science

 (1)  

Cropping Systems

 (1)  

Demography

 (1)  

Ecology

 (1)  

Education

 (6)  

Adult/Extension Education

 (3)  

4-H and Youth Development

 (4) 30.6%

Engineering

 (3)  

Agricultural

 (5)  

Biological

 (1)  

Food

 (2)  

Food Processing

 (1)  

Entomology

(25)  

Pest Management

 (3)  

IPM

 (2)  
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Summary of Responses to Web-Based Questionnaire." National Research Council. 2014. Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18652.
×

Environmental Risk Assessment

 (1)  

Environmental Science

 (1)  

Feed Extrusion

 (1)  

Food Safety

 (4)  

Food System

 (1)  

Natural Resources

 (2)  

Forestry

 (5)  

Policy

 (1)  

Products

 (1)  

Wildlife Management

 (5)  

Genetics

 (2)  

GIS

 (1)  

Immunology

 (1)  

Health and Wellness

 (1)  

Public Health

 (1)  

Horticulture

(19)  

Hospitality Management

 (1)  

Infectious Diseases

 (1)  

Meat Science

 (1)  

Microbiology

 (3)  

Food Microbiology

 (1)  

Molecular Biology

 (1)  

Pathology

 (1)  

Plant

(11)  

Poultry Science

 (2)  

Public Administration

 (1)  

Remote Sensing

 (1)  

Research Administrator

 (1)  

Supply Chain Management

 (1)  

University Engagement

 (1)  

Vector Biology

 (1)  

Virology

 (1)  

Water

 (1)  

Quality

 (1)  

Wood Science

 (1)  

Fundamental Animal Science

   0 0.0%

Fundamental Plant Science

   0 0.0%

Total Responses

517  

Principal agencies/organizations (including federal and state agencies, charitable or nonprofit organizations, and private corporations) that have supported your research

 

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

  74 14.9%

National Science Foundation (NSF)

120 24.1%

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

421 84.5%

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)

  77 15.5%

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  58 11.7%

Charitable Foundation

  92 18.5%

Private Sector

265 53.2%
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Summary of Responses to Web-Based Questionnaire." National Research Council. 2014. Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18652.
×

Other

130 26.1%

All of the above

 (1)  

Federal Agencies

   

APHIS

 (1)  

ARS

 (1)  

BARD

 (2)  

BLM

 (1)  

CAPES (Brazil)

 (1)  

CDC

 (1)  

Commerce

 (1)  

CSREES

 (1)  

DAFF (Australia)

 (1)  

DHS

 (2)  

DOD

(10)  

DOI

 (1)  

Education

 (1)  

ESTCP

 (1)  

DOL

 (1)  

DOT

 (2)  

FDA

 (2)  

FHWA

 (1)  

FWS

 (2)  

HHS

 (1)  

HUD

 (1)  

HRSA

 (1)  

NASA

 (3)  

NOAA

 (2)  

OSM

 (1)  

SERDP

 (1)  

USAID

 (1)  

USBR

 (1)  

USGS

 (1)  

State Agencies

(17)  

Department of Agriculture

(10)  

Natural Resources

 (6)  

Military Branches

   

U.S. Navy

 (1)  

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

 (1)  

Check Off Funds

 (4)  

Commodity Organizations

(15)  

Industry

(10)  

International Governments

 (2)  

Land-Grant Universities

 (3)  

National Academy of Sciences

 (1)  

None of the above

 (1)  

Nonprofit

 (1)  

Private Foundation

 (2)  

Public/Private Agency

 (1)  

SeaGrant

 (1)  

Total Responses

498  
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Summary of Responses to Web-Based Questionnaire." National Research Council. 2014. Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18652.
×

SUMMARY OF QUALITATIVE RESPONSES

For researchers that feel the AFRI process is unfair to some institutions, they believe so because:

• Larger institutions have access to more resources and administrative support, which alleviates the burden of managing paperwork and application materials for the researcher.

• The process favors land-grant institutions.

• Scope of RFPs and short turn-around time make it difficult for researchers to fit their proposal into the mold.

• Effort required for application is too burdensome for the amount of money awarded, when comparing to comparable process, such as NSF.

Researchers that thought the AFRI application process was difficult:

• Too lengthy and involved.

• Timing: Solicitation window is too small, and often given around the holidays, when people are busy.

• “Collaborative” requirement/preference makes it difficult to coordinate among team members.

Researchers that thought the pre-award and post-award periods were not handled well:

• Substantial delay between notification of award and disbursement.

• Communication issues between institutions and even among groups within the awarding institution.

Researchers that thought the panel review process was not helpful:

• Very little extension focus.

• Panelists do not always have appropriate expertise to review proposals.

• Panels are composed of experts in and tend to favor basic research instead of applied research.

• Panels can be derailed by strong personalities or researchers with specific agendas.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Summary of Responses to Web-Based Questionnaire." National Research Council. 2014. Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18652.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Summary of Responses to Web-Based Questionnaire." National Research Council. 2014. Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18652.
×
Page 185
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Summary of Responses to Web-Based Questionnaire." National Research Council. 2014. Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18652.
×
Page 186
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Summary of Responses to Web-Based Questionnaire." National Research Council. 2014. Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18652.
×
Page 187
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Summary of Responses to Web-Based Questionnaire." National Research Council. 2014. Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18652.
×
Page 188
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Summary of Responses to Web-Based Questionnaire." National Research Council. 2014. Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18652.
×
Page 189
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Summary of Responses to Web-Based Questionnaire." National Research Council. 2014. Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18652.
×
Page 190
Next: Appendix E: Excerpt from the Food, Conservation,and Energy Act of 2008 »
Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $49.00 Buy Ebook | $39.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

The United States embarked on bold polices to enhance its food and agricultural system during the last half of the 19th century, investing first in the education of people and soon thereafter in research and discovery programs aimed at acquiring new knowledge needed to address the complex challenges of feeding a growing and hungry nation. Those policies, sustained over 125 years, have produced the most productive and efficient agricultural and food system in history.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is the primary agency responsible for supporting innovations and advances in food and agriculture. USDA funds are allocated to support research through several mechanisms, including the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI). In 2008, Congress replaced USDA's National Research Initiative with AFRI, creating USDA's flagship competitive research grants program, and the 2008 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act, known as the Farm Bill, outlined the structure of the new program. Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture assesses the effectiveness of AFRI in meeting the goals laid out by Congress and its success in advancing innovations and competitiveness in the U.S. food and agriculture system.

Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture evaluates the value, relevance, quality, fairness, and flexibility of AFRI. This report also considers funding policies and mechanisms and identifies measures of the effectiveness and efficiency of AFRI's operation. The study examines AFRI's role in advancing science in relation to other research and grant programs inside of USDA as well as how complementary it is to other federal research and development programs. The findings and conclusions of this report will help AFRI improve its functions and effectiveness in meeting its goals and outcomes.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!