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NEOTROPICAL PRIMATES Field Studies and Conservation Proceedings of a Symposium on the DISTRIBUTION AND ABUNDANCE OF NEOTROPICAL PRIMATES R. W. THORINGTON, JR. P. G. HELTNE Editors COMMITTEE ON CONSERVATION OF NONHUMAN PRIMATES /Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources â¢ Assembly of Life Sciences National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES Washington, D.C. 1976 NAS-NAE JUN 211976 LIBRARY
NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the Councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the Committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. This symposium was sponsored by the Battelle Seattle Research Center and the Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources. National Research Council. It was supported in part by Contract PH43-64-44 (National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service), Contract AT (ll-l)-3369 (Atomic Energy Commission), Contract N00014-67-A-0244-0016 (Office of Naval Research, U.S. Army Medical Research and Develop- ment Command, and U.S. Air Force), Contract 12-16-140-155-91 (U.S. Department of Agriculture), Contract NSF-C310 (National Science Foundation); Grant RC-10 (American Cancer Society), and contributions from pharmaceutical companies and other industry. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Main entry under title: Neotropical primates. "Sponsored by the Battelle Seattle Research Center and the Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources. National Research Council." Includes bibliographies and index. I. PrimatesâCongresses. 2. Mammal populationsâLatin AmericaâCongresses. I. Thorington, Richard W. II. Heltne, Paul G. III. Battelle Memorial Institute. Columbus, Ohio. Seattle Research Center. IV. National Research Council. Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources. QL737.P9N38 599'.8'098 76-10786 ISBN 0-309-02442-0 Available from Printing and Publishing Office National Academy of Sciences 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20418 Printed in the United States of America 80 79 78 77 76 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
PREFACE During the last decade there has been increasing concern over the status of wild populations of primates, a concern expressed by conservationists and by many persons involved in medical research. In response, the Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources (ILAR) established the Committee on Conservation of Nonhuman Primates, which has sought information on the many facets of the problem and has developed certain strategies for the future. As one measure, a symposium on the distribution and abundance of neotropical primates was held in August 1972 at the Battelle Conference Center, in Seattle, Washington. There have been significant additions to our knowledge of the distribution and abundance of neotropical primates in the period since the symposium was held and the papers were prepared. It is gratifying that many such contributions have come from persons who attended or contributed directly to the symposium. We are confident that the material presented here is significant and provides essential documentation of progress in the study of platyrrhine biology. We are grateful to Drs. Thorington and Heltne for their editorial efforts and to the following for talented assistance at various stages in preparing the proceedings for publication: Dr. Miguel A. Schon, Linda LeResche, Robert Johnson, Johanne Humphrey, and the ILAR staffâespecially Dr. Nancy A. Muckenhirn and Lydia E. Koutze. We are especially thankful to Dr. Charles Southwick. present chairman of the ILAR Committee on Conservation of Nonhuman Primates, who has been most helpful in bringing this symposium to publication. COMMITTEE ON CONSERVATION OF NONHUMAN PRIMATES (1972) Richard W. Thorington, Chairman Stuart A. Altman Clarence R. Carpenter Joel E. Cohen Arnold F. Kaufmann Donald G. Lindburg Charles H. Southwick John G. Vandenbergh III