National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: 8 Findings and Conclusions: Initial Prioritized Science Needs for Microbial Forensics
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

References

AAM (American Academy of Microbiology). 2009a. Bioinformatics and Biodefense: Keys to Understanding Natural and Altered Pathogens. Washington, DC: AAM.

AAM. 2009b. Large Scale Sequencing: The Future of Genomic Sciences? Washington, DC:AAM.

AAM. 2011a. E. coli: Good, Bad, and Deadly. Washington, DC: AAM.

AAM. 2011b. The Rare Biosphere. Washington, DC: AAM.

Alberts, B., A. Johnson, J. Lewis, M. Raff, K. Roberts, and P. Walter. 2002. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 4th Ed. New York: Garland Science.

Anderson, I., A. Sorokin, V. Kapatral, G. Reznik, A. Bhattacharya, N. Mikhailova, H. Burd, V. Joukov, D. Kaznadzey, T. Walunas, M. D’Souza, N. Larsen, G. Pusch, K. Liolios, Y. Grechkin, A. Lapidus, E. Goltsman, L. Chu, M. Fonstein, S. D. Ehrlich, R. Overbeek, N. Kyrpides, and N. Ivanova. 2005. Comparative genome analysis of Bacillus cereus group genomes with Bacillus subtilis. FEMS Microbiology Letters 250(2):175-184.

Anthony, S. J., J. H. Epstein, K. A. Murray, I. Navarrete-Maclas, C. M. Zambrana-Torello, A. Solonyov, R. Ojeda-Flores, N. C. Arrigo, A. Islam, S. A. Kahn, P. Hosseini, T. L. Bogich, K. J. Olival, M. D. Sanchez-Leon, W. B. Karesh, T. Goldstein, S. P. Luby, S. S. Morse, J. A. K. Mazet, P. Daszak, and W. I. Lipkin. 2013. A strategy to estimate unknown viral diversity in mammals. mBio 4(5):e00598-13; doi:10.1128/mBio.00598-13.

Avise, J. 2000. Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Bérard S., C. Gallien, B. Boussau, G. J. Szöllősi, V. Daubin, and E. Tannier. 2012. Evolution of gene neighborhoods within reconciled phylogenies. Bioinformatics 28(18):i382-i388.

Bergthorsson, U., and H. Ochman. 1995. Heterogeneity of genome sizes among natural isolates of Escherichia coli. Journal of Bacteriology 177:5784-5789. Available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC177399/pdf/1775784.pdf.

Bhattacharjee, Y. 2010. Anthrax investigation: Silicon mystery endures in solved anthrax case. Science 327(5972):1435.

Biological Weapons Convention. 2004. Report of the Meeting of States Parties. BWC/MSP/2004/3. Available at http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G04/643/00/PDF/G0464300.pdf?OpenElement. Accessed December 17, 2013.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

Biological Weapons Convention. 2010. Report of the Meeting of States Parties. BWC/MSP/2010/6. Available at http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G11/600/18/PDF/G1160018.pdf?OpenElement. Accessed December 17, 2013.

Biological Weapons Convention. 2011. Final Document of the Seventh Review Conference. BWC/CONF.VII/7. Available at http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G12/600/60/PDF/G1260060.pdf?OpenElement. Accessed December 17, 2013.

Black, J. G. 2002. Microbiology: Principles and Explorations, 5th Ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Boussau, B., G. J. Szollosi, L. Duret, M. Guoy, E. Tannier, and V. Daubin. 2013. Genome-scale coestimation of species and gene trees. Genome Research 23:323-330. Available at http://genome.cshlp.org/content/23/2/323.short.

Bowen, D. G., and C. M. Walker. 2005. Adaptive immune responses in acute and chronic hepatitis C virus infection. Nature 436:946-952.

Boyer, A. E., M. Gallegos-Candela, R. C. Lins, Z. Kuklenyik, H. M. Woolfitt, S. Kalb, C. P. Quinn, and J. R. Barr. 2011. Quantitative mass spectrometry for bacterial protein toxins—a sensitive, specific, high-throughput tool for detection and diagnosis. Molecules 16:2391-2413.

Brennan, Z. 2013. Novartis, Venter Institute collaborate on new H7N9 vaccine with CDC. in-Pharmatechnologist.com. April 9. Available at http://www.in-pharmatechnologist.com/Regulatory-Safety/Novartis-Venter-Institute-Collaborate-on-New-H7N9Vaccine-with-CDC. Accessed March 31, 2014.

Budowle, B., S. E. Schutzer, A. Einseln, L. C. Kelley, A. C. Walsh, J. A. L. Smith, B. L. Marrone, J. Robertson, and J. Campos. 2003. Building microbial forensics as a response to bioterrorism. Science 301(5641):1852-1853.

Budowle, B., R. Murch, and R. Chakraborty. 2005. Microbial forensics: The next forensic challenge. International Journal of Legal Medicine 119(6):317-330.

Budowle, B., S. E. Schutzer, S. A. Morse, K. F. Martinez, R. Chakraborty, B. L. Marrone, S. L. Messenger, R. S. Murch, P. J. Jackson, P. Williamson, R. Harmon, and S. P. Velsko. 2008. Criteria for validation of methods in microbial forensics. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 74(18):5599-5607.

Budowle, B., S. E. Schutzer, R. G. Breeze, P. S. Keim, and S. A. Morse, eds. 2011. Microbial Forensics, 2nd Ed. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

Budowle, B., S. Schmedes, and R. S. Murch. 2013. The microbial forensics pathway for use of massively-parallel sequencing technologies. In E. R. Choffnes, L. Olsen, and T. Wizemann, rapporteurs. The Science and Applications of Microbial Genomics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Burden, R. W. 2010. Extension Agent Critical Infrastructure Threat Awareness Training, Introduction to Food Supply System Threats. Available at: http://www.uteasternregion.org/EMERGENCY%20PREPAREDNESS/DOWNLOARD%20%20EMERGENCY%20PREPAREDNESS/Extension%20Agents%20&%20Critical%20Infrastructure%20Protection.pdf. Accessed April 10, 2014.

Carus, W. S. 2001. Bioterrorism and Biocrimes: The Illicit Use of Biological Agents Since 1900, 8th rev. Washington, DC: Center for Counterproliferation Research, National Defense University.

CDC (U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 2011. Minutes of the Meeting of the Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Disease Control and Prevention, November 9, 2011. Atlanta, GA.

Chertow, D. S., and M. J. Memoli. 2013. Bacterial coinfection in influenza: A grand rounds review. Journal of the American Medical Association 309(3):275-282.

Cho, Y. J., H. Yi, J. H. Lee, D. W. Kim, and J. Chun. 2010. Genomic evolution of Vibrio cholerae. Current Opinion in Microbiology 13(5):646-51.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

Chun, J., C. J. Grim, N. A. Hasan, J. H. Lee, S. Y. Choi, B. J. Haley, E. Taviani, Y. S. Jeon, D. W. Kim, J. H. Lee, T. S. Brettin, D. C. Bruce, J. F. Challacombe, J. C. Detter, C. S. Han, A. C. Munk, O. Chertkov, L. Meincke, E. Saunders, R. A. Walters, A. Huq, G. B. Nair, and R. R. Colwell. 2009. Comparative genomics reveals mechanism for short-term and long-term clonal transitions in pandemic Vibrio cholera. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106(36):15442-15447.

Cronquist, A. B., R. K. Mody, R. Atkinson, J. Besser, M. Tobin D’Angelo, S. Hurd, T. Robinson, C. Nicholson, and B. E. Mahon. 2012. Impacts of culture-independent diagnostic practices on public health surveillance for bacterial enteric pathogens. Clinical Infectious Disease 54(Supp. 5):S432-S439.

Cui, Y., C. Yu, Y. Yan, D. Li, Y. Li, T. Jombart, L. A. Weinert, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, L. Xu, Y. Zhang, H. Zheng, N. Qin, X. Xiao, M. Wu, X. Wang, D. Zhou, Z. Qi, Z. Du, H. Wu, X. Yang, H. Cao, H. Wang, J. Wang, S. Yao, A. Rakin, Y. Li, D. Falush, F. Balloux, M. Achtman, Y. Song, J. Wang, and R. Yang. 2013. Historical variations in mutation rate in an epidemic pathogen, Yersinia pestis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110(2):577-582.

Danzig, R., and Z. Hosford. 2012. Aum Shinrikyo: Insights into How Terrorists Develop Biological and Chemical Weapons, 2nd Ed. Washington, DC: Center for a New American Security.

Detter, J. C., and I. G. Resnick. 2014. State of the art for autonomous detection systems using genomic sequencing. Pp. 197-213 in Institute of Medicine and National Research Council, Technologies to Enable Autonomous Detection for BioWatch: Ensuring Timely and Accurate Information for Public Health Officials: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Di Liberto, G., A. M. Roque-Afonso, R. Kara, D. Ducoulombier, G. Fallot, D. Samuel, and C. Feray. 2006. Clinical and therapeutic implications of hepatitis C virus compartmentalization. Gastroenterology 131(1):76-84.

Didelot, X., G. Méric, D. Falush, and A. E. Darling. 2012. Impact of homologous and non-homologous recombination in the genomic evolution of Escherichia coli. BMC Genomics 13:256. Available at http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/13/256. Accessed April 10, 2014.

Dubay, L. 2013. Next-gen DNA sequencing system receives FDA approval for clinical use. BioOptics World. Available at: http://www.bioopticsworld.com/articles/2013/11/next-gen-dna-sequencing-system-receives-fda-approval-for-clinical-use.html. Accessed April 10, 2014.

Ellard, S., H. Lindsay, N. Camm, C. Watson, S. Abbs, G. R. Taylor, and R. Charlton. 2012. Practice Guidelines for Targeted Next Generation Sequencing Analysis and Interpretation. Clinical Molecular Genetics Society. Available at http://www.acgs.uk.com/media/815227/bpg_for_targeted_next_generation_sequencing_2011134.pdf. Accessed April 16, 2014.

Engelthaler, D. M., and S. A. Balajee. 2011. Forensics and epidemiology of fungal pathogens. Chapter 18 in Microbial Forensics, 2nd Ed., B. Budowle, S. E. Schutzer, R. G. Breeze, P. S. Keim, and S. A. Morse, eds. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

Evans, S. N., and F. A. Matsen. 2012. The phylogenetic Kantorovich–Rubinstein metric for environmental sequence samples. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B: Statistical Methodology 74(3):569-592.

Evett, I. W., and B. S. Weir. 1998. Interpreting DNA Evidence: Statistical Genetics for Forensic Scientists. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.

Fierer, N., C. L. Lauber, N. Zhou, D. McDonald, E. K. Costello, and R. Knight. 2010. Forensic identification using skin bacterial communities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107(14):6477-6481.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

Fletcher, J., C. Bender, B. Budowle, W. T. Cobb, S. E. Gold, C. A. Ishimaru, D. Luster, U. Melcher, R. Murch, H. Scherm, R. C. Seem, J. L. Sherwood, B. W. Sobral, and S. A. Tolin. 2006. Plant pathogen forensics: Capabilities, needs, and recommendations. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews 70:450-471.

Fricke, W. F., T. A. Cebula, and J. Ravel. 2010. Genomics. Chapter 28 in Microbial Forensics, 2nd Ed., B. Budowle, S. E. Schutzer, R. G. Breeze, P. S. Keim, and S. A. Morse, eds. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

Gargis, A. S., L. Kalman, M. W. Berry, D. P. Bick, D. P. Dimmock, T. Hambuch, F. Lu, E. Lyon, K. V. Voelkerding, B. A. Zehnbauer, R. Agarwala, S. F. Bennett, B. Chen, E. L. H. Chin, J. G Compton, S. Das, D. H. Farkas, M. J. Ferber, B. H. Funke, M. R. Furtado, L. M. Ganova-Raeva, U. Geigenmüller, S. J. Gunselman, M. R Hegde, P. L. F. Johnson, A. Kasarskis, S. Kulkarni, T. Lenk, C. S. Liu, M. Manion, T. A. Manolio, E. R. Mardis, J. D. Merker, M. S. Rajeevan, M. G. Reese, H. L. Rehm, B. B. Simen, J. M. Yeakley, J. M. Zook, and I. M. Lubin. 2012. Assuring the quality of next-generation sequencing in clinical laboratory practice. Nature Biotechnology 30:1033-1036.

González-Candelas, F., M. A. Bracho, B. Wróbel, and A. Moya. 2013. Molecular evolution in court: Analysis of a large hepatitis C virus outbreak from an evolving source. BioMed Central 11:76.

Goris, J., K. T. Konstantinidis, J. A. Klappenbach, T. Coenye, P. Vandamme, and J. M. Tiedje. 2007. DNA-DNA hybridization values and their relationship to whole-genome sequence similarities. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 57(Pt 1):81-91.

Grunow, R., and E. J. Finke. 2002. A procedure for differentiating between the intentional release of biological warfare agents and natural outbreaks of disease: Its use in analyzing the tularemia outbreak in Kosovo in 1999 and 2000. Clinical Microbiology and Infection 8:510-521. Available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.14690691.2002.00524.x/pdf. Accessed April 10, 2014.

Grunow, R., S. R. Klee, W. Beyer, M. George, D. Grunow, A. Barduhn, S. Klar, D. Jacob, M. Elschner, P. Sandven, A. Kjerulf, J. S. Jensen, W. Cai, R. Zimmermann, and L. Schaade. 2013. Anthrax among heroin users in Europe possibly caused by same Bacillus anthracis strain since 2000. Eurosurveillance 18(13):pii=20437. Available at http://www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle.aspx?ArticleId=20437. Accessed April 10, 2014.

Guidi, R., P. Osimani, C. Azzari, M. Resti, and F. M. De Benedictis. 2011. Severe necrotizing pneumonia complicating influenza A (H1N1): The role of immunologic interaction. International Journal of Immunopathological Pharmacology 24(4):1093-1097.

Gupta, M., N. Gupta, S. Trivedi, P. Patil, G. Gupta, V. K. Krishna, H. Gaudani, and V. S. Gomase. 2009. Immunogenomics: Recent discoveries. International Journal of Genetics 1(2):1-5.

Hartung, T. 2011. Mapping the Human Toxome by Systems Toxicology. Description of ongoing research project funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Available at http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/portfolio/index.cfm/portfolio/grantDetail/grant_number/R01ES020750. Accessed April 10, 2014.

Herndon, A. 2012. A curmudgeon’s view of molecular phylogenetics (Part 1). Bromeli Advisory, pp. 3-4. Available at http://www.bssf-miami.org/newsbulletins/July%202012.pdf. Accessed April 10, 2014.

Hugh-Jones, M. E., B. H. Rosenberg, and S. Jacobsen. 2011. The 2001 attack anthrax:Key observations. Bioterrorism & Biodefense S3:1-10.

Human Microbiome Jumpstart Reference Strains Consortium. 2010. A catalog of reference genomes from the human microbiome. Science 328:994-999.

Hunt, S. Y., N. G. Barnaby, and B. Budowle. 2009. Forensic microbiology. Pp. 22-34 in Encyclopedia of Microbiology, 3rd Ed. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

IOM/NRC (Institute of Medicine and National Research Council). 2014. Technologies to Enable Autonomous Detection for BioWatch: Ensuring Timely and Accurate Information for Public Health Officials: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

JASON Advisory Panel. 2008. Microbial Forensics. JASON Report No. JSR-08-512. Report prepared for the National Counterproliferation Center. Available at http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/dod/jason/forensics.pdf. Accessed November 19, 2013.

Jernigan, D. B., P. L. Raghunathan, B. P. Bell, R. Brechner, E. A. Bresnitz, J. C. Butler, M. Cetron, M. Cohen, T. Doyle, M. Fischer, C. Greene, K. S. Griffith, J. Guarner, J. L. Hadler, J. A. Hayslett, R. Meyer, L. R. Petersen, M. Phillips, R. Pinner, T. Popovic, C. P. Quinn, J. Reefhuis, D. Reissman, N. Rosenstein, A. Schuchat, W. J. Shieh, L. Siegal, D. L. Swerdlow, F. C. Tenover, M. Traeger, J. W. Ward, I. Weisfuse, S. Wiersma, K. Yeskey, S. Zaki, D. A. Ashford, B. A. Perkins, S. Ostroff, J. Hughes, D. Fleming, J. P. Koplan, and J. L. Gerberding. 2002. Investigation of bioterrorism-related anthrax, United States, 2001: Epidemiologic findings. Emerging Infectious Diseases 8(10):1019-1028.

Johnson, R. C., S. R. Kalb, and J. R. Barr. 2011. Toxin analysis using mass spectrometry. Chapter 24 in Microbial Forensics, 2nd Ed., B. Budowle, S. E. Schutzer, R. G. Breeze, P. S. Keim, and S. A. Morse, eds. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

Jolley, K. A., C. M. Bliss, J. S. Bennett, H. B. Bratcher, C. Brehony, F. M. Colles, H. Wimalarathna, O. B. Harrison, S. K. Sheppard, A. J. Cody, and M. C. J. Maiden. 2012. Ribosomal multilocus sequence typing: Universal characterisation of bacteria from domain to strain. Microbiology 158(4):1005-1015.

Jünemann, S., F. J. Sedlazeck, K. Prior, A. Albersmeier, U. John, J. Kalinowski, A. G. Mellman, A. von Haeseler, J. Stoye, and D. Harmsen. 2013. Updating benchtop sequencing performance comparison. Nature Biotechnology 31:294-296.

Kalb, S. R., W. I. Santana, I. N. Geren, C. Garcia-Rodriguez, J. Lou, T. J. Smith, J. D. Marks, L. A. Smith, J. L. Pirkle, and J. R. Barr. 2011. Extraction and inhibition of enzymatic activity of botulinum neurotoxins /B1, /B2, /B3, /B4, and /B5 by a panel of monoclonal anti-BoNT/B antibodies. BMC Biochemistry 12:58.

Keim, P., L. B. Price, A. M. Klevytska, K. L. Smith, J. M. Schupp, R. Okinaka, P. J. Jackson, and M. E. Hugh-Jones. 2000. Multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis reveals genetic relationships within Bacillus anthracis. Journal of Bacteriology 182(10):2928-2936.

Keim, P., K. L. Smith, C. Keys, H. Takahashi, T. Kurata, and A. Kaufmann. 2001. Molecular investigation of the Aum Shinrikyo anthrax release in Kameido, Japan. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 39(12):4566-4567.

Keim, P., M. Van Ert, T. Pearson, A. Vogler, L. Hyunh, and D. M. Wagner. 2004. Anthrax molecular epidemiology and forensics: Using different markers for the appropriate evolutionary scales. Infection, Genetics and Evolution 4:205-213.

Khan, A. S., and N. Pesik. 2011. Forensic public health: Epidemiologic and microbiologic investigations for biosecurity. Chapter 15 in Microbial Forensics, 2nd Ed., B. Budowle, S. E. Schutzer, R. G. Breeze, P. S. Keim, and S. A. Morse, eds. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

Kodama, Y., M. Shumway, and R. Leinonen. 2012. The Sequence Read Archive: Explosive growth of sequencing data. Nucleic Acids Research 40 (Database issue):D54-56.

Koeppel, A., E. B. Perry, J. Sikorski, D. Krizanc, A. Warner, D. M. Ward, A. P. Rooney, E. Brambilla, N. Connor, R. M. Ratcliff, E. Nevo, and F. M. Cohan. 2008. Identifying the fundamental units of bacterial diversity: A paradigm shift to incorporate ecology into bacterial systematics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105(7):2504-2509.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

Köser, C. U., M. T. Holden, M. J. Ellington, E. J. Cartwright, N. M. Brown, A. L. Ogilvy-Stuart, L. Y. Hsu, C. Chewapreecha, N. J. Croucher, S. R. Harris, M. Sanders, M. C. Enright, G. Dougan, S. D. Bentley, J. Parkhill, L. J. Fraser, J. R. Betley, O. B. Schulz-Trieglaff, G. P. Smith, and S. J. Peacock. 2012. Rapid whole-genome sequencing for investigation of a neonatal MRSA outbreak. New England Journal of Medicine 366(24):2267-2275.

Köser, C. U., J. M. Bryant, J. Becq, M. E. Török, M. J. Ellington, M. A. Marti-Renom, A. J. Carmichael, J. Parkhill, G. P. Smith, and S. J. Peacock. 2013. Whole-genome sequencing for rapid susceptibility testing of M. tuberculosis. New England Journal of Medicine 369:290-292.

Larkin, M. 2001. What will the Human Genome Project mean for neurology? Neurology Today 1(2):22-24.

Lipkin, W. I. 2013. The changing face of pathogen discovery and surveillance. Nature Reviews Microbiology 2:133-141.

Loman, N. J., C. Constantinidou, J. Z. M. Chan, M. Halachev, M. Sergeant, C. W. Penn, E. R. Robinson, and M. J. Pallen. 2012. High-throughput bacterial genome sequencing: An embarrassment of choice, a world of opportunity. Nature Reviews Microbiology 10:599-606.

Maiden, M. C., M. J. van Rensburg, J. E. Bray, S. G. Earle, S. A. Ford, K. A. Jolley, and N. D. McCarthy. 2013. MLST revisited: The gene-by-gene approach to bacterial genomics. Nature Reviews Microbiology 10:728-736.

Markotić, A., I. Kuzman, K. Babić, A. Gagro, S. Nichol, T. G. Ksiazek, S. Rabatić, and D. Dekaris. 2002a. Double trouble: Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome and leptospirosis. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 34(3):221-224.

Markotić, A., S. T. Nichol, I. Kuzman, A. J. Sanchez, T. G. Ksiazek, A. Gagro, S. Rabatić, R. Zgorelec, T. Avsic-Zupanc, I. Beus, and D. Dekaris. 2002b. Characteristics of Puumala and Dobrava infections in Croatia. Journal of Medical Virology 66:542-551.

Markotić, A., L. J. Žmak, and N. Turk. 2011. Detection of T-lymphocyte activation markers in differential diagnosis of infections caused by hantaviruses or leptospira. Croatian Journal of Infection 31(4):179-183.

Mattocks, C. J., M. A. Morris, G. Matthijs, E. Swinnen, A. Corveleyn, E. Dequeker, C. R. Müller, V. Pratt, and A. Wallace. 2010. A standardized framework for the validation and verification of clinical molecular genetic tests. European Journal of Human Genetics 18:1276-1288.

Mayr, E. 1942. Systematics and the Origin of Species. New York: Columbia University Press.

Medved, M. M., A. Markotić L. Cebalo, B. Turković, and T. A. Zupanc. 2002. Haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Croatia. Lancet 360(9330):415-416.

Mellmann, A., M. Bielaszewska, R. Köck, A. W. Friedrich, A. Fruth, B. Middendorf, D. Harmsen, M. A. Schmidt, and H. Karch. 2008. Analysis of collection of hemolytic uremic syndrome-associated enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli. Emerging Infectious Disease 14(8):1287-1290.

Mellmann, A., D. Harmsen, C. A. Cummings, E. B. Zentz, S. R. Leopold, A. Rico, K. Prior, R. Szczepanowski, Y. Ji, W. Zhang, S. F. McLaughlin, J. K. Henkhaus, B. Leopold, M. Bielaszewska, R. Prager, P. M. Brzoska, R. L. Moore, S. Guenther, J. M. Rothberg, and H. Karch. 2011. Prospective genomic characterization of the German enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O104:H4 outbreak by rapid next generation sequencing technology. PLOS One 6:e22751.

Meselson, M., J. Guillemin, M. Hugh-Jones, A. Langmuir, I. Popova, A. Shelokov, and O. Yampolskava. 1994. The Sverdlovsk anthrax outbreak of 1979. Science 266(5188):1202-1208.

Michael, J. R., and P. G. Kotula. 2009. Elemental Microanalysis of Bacillus Anthracis Spores from the Amerithrax Case. Presentation to the National Academies of Science. Materials Characterization Department 1822, Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, NM.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

Michael, J. R., L. N. Brewer, and P. G. Kotula. 2011. Electron beam-based methods for bioforensic investigations. Chapter 25 in Microbial Forensics, 2nd Ed., B. Budowle, S. E. Schutzer, R. G. Breeze, P. S. Keim, and S. A. Morse, eds. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

Morelli, G., Y. Song, C. J. Mazzoni, M. Eppinger, P. Roumagnac, D. M. Wagner, M. Feldkamp, B. Kusecek, A. J. Vogler, Y. Li, Y. Cui, N. R. Thomson, T. Jombart, R. Leblois, P. Lichtner, L. Rahalison, J. M. Petersen, F. Balloux, P. Keim, T. Wirth, J. Ravel, R. Yang, E. Carniel, and M. Achtman. 2010. Yersinia pestis genome sequencing identifies patterns of global phylogenetic diversity. Nature Genetics 42(10):1140-1143.

Murch, R. 2008. Bioterrorism: Investigation & Prosecution—Anthrax 2001 and Beyond. Presentation at Counterproliferation of Biological Threat Agents, 928th Wilton Park Conference, September 27, Wilton Park, United Kingdom. Available at http://www.ncr.vt.edu/Highlights/Murch.html. Accessed April 26, 2014.

Murch, R. 2010. Exploring an International Microbial Forensics Capability to Support Attribution and Advance Global Biosecurity. Presentation at Trends in Science and Technology Relevant to the BWC, November 2, 2010, Beijing, China. Available at http://dels.nas.edu/resources/static-assets/bls/miscellaneous/Randall%20Murch.pdf. Accessed March 19, 2014.

Murch, R. S., and E. L. Bahr. 2011. Validation of microbial forensics in scientific, legal, and policy contexts. Chapter 38 in Microbial Forensics, 2nd Ed., B. Budowle, S. E. Schutzer, R. G. Breeze, P. S. Keim, and S. A. Morse, eds. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

National Biosurveillance Advisory Subcommittee. 2009. Improving the Nation’s Ability to Detect and Respond to 21st Century Urgent Health Threats: First Report of the National Biosurveillance Advisory Subcommittee. April. Available at http://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/12000. Accessed April 4, 2014.

National Biosurveillance Advisory Subcommittee. 2011. Improving the Nation’s Ability to Detect and Respond to 21st Century Urgent Health Threats: Second Report of the National Biosurveillance Advisory Subcommittee. April. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/about/pdf/advisory/nbasfinalreport_april2011.pdf. Accessed April 4, 2014.

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. 2009. Glossary. Available at http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/pathogenGenomics/pages/definitions.aspx. Accessed April 10, 2014.

Netherlands National Institute for Public Health and the Environment. 2013. Combating the Superbug Klebsiella Oxa-48 Outbreak in a Dutch Hospital. Available at http://www.rivm.nl/en/Documents_and_publications/Common_and_Present/Newsmessages/2011/Combating_the_Superbug_Klebsiella_Oxa_48_Outbreak_in_a_Dutch_Hospital. Accessed on April 10, 2014.

NRC (National Research Council). 2003. Countering Agricultural Bioterrorism. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2007. The New Science of Metagenomics: Revealing the Secrets of Our Microbial Planet. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2011. Review of the Scientific Approaches Used During the FBI’s Investigation of the 2001 Anthrax Letters. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2012. Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High-Containment Biological Laboratories. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NSTC (National Science and Technology Council). 2009. National Research and Development Strategy for Microbial Forensics. Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President. Available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/files/documents/ostp/NSTC%20Reports/National%20MicroForensics%20R&DStrategy%202009%20UNLIMITED%20DISTRIBUTION.pdf. Accessed on April 10, 2014.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

NSTC. 2013. Biological Response and Recovery Science and Technology Roadmap. Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President. Available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ostp/NSTC/brrst_roadmap_2013.pdf. Accessed on April 10, 2014.

Orho-Melander, M. 2006. The metabolic syndrome: Genetics, lifestyle and ethnicity. Diabetes Voice 5:21-24. Available at http://www.idf.org/sites/default/files/attachments/article_412_en.pdf. Accessed on April 10, 2014.

Parla, J., M. Kramer, and W. R. McCombie. 2011. High-throughput sequencing. Chapter 27 in Microbial Forensics, 2nd Ed., B. Budowle, S. E. Schutzer, R. G. Breeze, P. S. Keim, and S. A. Morse, eds. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

Penin, F., J. Dubuisson, F. A. Rey, D. Moradpour, and J. M. Pawlotsky. 2004. Structural biology of hepatitis C virus. Hepatology 39:5-19.

Perna, N. T., G. Plunkett, V. Burland, B. Mau, J. D. Glasner, D. J. Rose, G. F. Mayhew, P. S. Evans, J. Gregor, H. A. Kirkpatrick, G. Pósfai, J. Hackett, S. Klink, A. Boutin, Y. Shao, L. Miller, E. J. Grotbeck, N. W. Davis, A. Lim, E. T. Dimalanta, K. D. Potamousis, J. Apodaca, T. S. Anantharaman, J. Lin, G. Yen, D. C. Schwartz, R. A. Welch, and F. R. Blattner. 2001. Genome sequence of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7. Nature 409(6819):529-533.

Pilo, P., and J. Frey. 2011. Bacillus anthracis: Molecular taxonomy, population genetics, phylogeny and patho-evolution. Infection, Genetics, and Evolution 11(6):1218-1224.

Pont-Kingdon, G., F. Gedge, W. Wooderchak-Donahue, I. Schrijver, K. E. Weck, J. A. Kant, D. Oglesbee, P. Bayrak-Toydemir, and E. Lyon. 2012. Design and analytical validation of clinical DNA sequencing assays. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine 136:41-46.

Price, E. P., M. L. Seymour, D. S. Sarovich, J. Latham, S. R. Wolken, J. Mason, G. Vincent, K. P. Drees, S. M. Beckstrom-Sternberg, A. M. Phillippy, S. Koren, R. T. Okinaka, W. K. Chung, J. M. Schupp, D. M. Wagner, R. Vipond, J. T. Foster, N. H. Bergman, J. Burans, T. Pearson, T. Brooks, and P. Keim. 2012. Molecular epidemiologic investigation of an anthrax outbreak among heroin users, Europe. Emerging Infectious Diseases 18:1307-1313.

Primorac, D., and M. Schanfield, eds. 2014. Forensic DNA Analsysis: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Boca Raton, FL: Taylor and Francis.

Quail, M. A., M. Smith, P. Coupland, T. D. Otto, S. R. Harris, T. R. Connor, A. Bertoni, H. P. Swerdlow, and Y. Gu. 2012. A tale of three next generation sequencing platforms: Comparison of Ion Torrent, Pacific Biosciences and Illumina MiSeq sequencers. BMC Genomics 13:341.

Rasko, D. A., P. L. Worsham, T. G. Abshire, S. T. Stanley, J. D. Bannan, M. R. Wilson, R. J. Langham, R. S. Decker, L. Jiang, T. D. Read, A. M. Phillippy, S. L. Salzberg, M. Pop, M. N. Van Ert, L. J. Kenefic, P. S. Keim, C. M. Fraser-Liggett, and J. Ravel. 2011. Bacillus anthracis comparative genome analysis in support of the Amerithrax investigation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108(12):5027-5032.

Read, T. D., S. L. Salzberg, M. Pop, M. Shumway, L. Umayam, L. Jiang, E. Holtzapple, J. D. Busch, K. L. Smith, J. M. Schupp, D. Solomon, P. Keim, and C. M. Fraser. 2002. Comparative genome sequencing for discovery of novel polymorphisms in Bacillus anthracis. Science 296(5575):2028-2033.

Rehm, H. L., S. J. Bale, P. Bayrak-Toydemir, J. S. Berg, K. K. Brown, J. L. Deignan, M. J. Friez, B. H. Funke, M. R. Hegde, and E. Lyon, for the Working Group of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics Laboratory Quality Assurance Committee. 2013. ACMG clinical laboratory standards for next-generation sequencing. Genetics in Medicine 15:733-747.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

Rinke, C., P. Schwientek, A. Sczyrba, N. N. Ivanova, I. J. Anderson, J. Cheng, A. Darling, S. Malfatti, B. K. Swan, E. A. Gies, J. A. Dodsworth, B. P. Hedlund, G. Tsiamis, S. M. Sievert, W. Liu, J. A. Eisen, S. J. Hallam, N. C. Kyrpides, R. Stepanauskas, E. M. Rubin, P. Hugenholtz, and T. Woyke. 2013. Insights into the phylogeny and coding potential of microbial dark matter. Nature 499:431-437.

Rushing, J. W. 1994. Food Safety in the United States and Abroad: An Agriculturalist’s Perspective. Transcribed and edited from an oral presentation at the fall meeting of the Southern Agromedicine Consortium, October 6-7, 1994, Charleston, SC. Available at http://books.google.com/books?id=StyK_YDEFe0C&pg=PA112&lpg=PA112&dq=cyanide+contaminated+grapes+from+Chile&source=bl&ots=q5GYJmicdv&sig=p7gauXurZVAikmai--3oJ-peGe4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=yMI6U--dB8PgsATn2ID4Dw&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBA%23v=onepage&q=cyanide%20contaminated%20grapes%20from%20Chile&f=false#v=onepage&q&f=false. Accessed April 10, 2014.

Saksida, A., D. Duh, B. Wraber, I. Dedushaj, S. Ahmeti, and T. Avsic-Zupanc. 2010. Interacting roles of immune mechanisms and viral load in the pathogenesis of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever. Clinical Vaccine Immunology 17:1086-1093.

Sboner, A., J. Mu, D. Greenbaum, R. K. Auerbach, and M. B. Gerstein. 2011. The real cost of sequencing: Higher than you think! Genome Biology 12:125. Available at http://genomebiology.com/2011/12/8/125. Accessed April 10, 2014.

Scaduto, D. I., J. M. Brown, W. C. Haaland, D. J. Zwickl, D. M. Hillis, and M. L. Metzker. 2010. Source identification in two criminal cases using phylogenetic analysis of HIV-1 DNA sequences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107(50):21242-21247.

Schaudies, R. P. 2014. State of the art for autonomous detection systems using immunoassays and protein signatures. Pp. 173-196 in Institute of Medicine and National Research Council, Technologies to Enable Autonomous Detection for BioWatch: Ensuring Timely and Accurate Information for Public Health Officials: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Skowronski, E., and W. I. Lipkin. 2011. Molecular microbial surveillance and discovery in bioforensics. Chapter 11 in Microbial Forensics, 2nd Ed., B. Budowle, S. E. Schutzer, R. G. Breeze, P. S. Keim, and S. A. Morse, eds. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

Smith, J. 2011. Collection and preservation of microbial forensic samples. Chapter 22 in Microbial Forensics, 2nd Ed., B. Budowle, S. E. Schutzer, R. G. Breeze, P. S. Keim, and S. A. Morse, eds. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

Snitkin, E. S., A. M. Zelazny, P. J. Thomas, F. Stock, D. K. Henderson, T. N. Palmore, and J. A. Segre. 2012. Tracking a hospital outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae with whole-genome sequencing. Science Translational Medicine 4(148):148ra116.

Snyder, P., and R. E. Jabbour. 2014. State of the art for autonomous detection systems using mass spectrometry. Pp. 215-244 in Institute of Medicine and National Research Council, Technologies to Enable Autonomous Detection for BioWatch: Ensuring Timely and Accurate Information for Public Health Officials: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Tadin, A., N. Turk, M. Korva, J. Margaletić, R. Beck, M. Vucelja, J. Habuš, P. Svoboda, T. Avšič Županc, H. Henttonen, and A. Markotić. 2012. Multiple co-infections of rodents with hantaviruses, Leptospira, and Babesia in Croatia. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 12(5):388-392.

Tadin, A., L. Bjedov, J. Margaletić, B. Žibrat, L. Cvetko Krajinović, P. Svoboda, I. C. Kurolt, Z. Štritof, N. Turk, O. Đakovic Rode, R. Čivljak, I. Kuzman, and A. Markotić. 2014. High infection rate of bank voles (Myodes glareolus) with Puumala virus is associated with a winter outbreak of haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Croatia. Epidemiology and Infection; doi: 10.1017/S095026881300321X.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

Tucker, J. B., and G. D. Koblentz. 2009. The four faces of microbial forensics. Biosecurity and Bioterrorism 7(4):389-397.

U.K. Foreign and Commonwealth Office. 2013. Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction: President’s Report for 2013. London.

United Nations. 2011. Disarmament Yearbook, Vol. 36 (Part II). Available at http://www.un.org/disarmament/HomePage/ODAPublications/Yearbook/2011/DYB2011-Part-II-web.pdf. Accessed April 10, 2014.

United Nations Security Council. 2004. 1540 Committee Resolution adopted under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. Available at http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/RES/1540%20%282004%29. Accessed October 24, 2013.

U.S. Department of Energy. 2012. Genome Glossary. Available at http://genomicscience.energy.gov/glossary/index.shtml. Accessed April 10, 2014.

U.S. Department of Justice. 2010. Amerithrax Investigative Summary. Available at http://www.justice.gov/amerithrax/docs/amx-investigative-summary.pdf. Accessed April 10, 2014.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2004. Data evaluation. Chapter 5 in Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund, Volume I: Human Health Evaluation Manual. EPA/540/R/99/005. Available at http://www.epa.gov/oswer/riskassessment/ragsa/pdf/ch5.pdf.

Van Ert, M. N., W. R. Easterday, L. Y. Huynh, R. T. Okinaka, M. E. Hugh-Jones, J. Ravel, S. R. Zanecki, T. Pearson, T. S. Simonson, J. M. U’Ren, S. M. Kachur, R. R. Leadem-Dougherty, S. D. Rhoton, G. Zinser, J. Farlow, P. R. Coker, K. L. Smith, B. Wang, L. J. Kenefic, C. M. Fraser-Liggett, D. M. Wagner, and P. Keim. 2007. Global genetic population structure of Bacillus anthracis. PLOS One 2(5):e461.

Vandamme, A. M., and O. G. Pybus. 2013. Viral phylogeny in court: The unusual case of the Valencian anesthetist. BMC Biology 11:83-85.

Velsko, S. P. 2011a. Nonbiological measurements on biological agents. Chapter 30 in Microbial Forensics, 2nd Ed., B. Budowle, S. E. Schutzer, R. G. Breeze, P. S. Keim, and S. A. Morse, eds. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

Velsko, S. P. 2011b. Inferential validation and evidence interpretation. Chapter 33 in Microbial Forensics, 2nd Ed., B. Budowle, S. E. Schutzer, R. G. Breeze, P. S. Keim, and S. A. Morse, eds. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

Wahl, K. L., D. S. Wunschel, and B. H. Clowers. 2011. Proteomics development and application for bioforensics. Chapter 26 in Microbial Forensics, 2nd Ed., B. Budowle, S. E. Schutzer, R. G. Breeze, P. S. Keim, and S. A. Morse, eds. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

Wang, X., P. E. Kilgore, K. A. Lim, S. Wang, J. Lee, W. Deng, M. Mo, B. Nyambat, J. Ma, M. O. Favorov, and J. D. Clemens. 2011. Influenza and bacterial pathogen coinfections in the 20th century. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases. Available at http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ipid/2011/146376/. Accessed April 10, 2014.

Welch, R. A., V. Burland, G. Plunkett, P. Redford, P. Roesch, D. Rasko, E. L. Buckles, S. R. Liou, A. Boutin, J. Hackett, D. Stroud, G. F. Mayhew, D. J. Rose, S. Zhou, D. C. Schwartz, N. T. Perna, H. L. Mobley, M. S. Donnenberg, and F. R. Blattner. 2002. Extensive mosaic structure revealed by the complete genome sequence of uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Online. Available at: http://www.ncbi.hlm.nih.gov/ubmed/12471157. Accessed July 2, 2014.

White House. 2012. National Strategy for Biosurveillance. Available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/National_Strategy_for_Biosurveillance_July_2012.pdf.

White House. 2014. Global Health Security Agenda: Toward a World Safe and Secure from Infectious Disease Threats. Available at http://www.globalhealth.gov/global-healthtopics/global-health-security/GHS%20Agenda.pdf.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

Wolfe, N. D., C. P. Dunavan, and J. Diamond. 2007. Origins of major human infectious diseases. Nature 447(7142):279-283.

World Health Organization. 2014. Zoonoses. Available at http://www.who.int/topics/zoonoses/en/. Accessed April 10, 2014.

Wright, G. D. 2007. The antibiotic resistome: The nexus of chemical and genetic diversity. Nature Reviews Microbiology 5(3):175-186.

Wu, D., P. Hugenholtz, K. Mavromatis, R. Pukall, E. Dalin, N. N. Ivanova, V. Kunin, L. Goodwin, M. Wu, B. J. Tindall, S. D. Hooper, A. Pati, A. Lykidis, S. Spring, I. J. Anderson, P. D’haeseleer, A. Zemla, M. Singer, A. Lapidus, M. Nolan, A. Copeland, C. Han, F. Chen, J. F. Cheng, S. Lucas, C. Kerfeld, E. Lang, S. Gronow, P. Chain, D. Bruce, E. M. Rubin, N. C. Kyrpides, H. P. Klenk, and J. A. Eisen. 2009. A phylogeny-driven genomic encyclopaedia of Bacteria and Archaea. Nature 462(7276):1056-1060.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 179
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 180
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 181
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 182
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 183
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 184
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 185
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 186
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 187
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 188
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 189
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 190
Next: Appendix A: Committee Biographies »
Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $56.00 Buy Ebook | $44.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Microbial forensics is a scientific discipline dedicated to analyzing evidence from a bioterrorism act, biocrime, or inadvertent microorganism or toxin release for attribution purposes. This emerging discipline seeks to offer investigators the tools and techniques to support efforts to identify the source of a biological threat agent and attribute a biothreat act to a particular person or group. Microbial forensics is still in the early stages of development and faces substantial scientific challenges to continue to build capacity.

The unlawful use of biological agents poses substantial dangers to individuals, public health, the environment, the economies of nations, and global peace. It also is likely that scientific, political, and media-based controversy will surround any investigation of the alleged use of a biological agent, and can be expected to affect significantly the role that scientific information or evidence can play. For these reasons, building awareness of and capacity in microbial forensics can assist in our understanding of what may have occurred during a biothreat event, and international collaborations that engage the broader scientific and policy-making communities are likely to strengthen our microbial forensics capabilities. One goal would be to create a shared technical understanding of the possibilities - and limitations - of the scientific bases for microbial forensics analysis.

Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities, based partly on a workshop held in Zabgreb, Croatia in 2013, identifies scientific needs that must be addressed to improve the capabilities of microbial forensics to investigate infectious disease outbreaks and provide evidence of sufficient quality to support legal proceedings and the development of government policies. This report discusses issues of sampling, validation, data sharing, reference collection, research priorities, global disease monitoring, and training and education to promote international collaboration and further advance the field.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!