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Graduate Medical Education That Meets the Nation's Health Needs (2014)

Chapter: Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Graduate Medical Education That Meets the Nation's Health Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18754.
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Appendix A

Abbreviations and Acronyms

AACOM American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine
AACOMAS AACOM Application Service
AAHC Association of Academic Health Centers
AAMC Association of American Medical Colleges
ABA American Board of Anesthesiology
ABEM American Board of Emergency Medicine
ABIM American Board of Internal Medicine
ABMS American Board of Medical Specialties
ABP American Board of Pediatrics
ABPN American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology
ABR American Board of Radiology
ABS American Board of Surgery
ACA Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
ACCME Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education
ACGME Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education
AHA American Hospital Association
AHME Association for Hospital Medical Education
AMA American Medical Association
AOA American Osteopathic Association
AODME Association of Osteopathic Directors and Medical Educators
APRN advanced practice registered nurse
 
BBA Balanced Budget Act
BCRS Bureau of Clinician Recruitment and Service
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Graduate Medical Education That Meets the Nation's Health Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18754.
×
BOH Bureau of Hospitals (AOA)
BOME Bureau of Osteopathic Medical Educators
BOS Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists
 
CHGME Children’s Hospital Graduate Medical Education
CME Council on Continuing Medical Education (AOA)
CMMI Center for Medicare & Medicaid Innovation
CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
CMSS Council of Medical Specialty Societies
COBRA Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
COCA Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation
COGME Council on Graduate Medical Education
COM College of Osteopathic Medicine
COPT Council on Osteopathic Postgraduate Training
COPTI Council on Osteopathic Postgraduate Training Institutions
CPI-U Consumer Price Index-All Urban
 
DGME direct graduate medical education (payments that Medicare makes for the direct costs of GME)
D.O. Doctor of Osteopathy
DoD Department of Defense
DRG diagnosis-related group
DSH Disproportionate Share Hospital payments
 
ECFMG Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates
EMR electronic medical record
 
FFS fee-for-service
FSMB Federation of State Medical Boards
FTE full-time equivalent
FY fiscal year
 
GAF geographic adjustment factor
GAO Government Accountability Office
GME graduate medical education
 
HHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
HIT health information technology
HRSA Health Resources and Services Administration
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Graduate Medical Education That Meets the Nation's Health Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18754.
×
IM internal medicine
IME indirect medical education (payments that Medicare pays for higher patient care costs associated with teaching activities)
IMG international medical graduate
IOM Institute of Medicine
IRB intern and resident-to-bed ratio used in the Medicare payment formula for IME
 
LCME Liaison Committee for Medical Education
 
M.D. Medical Doctor (allopathic)
MedPAC Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
MMA Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act
MSA Metropolitan Statistical Area
 
NBME National Board of Medical Examiners
NBOME National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners
NHSC National Health Service Corps
NIH National Institutes of Health
NMA National Medical Association
NP nurse practitioner
NRMP National Resident Matching Program
 
OBRA Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
OPTI Osteopathic Postdoctoral Training Institution
 
PA physician assistant
PCMH patient-centered medical home
PGY postgraduate year of residency training
PPS Prospective Payment System
PRA per-resident amount (Medicare’s DGME payments are based on its share of the PRA)
 
RRC Residency Review Committee for a given specialty/subspecialty that establishes program-specific accreditation requirements
 
SCHIP State Children’s Health Insurance Program
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Graduate Medical Education That Meets the Nation's Health Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18754.
×
THC Teaching Health Center
 
VA U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
VERA Veterans Equitable Resource Allocation
VHA Veterans Health Administration
VISN Veterans Integrated Service Network
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Graduate Medical Education That Meets the Nation's Health Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18754.
×
Page 169
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Graduate Medical Education That Meets the Nation's Health Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18754.
×
Page 170
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Graduate Medical Education That Meets the Nation's Health Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18754.
×
Page 171
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Abbreviations and Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Graduate Medical Education That Meets the Nation's Health Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18754.
×
Page 172
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Today's physician education system produces trained doctors with strong scientific underpinnings in biological and physical sciences as well as supervised practical experience in delivering care. Significant financial public support underlies the graduate-level training of the nation's physicians. Two federal programs--Medicare and Medicaid--distribute billions each year to support teaching hospitals and other training sites that provide graduate medical education.

Graduate Medical Education That Meets the Nation's Health Needs is an independent review of the goals, governance, and financing of the graduate medical education system. This report focuses on the extent to which the current system supports or creates barriers to producing a physician workforce ready to provide high-quality, patient-centered, and affordable health care and identifies opportunities to maximize the leverage of federal funding toward these goals. Graduate Medical Education examines the residency pipeline, geographic distribution of generalist and specialist clinicians, types of training sites, and roles of teaching and academic health centers.

The recommendations of Graduate Medical Education will contribute to the production of a better prepared physician workforce, innovative graduate medical education programs, transparency and accountability in programs, and stronger planning and oversight of the use of public funds to support training. Teaching hospitals, funders, policy makers, institutions, and health care organizations will use this report as a resource to assess and improve the graduate medical education system in the United States.

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