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Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Page 218
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Page 219
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Page 220
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
×
Page 221
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
×
Page 222
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
×
Page 223
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
×
Page 224
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
×
Page 225
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
×
Page 226
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
×
Page 227
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
×
Page 228
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Page 229

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

APPENDIX PROCEDURE FOR CODING GENETICS SHORT-FORM QUESTIONNAIRES Column 1. Genetics Questionnaire number... 1-6 (First digit indicates location; sub- sequent five, the case number.) Hiroshima H 00000 Kure K 00000 Nagasaki N 00000 2. Husband's Master File number. ... 7-12 (First digit indicates location.) Hiroshima 2 00000 Kure 5 00000 Nagasaki 0 00000 3. Wife's Master File number 13-18 (First digit indicates location.) 4. Age 19-22 (Coded as 00 to 99, two columns for husband, two for wife.) 5. In Hiroshima or Nagasaki at time of bombing 23 (YES or NO for husband and wife.) 1 Neither 2 Husband only in Hiroshima 3 Wife only in Hiroshima 4 Both in Hiroshima 5 Husband only in Nagasaki 6 Wife only in Nagasaki 7 Both in Nagasaki 8 Husband in Hiroshima; wife in Nagasaki 9 Wife in Hiroshima; husband in Nagasaki 6. Distance from hypocenter 24-27 (In hundreds of meters, with maxi- mum coded 98 and final entry being 99 or greater; two columns for hus- band, two for wife.) 7. Indoors or outside 28 (Coded as both if only one ex- posed.)1 1 It should be noted that in this and a number of items to follow, special provision is not made for the case where only one parent is exposed. When this obtained, the unexposed parent was treated as having Column Neither sheltered by hill 2 Both outside 3 Husband outside, wife in- doors 4 Wife outside, husband in- doors 5 Both indoors Husband sheltered by hill B Both outside C Husband outside, wife in- doors D Wife outside, husband in- doors E Both indoors Wife sheltered by hill K Both outside L Husband outside, wife in- doors M Wife outside, husband in- doors N Both indoors Both sheltered by hill S Both outside T Husband outside, wife in- doors U Wife outside, husband in- doors V Both indoors 8. Type of building 29 (Answered as Japanese or other, the latter including concrete build- ings of all types, brick, air raid shelters, etc. Coded as both if only one exposed.) 1 Husband in Japanese type bldg., wife outdoors given the same response as the exposed parent. Thus, if the husband were exposed and the wife not, and if the husband asserted that he was outdoors at the time of the bombing, item 7 would be coded as 2, namely, both outside. No confusion should exist be- tween this situation and the one where both parents were in fact exposed and outside because of items 5 and 6 in the code. 218

Appendix 219 Column 2 Husband in other type bldg., wife outdoors 3 Wife in Japanese type bldg., husband outdoors 4 Wife in other type bldg., husband outdoors 5 Both in Japanese type bldg. 6 Both in other type bldg. 7 Husband in Japanese type bldg., wife in other type 8 Husband in other type, wife in Japanese type bldg. 9. Petechiae 30 (Coded as both if only one ex- posed. Coded as:) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no 10. Gingivitis 31 (Coded as both if only one ex- posed. Coded as:) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no 11. Bloody diarrhea 32 (Coded as both if only one ex- posed. Coded as:) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no 12. Epilation 33 (Coded as both if only one ex- posed. Coded as:) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no 13. Fever 34 (Coded as both if only one ex- posed. Coded as:) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no 14. Burns (Coded as both if only one ex- posed. Coded as:) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no 15. Trauma (Coded as both if only one ex- posed. Coded as:) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no 16. Total duration of cohabitation. ... (In months coded from 1 to 999.) 17. Months cohabitation prior to Au- gust 1945 (Coded from 1 to 999.) 18. Conceptions prior to August 1945. (Coded from 0 to 99.) 19. Stillbirths prior to August 1945... (Coded from 0 to 9.) 20. Therapeutic abortions prior to Au- gust 1945 (Coded as 0 to 9.) 21. Months cohabitation after August 1945 (Coded from 1 to 999.) 22. Conceptions after August 1945.. . (Coded as 1 to 99.) 23. Stillbirths after August 1945 (Coded as 0 to 9.) 24. Therapeutic abortions after August 1945 (Coded as 0 to 9.) 25. Total conceptions (Coded as 0 to 99.) 26. Total stillbirths (Coded as 0 to 9.) 27. Total therapeutic abortions (Coded as 0 to 9.) 28. Consanguinity (Coded as:) 1 None 2 First cousins 3 One and one-half cousins 4 Second cousins 5 Other 9 Unknown Column 35 36 37-39 40-^2 45 46 47-49 50-51 52 53 54-55 56 57 58

220 Genetic Effects of Atomic Bombs Column 29. Date of termination 59-60 Month Year January 1 1948 1 February 2 1949 2 March 3 1950 3 April 4 1951 4 May 5 1952 5 June 6 1953 6 July 7 1954 7 August 8 September 9 October 0 November X December V 30. Duration of pregnancy in weeks. .. 61-62 (Coded as 00 to 99, unknown is 99.) 31. Onset of labor 63 (Coded as:) 1 Spontaneous less than 24 hours 2 Spontaneous more than 24 hours 3 Induced less than 24 hours 4 Induced more than 24 hours 5 Operative 32. Course of labor 64 (Coded as:) 1 Normal 2 Operative 3 Instrumental 4 Miscellaneous complications 33. Termination 65 (Coded as:) 1 Livebirth after 38th week 2 Premature birth under or in- cluding 38th week 3 Stillbirth 20 weeks or under 4 Stillbirth 21-29 weeks 5 Stillbirth 30-38 weeks 6 Stillbirth after 38th week 7 Unknown livebirth 8 Unknown stillbirth 34. Multiple birth 66 (Coded as:) 1 Single birth 2 First twin Column 3 Second twin 4 First triplet 5 Second triplet 6 Third triplet 35. Sex of newborn 67 (Coded as:) 1 Male 2 Female 3 Undetermined 36. Weight of newborn 68-70 (In tens of grams. 999 for un- known.) 37. Abnormality 71 (Coded as:) 1 Normal 2 Congenital disease 3 Birth injury 4 Major malformation 5 Minor malformation 6 Congenital disease, birth in- jury 7 Congenital disease, major malformation 8 Congenital disease, minor malformation 9 Birth injury, major malfor- mation 0 Birth injury, minor malfor- mation X Congenital disease, birth in- jury, major malformation V Congenital disease, birth in- jury, minor malformation 38. Type of abnormality 72-77 (Classified by code. See Part II.) 39. Neonatal death 78-79 (Coded as age at death.) 00 Under 1 day 01 1 day 02 2 days 03 3-6 days 04 7-13 days (1 week) 05 14-20 days (2 weeks) 06 21-27 days (3 weeks) 07 1 month 08 2 months etc. to 11 months 40. Other pregnancies since 1948 80 (Number for which questionnaire was completed.)

Appendix 221 CODING INSTRUCTIONS FOR GENETICS FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRES Column 1. Genetics number 1-6 (As item 1, columns 1 to 6, of Ge- netics Short-Form Code, i.e., first digit indicates location, subsequent five, the case number.) 2. Parental radiation history 7-14 (As items 5, 6, 9, 10 and 12, col- umns 23, 24-27, 30, 31, and 33 of the Genetics Short-Form Code.) (a) Location: (In Hiroshima or Nagasaki at time of bombing. Yes or no for husband and wife.) 1 Neither 2 Husband only in Hiro- shima 3 Wife only in Hiroshima 4 Both in Hiroshima 5 Husband only in Naga- saki 6 Wife only in Nagasaki 7 Both in Nagasaki 8 Husband in Hiroshima; wife in Nagasaki 9 Wife in Hiroshima; husband in Nagasaki (b) Distance: (Distance from hypocenter in hundreds of meters, with maximum coded 98 and final entry being 99 or greater, two columns for husband, two for wife.) (c) Petechiae: (Coded as both if only one exposed.) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no (d) Gingivitis: (Coded as both if only one exposed.) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no (e) Epilot ion: (Coded as both if only one exposed.) Column Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no 3. Date of child's birth 15-16 (As item 29, columns 59-60 of Genetics Short-Form Code. Coded as:) Month Year January 1 1948 1 February 2 1949 2 March 3 1950 3 April 4 1951 4 May 5 1952 5 June 6 1953 6 July 7 1954 7 August 8 September 9 October 0 November X December V 4. Duration of pregnancy in weeks... 17-18 (As item 30, columns 61-62 of Genetics Short-Form Code. Coded as 00 to 99; 99 is unknown.) 5. Onset of labor 19 (As item 31, column 63 of Genetics Short-Form Code. Coded as:) 1 Spontaneous less than 24 hours 2 Spontaneous more than 24 hours 3 Induced less than 24 hours 4 Induced more than 24 hours 5 Operative 6. Termination 20 (As item 33, column 65 of Genetics Short-Form Code. Coded as:) 1 Livebirth after 38th week 2 Premature birth under or in- cluding 38th week 3 Stillbirth 20 weeks or under 4 Stillbirth 21-29 weeks 5 Stillbirth 30-38 weeks 6 Stillbirth after 38th week 7 Unknown livebirth 8 Unknown stillbirth L.

222 Genetic Effects of Atomic Bombs Column 7. Sex 21 (As item 35, column 67 of Genetics Short-Form Code. Coded as:) 1 Male 2 Female 3 Unknown 8. Weight 22-24 (As item 36, column 68 to 70, of Genetics Short-Form Code. Weight of newborn coded in tens of grams. 999 for unknown.) (NOTE: Items 1 to 8 were punched on the Long Form IBM card by machine transfer from the Short-Form IBM card.) 9. Multiple birth 25 (Coded as:) 1 Single birth 2 First twin 3 Second twin 4 First triplet 5 Second triplet 6 Third triplet 10. Abnormality 26 (Coded as:) A Normal to clinical examina- tion and autopsy 1 Normal to clinical examina- tion 2 Congenital disease (includ- ing autopsy data) 3 Birth injury (clinical diag- nosis only) 4 Major malformation — clini- cal or autopsy diagnosis 5 Minor malformation — clini- cal or autopsy diagnosis 6 Congenital disease, birth in- jury 7 Congenital disease, major malformation 8 Congenital disease, minor malformation 9 Birth injury, major malfor- mation 0 Birth injury, minor malfor- mation X Congenital disease, birth in- jury, major malformation V Congenital disease, birth in- jury, minor malformation Column 11. Clinical and autopsy diagnosis.... 27—44 (Maximum of three diagnoses of 6 digits; first digit of each diagnosis coded as:) 1 Clinical diagnosis of defect limited to one region or sys- tem 2 Clink al diagnosis of multiple defects, with most important defect coded first, and succes- sive diagnoses introduced by a 1... 3 Clinical diagnosis of a com- plex and ill-defined defect 4 Clinical diagnosis of a double monster A Autopsy confirmation of 1.., coded as A followed by five diagnostic digits B Autopsy confirmation of 2. ., coded as B followed by five diagnostic digits; successive diagnoses as A... C Autopsy confirmation of 3.., coded as C followed by five diagnostic digits D Autopsy confirmation of 4.., coded as D followed by five diagnostic digits J Autopsy diagnosis alone of a 1. ., coded as J followed by five diagnostic digits K Autopsy diagnosis alone of a 2. ., coded as K followed by five diagnostic digits; succes- sive diagnoses as J... L Autopsy diagnosis alone of a 3.., coded as L followed by five diagnostic digits M Autopsy diagnosis alone of a 4.., coded as M followed by five diagnostic digits 5 Autopsy fails to confirm a clinical diagnosis of a 1. ., coded as S followed by five diagnostic digits T Autopsy fails to confirm a clinical diagnosis of a 2. ., coded as T followed by five diagnostic digits; successive diagnoses as S. ..

Appendix 223 Column U Autopsy fails to confirm a clinical diagnosis of a 3. ., coded as U followed by five diagnostic digits V Autopsy fails to confirm a clinical diagnosis of a 4.., coded as V followed by five diagnostic digits 12. Neonatal and infant death 45—46 (Coded as age at death; 99 is un- known.) 00 Under 1 day 01 1 day 02 2 days 03 3-6 days 04 7-13 days 05 14-20 days 06 21-27 days 07 1 month 08 2 months 09 3 months etc. to 11 months 13. Age of father at termination of pregnancy 47-48 (Coded as 00 to 99. Unknown coded as 99.) 14. Family history of father 49 (Coded as:) 1 Negative family history 2 Father alone with same defect 3 Father alone with other de- fect 4 Other paternal relatives with same defect 5 Other paternal relatives with other defect 6 Father and other paternal relatives with same defect 7 Father same defect, paternal relatives with other defect 8 Father with other defect, pa- ternal relatives with same de- fect 9 Father and paternal relatives with other defect 0 Unknown (NOTE: Same or other defect refers to the same or a different defect from that present in the infant.) 15. Consanguinity of parents 50 (Coded as:) 1 None 2 First cousins Column 3 One and one-half cousins 4 Second cousins 5 Other 6 Unknown 16. Consanguinity of grandparents.... 51 (Coded as:) 1 Both negative 2 Paternal positive, maternal negative 3 Paternal negative, maternal positive 4 Paternal and maternal posi- tive 5 Paternal unknown, maternal positive 6 Paternal unknown, maternal negative 7 Paternal positive, maternal unknown 8 Paternal negative, maternal unknown 9 Paternal unknown, maternal unknown 17. Economic status 52 (Coded as:) 1 Very poor 2 Poor 3 Average 4 Well-to-do 5 Rich 6 Not indicated 18. Age of mother at termination of pregnancy 53-54 (Coded as 00 to 99. Unknown coded as 99.) 19. Family history of mother 55 (Coded as:) 1 Negative family history 2 Mother alone with same de- fect 3 Mother alone with other de- fect 4 Other maternal relatives with same defect 5 Other maternal relatives with other defect 6 Mother and other maternal relatives with same defect 7 Mother with same defect, maternal relatives with other defect 8 Mother with other defect, maternal relatives with same defect

224 Genetic Ejects of Atomic Bombs Column 9 Mother and maternal rela- tives with other defect 0 Unknown (NOTE: Same or other defect refers to the same or a different defect from that present in the infant.) 20. Menstrual history 1 Age of onset in years to near- est year, coded as 00 to 99; 99 is unknown 56-57 2 Duration in days, coded as 0 to 9 (no entry is unknown; greater than 9 coded as 9) .. 58 3 Interval in days between peri- ods coded as 00 to 39 (coded as 00 if entry is "irregular," 99 if unknown) 59-60 21. Irregularity of menstruation 61 (Coded as:) 1 None 2 Periods of amenorrhea ex- ceeding 90 days 3 Periods of amenorrhea of less than 90 days 4 Cycles of 3 weeks or less 5 Ill-defined or nature not stated 22. Pelvic operations, treatment, or dis- eases 62 (Coded as:) 1 None 2 Pelvic operations, abdominal approach 3 Pelvic operations, D and C 4 Radium or X-ray therapy 5 Other 6 Pelvic operations, D and C, and abdominal 7 Unknown 23. Illness during pregnancy 63 (Coded as:) 1 None 2 Febrile disease, clearly de- fined 3 Other illness, may be febrile but no clear indication 4 Unknown 24. Uterine bleeding during first six months of pregnancy 64 (Coded as:) 1 None 2 Present 3 Unknown Column 25. Presentation 65 (Coded as:) 1 Occiput 2 Face 3 Breech 4 Footling 5 Arm 6 Cesarean section 7 Unknown 26. Maternal and infant serology 66 (NOTE: For Nagasaki, the pre- partum Hokensho serological tests are coded as the alphabetical equiva- lents of 1 to 8. The prepartum serology is to be coded if post- partum testing by ABCC did not occur.) 1 Mother negative, child un- tested 2 Mother negative, child nega- tive 3 Mother negative, child posi- tive 4 Mother positive, child un- tested 5 Mother positive, child nega- tive 6 Mother positive, child posi- tive 7 Mother and child untested 8 Mother doubtful, child un- tested 27. Total number of pregnancies this marriage 67-68 (Coded as 00 to 99. Multiples scored as one pregnancy; 99 is un- known.) 28. Number of liveborn infants 69—70 (Coded as 00 to 99. Multiples scored as 2, 3, etc., or in combina- tion.) 29. Number of premature infants 71 (Liveborn or stillborn exclusive of abortions, coded as 0 to 9. Multi- ples scored as 2, 3, etc., or in com- bination.) 30. Number of stillborn infants 72 (Coded as 0 to 9. Multiples scored as 2, 3, etc., or in combination; artificial interruption after 20 weeks ending in stillborn fetus is scored as stillborn infant.)

Appendix 225 Column 31. Number of pregnancies terminating as spontaneous abortions, i.e., gesta- tion of less than or equal to 20 weeks 73 (Coded as 0 to 9. Multiples scored as 2, 3, etc., or in combination.) 32. Number of pregnancies terminating as induced abortions, i.e., gestation of less than or equal to 20 weeks.. 74 (Coded as 0 to 9.) 33. Number of pregnancies terminating as multiple births 75 (Coded as 0 to 9.) 34. Number of infants dying before one year of age 76 (Coded as 0 to 9.) 35. Defective terminations in sibs 77-79 (Coded as:) Code Column 77 Child abnormal clinically*; negative 1 sibship history Child abnormal; negative sibship his- 2 tory with respect to this defect but other defect 36. Relationship of informant to in- fant (Coded as:) 1 Mother 2 Father 3 Maternal grandmother 4 Maternal grandfather 5 Paternal grandmother 6 Paternal grandfather 7 Not related 8 Other 9 Unknown A Father and mother B Other combination Column 80 Code Column 78 No! of sibs with other major de- fect, 1...9 Code Column 79 (NOTE: A history of another minor defect is scored as 2, column 77, with no entry in columns 78-79.) 3 Child abnormal; positive sibship his- tory with respect to this defect Child abnormal; positive sibship his- tory with respect to this defect and other defect present in sibship No. of sibs with same defect, in- cluding this sib- ling, 1...9 No. of sibs with same defect, in- cluding this sib- ling, 1...9 No. of sibs with other major de- fect, 1...9 Child normal; sibship history negative Child normal; sibship history positive for defect 5 6 No. of sibs with major defect, 1...9 (NOTE: In the event a previous Long Form exists on this family, it will be indicated by an X in column 79 if some number other than 4 is entered in column 77. If 4 is entered in column 77, then M is to be punched in column 79.) * The term "abnormal" as used here does not apply to stillbirths or abortions, but only to visible defects. CODING INSTRUCTIONS FOR PEDIATRICS FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE Column Column 1. Genetics Questionnaire number. .. 1-6 quent five, the case number.) (As item 1, columns 1-6 of Ge- Hiroshima H 00000 netics Short-Form Code. Coded as: Nagasaki N 00000 first digit indicates location; subse- Kure K 00000

226 Genetic Effects of Atomic Bombs Column 2. Mother's Master File number 7-12 (Coded as: first digit indicates loca- tion.) Hiroshima 2 00000 Nagasaki 0 00000 Kure 5 00000 3. Parental age at lime of termination. 13-16 (As calculated from Genetics Short- Form Code. Coded as 00 to 99; 99 is unknown; two columns for hus- band, two for wife.) 4. Parental radiation history 17-30 (As items 5-15, columns 23-36, of Genetics Short-Form Code. Coded as:) (a) Location: (In Hiroshima or Nagasaki at time of bombing; yes or no for husband and wife. Coded as:) 1 Neither 2 Husband only in Hiro- shima 3 Wife only in Hiroshima 4 Both in Hiroshima 5 Husband only in Naga- saki 6 Wife only in Nagasaki 7 Both in Nagasaki 8 Husband in Hiroshima; wife in Nagasaki 9 Wife in Hiroshima; husband in Nagasaki (b) Distance: (From hypocenter in hundreds of meters, with maximum coded as 98 and final entry be- ing 99 or greater, two columns for husband, two for wife.) (c) Indoors or outside: (Coded as both if only one exposed.) Neither sheltered by hill 2 Both outside 3 Husband outside, wife indoors 4 Wife outside, husband indoors 5 Both indoors Husband sheltered by hill B Both outside C Husband outside, wife indoors Column D Wife outside, husband indoors E Both indoors Wife sheltered by hill K Both outside L Husband outside, wife indoors M Wife outside, husband indoors N Both indoors Both sheltered by hill S Both outside T Husband outside, wife indoors U Wife outside, husband indoors V Both indoors (d) Type of building: (Answered as Japanese or other, the latter including con- crete buildings of all types, brick, air raid shelters, etc. Coded as both if only one ex- posed. Coded as:) 1 Husband in Japanese type bldg., wife out- doors 2 Husband in other type bldg., wife outdoors 3 Wife in Japanese type bldg., husband outdoors 4 Wife in other type bldg., husband outdoors 5 Both in Japanese type bldg. 6 Both in other type bldg. 7 Husband in Japanese type bldg., wife in other type 8 Husband in other type bldg., wife in Japanese type (e) Petechiae: (Coded as both if only one ex- posed. Coded as:) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no

Appendix 227 Column (f) Gingivitis: (Coded as both if only one ex- posed. Coded as:) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no (g) Bloody diarrhea: (Coded as both if only one ex- posed. Coded as:) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no (h) Epilation: (Coded as both if only one ex- posed. Coded as:) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no (i) Fever: (Coded as both if only one ex- posed. Coded as:) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no (j) Burns: (Coded as both if only one ex- posed. Coded as:) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no (k) Trauma: (Coded as both if only one ex- posed. Coded as:) Husband Wife 1 yes yes 2 yes no 3 no yes 4 no no 5. Date of birth 31-32 (As item 29, columns 59-60 of Genetics Short-Form Code. Coded as:) Month Year January 1 1948 1 Column February 2 1949 2 March 3 1950 3 April 4 1951 4 May 5 1952 5 June 6 1953 6 July 7 1954 7 August 8 September 9 October 0 November X December V 6. Duration of pregnancy in weeks. .. 33-34 (As item 30, columns 61-62 of Genetics Short-Form Code. Coded as 00 to 99; 99 is unknown.) 7. Course of labor 35 (As item 32, column 64 of Genetics Short-Form Code. Coded as:) 1 Normal 2 Operative 3 Instrumental 4 Miscellaneous complications 8. Termination 36 (As item 33, column 65 of Genetics Short-Form Code. Coded as:) 1 Livebirth after 38th week 2 Premature birth under or in- cluding 38th week 3 Stillbirth 20 weeks or under 4 Stillbirth 21-29 weeks 5 Stillbirth 30-38 weeks 6 Stillbirth after 38th week 7 Unknown livebirth 8 Unknown stillbirth 9. Sex 37 (As item 35, column 67 of Genetics Short-Form Code. Coded as:) 1 Male 2 Female 3 Undetermined 10. Weight 38-40 (As item 36, columns 68-70, of Genetics Short-Form Code. Weight of newborn coded in tens of grams; 000 to 999; 999 is unknown.) (NOTE: Items 1 to 10 are to be a machine transfer from the Short- Form IBM card to the Pediatrics Follow-up IBM card.) 11. Master File number 41-46 (Of infant as given on Pediatrics Follow-up form.)

228 Genetic Effects of Atomic Bombs Column 12. Age 47-48 (At examination in months given on Pediatrics Follow-up form. Coded as 00 to 99; 99 is un- known.) 13. Multiple birth 49 (Coded as:) 1 Single birth 2 First twin 3 Second twin 4 First triplet 5 Second triplet 6 Third triplet 14. Abnormality 50 (As diagnosed either on home visit [initial], or when child is brought to clinic for confirmation of a diag- nosis of malformation, or on 9- months follow-up but not autopsy diagnosis.) 1 Normal 2 Congenital disease 3 Birth injury 4 Major malformation 5 Minor malformation 6 Congenital disease, birth in- jury 7 Congenital disease, major malformation 8 Congenital disease, minor malformation 9 Birth injury, major malfor- mation 0 Birth injury, minor malfor- mation X Congenital disease, birth in- jury, major malformation V Congenital disease, birth in- jury, minor malformation 15. Diagnosis on home visit and follow- up 51-74 (Maximum of four diagnoses each of six digits, first digit coded as:) 1 Home visit and/or Pediatrics Clinic diagnosis at early age of defects limited to one sys- tem or region, confirmed on 9-months follow-up. 2 Home visit and/or Pediatrics Clinic diagnosis at early age of multiple defects, with most important defect coded first, and successive defects Column introduced by a 1..., con- firmed on 9-months follow- up. 3 Home visit and/or Pediatrics Clinic diagnosis at early age of a complex and ill-defined defect, confirmed on 9- months follow-up. 4 Home visit and/or Pediatrics Clinic diagnosis at early age of a double monster or tera- toma, confirmed on 9-months follow-up. A Home visit and/or Pediatrics Clinic diagnosis at early age of a 1. . ., not confirmed on 9-months follow-up (child alive). B Home visit and/or Pediatrics Clinic diagnosis at early age of a 2. .., not confirmed on 9-months follow-up (child alive) ; successive diagnoses introduced by A.... C Home visit and/or Pediatrics Clinic diagnosis at early age of a 3. . ., not confirmed on 9-months follow-up (child alive). D Home visit and/or Pediatrics Clinic diagnosis at early age of a 4. . ., not confirmed on 9-months follow-up (child alive). J Home visit and/or Pediatrics Clinic diagnosis at early age of a 1. .., cannot now be confirmed because child dead. K Home visit and/or Pediatrics Clinic diagnosis at early age of a 2..., cannot now be confirmed because child dead; successive diagnoses introduced by J. .. . L Home visit and/or Pediatrics Clinic diagnosis at early age of a 3. . ., cannot now be confirmed because child dead. M Home visit and/or Pediatrics Clinic diagnosis at early age of a 4.... cannot now be

Appendix 229 16. Column confirmed because child dead. S Nine-months follow-up di- agnosis of a defect limited to one region or system not previously diagnosed. T Nine-months follow-up di- agnosis of multiple defects not previously diagnosed, most important coded first with diagnoses after the first introduced by S. ... U Nine-months follow-up di- agnosis of a complex and ill- defined defect not previously diagnosed. V Nine-months follow-up di- agnosis of a double monster or teratoma not previously diagnosed. Infant and neonatal mortality 75-76 (Coded as:) 00 Under 1 day 01 1 day . 02 2 days 03 3-6 days 04 7-13 days 05 14-20 days 06 21-27 days 07 28-55 days 08 56-83 days 09 84-111 days 10 112-139 days 11 140-167 days 12 168-195 days 13 196-223 days 14 224-251 days Column 15 2 5 2-279 days 16 280-307 days 17 308-325 days 18 326-353 days 19 Over 1 year 99 Unknown — (see L. F. code) 17. No punch — seen in clinic 77 (Coded as:)1 1 Dead on L. F. 2 Found dead by P. C. 3 Moved or unable to locate 4 Infant ill 3 successive weeks 5 Mother ill 3 successive weeks 6 Both or other P or F 7 Other reasons 18. Consanguinity 78 (Coded as:) 1 Not related 2 First cousins 3 One and one-half cousins 4 Second cousins 5 Other 6 Unknown 19. Exposure category 79-80 Father's Column 79 Mother's Column 80 1 The purpose of this item in the code is several- fold; but primarily it is designed to detect biases which might arise due to unequal attrition ratio among the exposure subclasses. It also affords some measure of the accuracy of the reports of death. Selec- tion was by terminal registration digit and hence some of the infants selected were known to be still- born or to have died during the neonatal period. For the latter cases, the statement at 9 months could be collated with the information available on the at-birth records.

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