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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1956. Effect of Exposure to the Atomic Bombs on Pregnancy Termination in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18776.
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References 231 CROW, J. F. 1955. A comparison of fetal and infant death rates in the progeny of radi- ologists and pathologists. Am. J. Roent. 73:467-471. DEAN, R. F. A. 1950. Effect of undernutrition on size of baby at birth and on ability of mother to lactate. Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 43:273-274. DOBZHANSKY, TH., SPASSKY, B., and SPASSKY, N. 1952. A comparative study of mutation rates in two ecologically diverse species of Drosophila. Genetics 37:650-664. EBBS, J. H., BROWN, A., TISDALL, F. F., MOYLE, W. J., and BELL, M. 1942b. The influence of improved prenatal nutrition upon the infant. Canad. Med. Assoc. J. 46:6-8. EBBS, J. H., SCOTT, W. A., TISDALL, F. F., MOYLE, W. J., and BELL, M. 1942a. Nu- trition in pregnancy. Canad. Med. Assoc. J. 46:1-6. EISENHART, C. 1947. In: Eisenhart, C, Hastay, M. W., and Wallis, W. A. Techniques of Statistical Analysis. New York: McGraw- Hill Co. Pp. xiv and 473. EISENHART, C. 1947. The assumptions under- lying the analysis of variance. Biometrics 3:1-21. EVANS, R. D. 1949. Quantitative inferences con- cerning the genetic effects of radiation on human beings. Science 109:299-304. FALK, R. 1955. Studies on X-ray induced vi- ability mutations in the third chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster. Hereditas 41: 259-278. FILLMORE, P. G. 1952. The medical examina- tion of Hiroshima patients with radiation cataract. Science 116:322-323. FISHER, R. A. 1939. The comparison of samples with possibly unequal variances. Ann. Eugen. 9:174-180. FISHER, R. A. 1949. The Design of Experi- ments. 5th edition. Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd. Pp. xi and 242. FOLLEY, J. H., BORGES, W., and YAMAWAKI, T. 1952. Incidence of leukemia in survivors of the atomic bomb in Hiroshima and Naga- saki, Japan. Am. J. Med. 13:311-321. FURUHATA, T. 1929. The distribution of blood groups of the Japanese. Ukrainisches Zentralblatt fur Blutgruppenforschung. Vol.3. GENETICS CONFERENCE. 1947. Genetic effects of the atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Science 106:331-333. GRUENWALD, P. 1947. Mechanisms of abnor- mal development. I. Causes of abnormal development in the embryo. Arch. Path. 44:398-436. H ADORN, E. 1955. Letalfakloren. Stuttgart: G. Thieme. 338 pp. HALDANE, J. B. S. 1948. The formal genetics of man. Proc. Roy. Soc. Land., Series B. 135:147-170. HALDANE, J. B. S. 1949. The rate of mutation of human genes. Proc. VIII Int. Cong. Genetics. Hereditas Suppl. Pp. 267-273. HALDANE, J. B. S. 1955. Genetical effects of radiation from products of nuclear explo- sions. Nature 176:115. HARRIS, H., and SMITH, C. A. B. 1947. The sib-sib age of onset correlation among indi- viduals suffering from a hereditary syn- drome caused by more than one gene. Ann. Eugen. Land. 14:309-318. HASEBE, K. 1917. Geographical distribution of stature of the Japanese. Tohoku Journal of Medicine 2:152 (quoted from Matsumura, 1925). HAYASHI, I. 1955. Pathological research on the influence of atomic bomb exposure upon fetal development. An address given at a joint meeting of the Japanese Atomic Bomb Investigation Group and members of the Japan Science Council at Nagasaki on October 3, 1955. HEGNAUER, H. 1951. Incidence of congenital defects and age of mother. Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 11:771-777. HEMPELMANN, L. H., Lisco, H., and HOFF- MAN, J. G. 1952. The acute radiation syndrome: a study of nine cases and a re- view of the problem. Ann. Int. Med. 36:279-510. HERTWIG, P. 1938. Unterschiede in der Ent- wicklungsfahigkeit von Ft Mausen nach Rontgen-bestrahlung von Spermatogonien, fertigen und unfertigen Spermatozoen. Biol. Zentr. 58:273-301. HOUSE, V. L. 1953a. The interaction of mutants affecting venation in Drosophila melano- gaster. I. Interaction of Hairless, engrailed, and cubitus interruptus. Genetics 38:199- 215.

232 Genetic Ejects of Atomic Bombs HOUSE, V. L. 1953b. The interaction of mutants affecting venation in Drosophila melano- gaster. II. Additive and pattern effects of combinations of Hairless, engrailed, and cubitus interruptus. Genetics 38:309-327. HULSE, F. S. 1943. Physical types among the Japanese. In: Coon, C. S. and Andrews, J. M. IV., editors. Studies in the Anthro- pology of Oceania and Asia. Papers of the Peabody Museum 20:122-133. IVES, P. T. 1950. The importance of mutation rate genes in evolution. Evolution 4:236- 252. IVES, P. T. 1954. Radiation-induced mutation rates in Drosophila and mice. Amer. Nat. 88:361-364. IZUMI, TETSU 1921. Kokusai-ho gairon (Out- line of the International Law). Tokyo: Yuhi-kaku. Pp. xxiii and 591. JAPAN SCIENCE COUNCIL. 1951. Summary Re- port on Atomic Bomb Casualties and Dam- ages. Translated and reproduced by the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. 140 pp. KAEMPFER, E. 1728. The History of Japan, translated by J. G. Scheuchzer. New York: The Macmillan Co. 1906. 3 vols., pp. xc and 337; pp. x and 397; and pp. ix and 386. KALMUS, H., METRAKOS, J. D., and SILVER- BERG, M. 1952. Sex ratio of offspring from irradiated male mice. Science 116:274—275. KARN, M. N., and PENROSE, L. S. 1951. Birth- weight and gestation time in relation to maternal age, parity, and infant survival. Ann. Eugen. 16:147-164. KENDALL, M. G. 1946. The Advanced Theory of Statistics. Vols. I and II. London: Charles Griffin and Co., Ltd. Pp. xii and 457; pp. vii and 521. KEOSIAN, J. 1955. Speculations on hazards of exposure to radiations. Science 122:586- 587. KERKIS, J. J. 1935. The preponderance of "physiological mutations." Summ. Com- mun. XV Intern. Physiol. Congr. (Lenin- grad-Moscow) (quoted from Muller, 1954). Pp. 198-200. KTTANO, KOJI. 1911. Nagasaki kyodo shi (His- tory of Nagasaki). Nagasaki: Nagasaki ShSgakko Shokuin-kai. 354 pp. (see p. 162). KlYONO, KENJI. 1949. The origin of the Japa- nese race. Kagaku Asahi, August (in Japa- nese) . KOYA, Y. 1953. The program for family plan- ning in Japan. Bug. News 38:1-3. KOYA, Y. 1954. A study of induced abortion in Japan and its significance. Milbank Mem. Fund Quart. 32:282-293. KROOTH, R. S. 1955. Some problems in ma- ternal age. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 7:147- 162. LANDTMAN, B. 1948. Relationship between maternal conditions during pregnancy and congenital malformations. Arch. Dis. Child. 23:237-246. LANGE, R. D., MOLONEY, W. C., and YAMA- WAKI, T. 1954. Leukemia in atomic bomb survivors. I. General observations. Blood 9:574-585. LANGE, R. D., WRIGHT, S. W., TOMONAGA, M., KURASAKI, H., MATSUOKA, S., and MATSUNAGA, H. 1955. Refractory anemia occurring in survivors of the atomic bomb- ing in Nagasaki, Japan. Blood 10:312- 324. LASKER, G. W. 1946. Migration and physical differentiation. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 4:273-300. LEFEVRE, G., JR. 1955. Mutation isoalleles at the yellow locus in Drosophila melano- gaster. Genetics 40:374-387. LERNER, I. M. 1955. Buffered genotypes and improvement in egg production. Amer. Nat. 89:29-34. LEROY, G. V. 1950. Hematology of atomic bomb casualties. Arch. Int. Med. 86:691- 710. LORENZ, E., and collaborators. 1954. Effects of long-continued total-body gamma irradia- tion on mice, guinea pigs, and rabbits. Chaps. I, II, III, IV, V, and VI. In: Biological Effects of External X and Gamma Radiation (R. E. Zirkle, ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co. Pp. xxvi and 530. Los ALAMOS SCIENTIFIC LABORATORY. 1950. The Effects of Atomic Weapons. Washing- ton, D.C.: U.S. Govt. Printing Office. Pp. x and 456. LOWE, C. R., and McKEOWN, T. 1950. The sex ratio of human births related to maternal age. Brit. J. Soc. Med. 4:75-85. MACHT, S. H., and LAWRENCE, P. S. 1955. Na- tional survey of congenital malformations resulting from exposure to roentgen radia- tion. Amer. J. Roent. 73:442-466.

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SUBJECT INDEX Abortions, reporting of, 9 spontaneous, 18 therapeutic (induced), 19, 61, 76 Acetabulum, dysplasia of, 15, 102, 104 "Accumulation factor," in man, 212 Age, maternal allowance for, in analysis, 76 differences in irradiation subclasses, 55 Age effects, maternal on birthweight, 132, 148 on death during first 9 months, 152 on growth and development, 165 on malformation frequency, 105, 189 on sex ratio, 89 on stillbirth frequency, 119 Ainu, 21 Americans, in Nagasaki, 23 Analytic methods, general attribute data "interactions," 78, 162 "main effects," 78, 162 measurement data, 83, 84 Analytic methods, specific analysis of dispersion, 168 Bartlett's test, 137, 175, 179 concomitant variation, approach to, 73 confidence limits, 197 covariance analysis, 75, 133, 137 determinants of matrices, 168 F test, 179 heterogeneity, within-cell, 85, 133, 137, 168, 179 index of absolute difference, 105, 185 L statistic, 148, 170 means, multivariate, 164, 165, 168, 170, 175, "omnibus" tests, 84 "portmanteau" tests, 84 power curves, 197, 198 pyramidal handling of data, 73 regression, 82, 132, 133, 148 significance test, one-tailed, 89, 198 variance, generalized, 164, 168, 175, 179 variance analysis, 82, 86, 133, 137, 150, 157, Wilks' test, 168 Anamnestic data, reliability of, 14 Anthropometric studies genetic component in, 164 measurements obtained, 164 variation, effect of maternal age on, 165 parity, 165 radiation, 165, 196 Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 47 Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, 2 Atomic bombs, mortality from, 28 radiation from, 33 Austrians, in Nagasaki, 23 Autopsy program, 9 description of, 184 of Hayashi, 189 randomness of autopsies, 184 type of data, 187 Biases, of sampling, 191 see also "comparability of irradiation subclasses" Birth injury death during first 9 months, 152 effect on stillbirth rate, 119 Birth rates, Japanese, 19 Birthweight accuracy of, 131 effect on, of maternal age, 132, 148 economic status, 131, 148 nutrition, 131 parental radiation, 132, 196 parity, 132, 148 year of birth, 148 genetic component in, 131 "Black market," 4, 132 Blood group (A-B-O) frequencies, 25 Cataracts, radiation, 33, 69 Chest circumference of child, in relation to parental radiation, 164 Chikuzen type, of Japanese, 171 China, 21 Chinese, in Nagasaki, 22, 28 Chi-square, 82 factorial, 82 in analysis of age and parity effects on malforma- tions, 105 Christianity, ban against, 22, 24 175, Codes for data, 18 Genetics Long Form, 221 Genetics 9-Months Follow-up, 225 Genetics Short Form, 218 179 Committee for the Investigation of the Effects of the Atomic Bombs (Japanese), 2, 20 Committee on Atomic Casualties, 1, 19, 87 Comparability of irradiation subclasses age, 55, 73 background, 71, 192 consanguinity, 53, 73 dilatation and curettage of uterus, 61, 73 175 economic status, 59, 73 induced abortions, 61, 73 parental cooperation, 63 parity, 55, 73 positive serological test for syphilis, 61, 73 repeat registrations, 63, 73 sequelae of exposure, 69 year to year changes in proportions, 69 Confidence limits, of attribute data, 196 Congenital defect—see "malformation, congenital" Consanguinity allowance for, in analysis, 76 differences, in exposure subgroups, 53, 73 effect of Christianity on, 55 Controls, use of exposed persons as, 86 see also "comparability of irradiation subclasses" Cooperation, of parents, 63 237

238 Subject Index Covariance analysis, 75, 133, 137 Cytogenetic studies, 18 Danes, in Nagasaki, 23 Death, from birth to 9 months of age frequency of, as affected by birth injury, 152 congenital syphilis, 152 maternal age, 152 maternal nutrition, 152 parental radiation, 157, 196 parity, 152, 162 genetic component of, 151 neonatal, definition of, 151 operating characteristic curve of, 198 Degrees of freedom in analysis of attribute data, 81 Deshima, 22, 24 "Disaster effect," vs. "radiation effect," 33, 150, 192 Distance, in relation to symptoms, 41 Distance-dosage relationship, 36, 46 Drosophila, 199, 203, 204, 208, 209, 212, 213, 216 mutation rate, induced, 211 mutation rate, spontaneous, 206 number of genes in, 212 Dutch, in Nagasaki, 22, 23, 24 Economic status, allowance for, in analysis, 76 effect on birthweight, 131 effect on frequency of autopsy, 186 of control and irradiated, 59 English, in Nagasaki, 22, 23 Errors, clerical, 15 diagnostic, 15 Exposure to radiation, sequelae of cataracts, 33, 69 leukemia, 33, 69 Finland, 21 Formosa, 21 Franciscans, in Nagasaki, 22 French, in Nagasaki, 23 Funnel chest, 102 Gamma rays, importance in dosage, 52 Genes—see also "accumulation factor" additive effects of, 213 number in Drosophila, 212 number in man, 212, 217 Genetic damage, indicators of, 3, 5, 72 Genetics Conferences first, 2, 217, 231 second, 19 Genetics Long Form, 9, 14, 61, 93, 221 Genetics 9-Months Follow-up, 15, 225 Genetics Short Form, 5, 9, 44, 53, 61, 218 Guinea pig, 213 radiation of, effect on birthweight, 203 on growth and development, 203 on neonatal death rate, 203 Goa, 21 Government, Japanese, 3 Hawaii, 28, 173 Head circumference of child, in relation to parental radiation, 164 Heart disease, congenital, 15, 102 ML rin,i, inguinal, 15, 102 Heterogeneity, within exposure cells, 85, 133, 137, 168, 175, 179 Honshu, 21 Indonesia, 21 Ishikawa type, of Japanese, 171 Japan Science Council, 34, 189 Japanese, origin of, 21 physical types of, 171 Jesuits, in Nagasaki, 21 Korea, 21, 173 "Korean colony," in Hiroshima, 28 Kyushu, 21 LOso, man, 45 Length of child, in relation to parental radiation, 164 Leucopenia, following irradiation, 46, 50 Leukemia, 33, 69 Macao, 21, 24 Malaysia, 21 Malformation, congenital—see also under specific type accuracy of diagnosis, 99 autopsy studies of, 184 definition of major, 99 minor, 99 frequency, in relation to parental radiation, 195 at age 9 months, 115 at birth, 110 specific types, 117 frequency of, as affected by maternal age, 105 nutrition, 110 parity, 105 viral infections, 110 operating characteristic curve of, 198 opportunities for concealment, 63 study of Macht and Lawrence, 202 types encountered, in ABCC study, 100 comparison, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, 102 in other studies on Japanese, 101 Manchuria, 21, 172 Marshall Islands, 49 Meiji era, 22 Mental defect, severe, 102, 104 Midwives, 4, 5, 9 Midwives Association, 5 Ministry of Welfare, Japanese, 2 Miscarriages, reporting of, 9 Mongol ism, 110 Mouse radiation of, effect on malformation frequency, 201 on neonatal death rate, 203 on sex ratio, 200 on stillbirth frequency, 202 sterility following irradiation, 200 Mutation rates, induced by radiation, 3 in Drosophila, 211 in man, 211, 217 in the mouse, 210 Mutation rates, spontaneous, 3, 205 in Drosophila, 208 in man, 209 in the mouse, 209 Mutations, types of "detrimentals," 164 "invisibles," 131 lethal, 88, 118, 204, 205 ratio of types, 206, 207 sex-linked, 88, 203 "visibles," 104, 204, 205

Subject Index 239 Nagasaki Medical School, 29, 102, 184, 188, 189 National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council (U.S.), 1, 3, 19, 20 National Institute of Health, Japanese, 2, 5, 20 National Research Council, Japanese, 2 Neonatal death—see "death, neonatal" Neutrons, importance in dosage, 51, 52 "Nine-months program," description of, 14 Non-orthogonality, 86, 157 Nutrition, maternal, effect on birthweight, 132 death during first 9 months, 152 malformation frequency, 105 size of adult, 172 stillbirth frequency, 119 Okayama type, of Japanese, 171 Operating characteristic curves, 198 Parity allowance for, in analysis, 76 differences, in irradiation subclasses, 55 Parity effects on birthweight, 132, 148 on death during first 9 months, 152 on growth and development, 165 on malformation frequency, 105 on sex ratio, 89 on stillbirth frequency, 120 Plutonium-239, 28 Polynesia, 21 Portuguese, in Japan, 21, 24 Prefecture, definition of, 23 Pregnancy registration, Japanese, 5 completeness of, 7 repeat, 63, 77 Radiation, indicators of genetic effects of, 3, 5, 72 Radiation, residual, 33, 189 Radiation, symptoms of diarrhea, 36 epilation, 29, 36, 47 oropharyngeal lesions, 29, 36, 47 petechiae, 29, 36, 47 Radiation categories definition of by ABCC, 44 by Hayashi, 189 dosage in, 45, 50 Radiation Census, 44 Radiation history, 5, 9, 38 validity of, 44 Radiation sickness, syndrome of, 34 Ration system, 4 Registration, of pregnancy—see "pregnancy registra- tion" Rejected observations, justification, 77 Rockefeller Foundation, 20 Roentgen, 45 Roentgen equivalent physical, 45, 46, 51, 203 Russia, 21 Russians, in Nagasaki, 23, 25 Ryukyu Islands, 21 Sampling, balanced, 75 Satsuma type, of Japanese, 171 Selection, natural, in man, 213 Sequelae, late, of exposure to bombs, 69 Sex differences, in anthropometrics, 170 in birthweight, 135 in indicator values, 192 in malformation frequency (absent), 110 in neonatal death rate, 157 in stillbirth frequency (absent), 124 Sex ratio effect of concomitant variation on, 89 effect of irradiation of parents on, 89, 194 genetic control of, 88 operating characteristic curves of, 198 study of Macht and Lawrence, 201 Shielding, 36, 50 in relation to symptoms, 41, 42 Siberia, 21 Sinus, pilonidal, 15, 104 Spanish, 22 Sterility, in mouse following radiation, 200 Stillbirth definition of, 118 frequency of, as affected by birth injury, 119 congenital syphilis, 119 maternal age, 120 nutrition, 119 parental radiation, 124, 196 parity, 120 paternal age, 120 genetic component in, 118 operating characteristic curve of, 198 study of Macht and Lawrence, 203 Sweden, 21 Syphilis, maternal, 9 allowance for, in analysis, 76 different rates, in irradiation subclasses, 61 effect on death during first 9 months, 152 effect on stillbirth frequency, 119 relation to frequency of autopsy, 187 "Ten-per cent sample," 9 Tokugawa Shogunate, 22, 24 U.S. Army of Occupation, 3 U.S. Army-Navy Joint Commission, 2, 47, 49 U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, 1, 3, 19, 87 "Unregistered Series," 7 Uranium-235, 28 Uterus, dilatation and curettage of, 61 allowance for, in analysis, 76 Variance analysis, 82, 86, 133, 137, 150 Variances, test for equality of, 84 Viral diseases effect on malformation frequency, 105 Weight of child, in relation to parental radiation, 164 X-chromosome, 88, 204 Y-chromosome, 88

NAME INDEX Alexander, M. L., 208, 211, 230 Anderson, R. C, 53, 234 Antonov, A. N., 59, 110, 131, 230 Armitage, P., 20 Balfour, M. I., 59, 230 Barnett, H. L., 234 Bartlett, M. S., 175, 179, 230 Beadle, G. W, 1, 2, 19 Beardsley, R., 21, 230 Bell, M., 231 Bellows, M. T., 233 Bernstein, M., 89, 230 Block, M., 1 Bond, V. P., 50, 230 Bonnier, G., 208, 230 Borges, W., 33, 69, 231 Bowers, J. Z., 36, 235 Box, G. E. P., 84, 179, 230 Boxer, C. R., 24, 230 Boyd, W. C., 28, 230 Bradshaw, E. S., 55, 234 Brandt, A. E., 20, 82 Brewer, R., 53, 234 Brinkley, F., 21, 230 Bronk, D. W., 1 Brown, A., 231 Brues, A., 1 Burke, B. S., 59, 230 Butterfly, Madame, 25 Carter, C., 55, 105, 230 Charles, D. R, 2, 19, 201, 202, 230 Ciocco, A., 55, 89, 230 Cochran, W. G., 82, 230 Coffey, V. P., 105, 230 Cogan, D. G., 33, 69, 230 Collins, V. P., 49, 230 Connell, F. H., 19 Cox, G., 86 Craig, C. C., 19, 20 Cronkite, E. P., 50, 230 Crow, J. F., 203, 231 Danforth, C. H., 2 Davidson, F., 20 Dean, R. F. A., 59, 231 Dobzhansky, T., 209, 231 Dunham, C. L., 50, 230 Dwyer, P. S., 20 Ebbs, J. H., 59, 231 Eisenhart, C., 82, 231 Evans, R. D., 210, 211, 212, 231 Falk, R., 206, 231 Falls, H. F., 213, 234 Fillmore, P. G., 69, 231 Fisher, R. A., 84, 231 Folley, J. H., 33, 69, 231 Forrestal, J. T., 1 Glass, H. B., 208 Gordon, J. E., 55, 233 Green, E, 20 Gruenwald, P., 105, 231 Hadorn, E., 202, 231 Haldane, J. B. S., 209, 211, 217, 231 Hammond, E. C., 234 Harris, H., 85, 231 Harris, T., 22 Hasebe, K., 171, 231 Hayashi, I., 184, 188, 189, 190, 191, 231 Hechter, H., 50 Hegnauer, H, 55, 231 Hempelmann, L. H., 36, 45, 49, 231 Henshaw, P. S., 1 Hertwig, P., 200, 202, 203, 231 Hill, B., 20 Hoffman, J. G., 36, 45, 49, 231 Holmes, R., 98 House, V. I_, 213, 231 Hsiao, B., 20 Hulse, F. S., 171, 232 Ingalls, T. H., 102, 234 Ives, P. T., 208, 211, 232 Izumi, T., 23, 232 Jessop, W. J. E., 105, 230 Johnson, H., 20 Kaempfer, E., 22, 24, 171, 232 Kalmus, H., 200, 232 Karn, M. N., 55, 131, 232 Kastenbaum, M., 20, 69, 233, 234 Kelley, H. C., 20 Kendall, M. G., 86, 232 Keosian, J., 216, 232 Kerkis, J. J., 206, 232 Kimura, S., 33, 69, 230 Kirk, N. T., 1 Kirkwood, J. B., 102, 234 Kitamura, S., 234 Kiyono, K., 21, 232 Kobayashi, R, 20 Kodani, M., 18, 53, 234 Komai, T., 20 Koya, Y., 19, 232 Krooth, R., 20, 75, 105, 185, 214, 232 Kuji, V., 101 Kurasaki, H., 69, 232 Lamphiear, D. E., 20 Landtman, B., 55, 105, 232 Lange, R. D., 33, 69, 232, 233 Lawrence, P. S., 200, 202, 203, 2}2 Lefevre, G., 208, 232 Lerner, I. M., 206, 232 LeRoy, G. V., 47, 232, 234 Liebow, A. A., 234 Lisco, H., 36, 45, 49, 231 Loeffler, R. K., 49, 230 Lorenz, E., 69, 232 Lowe, C. R., 55, 89, 232 Lucas, H. C., 20, 74 Liming, K. G., 208, 230 Lyon, G. M, 1 240

Name Index 241 Macht, S. H., 200, 202, 203, 232 MacMahon, B., 55, 233 Maki, H, 20 Martin, S. F., 33, 69, 230 Matsubayashi, I., 3 Matsumoto, S., 4, 233 Matsumura, A., 171, 233 Matsunaga, H., 69, 232 Matsuoka, S., 69, 232 McCarthy, D., 105, 230 McDonald, D. J., 234 Mclntosh, R., 104, 233 McKeown, T., 55, 89, 232, 234 Meerdervoort, P., 22 Merritt, K. K, 233 Metrakos, J. D., 200, 232, 235 Millis, J., 131, 233 Mitani, S., 101 Moloney, W. C, 33, 69, 232, 233 Morton, J., 19 Morton, N., 131, 233, 234 Mourant, A. E., 28, 233 Moyle, W. J., 231 Muller, H. J., 2, 203, 206, 207, 208, 210, 211, 212, 213, 215, 216, 233 Munro, N. G., 21, 233 Murdoch, J., 21, 24, 233 Murphy, D. P., 202, 233 Myers, R. J, 55, 233 Nachtsheim, H., 209, 233 Nagai, I., 20 Neel, J. V., 1, 2, 19, 45, 53, 55, 96, 208, 209, 210, 213, 233, 234 Nickson, J. J., 49, 234 Nixon, W. C. W., 59, 234 Novitski, E., 55, 89, 234 Olkin, I., 20 Oughterson, A. W., 1, 33, 233 Parkes, A. S., 200, 234 Penrose, L. S., 20, 55, 131, 215, 232, 234 Perry, Commodore, 22, 25 Phelps, L. V., 7, 20 Plough, H., 19 Prindle, R. A., 102, 234 Rao, C. R., 20, 82, 86, 137, 168, 175, 234 Record, R. G., 55, 234 Reed, T. E., 209 Rhoads, C. P., 1 Rice, R. G., 55, 236 Richards, M. R., 233 Ritterhoff, R. K., 208 Rivers, T. M., 1 Robson, E., 131, 234 Rosenbaum, J. D., 234 Roy, S. N., 78, 234 Russell, W. L., 199, 200, 201, 202, 210, 211, 234 Salber, E. J., 55, 234 Sams, C. F., 2, 20 Samuels, M. H., 233 Sansom, G. B., 21, 24, 234 Sasano, A., 23, 234 Schneider, B. A., 234 Schneidewind, J., 20 Schull, W. J., 19, 54, 105, 208, 209, 210, 234 Schultz, J., 207, 234 Scott, W. A., 231 Seijas, B., 20 Seng, Y. P., 132, 233 Sevitt, S., 184, 188, 191, 235 Shapiro, H. L., 172, 235 Silverberg, M., 200, 232 Sinskey, R. M., 33, 69, 235 Slatis, H. M., 210, 211, 212, 235 Smith, C. A., 59, 110, 131, 235 Smith, C. A. B., 85, 231 Smith, H. F, 20 Snedecor, G. W., 86, 235 Snyder, L. H., 2, 19 Spassky, B., 209, 231 Spassky, N., 209, 231 Spencer, W. P., 203, 207, 235 Spuhler, J. N., 212, 235 Stern, C, 19, 20, 203, 207, 235 Stevenson, S. S., 55, 230, 236 Strandskov, H. H., 89, 202, 203, 235 Stuart, H. C, 230 Sturtevant, A. H., 211, 235 Sutherland, I., 55, 235 Suzuki, M., 234 Takeshima, K., 234 Taylor, G., 19 Tessmer, C. F., 19 Thunberg, K. P., 25, 235 Tietze, C., 88, 235 Timofeeff-Ressovsky, N. W., 203, 206, 235 Tisdall, F. F., 231 Tomonaga, M., 69, 232 Trasler, D. G., 200, 235 Tsuzuki, M., 20 Ullman, J., 20 Ullrich, F., 1 Valencia, J. I., 208 Valencia, R. M., 208 Vor der Bruegge, C. F., 36, 235 Wallace, B., 216, 235 Wallis, W. A., 73, 235 Warkany, J., 105, 110, 235 Warren, S. L., 1, 34, 235 Warren, Sh., 1, 34, 36 Weed, L. H., 1 Westergaard, M., 212, 235 Whipple, G. H., 1 Wilks, S. S., 86, 179, 235 Wilson, R. R., 34, 46, 236 Wishart, J., 137, 236 Wood, J., 234 Woodbury, L, 43, 98, 236 Woolley, W., 24, 236 Worcester, J., 55, 230, 236 Wright, S., 210, 211, 213, 236 Wright, S. W., 69. 232, 234, 236 Yamawaki, T., 33, 69, 231, 232 Yamazaki, J., 234 Yates, F., 86, 232 Yerushalmy, J., 55, 153, 232 Yesley, G., 20 Zelle, M, 19 Zirkle, R. E., 1

RG572.N4 I956c.l Effect of exposure to the atomic bombs on pregnancy ...

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