National Academies Press: OpenBook

Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration (2015)

Chapter: Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2015. Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18805.
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APPENDIX C

Acronyms and Abbreviations

APS

American Physical Society

BECCS

bioenergy with carbon capture and sequestration

BLM

Bureau of Land Mangement

CCS

carbon capture and sequestration

CDR

carbon dioxide removal

CKD

cement kiln dust

DAC

direct air capture

DACS

direct air capture and sequestration

EOR

enhanced oil recovery

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

GCAM

Global Change Assessment Model

GHG

greenhouse gas

IAM

integrated assessment model

IEA

International Energy Agency

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

LCA

life-cycle analysis

MESSAGE

Model for Energy Supply Strategy Alternatives and their General Environmental Impact

OFE

Office of Fossil Energy

OIF

ocean iron fertilization

ReMIND

Regional Model of Investments and Development

RCP

representative concentration pathway

SRES

Special Report on Emissions Scenarios

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2015. Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18805.
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SRM

solar radiation management

USGCRP

U.S. Global Change Research Program

USGS

U.S. Geological Survey

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2015. Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18805.
×
Page 139
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2015. Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18805.
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The signals are everywhere that our planet is experiencing significant climate change. It is clear that we need to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases from our atmosphere if we want to avoid greatly increased risk of damage from climate change. Aggressively pursuing a program of emissions abatement or mitigation will show results over a timescale of many decades. How do we actively remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to make a bigger difference more quickly?

As one of a two-book report, this volume of Climate Intervention discusses CDR, the carbon dioxide removal of greenhouse gas emissions from the atmosphere and sequestration of it in perpetuity. Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration introduces possible CDR approaches and then discusses them in depth. Land management practices, such as low-till agriculture, reforestation and afforestation, ocean iron fertilization, and land-and-ocean-based accelerated weathering, could amplify the rates of processes that are already occurring as part of the natural carbon cycle. Other CDR approaches, such as bioenergy with carbon capture and sequestration, direct air capture and sequestration, and traditional carbon capture and sequestration, seek to capture CO2 from the atmosphere and dispose of it by pumping it underground at high pressure. This book looks at the pros and cons of these options and estimates possible rates of removal and total amounts that might be removed via these methods.

With whatever portfolio of technologies the transition is achieved, eliminating the carbon dioxide emissions from the global energy and transportation systems will pose an enormous technical, economic, and social challenge that will likely take decades of concerted effort to achieve. Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration will help to better understand the potential cost and performance of CDR strategies to inform debate and decision making as we work to stabilize and reduce atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide.

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