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Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight (2014)

Chapter: Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
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B

Committee and Staff Biographical Information

JOHN-PAUL B. CLARKE, Co-chair, is an associate professor at the Daniel Guggenheim School of Aerospace Engineering with a courtesy appointment in the H. Milton Stewart School of Industrial and Systems Engineering, and is director of the Air Transportation Laboratory at the Georgia Institute of Technology. His research and teaching in the areas of control, optimization, and system analysis, architecture, and design are motivated by his desire to simultaneously maximize the efficiency and minimize the societal costs (especially those imposed on the environment) of the global air transportation system. Dr. Clarke has been recognized globally for his seminal contributions to air traffic management, aircraft operations, and airline operations. His honors include the 1999 AIAA/AAAE/ACC Jay Hollingsworth Speas Airport Award, which is awarded jointly by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), the American Association of Airport Executives, and the Airports Consultants Council; the 2003 FAA Excellence in Aviation Award, the 2006 National Academy of Engineering Gilbreth Lectureship, and the 2012 AIAA/SAE William Littlewood Lectureship. He is an associate fellow of the AIAA and a member of the Airline Group of the International Federation of Operational Research Societies, the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences, and Sigma Xi. Dr. Clarke has carried out extensive research into air traffic management systems, airline operations, and the air transportation system as a whole. He has an Sc.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a member of the NRC Committee on Review of the Enterprise Architecture, Software Development Approach, and Safety and Human Factor Design of the Next Generation Air Transportation System and a former member of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, the Committee on Analysis of Air Force Engine Efficiency Improvement Options for Large Non-Fighter Aircraft, and a panel of the Decadal Survey of Civil Aeronautics study.

JOHN K. LAUBER, Co-chair, is a private consultant. He previously served as vice president in three different divisions of Airbus and as vice president for corporate safety and compliance at Delta Air Lines. Previously, Dr. Lauber served two terms as a member of the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). He is licensed as a commercial pilot with both airplane and helicopter ratings and is type-rated in the B727 and the A320. He has received numerous awards, including NASA’s Outstanding Leadership Award and the Joseph T. Nall Award from the International Aviation and Transportation Safety Bar Association. He has served as president of the International Federation of Airworthiness and the Association for Aviation Psychology. Dr. Lauber is nominated to this committee primarily because of his extensive background in operational safety from the perspective of a government safety organization (the NTSB), an airline (Delta), and an aircraft manufacturer (Airbus). Dr. Lauber

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
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holds a Ph.D. in neuropsychology from Ohio State University. He is a former member of the NRC’s Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, the Air Force Studies Board, and seven NRC committees and panels, including (most recently) the Committee on the Effects of Commuting on Pilot Fatigue and the Committee on Technology Pathways: Workshops to Review the Integrated Plan for a Next Generation Air Transportation System.

BRENT APPLEBY is the deputy to the vice president of engineering for science and technology at Draper Laboratory. At Draper, Dr. Appleby is responsible for shaping the Lab’s technology development strategy, supporting external science and technology marketing efforts, and external outreach to universities for advanced technology collaborations. Former positions at Draper include Mission Systems Division lead, Tactical ISR Division lead, and Advanced Control Systems group leader. Dr. Appleby also recently completed an assignment at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), where he was the deputy director of the Strategic Technology Office. He participated as a member of a recent Defense Science Board task force that released a report in 2012, The Role of Autonomy in Department of Defense Systems. Dr. Appleby has also been a lecturer in the Aero/Astro Engineering Department at MIT and has supervised many MIT graduate students in their research efforts. His main technical background is in guidance, navigation, and control system technology, and he has worked on numerous air, space, and undersea crewed and unmanned systems in his career. Dr. Appleby has experience in strategic planning for development of advanced technologies, as well as in a broad spectrum of unmanned vehicles. Dr. Appleby has a Ph.D. in aeronautics and astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

ELLA M. ATKINS is an associate professor in the Department of Aerospace Engineering at the University of Michigan. She is also director of the Autonomous Aerospace Systems Laboratory. She previously served on the aerospace engineering faculty at the University of Maryland, College Park. Dr. Atkins’ research focuses on the integration of strategic and tactical planning and optimization algorithms to enable robust operation in the presence of system failures and environmental uncertainties. She has collaboratively pursued challenging autonomous flight applications for crewed aircraft and UAS, including the Flying Fish autonomous unmanned seaplane. Dr. Atkins also studies the optimization of and safety analysis in congested airspace, with early efforts in simultaneous noninterfering terminal area airspace planning for runway-independent aircraft and ongoing research in safety assessments for small unmanned aircraft during low-altitude flight operations. Comprehensive aerodynamic sensing has been explored for small flapping and fixed-wing UAS to investigate their use to improve controllability in commanded or unintentional outside-the-envelope flight conditions. She is author of more than 100 journal and conference publications and serves as an associate editor for the AIAA Journal of Aerospace Information Systems (formerly the AIAA Journal of Computing, Information, and Communication). Dr. Atkins is past chair of the AIAA Intelligent Systems Technical Committee, an associate fellow of AIAA, and a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). She is also a owner/operator of small public airport (Shamrock Field, Brooklyn, Michigan) and is a private pilot (airplane, single engine, land) and an Academy of Model Aeronautics pilot (radio control). She has expertise in developing robust, fault-tolerant air transportation systems to enhance the safety of crewed and unmanned aircraft. Dr. Atkins has a Ph.D. in computer science and engineering from the University of Michigan. She is a member of the NRC’s Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board and of the Aeronautics Research and Technology Roundtable and is a former member of the Committee for the Review of NASA’s Aviation Safety Related Programs and of Panel E: Intelligent and Autonomous Systems, Operations and Decision Making, Human Integrated Systems, Networking, and Communications as part of the Decadal Survey of Civil Aeronautics.

ANTHONY J. BRODERICK is an independent consultant specializing in aviation safety. His clients include domestic and international airlines, aerospace firms, a major aircraft manufacturer, and governments. He sits on the technical advisory board of the Center for Advanced Aviation System Development at the MITRE Corporation, and from 2002 to 2014 he sat on the Advisory Council of the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations. Upon his retirement in June 1996 from his post as associate administrator for regulation and certification in the Federal Aviation Administration, he had been for more than 11 years the senior career aviation safety official in the federal government. As head of the FAA’s Regulation and Certification organization, he was principally responsible for

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
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the development and enforcement of policy and regulations governing the certification, production approval, and continued airworthiness of aircraft; the certification of pilots, mechanics, and others in safety-related positions; the certification of all operational and maintenance enterprises engaged in U.S. civil aviation, both domestic and overseas; development of regulations; civil flight operations; and the certification and safety oversight of some 7,300 U.S. commercial airlines and air operators. Mr. Broderick led the agency’s development of the International Aviation Safety Assessment program, which in 1996 became the model for the International Civil Aviation Organization safety assessment program. He was also instrumental in leading international efforts to establish certification and operational standards for safely allowing extended-range twin-engine airliner operations; early operational implementation of the Global Positioning System; and harmonization of certification, operations, and maintenance standards, among many other safety initiatives. He has a B.S. in physics from St. Bonaventure University. He has been a member of the NRC’s Committee on NASA’s National Aviation Operational Monitoring Service (NAOMS) Project: An Independent Assessment; the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board; and the Panel on Transportation as part of the study on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism. He has also chaired the NRC’s Committee to Conduct an Independent Assessment of the Nation’s Wake Turbulence Research and Development Program.

GARY L. COWGER (NAE) is chairman and CEO of GLC Ventures, LLC, a consulting firm he founded after retiring from General Motors Corporation (GMC) as the group vice president for manufacturing and labor. He previously held a variety of other positions at GM, including president and managing director of GM de Mexico; manufacturing vice president for GM Europe; chairman, Adam Opel AG; and president, GM North America. Mr. Cowger has extensive experience in benchmarking, target setting, and creating and applying organizational and production-based performance measures. Mr. Cowger holds an M.S. in management from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a B.S. in industrial engineering. His recent service on NRC committees includes the Committee on the Potential for Light-Duty Vehicle Technologies 2010-2050 and the Industrial, Manufacturing and Operational Systems Engineering Search Committee.

CHRISTOPHER E. FLOOD is captain and check airman for the Boeing 737-700/800/900 at Delta Air Lines, where he is also a member of the Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP) Event Review Committee and has served as a member of several line operations safety audit working groups. Previous positions at Delta Air Lines include system manager for labor relations (responsibilities included labor relations and working agreements with 10,000 Delta pilots); Salt Lake City chief pilot (responsibilities included leadership of 700 pilots, safety of flight operations at 21 airports, and investigation of operational incidents); and line pilot. Captain Flood has also participated in Delta Air Lines’ fleet evaluation of Airbus vs. Boeing aircraft; development and implementation of standard terminal arrival routes, departure procedures, and airspace enhancements; and management of flight operations at Delta’s European hub. While associated with Delta Air Lines, Captain Flood has concurrently worked as an attorney with The Aviation Law Firm, where he assisted in the representation of clients in enforcement actions before the National Transportation Safety Board and the Department of Transportation; provided consulting and legal services to air carriers operating under Part 135 of the Federal Aviation Regulations; and represented survivors of three medevac helicopter accidents in personal injury lawsuits. Captain Flood began his aviation career in the U.S. Air Force, where he served as a pilot, weapons officer, and instructor pilot. He is a member of the District of Columbia Bar and the Flight Safety Foundation, and he is also an FAA Safety Team Representative. Captain Flood has a J.D. from the University of Cincinnati.

MICHAEL S. FRANCIS is the chief, Advanced Programs, and a senior fellow at the United Technologies Research Center (UTRC), leading its initiative in autonomous and intelligent systems. He also serves as the program executive for autonomous systems at Sikorsky Innovations, guiding Sikorsky’s entry into the optionally piloted and unmanned aeronautical systems market. Dr. Francis’s involvement with research and development of unmanned air systems dates to the early 1990s, when he initiated the Unmanned Tactical Aircraft Program, which later became the Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle Program at DARPA. During that period, he also initiated the agency’s first Micro Air Vehicle Program and directed the award-winning U.S.-German X-31 International Experimental Fighter

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
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Aircraft Program through flight test. He was also the DARPA program director for the $4 billion DARPA-Air Force-Navy joint Unmanned Combat Air Systems Office. Dr. Francis’s 27-year military career spanned the spectrum of aviation and space research and development, beginning with his assignment to the U.S. Air Force Academy as a research scientist and professor. He later served as a program manager for advanced aerodynamics research and development at the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. There, he established the Air Force’s first turbulent flow control program. He went on to serve at the Air Force Space and Missile Systems Center, where he managed a variety of advanced space system development efforts, including classified programs, for the Air Force and the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization. In his last military assignment as the integrator and architect for the Pentagon’s Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office, then Col. Francis led the development of the first Department of Defense integrated air–space surveillance architecture in collaboration with the National Reconnaissance Office. Following his military retirement in 1997, Dr. Francis became the first president of Athena Technologies, then a small start-up company specializing in advanced digital control systems for robotic applications. Dr. Francis later joined Lockheed Martin as an executive at its corporate headquarters, leading a team that developed cross-corporation and strategic initiatives. Immediately prior to joining UTRC, he served as the chief operating officer of the Photonics Division of General Atomics. Dr. Francis is a fellow of the AIAA. He has a Ph.D. in aerospace engineering sciences as well as an honorary doctoral degree from the University of Colorado.

ERIC FREW is an associate professor and director of the Research and Engineering Center for Unmanned Vehicles at the University of Colorado, Boulder. He is also the University of Colorado site director for the Center for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (CUAS), a National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center. Dr. Frew has led the development and field deployment of a variety of unmanned aircraft systems for communication and sensing applications. He was one of the lead members of the team that performed the first-ever sampling of the rear flank gust front of a tornadic supercell thunderstorm using a small unmanned aircraft system. Dr. Frew’s research efforts focus on autonomous flight of heterogeneous unmanned aircraft systems; optimal distributed sensing by mobile robots; controlled mobility in ad hoc sensor networks; miniature self-deploying systems; and guidance and control of unmanned aircraft in complex atmospheric phenomena. He received the National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Award in 2009 and was selected for the 2010 DARPA Computer Science Study Group. He has a Ph.D. in aeronautics and astronautics from Stanford University.

ANDREW LACHER is the UAS integration research lead and a senior principal with the MITRE Corporation. He is responsible for strategic coordination of MITRE’s research associated with the integration of UAS into civil airspace and with the challenges of integrating complex automation technologies in the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). Mr. Lacher is part of a cross-corporate team exploring the implications of autonomy for MITRE’s broad sponsor base. Mr. Lacher has over 25 years of system engineering, management, and strategic research planning experience in a variety of aviation domains. He was heavily involved with the collaborative decision-making initiative that established a real-time link between airline operational control and the FAA’s Traffic Flow Management office. Mr. Lacher was part of the implementation of the FAA’s Joint Planning and Development Office and the initial definition of NextGen, a major, decades-long improvement to the U.S. air transportation system that will include a much higher degree of automation than the current air transportation system. He has also worked as a strategic airline consultant responsible for the planning and integration of the information technical infrastructure to support system operations, flight dispatch and release, weight and balance, maintenance, crew scheduling and planning, and performance monitoring. He was manager of customer integration for ORBCOMM, Inc. Mr. Lacher has an M.S. in operations research from the George Washington University. He is a member of the NRC’s Aeronautics Research and Technology Roundtable and a former member of Panel E: Intelligent and Autonomous Systems, Operations and Decision Making, Human Integrated Systems, Networking, and Communications for the Decadal Survey of Civil Aeronautics.

JOHN D. LEE is the Emerson Professor in the Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Previously he was with the University of Iowa, where he was the director of human factors research at the National Advanced Driving Simulator. Before moving to the University of Iowa, he was a

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
×

research scientist at the Battelle Human Factors Transportation Center for six years. His research focuses on the safety and acceptance of complex human–machine systems by considering how technology mediates attention. Specific research interests include trust in technology, advanced driver assistance systems, and driver distraction. He is a coauthor of the textbook An Introduction to Human Factors Engineering and the author or coauthor of 170 articles. Dr. Lee recently helped edit the book Driver Distraction: Theory, Effects, and Mitigation. Dr. Lee serves on the editorial boards of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making; Cognition, Technology and Work; and International Journal of Human Factors Modeling and Simulation and is the associate editor for the journals Human Factors and IEEE-Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. He received the Ely Award for best paper in the journal Human Factors (2002) and the best paper award for the journal Ergonomics (2005). Dr. Lee has a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He has been a member of seven NRC study groups, most recently the Committee on Electronic Vehicle Controls and Unintended Acceleration, the Committee on Naval Engineering in the 21st Century, and the Committee on Human-Systems Integration.

KENNETH M. ROSEN, NAE, is president of General Aero-Science Consultants LLC. He is also a founding principal partner of Aero-Science Technology Associates, LLC, which is an engineering and business development consulting firm established to service both government and industry customers. Before founding General Aero-Science Consultants in 2000, Dr. Rosen spent 38 years with the United Technologies Corporation, primarily with Sikorsky Aircraft. Dr. Rosen held many major engineering and management positions at Sikorsky, including vice president of research and engineering and vice president of advanced programs and processes. He directed all the company’s advanced-technology military and commercial projects, including the Comanche helicopter, the S-92 helicopter (which won the 2003 Collier trophy), the Cypher unmanned air vehicle, the UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter, the SH-60 Seahawk helicopter, the S-76 helicopter, and the X-wing helicopter. During that time Dr. Rosen managed all of Sikorsky’s research, systems engineering, product development, design, production engineering, ground and flight test, and avionics and systems integration efforts. Dr. Rosen was a member of the Sikorsky Executive Board and was also responsible for all of the company’s advanced products and low observable activities. He has served the DARPA Tactical Technology Office as a senior advisor supporting advanced aerospace research programs such as the unmanned Combat Armed Rotorcraft, Heliplane, and Heavy Lift Helicopter. Recently he helped prepare the Future of Vertical Lift Aviation study for the U.S. Army and DARPA. He is an elected member of the National Academy of Engineering and the Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering, as well as a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the Royal Aeronautical Society, the Society of Automotive Engineers, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, and the American Helicopter Society. Dr. Rosen is a recipient of the NASA Civilian Public Service Medal, the Dr. Alexander Klemin Award for lifetime achievement from the American Helicopter Society, and Vice President Al Gore’s “Hammer” award from the Department of Defense for innovative cost management. He has been chairman of the board of the Rotorcraft Industry Technology Association, chairman of the United Technologies Corporation Engineering Coordination Steering Committee, vice chairman of the Software Productivity Consortium, and chairman of the Aerospace Industries Association Rotorcraft Advisory Group. He has also been a member of NASA’s Aeronautics and Space Transportation Technology Advisory Committee and the SAE Aerospace Council. He holds five U.S. patents and has authored numerous papers in the fields of helicopter design, tilt rotor optimization, product development, propulsion, aerothermodynamics, icing, and systems engineering. Dr. Rosen has a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and is a graduate of the Advanced Management Program at the Harvard University Business School. Dr. Rosen has served as a member of the NRC’s Panel on Mechanical Science and Engineering at the Army Research Laboratory and the Panel on Air and Ground Vehicle Technology.

LAEL RUDD is the autonomy development lead at Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems, a major developer and manufacturer of unmanned air vehicles, including the Global Hawk. He has led the technical efforts for various aircraft and military space programs and proposals, providing control laws to assist with development of a human-in-the-loop test-bed. Prior to working at Northrop Grumman, Dr. Rudd worked for the Aerospace Corporation, first in the Guidance and Controls Department and later in the Flight Software Validation Department. Dr. Rudd is an associate fellow of AIAA, serving on the Guidance, Navigation, and Control Technical Committee,

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
×

and a senior member of IEEE. He has been a part-time lecturer at University of California, Los Angeles, and the University of Southern California; he holds two patents and eight trade secrets within Northrop Grumman and has published technical papers on hypersonic vehicle stability and control, trajectory optimization, adaptive control, and control of both micro-air vehicles and spacecraft. He has a Ph.D. in aerospace engineering from the University of Maryland, College Park.

PATRICIA VERVERS is an engineer fellow at Honeywell Aerospace. She works in the Human Centered Systems Group in Honeywell’s Advanced Technology Group in Columbia, Maryland. Since joining Honeywell, Dr. Ververs has led programs in the areas of high-speed research, flight-critical systems research, the System Wide Accident Prevention Project of NASA’s Aviation Safety Program, advanced primary flight displays, improving information intake under stress and/or augmented cognition, neurotechnology for information analysts, synthetic and enhanced vision systems, combined vision systems, and advanced features for commercial helicopters. Dr. Ververs’s areas of interest include avionics display design, alerting, and notification; cognitive state assessment; and human factors evaluation. Currently, she serves as the technical lead for the Honeywell Combined Vision Systems Program, which is designing and evaluating a next-generation avionics display that integrates real-time infrared imagery with Honeywell’s innovative synthetic vision technology for advanced cockpits. The Combined Vision Systems research team received the 2011 Honeywell Corporate Innovation award. She also leads a program to bring similar display technology to commercial helicopters to provide pilots with situation awareness of the surrounding terrain and obstacles. Dr. Ververs currently serves as the U.S.-based staff scientist on the European Union’s Single European Sky Air Traffic Management Research program for head-up and head-down synthetic and combined vision solutions. She is also the human factors lead on the Boeing team for the FAA Systems Engineering 2020 program. Dr. Ververs regularly serves on RTCA Special Committees establishing minimum aviation system performance standards for new avionics equipment. She holds seven patents on alerting and notification, display design, and workload monitoring and has filed more than a dozen other patents in the areas of display design and the human–machine interface. She is a five-time recipient of Honeywell Aerospace’s Technical Award. She received Avionics Magazine’s Women in Technology Emerging Leader Award in 2012 and the 1999 Stanley N. Roscoe award from the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society for the best doctoral dissertation in the area of aerospace human factors She has a Ph.D. in engineering psychology from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

LARRELL B. WALTERS is the head of the Sensor Systems Division of the University of Dayton Research Institute, a division that has grown from 3 to more than 75 people in just over 6 years. The scope of the division’s work encompasses wide-area situational awareness, image processing and exploitation algorithms, visualization, human factors, and unmanned autonomous systems. Mr. Walters is also the director of the Institute for the Development and Commercialization of Advanced Sensor Technology, which is a collaborative research entity involving eight universities and over 20 companies. Previously Mr. Walters worked in commercial aerospace for 20 years with Goodyear and Goodrich to provide advanced technical solutions and aircraft systems for the airline industry. He led technical product support and sales teams before becoming vice president of operations for a large business unit that overhauled a wide array of items removed from commercial aircraft. Mr. Walters subsequently moved into the field of microelectronics, serving as president of two companies that designed and built complex circuitry and developed capital assets that supported the manufacture of silicon-based electrical devices. He has received several awards, most recently the Award for Excellence in Technical Leadership from the Affiliate Societies Council Dayton and the Honorary Alumnus Award from the Sinclair Community College for helping them establish an extensive program for unmanned autonomous systems education and certification. Mr. Walters has a B.S. in computer science from Bowling Green State University and an M.B.A. from Kent State University.

DAVID WOODS is a professor in the Department of Integrated Systems Engineering and the Institute for Ergonomics at the Ohio State University. He also leads the university-wide Initiative on Complexity in Natural, Social, and Engineered Systems. A pioneer in cognitive systems engineering for human–computer decision making in emergencies, Dr. Woods studies the brittleness and resilience of human-automation systems—in crisis response, in nuclear power emergencies, in pilot-automation teams, in anomaly response in space shuttle mission opera-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
×

tions, in critical care medicine, in professional information analysis, and with robots (unmanned air vehicles and unmanned ground vehicles) in military and disaster response missions. He has investigated accidents in nuclear power, aviation, space, and anesthesiology and was an advisor to the Columbia Accident Investigation Board. A new direction in his research on safety is how to engineer resilience into systems that manage high-risk processes. As a pioneer in developing this new direction, he is coeditor of two books (Resilience Engineering, 2006, and Resilience Engineering in Practice, 2011) and 20 publications on this topic. His latest book in preparation is Outmaneuvering Complexity. Other books include Behind Human Error (1994; 2nd edition 2010), Joint Cognitive Systems: Foundations of Cognitive Systems Engineering (2005), and Joint Cognitive Systems: Patterns in Cognitive Systems Engineering (2006). Dr. Woods is currently president of the Resilience Engineering Association, past president and a fellow of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, and a fellow of the Association for Psychological Science and the American Psychological Association. He is corecipient of the Ely Award for best paper in the journal Human Factors (1994). He has also received the Laureate Award from Aviation Week and Space Technology (1995) for research on the human factors of highly automated cockpits, the Jack Kraft Innovators Award from the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (2002), and the Jimmy Doolittle Fellow award for Research on Human Performance from the Air Force Association (2012). Dr. Woods has served as a member of the FAA’s Human Factors Study Team on Advanced Flight Decks (1996), Aerospace Research Needs (2003), and Dependable Software (2006). He participated as a member of a recent Defense Science Board task force that released a report in 2012 titled The Role of Autonomy in DoD Systems, and he has testified to the U.S. Congress on safety at NASA and on election reform. Dr. Woods has a Ph.D. in cognitive psychology from Purdue University. He has served as a member on the NRC’s Committee on Certifiably Dependable Software Systems, the Committee on Engineering and the Health Care System, the Committee on Aeronautics Research and Technology for Vision 2050, and the Panel on Human Factors Research Needs in Nuclear Regulatory Research.

EDWARD L. WRIGHT, NAS, holds the David Saxon Presidential Chair in Physics and a professor of astronomy at the University of California, Los Angeles. Dr. Wright’s research interests are in theoretical and experimental infrared astronomy and cosmology, especially cosmic microwave background radiation studies. He played a major role on the NASA Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) mission, and in 1992 he received the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal for this work. He was a coinvestigator on NASA’s Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe, a mission that followed up the COBE discovery of fluctuations in the early universe. Dr. Wright participated in the Joint Efficient Dark-energy Investigation and he was an interdisciplinary scientist on NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope Science Working Group. Dr. Wright is the principal investigator for the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer MidEx mission launched in 2009. He has a Ph.D. in astronomy from Harvard University. He has been a member of the NRC’s Committee on NASA’s Beyond Einstein Program: An Architecture for Implementation; the Panel on Astronomy and Astrophysics; the Committee on Physics of the Universe; and the Panel on Ultraviolet, Optical, and Infrared Astronomy from Space.

STAFF

ALAN C. ANGLEMAN, Study Director, has been a senior program officer for the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board (ASEB) since 1993, directing studies on the modernization of the U.S. air transportation system, system engineering and design systems, aviation weather systems, aircraft certification standards and procedures, commercial supersonic aircraft, the safety of space launch systems, radioisotope power systems, cost growth of NASA Earth and space science missions, and other aspects of aeronautics and space research and technology. Previously, Mr. Angleman worked for consulting firms in the Washington area, providing engineering support services to the DOD and NASA Headquarters. His professional career began with the U.S. Navy, where he served for 9 years as a nuclear-trained submarine officer. He has a B.S. in engineering physics from the U.S. Naval Academy and an M.S. in applied physics from the Johns Hopkins University.

LEWIS B. GROSWALD is an associate program officer for the Space Studies Board (SSB). Mr. Groswald is a graduate of George Washington University, where he received a master’s degree in international science and

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
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technology policy and a bachelor’s degree in international affairs, with a double concentration in conflict and security and Europe and Eurasia. Following his work with the National Space Society during his senior year as an undergraduate, Mr. Groswald decided to pursue a career in space policy, with a focus on educating the public on space issues and formulating policy. He has worked on NRC reports covering a wide range of topics, including near-Earth objects, orbital debris, life and physical sciences in space, and planetary science.

LINDA WALKER has been with the National Academies since 2007 and is now program coordinator for the Board on Physics and Astronomy. Before her assignment with the SSB, she was on assignment with the National Academies Press. Prior to her working at the National Academies, she was with the Association for Healthcare Philanthropy in Falls Church, Virginia. Ms. Walker has 34 years of administrative experience.

ANESIA WILKS joined the SSB as a program assistant in August 2013. Ms. Wilks brings experience working in the National Academies conference management office as well as other administrative positions in the D.C. metropolitan area. She has a B.A. in psychology, magna cum laude, from Trinity University in Washington, D.C.

MICHAEL MOLONEY is the director for Space and Aeronautics at the Space Studies Board and the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board of the National Research Council of the U.S. National Academies. Since joining the ASEB/SSB, Dr. Moloney has overseen the production of more than 40 reports, including four decadal surveys—in astronomy and astrophysics, planetary science, life and microgravity science, and solar and space physics—a review of the goals and direction of the U.S. human exploration program, a prioritization of NASA space technology roadmaps, as well as reports on issues such as NASA’s Strategic Direction, orbital debris, the future of NASA’s astronaut corps, and NASA’s flight research program. Before joining the SSB and ASEB in 2010, Dr. Moloney was associate director of the Board on Physics and Astronomy (BPA) and study director for the decadal survey for astronomy and astrophysics (Astro2010). Since joining the NRC in 2001, Dr. Moloney has served as a study director at the National Materials Advisory Board, the BPA, the Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design, and the Center for Economic, Governance, and International Studies. Dr. Moloney has served as study director or senior staff for a series of reports on subject matters as varied as quantum physics, nanotechnology, cosmology, the operation of the nation’s helium reserve, new anti-counterfeiting technologies for currency, corrosion science, and nuclear fusion. In addition to his professional experience at the National Academies, Dr. Moloney has more than 7 years’ experience as a foreign service officer for the Irish government—including serving at the Irish Embassy in Washington and the Irish Mission to the United Nations in New York. A physicist, Dr. Moloney did his Ph.D. work at Trinity College Dublin in Ireland. He received his undergraduate degree in experimental physics at University College Dublin, where he was awarded the Nevin Medal for Physics.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
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Page 75
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2014. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18815.
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Page 76
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The development and application of increasingly autonomous (IA) systems for civil aviation is proceeding at an accelerating pace, driven by the expectation that such systems will return significant benefits in terms of safety, reliability, efficiency, affordability, and/or previously unattainable mission capabilities. IA systems range from current automatic systems such as autopilots and remotely piloted unmanned aircraft to more highly sophisticated systems that are needed to enable a fully autonomous aircraft that does not require a pilot or human air traffic controllers. These systems, characterized by their ability to perform more complex mission-related tasks with substantially less human intervention for more extended periods of time, sometimes at remote distances, are being envisioned for aircraft and for air traffic management and other ground-based elements of the national airspace system. Civil aviation is on the threshold of potentially revolutionary improvements in aviation capabilities and operations associated with IA systems. These systems, however, face substantial barriers to integration into the national airspace system without degrading its safety or efficiency.

Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation identifies key barriers and suggests major elements of a national research agenda to address those barriers and help realize the benefits that IA systems can make to crewed aircraft, unmanned aircraft systems, and ground-based elements of the national airspace system. This report develops a set of integrated and comprehensive technical goals and objectives of importance to the civil aeronautics community and the nation. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation will be of interest to U.S. research organizations, industry, and academia who have a role in meeting these goals.

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