AF Working Paper (Air Force Working Paper). 1979. Protocol, Project Ranch Hand II–Epidemiologic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to “Herbicide Orange.” USAF School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks Air Force Base, Texas (December 12).
AFHS (Air Force Health Study). 1982. An epidemiologic investigation of health effects in Air Force personnel following exposure to herbicides: Study protocol, initial report. Brooks AFB, TX: USAF School of Aerospace Medicine. SAM-TR-82-44.
AFHS. 1983. An epidemiologic investigation of health effects in Air Force personnel following exposure to herbicides. Baseline Mortality Study Results. Brooks AFB, TX: USAF School of Aerospace Medicine. NTIS AD-A130 793.
AFHS. 1991. An epidemiologic investigation of health effects in Air Force personnel following exposure to herbicides. Serum Dioxin Analysis of 1987 Examination Results. Brooks AFB, TX: USAF School of Aerospace Medicine. AL-TR-91-0009.
AFHS. 1995. An epidemiologic investigation of health effects in Air Force personnel following exposure to herbicides. 1992 Follow-up Examination Results. Brooks AFB, TX: Epidemiologic Research Division. Armstrong Laboratory. AL-TR-920107.
AFHS. 2000. An epidemiologic investigation of health effects in Air force personnel following exposure to herbicides. 1997 Follow-up Examination Results. Brooks AFB, TX: Human Systems Program Office. Armstrong Laboratory. AFRL-HE-BR-TR-2000-02.
AFHS. 2005. An epidemiologic investigation of health effects in Air Force personnel following exposure to herbicides. 2002 Follow-up Examination Results. Brooks AFB, TX: Epidemiologic Research Division. Armstrong Laboratory. AFRL-HE-BR-SR-2005-0003.
AMARG (309th Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Group). 2014. What is AMARG? http://www.amarcexperience.com/ui/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2&Itemid=213 (accessed July 31, 2014).
ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry). 1998. Toxicological profile for chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp104.pdf (accessed July 20, 2014).
ATSDR. 2012. Letter from Thomas Sinks, Deputy Director, National Center for Environmental Health and ATSDR to Major Wesley Carter. January 25, 2012.
ATSDR. 2013a. Letter from Christopher J. Portier, Director, National Center, and Environmental Health, ATSDR to Domenic A. Baldini Chief, Joint Services Records Research Center US Army Records Management and Declassification Agency. March 6, 2013.
ATSDR. 2013b. Letter from Robin M. Ikeda, Deputy Director, Noncommunicable Disease, Injury, and Environmental Health Acting Director, National Center for Environmental Health/ATSDR to Major Wesley Carter. March 6, 2013.
ATSDR. 2014. Exposure Modeling with Existing Data. Slide presentation from Thomas Sinks to the Committee to Evaluate the Potential Exposure to Agent Orange/TCDD Residue and Level of Risk of Adverse Health Effects for Aircrew of Post-Vietnam C-123 Aircraft. June 16, 2014.
Battista, A. B. 2014. Letter to the Committee to Evaluate the Potential Exposure to Agent Orange/ TCDD Residue and Level of Risk of Adverse Health Effects for Aircrew of Post-Vietnam C-123 Aircraft: A C-123K Pilot’s Perspective. June 12, 2014.
Bennett, D. H., and E. J. Furtaw Jr. 2004. Fugacity-based indoor residential pesticide fate model. Environmental Science and Technology 38(7):2142–2152.
Berman, F. 2011. Letter from Fred Berman, Director, CROET Toxicology Information Center, Center for Research on Occupational and Environmental Toxicology, Oregon Health and Science University to the Secretary of the Air Force and Veterans of the C-123K Provider Who Served Between 1972–1982. May 25, 2011.
California EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 1999. Chronic toxicity summary: Chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and chlorinated dibenzofurans (including 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin). Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. http://oehha.ca.gov/air/chronic_rels/pdf/chlordibenz.pdf (accessed July 20, 2014).
Carter, W. 2013. Decades of deception, 1971–2013—C-123 veterans: VA illegally denies Agent Orange claims. C-123 Veterans Administration. McMinnville, OR.
Carter, W. 2014a. C-123 Veteran statement regarding questions raised, and answers #102. Department of Veterans Affairs, Statement in Support of Claim, June 29.
Carter, W. 2014b. Responses to IOM questions. Workshop submission on behalf of the C-123 Veterans Association (Personal correspondence, June 16).
CDC (Centers for Disease Control). 1988. Serum 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin levels in US Army Vietnam era veterans. Journal of the American Medical Association 260:1249–1254.
Cecil, P. F. 1986. Herbicidal warfare: The Ranch Hand Project. New York: Praeger Special Studies, Praeger Scientific.
Cecil, P. F., and A. L. Young. 2008. Operation FLYSWATTER: A war within a war. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 15(1):3–7.
CHPPM (US Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine). 2009. Technical guide 312: Health risk assessment methods and screening levels for evaluating office worker exposures to contaminants on indoor surfaces using surface wipe data. USACHPPM TG-312. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.
Courtney, K. D., D. W. Gaylor, M. D. Hogan, H. L. Falk, R. R. Bates, and I. Mitchel. 1970. Teratogenic evaluation of 2,4,5-T. Science 168(3933):864–866.
Deziel, N. C., S. M. Viet, J. W. Rogers, D. E. Camann, D. A. Marker, M. S. A. Heikkinen, A. Y. Yau, D. M. Stout, and M. Dellarco. 2011. Comparison of wipe materials and wetting agents for pesticide residue collection from hard surfaces. Science for the Total Environment 409:4442–4448.
Driver, J. H., and K. Solomon. 2014. Comments to the IOM Committee Regarding Exposure Model-ling in the Paper “Lurker PA, Berman F, Clapp RW, Stellman JM. 2014. Post-Vietnam military herbicide exposures in UC-123 Agent Orange spray aircraft. Environmental Research 130:34–42.”
EC (European Commission, Scientific Committee on Food). 2001. Opinion of the Scientific Committee on Food on the risk assessment of dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs in food. Updated opinion based on new scientific information available since the adoption of the SCF opinion of 22 November 2000. Adopted on 30 May 2001, CS/CNTM/DIOXIN/20 Final. Brussels: European Commission, Scientific Committee on Food. http://ec.europa.eu/food/fs/sc/scf/out90_en.pdf (accessed July 20, 2014).
EPA (US Environmental Protection Agency). 1989. Risk assessment guidance for Superfund Volume I: Human health evaluation manual (Part A): Interim final. Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. EPA/540/1-89/002. December 1989. http://www.epa.gov/oswer/riskassessment/ragsa (accessed May 22, 2014).
EPA. 1991. Wipe sampling and double wash/rinse cleanup as recommended by Environmental Protection Agency PCB Spill Cleanup Policy. June 23, 1987—Revised and Clarified on April 18, 1991. US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.
EPA. 1992. National primary drinking water regulations, technical factsheet on: Dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD). Finalized July 1992. http://www.epa.gov/ogwdw/pdfs/factsheets/soc/tech/dioxin.pdf (accessed May 22, 2014).
EPA. 2000. Benchmark dose technical guidance document (External Review Draft). EPA/630/R-00/001.
EPA. 2001. General principles for performing aggregate exposure and risk assessments. Office of Pesticide Programs, US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, Item 6043.
EPA. 2012. EPA’s reanalysis of key issues related to dioxin toxicity and response to NAS Comments, Volume 1: In support of summary information on the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) EPA/600/R-10/038F. US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.
Ertl, H., and W. Butte. 2012. Bioaccessibility of pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls from house dust: In-vitro methods and human exposure. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 22:574–583.
German MAK-Wert (guideline set in 1999 with documentation in German); published online (January 31, 2012) by The Wiley Online Library as part of The MAK Collection for Occupational Health and Safety. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/3527600418.mb174601d0028/ pdf (accessed July 20, 2014).
Gravitz, N., A. Fan, and R. R. Neutra. 1983. Interim guidelines for acceptable exposure levels in office settings contaminated with PCB and PCB combustion products. Epidemiological Studies Section, California Department of Health Services.
Harris, S. A., and K. R. Solomon. 1992. Percutaneous penetration of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and 2,4-D dimethylamine salt in human volunteers. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health 36(3):233–220.
IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health effects of herbicides used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
IOM. 2009. Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2008. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
IOM. 2011. Blue Water Navy Vietnam Veterans and Agent Orange Exposure. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
IOM. 2012. Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2010. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
IOM. 2014. Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2012. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
Japanese EA (Japanese Environmental Agency). 1999. Report on tolerable daily intake (TDI) of dioxins and related compounds (Japan). Environmental Health Committee of the Central Environment Council Environment Agency, Living Environment Council and Food Sanitation Investigation Council Ministry of Health and Welfare. 53 pp.
Johansson, N., and A. Hanberg. 2000. Report from a Nordic meeting on the 1998 WHO consultation on assessment of the health risks of dioxins; Re-evaluation of the tolerable daily intake (TDI). Organohalogen Compounds 48:252–255.
Karch, N. J., D. K. Watkins, A. L. Young, and M. E. Ginevan. 2004. Environmental fate of TCDD and Agent Orange and bioavailability to troops in Vietnam. Organohalogen Compounds 66:3689–3694.
Kerger, B., G. Corbett, S. El-Sururi, R. Reitz, and D. Paustenbach. 1995. Validating Dermal Exposure Assessment Techniques for Dioxin Using Body Burden Data and Pharmacokinetic Modeling. Organohalogen Compounds 25:137–142.
Kim, N. K., and J. Hawley. 1985. Re-entry Guidelines: Binghamton State Office Building. Bureau of Toxic Substance Assessment, Division of Environmental Health Assessment, New York State Department of Health: Albany, NY.
Kimbrough, R. D., C. A. Krouskas, M. L. Carson, T. F. Long, C. Bevan, and R. G. Tardiff. 2010. Human uptake of persistent chemicals from contaminated soil: PCDD/Fs and PCBs. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 57(1):43–54.
Kissel, J. C. 2011. The mismeasure of dermal absorption. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 21(3):302–309.
Lees, P. S. J., M. Corn, and P. N. Breysse. 1987. Evidence for dermal absorption as the major route of body entry during exposure of transformer maintenance and repairmen to PCBs. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal 48(3):257–264.
Liang, Y., and Y. Xu. 2014. Improved method for measuring and characterizing phthalate emissions from building materials and its application to exposure assessment. Environmental Science and Technology 48:4475–4484.
Lindquist, N. G., and S. Ullberg. 1971. Distribution of the herbicides 2,4,5-T and 2,4-D in pregnant mice: Accumulation in the yolk sac epithelium. Experientia 27(12):1439–1441.
Little, J. C., C. J. Weschler, W. W. Nazaroff, Z. Liu, and E. A. Cohen Hubal. 2012. Rapid methods to estimate potential exposure to semivolatile organic compounds in the indoor environment. Environmental Science and Technology 46(20):11171–11178.
Liu, Q. T., R. Chen, B. E. McCarry, M. L. Diamond, and B. Bahavar. 2003. Characterizaion of polar organic compounds in the organic film on indoor and outdoor glass windows. Environmental Science and Technology 37(11):2340–2349.
Lurker, P. A., F. Berman, R. W. Clapp, J. M. Stellman. 2014. Post-Vietnam military herbicide exposures in UC-123 Agent Orange spray aircraft. Environmental Research 130:34–42.
Mackay, D. 2001. Multimedia environmental models: The fugacity approach, 2nd ed. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers.
May, L. M., B. Gaborek, T. Pitrat, and L. Peters. 2002. Derivation of risk based wipe surface screening levels for industrial scenarios. Science of the Total Environment 288(1–2):65–80.
McGregor, D. B., C. Partenski, J. Wilbourn, and J. M. Rice. 1998. An IARC evaluation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans as risk factors in human carcinogenesis. Environmental Health Perspectives 106(S2):775–760.
Meek, S. L. 1981. An estimate of the relative exposure of U.S. Air Force crewmembers to Agent Orange. Master thesis, University of Washington.
Melius, J. 1985. Letter from PCB Expert Advisory Panel to the Honorable Tony Anaya, Governor of the State of New Mexico. (As cited in NRC, 1988.)
Michalek, J. E., and M. Pavuk. 2008. Diabetes and cancer in veterans of Operation Ranch Hand after adjustment for calendar period, days of spraying, and time spent in Southeast Asia. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 50(3):330–340.
Michalek, J. E., W. H. Wolfe, J. C. Miner, T. M. Papa, and J. L. Pirkle. 1995. Indices of TCDD exposure and TCDD body burden in veterans of Operation Ranch Hand. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology 5(2):209–223.
Mocarelli, P., P. M. Gerthoux, D. G. Patterson Jr., S. Milani, G. Limonta, M. Bertona, S. Signorini, P. Tramacere, L. Colombo, C. Crespi, P. Brambilla, C. Sarto, V. Carreri, E. J. Sampson, W. E. Turner, and L .L Needham. 2008. Dioxin exposure, from infancy through puberty, produces endocrine disruption and affects human semen quality. Environmental Health Perspectives 116(1):70–77.
Moody, R. P., C. A. Franklin, L. Ritter, and H. I. Maibach. 1990. Dermal absorption of the phenoxy herbicides 2,4-D, 2,4-D amine, 2,4-D isooctyl, and 2,4,5-T in rabbits, rats, rhesus monkeys, and humans: A cross-species comparison. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health 29(3):237–245. Erratum in Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health 32(1):107–108, 1991.
MRI (Midwest Research Institute). 1967. Assessment of Ecological Effects of Extensive or Repeated Use of Herbicides. MRI Project No. 3103-B. Kansas City, MO: MRI. NTIS AD-824-314.
NIEHS (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences). 2011. Letter from Linda S. Birnbaum, Director, NIEHS and National Toxicology Program to Major Wesley Carter. June 9, 2011.
NIEHS. 2013. Letter from Aubrey K. Miller, Senior Medical Officer, NIEHS to Major Wesley Carter. March 1, 2013.
Nieman, J. K. C. 2014. Commentary on “Post-Vietnam military herbicide exposures in UC-123 Agent Orange spray aircraft.” Environmental Research 131:217–218.
NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health). 1991. Dioxin Registry Report of the Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan, Report No. IWS 117.15. Cincinnati, OH. Pp. 43–45.
NRC (National Research Council). 1974. The effects of herbicides in South Vietnam. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1988. Acceptable levels of dioxin contamination in an office building following a transformer fire. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Poiger, H., and C. Schlatter. 1980. Influence of solvents and adsorbents on dermal and intestinal absorption of TCDD. Food and Cosmetics Toxicology 18(5):477–481.
RIVM (Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu). 2001. Re-evaluation of human-toxicological maximum permissible risk levels. Chapter 5.12 Dioxins, furans and dioxin-like PCBs (evaluated in 1999), RIVM Report 711701 025. Bilthoven: Dutch National Institute of Public Health and the Environment. http://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/711701025.html (accessed June 19, 2014). (As cited in UKEA, 2009.)
Robinson, J. N., K. A. Fox, W. G. Jackson, N. S. Ketchum, M. Pavuk, and W. Grubbs. 2006. Air Force Health Study: An Overview. Organohalogen Compounds 68:752–755.
Schecter, A. 2013. Letter from Arnold Schecter, Professor, Environmental and Occupational Health Program, University of Texas School of Public Health to Major Wesley Carter. January 2, 2013.
Slayton, T. M., P. A. Valberg, and A. D. Wait. 1998. Estimating dermal transfer from PCB-contaminated porous surfaces. Chemosphere 36(14):3003–3014.
Stellman, J. M. 2012. Letter from Jeanne M. Stellman, Professor Emerita and Special Lecturer, Columbia University to Major Wesley Carter. February 7, 2012.
Stellman, J. M. 2013. Letter from Jeanne M. Stellman, Professor Emerita and Special Lecturer, Columbia University to Brigadier General Allison Hickey, Undersecretary for Benefits, Department of Veterans Affairs. November 29, 2013.
Stellman, J. M., S. D. Stellman, R. Christian, T. Weber, and C. Tomasallo. 2003. The extent and patterns of usage of Agent Orange and other herbicides in Vietnam. Nature 422(6933):681–687.
UKEA (Environment Agency of the United Kingdom). 2009. Contaminants in soil: Updated collation of toxicological data and intake values for humans; dioxins, furans, and dioxin-like PCBs. Science Report: SC050021/TOX 12, Better Regulation Sciences Programme.
USAF (US Department of the Air Force). 1979. Aircraft Sampling, Westover AFB. Technical Report No. 79-59, USAF Occupational and Environmental Health Laboratory, Brooks AFB, TX (September 1979).
USAF. 1994. Memo to 645 MedGrp/SGB; Consultative Letter, AL/OE-CL-1994-0203, Review of dioxin sampling results from C-123 Aircraft, Wright Patterson AFB, OH and recommendations for protection of aircraft restoration personnel. U.S. Department of the Air Force, Brooks AFB, TX.
USAF. 1995a. Wipe samples from C123 cargo plane Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Aviation Museum Annex, WPAFB, Ohio. Analytical Report, Task Order 95-15, Contract F3360193-DW017. OHM Remediation Services Corporation.
USAF. 1995b. Appendix A: Wipe samples from C123 cargo plane Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Aviation Museum Annex, WPAFB, Ohio. Analytical Report, Task Order 95-15, Contract F3360193-DW017. OHM Remediation Services Corporation.
USAF. 1995c. Appendix B: Wipe samples from C123 cargo plane Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Aviation Museum Annex, WPAFB, Ohio. Analytical Report, Task Order 95-15, Contract F3360193-DW017. OHM Remediation Services Corporation.
USAF. 1996. Cover letter and sample results from Alta Analytical Laboratory. Alta Batch I.D. 2795. (September 6).
USAF. 1997a. Memorandum for ASAFM/MUC. Employee and Public Access to the C-123 “Patches.” (February 26).
USAF. 1997b. Consultative Letter, AL/OE-CL-1997-0053, Cleanup of contaminated aircraft, Aerospace Regeneration Center (Department of Defense, Armstrong Laboratory—Memorandum for HQ AFMC/SGC, Logistics Avenue, Suite 23, Wright Patterson AFB, OH); Attention: Maj Gemperle (March 18).
USAF. 2009a. Final: US-123K sampling and analysis plan. Hill AFB, UT.
USAF. 2009b. Final-dioxin and herbicide characterization of UC-123K Aircraft—Phase 1. Select Engineering Services, Hill AFB, UT.
USAF. 2009c. Response to comments from Jim Malmgren’s presentation on UC-123 disposal given at the Air Force Strike Board meeting at AMARG on 18 June 2009 (Memo for the record).
USAF. 2009d. Spreadsheet leading to Table 1 in Appendix F of USAF (2009b)—Surface Contam Levels rev 1.
USAF. 2012a. Consultative letter, AFRL-SA-WP-CL-2012-0052, UC-123 Agent Orange exposure assessment, post-Vietnam (1972–1982). USAF School of Aerospace Medicine, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH.
USAF. 2012b. Memorandum: Post Vietnam C-123 aircraft Agent Orange exposure. (Department of Defense, Memorandum from HQ USAF/SG, Washington, DC.
VA (US Department of Veterans Affairs). 2014. Scientific review of Agent Orange in C-123 aircraft. http://www.publichealth.va.gov/exposures/agentorange/locations/residue-c123-aircraft/scientific-review.asp (accessed March 11, 2014).
Wallace, L. A., W. R. Ott, and C. J. Weschler. 2014. Ultrafine particles from electric appliances and cooking pans: Experiments suggesting desorption/nucleation of sorbed organics as the primary source. Indoor Air 1–11.
Weschler, C. J., and W. W. Nazaroff. 2008. Semivolatile organic compounds in indoor environments. Atmospheric Environment 42(40):9018–9040.
Weschler, C. J., and W. W. Nazaroff. 2012. SVOC exposure indoors: Fresh look at dermal pathways. Indoor Air 22(5):356–377.
WHO (World Health Organization). 2002a. Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants. Fifty-seventh report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. WHO Technical Report Series 909. Geneva: World Health Organization. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/trs/WHO_TRS_909.pdf (accessed April 22, 2014).
WHO. 2002b. Safety evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants. Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans and coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls. WHO Food Additive Series 48. Geneva: World Health Organization. http://www.inchem.org/documents/jecfa/jecmono/v48je20.htm. (As cited in UKEA, 2009.)
WTC (World Trade Center Indoor Air Task Force Working Group, Contaminants of Potential Concern Committee, and US Environmental Protection Agency, Region II). 2003. World Trade Center indoor environment assessment: Selecting contaminants of potential concern and setting health-based benchmarks. New York: US Environmental Protection Agency, Risk Ranking Work Group, Region 2.
Young, A. L. 2009. The history, use, disposition and environmental fate of Agent Orange. New York: Springer Science and Business Media, LLC.
Young, A. L. 2014. A presentation to the Institute of Medicine. Slide presentation to the Committee to Evaluate the Potential Exposure to Agent Orange/TCDD Residue and Level of Risk of Adverse Health Effects for Aircrew of Post-Vietnam C-123 Aircraft. June 16, 2014.
Young, A. L., and M. Newton. 2004. Long overlooked historical information on Agent Orange and TCDD following massive applications of 2,4,5-T-containing herbicides, Eglin AFB, FL. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 11(4):209–221.
Young, A. L., and G. M. Reggiani (Eds.). 1988. Agent Orange and its Associated Dioxin: Assessment of a Controversy. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Young, A. L., and K. L. Young. 2012. Investigations into the allegations of Agent Orange/dioxin exposure from former Ranch Hand aircraft. Agent Orange Investigative Report Series, No. 2, November. Department of Veterans Affairs contract #VA-101-12-C-0006.
Young, A. L., and K. L. Young. 2013a. Discussion points supporting compensation service’s position on the UC-123-K claims. Agent Orange Briefs: Special Topics, Brief No. 1, August 21. Department of Veterans Affairs contract #VA-101-12-C-0006.
Young, A. L., and K. L. Young. 2013b. Investigations into the allegations concerning 2,4,5-T herbicide. Agent Orange Investigative Report Series, No. 6, March. Department of Veterans Affairs contract #VA-101-12-C-0006.
Young, A. L., and K. L. Young. 2014a. Supplement to investigative report: New information on former UC-123K Post-Vietnam issue. Agent Orange Investigative Report Series, No. 17. May/June. Department of Veterans Affairs contract #VA-101-12-C-0006.
Young, A. L., and K. L. Young. 2014b. Discussion of the presentation to the Institute of Medicine on C-123K exposure issues. Agent Orange Briefs: Special Topics, Brief No. 6, June 30. Department of Veterans Affairs contract #VA-101-12-C-0006.
Young A. L., J. A. Calcagni, C. E. Thalken, and J. W. Tremblay. 1978. The toxicology, environmental fate, and human risk of Herbicide Orange and its associated dioxin. Technical Report USAF OEHL TR-78-92, USAF Occupational and Environmental Health Laboratory, Aerospace Medical Division, Brooks AFB, TX.