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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2014. Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States: A Guide for the Health Care Sector. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18886.
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From the Institute of Medicine/
National Research Council Report

Confronting
Commercial
Sexual
Exploitation
and
Sex Trafficking
of Minors
in the United States

A Guide for the
Health Care Sector

INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE AND
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
                         OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2014. Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States: A Guide for the Health Care Sector. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18886.
×

In 2013, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the National Research Council (NRC) published a report about commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the United States. The report, Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States, was funded by the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. It provides a comprehensive view of this issue and offers a detailed explanation of its findings and recommendations.

The content of this guide was derived entirely from the original report as an abridged version for professionals in the health care sector. This guide, which was also funded by the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, was edited by Rona Briere and Patti Simon.

Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States was authored by the IOM/NRC Committee on the Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States:

ELLEN WRIGHT CLAYTON (Co-Chair), Craig-Weaver Professor of Pediatrics, Professor of Law, and Co-Founder, Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society, Vanderbilt University

RICHARD D. KRUGMAN (Co-Chair), Vice Chancellor for Health Affairs, University of Colorado School of Medicine

TONYA CHAFFEE, Medical Director of Child and Adolescent Support, Advocacy and Resource Center, University of California, San Francisco

ANGELA DIAZ, Jean C. and James W. Crystal Professor of Pediatrics and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine

ABIGAIL ENGLISH, Director, Center for Adolescent Health & the Law

BARBARA GUTHRIE, Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and Professor, Yale University School of Nursing

SHARON LAMBERT, Associate Professor of Clinical/Community Psychology, The George Washington University

MARK LATONERO, Research Director, Annenberg Center on Communication Leadership & Policy, University of Southern California

NATALIE McCLAIN, Assistant Professor, Boston College William F. Connell School of Nursing

CALLIE MARIE RENNISON, Associate Professor, School of Public Affairs, University of Colorado Denver

JOHN A. RICH, Professor and Chair of Health Management and Policy, Drexel University School of Public Health

JONATHAN TODRES, Professor of Law, Georgia State University College of Law

PATTI TOTH, Program Manager, Washington State Criminal Justice Training Commission

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-31043-7
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-31043-1

Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2014. Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States: A Guide for the Health Care Sector. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18886.
×
Page R1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2014. Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States: A Guide for the Health Care Sector. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18886.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2014. Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States: A Guide for the Health Care Sector. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18886.
×
Page R3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2014. Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States: A Guide for the Health Care Sector. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18886.
×
Page R4
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Every day in the United States, children and adolescents are victims of commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking. These are not only illegal activities, but also forms of violence and abuse that result in immediate and long-term physical, mental, and emotional harm to victims and survivors. In 2013, the Institute of Medicine/National Research Council released the report Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States. The report found that the United States is in the very early stages of recognizing, understanding, and developing solutions for these crimes.

Health care professionals need to be able to recognize past, ongoing, or potential victimization by commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking among the youth in their care. Failure to do so increases the possibility that those at risk may become victims, and victims may miss opportunities for assistance and remain vulnerable to further exploitation and abuse.

This Guide for the Health Care Sector provides a summary of information from the original report that is most relevant to individuals who and settings that see children and adolescents for prevention and treatment of injury, illness, and disease. This includes physicians, nurses, advanced practice nurses, physician assistants, mental health professionals, and dentists who practice in settings such as emergency departments, urgent care, primary care clinics, adolescent medicine clinics, school clinics, shelters, community health centers, and dental clinics among others.

This guide includes definitions of key terms and an overview of risk factors and consequences; barriers to identifying victims and survivors as well as opportunities for overcoming these barriers; examples of current practices in the health care sector; and recommendations aimed at identifying, preventing, and responding to these crimes.

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