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Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification (2014)

Chapter: Appendix B: Committee Meeting Agendas

« Previous: Appendix A: Biographical Information of Committee and Staff
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Meeting Agendas." National Research Council. 2014. Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18891.
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Appendix B

Committee Meeting Agendas

Meeting 1
Washington, DC
Monday, 2 December 2013

OPEN SESSION

8:00 Continental Breakfast
   
8:30 Opening Remarks and Introductions
   
  Co-chairs:
   
  Thomas D. Albright, Salk Institute for Biological Studies Jed S. Rakoff, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York
   
8:45–9:30 Charge to the Committee
   
  Speaker:
   
  Anne Milgram, Laura and John Arnold Foundation
   
9:30–11:00 The Science of Memory—A Dynamic Process
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Meeting Agendas." National Research Council. 2014. Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18891.
×
Speakers:
   
  Daniel L. Schacter, Harvard University (via videoconference)
  John T. Wixted, University of California, San Diego
   
11:00–11:15 Break
   
11:15–12:00 Overview of Eyewitness Identification
   
  Speaker:
   
  Gary L. Wells, Iowa State University
   
12:00–1:00 Lunch
   
1:00–2:30 Meta-Analytical Reviews of System and Estimator Variables
   
  Speakers:
   
  Nancy K. Steblay, Augsburg College
  Christian A. Meissner, Iowa State University
  Kenneth Deffenbacher, University of Nebraska at Omaha
   
2:30–3:00 Strengths and Weaknesses of Eyewitness Research Methodologies
   
  Speaker:
   
  Steven D. Penrod, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
   
3:00–3:30 General Acceptance of Eyewitness Testimony Research
   
  Speaker:
   
  Saul Kassin, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
   
3:30–3:45 Break
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Meeting Agendas." National Research Council. 2014. Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18891.
×
3:45–4:15 Simultaneous and Sequential Lineups
   
  Speaker:
   
  Roy S. Malpass, University of Texas at El Paso
   
4:15–5:15 Perspectives on Eyewitness Identification
   
  Speakers:
   
  John Firman, International Association of Chiefs of Police
  David LaBahn, Association of Prosecuting Attorneys
  Kristine Hamann, National District Attorney’s Association
  Barry Scheck, The Innocence Project
   
Tuesday, 3 December 2013
 
CLOSED SESSION: 8:00–9:15
 
OPEN SESSION
 
9:30–10:15 Police Practices
   
  Speakers:
   
  Joseph Salemme, Chicago Police Department
  Rob Davis, Police Executive Research Forum
   
10:15–11:45 Judicial Findings and Recommendations—Including Jury Instructions
   
  Speakers:
   
  The Honorable Robert J. Kane, Supreme Judicial Study
  Group on Eyewitness Identification (MA)
  The Honorable Geoffrey Gaulkin, Special Master, State v. Henderson (NJ)
  The Honorable Paul De Muniz, Oregon Supreme Court
  The Honorable Barbara Hervey, Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Meeting Agendas." National Research Council. 2014. Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18891.
×
11:45–12:30 Research on Jury Instructions
   
  Speakers:
   
  Shari Seidman Diamond, Northwestern University and American Bar Foundation
  David V. Yokum, University of Arizona
   
CLOSED SESSION: 12:30–2:00
   
Meeting 2
Washington, DC
Thursday, 6 February 2014
   
OPEN SESSION
 
8:30–8:45 Opening Remarks and Introductions
   
  Co-chairs:
   
  Thomas D. Albright, Salk Institute for Biological Studies Jed S. Rakoff, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York
   
8:45–9:30 The Illinois Pilot Program on Sequential Double-Blind Identification Procedures
   
  Speaker:
   
  Sheri Mecklenburg, U.S. Department of Justice
   
9:30–10:15 Face Recognition and Human Identification
   
  Speaker:
   
  P. Jonathon Phillips, National Institute of Standards and Technology
   
10:15–10:30 Break
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Meeting Agendas." National Research Council. 2014. Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18891.
×
10:30–11:15 Evaluating Eyewitness Research in Court: Moving from General to Specific Inference
   
  Speaker:
   
  John Monahan, University of Virginia
   
11:15–12:00 Eyewitness Identification from the Perspective of State Attorney Generals
   
  Speaker:
   
  Peter Kilmartin, State of Rhode Island
   
12:00–12:45 Lunch
   
12:45–1:30 Costs and Benefits of Eyewitness Identification Reforms
   
  Speaker:
   
  Steven E. Clark, University of California, Riverside
   
1:30–2:30 Misinformation and the Creation of False Memories
   
  Speaker:
   
  Elizabeth Loftus, University of California, Irvine—via videoconference
   
2:30–3:15 Obtaining Better Descriptive Information: The Use of the Cognitive Interview
   
  Speaker:
   
  Ronald Fisher, Florida International University
   
CLOSED SESSION: 3:30–5:30
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Meeting Agendas." National Research Council. 2014. Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18891.
×
Friday, 7 February 2014
   
CLOSED SESSION: 8:00–2:00
   
Meeting 3
Washington, DC
Thursday, 24 April 2014
OPEN SESSION
   
10:30 Welcome
   
  Co-chairs:
   
  Thomas D. Albright, Salk Institute for Biological Studies Jed S. Rakoff, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York
   
10:35–11:30 Photo Arrays in Eyewitness Identification Procedures
   
  Speaker:
   
  Karen L. Amendola, Police Foundation
   
CLOSED SESSION: 11:45–5:00
 
Friday, 25 April 2014
 
CLOSED SESSION: 8:30–3:00
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Meeting Agendas." National Research Council. 2014. Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18891.
×
Page 133
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Meeting Agendas." National Research Council. 2014. Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18891.
×
Page 134
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Meeting Agendas." National Research Council. 2014. Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18891.
×
Page 135
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Meeting Agendas." National Research Council. 2014. Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18891.
×
Page 136
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Meeting Agendas." National Research Council. 2014. Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18891.
×
Page 137
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Meeting Agendas." National Research Council. 2014. Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18891.
×
Page 138
Next: Appendix C: Consideration of Uncertainty in Data on the Confidence-Accuracy Relationship and the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) Curve »
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Eyewitnesses play an important role in criminal cases when they can identify culprits. Estimates suggest that tens of thousands of eyewitnesses make identifications in criminal investigations each year. Research on factors that affect the accuracy of eyewitness identification procedures has given us an increasingly clear picture of how identifications are made, and more importantly, an improved understanding of the principled limits on vision and memory that can lead to failure of identification. Factors such as viewing conditions, duress, elevated emotions, and biases influence the visual perception experience. Perceptual experiences are stored by a system of memory that is highly malleable and continuously evolving, neither retaining nor divulging content in an informational vacuum. As such, the fidelity of our memories to actual events may be compromised by many factors at all stages of processing, from encoding to storage and retrieval. Unknown to the individual, memories are forgotten, reconstructed, updated, and distorted. Complicating the process further, policies governing law enforcement procedures for conducting and recording identifications are not standard, and policies and practices to address the issue of misidentification vary widely. These limitations can produce mistaken identifications with significant consequences. What can we do to make certain that eyewitness identification convicts the guilty and exonerates the innocent?

Identifying the Culprit makes the case that better data collection and research on eyewitness identification, new law enforcement training protocols, standardized procedures for administering line-ups, and improvements in the handling of eyewitness identification in court can increase the chances that accurate identifications are made. This report explains the science that has emerged during the past 30 years on eyewitness identifications and identifies best practices in eyewitness procedures for the law enforcement community and in the presentation of eyewitness evidence in the courtroom. In order to continue the advancement of eyewitness identification research, the report recommends a focused research agenda.

Identifying the Culprit will be an essential resource to assist the law enforcement and legal communities as they seek to understand the value and the limitations of eyewitness identification and make improvements to procedures.

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