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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Statement of Task." National Research Council. 2014. Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities: Phase 2: Pilot Planning. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18968.
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Appendix A

Statement of Task

The National Research Council will perform a pilot study of cancer risks in populations near seven U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC)-licensed nuclear facilities using two epidemiologic study designs: (i) an ecologic study of multiple cancer types of populations of all ages and (ii) a record-linkage-based case-control study of cancers in children. The pilot study will focus on the five activities described below:

  1. Obtain nuclear facility airborne and waterborne effluent release and meteorology data and digitize these data into a form that is usable for dose estimation.
  2. Develop a computer model to obtain estimates of absorbed doses to individual organs resulting from effluent releases.
  3. Obtain cancer incidence and mortality data at the census-tract level to assess the feasibility of the ecologic study.
  4. Link birth registration and cancer incidence data to identify eligible cases of pediatric cancers and matched controls to assess the feasibility of the record-linkage-based case-control study.
  5. Develop processes for involving and communicating with the public.

The pilot study will have two steps: Pilot Planning and Pilot Execution. The activities associated with Pilot Planning are:

  • Appoint the study committee.
  • Identify the processes for selecting qualified individuals and/or organizations to perform the epidemiology and dosimetry tasks.
  • Initiate effluent release and meteorological data collection.
  • Investigate availability of existing models or need to create a new model for dose estimation.
  • Identify state requirements for data sharing and transfer of health information.
  • Obtain IRB approvals for the study, as appropriate.
  • Identify key stakeholders and processes for communicating with them.
  • Prepare a brief committee-authored report that provides the committee’s advice to the National Research Council on the study design of and process for executing the pilot.
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Statement of Task." National Research Council. 2014. Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities: Phase 2: Pilot Planning. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18968.
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At the conclusion of the Pilot Execution step, the National Research Council will prepare a consensus report with findings regarding the scientific feasibility of carrying out an assessment of cancer risks at additional USNRC-licensed facilities. The report will also include, if feasible, an analysis of cancer risks in the populations near the seven pilot facilities.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Statement of Task." National Research Council. 2014. Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities: Phase 2: Pilot Planning. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18968.
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Page 9
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Statement of Task." National Research Council. 2014. Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities: Phase 2: Pilot Planning. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18968.
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Page 10
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Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations near Nuclear Facilities is a pilot study requested by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) to assess the risk of cancer near nuclear facilities in the United States. This effort is being carried out in two phases. The Phase 1 study recommended two study designs appropriate for assessing cancer risks near nuclear facilities. It also recommended a pilot study of seven nuclear facilities to assess the technical feasibility of the recommended study designs. The Phase 2 study is the assessment of cancer risks. The pilot, which is part of the Phase 2 study, is being carried out in two steps: pilot planning and pilot execution. The pilot planning (current step) aims to plan for the pilot study. The pilot execution (next step) aims to carry out the pilot study and evaluate the technical feasibility of implementing the two study designs recommended in the Phase 1 study. If implementation of the study designs is feasible, the methods developed and tested in the pilot study could be used to conduct a nationwide study. Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities: Phase 2 Pilot Planning provides advice to the National Academy of Sciences in performing a number of tasks related to the planning for a pilot epidemiological study, such as identifying the processes for selecting qualified individuals and/or organizations to perform epidemiological and dosimetric tasks and initiating effluent release and meteorological data collection in preparation for estimating doses to the people who live near the pilot nuclear facilities. This report brief report serves as a public record of the committee’s advice to the National Academy of Sciences on general methodological considerations involved in carrying out the pilot study.

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