National Academies Press: OpenBook

The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited (2014)

Chapter: Appendix D: Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
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APPENDIX D:
ACRONYMS

TABLE C-1 Acronyms used in the report.

AAAS The American Association for the Advancement of Science
AAMC The Association of American Medical Colleges
AAS The American Astronomical Society
AAU The Association of American Universities
ACA America COMPETES Act
ACS The American Chemical Society
AGU The American Geophysical Union
APS The American Physical Society
BMW Report The Biomedical Research Workforce Working Group Report
BMW Working Group The NIH Biomedical Research Workforce Working Group
BWF The Burroughs Wellcome Fund
The Canadian Association of Postdoctoral
CAPS-ACSP Scholars/L’Association Canadienne de Stagiaires Post-
doctoraux
COSEPUP The Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy
CPST The Commission on Professionals in Science and Technology
CRA The Computing Research Association
CRS Congressional Research Service
D.Eng. Doctorate of Engineering
DGE The Division of Graduate Education
EHR Education and Human Resources
FASEB The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
FFRDC Federally funded research and development center
FY Fiscal Year
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×
GREAT Graduate Research, Education, and Training
GSICE The Graduate Student Internship for Career Exploration
GSS The Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering
HHMI The Howard Hughes Medical Institute
IDP Individual Development Plan
IEEE The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IOM The Institute of Medicine
IPEDS The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System
MD Medical Doctorate
MEXT The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
NAE The National Academy of Engineering
NAS The National Academy of Sciences
NIGMS The National Institute of General Medical Sciences
NIH The National Institutes of Health
NISTEP The National Institute of Science and Technology Policy
NPA The National Postdoctoral Association
NRC The National Research Council
NRSA National Research Service Award
NSB The National Science Board
NSF The National Science Foundation
OITE The NIH Office of Intramural Training and Education
OPA Office of Postdoctoral Affairs
PAESMEM The Presidential Awards for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring Program
PCAST The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology
PDA Postdoctoral Association
PDO Postdoctoral Office
Ph.D. Doctorate of Philosophy
Sc.D. Doctorate of Science
SDR The Survey of Doctorate Recipients
SED The Survey of Earned Doctorates
SEPPS The Science and Engineering Ph.D. and Postdoc Survey
STEM Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×
UC The University of California
UCSF The University of California, San Francisco
UNC The University of North Carolina
URM Underrepresented Minorities
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×
Page 100
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×
Page 101
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×
Page 102
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The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited builds on the 2000 report Enhancing the Postdoctoral Experience for Scientists and Engineers. That ground-breaking report assessed the postdoctoral experience and provided principles, action points, and recommendations to enhance that experience. Since the publication of the 2000 report, the postdoctoral landscape has changed considerably. The percentage of PhDs who pursue postdoctoral training is growing steadily and spreading from the biomedical and physical sciences to engineering and the social sciences. The average length of time spent in postdoctoral positions seems to be increasing. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited reexamines postdoctoral programs in the United States, focusing on how postdocs are being guided and managed, how institutional practices have changed, and what happens to postdocs after they complete their programs. This book explores important changes that have occurred in postdoctoral practices and the research ecosystem and assesses how well current practices meet the needs of these fledgling scientists and engineers and of the research enterprise.

The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited takes a fresh look at current postdoctoral fellows - how many there are, where they are working, in what fields, and for how many years. This book makes recommendations to improve aspects of programs - postdoctoral period of service, title and role, career development, compensation and benefits, and mentoring. Current data on demographics, career aspirations, and career outcomes for postdocs are limited. This report makes the case for better data collection by research institution and data sharing.

A larger goal of this study is not only to propose ways to make the postdoctoral system better for the postdoctoral researchers themselves but also to better understand the role that postdoctoral training plays in the research enterprise. It is also to ask whether there are alternative ways to satisfy some of the research and career development needs of postdoctoral researchers that are now being met with several years of advanced training. Postdoctoral researchers are the future of the research enterprise. The discussion and recommendations of The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited will stimulate action toward clarifying the role of postdoctoral researchers and improving their status and experience.

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