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The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited (2014)

Chapter: Appendix E: Committee Member Biographies

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Member Biographies." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
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APPENDIX E:
COMMITTEE MEMBER BIOGRAPHIES

Gregory A. Petsko, Ph.D.. (Chair) is the Arthur J. Mahon Professor of Neurology and Neuroscience at Weill Cornell Medical College and Director of the Helen and Robert Appel Alzheimer’s Disease Research Institute. He is also Professor of Biomedical Engineering at Cornell University and Gyula and Katica Tauber Professor of Biochemistry and Chemistry, Emeritus, at Brandeis University where he also served as Director of the Rosenstiel Basic Medical Sciences Research Center and Chair of the Department of Biochemistry. He received his D. Phil. from Oxford University in molecular biophysics. His research interests include protein structure and function and the development of methods to treat age-related neurodegenerative diseases, including ALS, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s Diseases. His awards include the Lynen Medal, Sidhu Award of the American Crystallographic Association, Pfizer Award in Enzyme Chemistry of the American Chemical Society, an Alexander von Humboldt Senior Scientist Award, the Max Planck Prize, and a Guggenheim Fellowship. He is past-president of the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, and President of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. He is an elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Philosophical Society, National Academy of Sciences, and the Institute of Medicine.

Sibby Anderson-Thompkins, Ph.D., is director of postdoctoral affairs at the University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill. She earned a B.A. and an M.A. in communication studies from UNC and an M.S. in educational research and Ph.D. in educational policy studies from Georgia State University. Dr. Anderson-Thompkins served as assistant dean of students and assistant dean in the Office of Student Academic Counseling at UNC. She was also an associate dean of student affairs at Hampshire College and a clinical faculty member in education and dean of advising at Agnes Scott College. She is a former diversity officer of the National Postdoctoral Association (NPA) and serves on the advisory group for the NPA ADVANCE Project From Postdoc to Faculty: Transition Issues for Women Scientists.

H. Russell Bernard, Ph.D., is professor emeritus of anthropology at the University of Florida. He is the founder and current editor of the journal Field Methods, and has served as editor for the American Anthropologist and Human

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Member Biographies." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×

Organization. He has also served as the chairman of the board of directors for the Human Relations Area Files. His teaching interests focus on research design and the systematic methods available for collecting and analyzing field data. He has taught both within the United States and in Greece, Japan, Germany, and England. Bernard received his B.A. in anthropology and sociology from Queens College, New York, his M.A. in anthropological linguistics from the University of Illinois, and his Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of Illinois. Bernard has been a recipient of the Franz Boas Award from the American Anthropological Association as well as the University of Florida Graduate Advisor/Mentoring Award. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences.

Carol Greider, Ph.D., is the Daniel Nathans Professor and the director of molecular biology and genetics at the Johns Hopkins Institute of Basic Biomedical Sciences at Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Greider is co-recipient of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase, an enzyme that maintains the length and integrity of chromosome ends and is critical for the health and survival of all living cells and organisms. Dr. Greider graduated from the University of California, Santa Barbara, with a bachelor’s degree in biology and earned her Ph.D. in molecular biology from the University of California, Berkeley. Greider has also won the Gardiner Award, Rosenstiel Award, Passano Foundation Award, Richard Lounsbery Award, Wiley Prize, and the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research. Dr. Greider is an elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, and the Institute of Medicine.

James Plummer, Ph.D., is Frederick Emmons Terman Dean of the School of Engineering and John M. Fluke Professor of Electrical Engineering at Stanford University. Dr. Plummer received a B.S. from the University of California, Los Angeles, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Stanford University. He serves on the board of directors and on the technical advisory boards of several companies and was one of the founders of T-RAM. Dr. Plummer is the recipient of the Andrew S. Grove Award, Aldert Van der Ziel Award, J.J. Ebers Award, and the IEEE Third Millennium Medal. He also received the IEDM Paul Rappaport Award, McGraw-Hill/Jacob Millman Award, Aviation Week & Space Technology 2003 Laurels Award for Electronics, and the University Research Award from the Semiconductor Industry Association. Dr. Plummer is a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, and an elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering.

E. Albert Reece, M.D., Ph.D., M.B.A., is vice president for medical affairs at the University of Maryland, the John Z. and Akiko K. Bowers Distinguished

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Member Biographies." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×

Professor, and dean of the School of Medicine. He also is a professor in the departments of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences; Internal Medicine; and Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, where he oversees an active multimillion dollar NIH-funded research program, studying the biologic and molecular causes and consequences of diabetes-induced birth defects. Dr. Reece received a B.S. degree with honors (Magna Cum Laude) from Long Island University, and an M.D. degree from New York University School of Medicine; completed his residency in OB/GYN at Columbia University Medical Center, and a fellowship in maternal-fetal medicine at Yale University School of Medicine. In addition, he has a Ph.D. degree in biochemistry from the University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica; and an M.B.A. degree from the Fox School of Business & Management at Temple University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a member of the Yale faculty for almost 10 years, before being recruited to serve as the Abraham Roth Professor and Chair of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Temple University School of Medicine. Prior to joining the University of Maryland School of Medicine, he served as vice chancellor and dean of the University of Arkansas College of Medicine. He is a member of the prestigious Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences, and recently served as chair of the Association of American Medical College’s Council of Deans.

Nancy Schwartz, Ph.D., is professor of pediatrics, biochemistry, and molecular biology at the University of Chicago. Dr. Schwartz is also dean for postdoctoral affairs, having served as founding dean of graduate and postdoctoral affairs in the Division of Biological Sciences for 25 years. She earned her B.S. in chemistry and her Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of Pittsburgh. Her research centers on the role of extracellular matrix components as modulators of growth factor signaling in chondrogenesis and gliogenesis. She is also the director of the Joseph P. Kennedy Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Center at the University of Chicago. She has served as chair of both the Graduate Research and Education Deans and the Postdoc Leaders Group at the Association of American Medical Colleges, and on the board of directors of the Graduate Record Exam and founding advisory board of the National Postdoctoral Association.

Paula Stephan, Ph.D., is professor of economics in the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies at Georgia State University and a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. Her research interests focus on the economics of science. Her empirical work examines the careers of scientists and engineers, the role of the foreign-born in U.S. science, and how the diffusion of information technology affects the productivity of scientists and the process by which knowledge moves across institutional boundaries in the economy. Dr. Stephan currently serves on the National Research Council Board on Higher Education and Workforce. She served a 4-year term on the National

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Member Biographies." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×

Advisory General Medical Sciences Council of the National Institutes of Health and served on the Advisory Committee of the National Science Foundation’s Social, Behavioral, and Economics Program. She was a member of the European Commission High-Level Expert Group that authored the report Frontier Research: The European Challenge. Her research has been supported by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Andrew W. Mellow Foundation, and the National Science Foundation. Dr. Stephan graduated from Grinnell College (Phi Beta Kappa) with a B.A. in economics and earned both her M.A. and Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan. She is also author of the book How Economics Shapes Science (Harvard, 2012).

Lorraine Tracey, Ph.D., is medical science liaison at Teva Pharmaceuticals. She is a former postdoctoral research associate in the Department of Surgery at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, where her work focused on the role of NF-kB in treatment response and on rational drug combinations for the treatment of pediatric solid tumors, and also the former director of biological research and development at NanoDetection Technology in Cincinnati, Ohio. Dr. Tracey completed her undergraduate training in human genetics at the University of Dublin, Trinity College, Ireland, and went on to do her Ph.D. at the Spanish National Cancer Center in Madrid, Spain. She has received numerous awards, including the 1999 Bloomer Prize in Human Genetics and the 2003 Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology Prize for Research. She was elected chair of the postdoctoral association council at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital in 2009. In addition, she served on the board of directors of the National Postdoctoral Association from 2010 to 2013, serving as chair from 2012 to 2013.

Michael Turner, Ph.D., is the Bruce V. and Diana M. Rauner Distinguished Service Professor and director of the Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago. Dr. Turner is also president-elect of the American Physical Society (APS). Dr. Turner received his B.S. from California Institute of Technology, his M.S. and Ph.D. from Stanford University, all in physics, and an honorary doctorate from Michigan State University. Dr. Turner helped to pioneer the interdisciplinary field of particle astrophysics and cosmology. His scholarly contributions include predicting cosmic acceleration and coining the term “dark energy,” and showing how during cosmic inflation quantum fluctuations evolved into the seed perturbations for galaxies. His honors include the Warner Prize of the American Astronomical Society (AAS), the Lilienfeld Prize of the APS, the Klopsted Award of the American Association of Physics Teachers, the Heineman Prize (with Kolb) of the AAS and American Institute of Physics, and the 2011 Darwin Lecture of the Royal Astronomical Society. Dr. Turner has previously served as chief scientist at Argonne National Laboratory, assistant director for the mathematical and physical sciences at the National Science Foundation, and president of the Aspen Center for Physics. He is a

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Member Biographies." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×

fellow of the APS, American Academy of Arts & Sciences, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and has served on its governing board.

Allison Woodall, J.D., is the deputy general counsel of the Labor, Employment and Benefits Group in the Office of the General Counsel for the University of California (UC). Ms. Woodall received her B.A. and her J.D. from the University of California, Berkeley. She previously was a partner at the law firm Hanson, Bridgett LLP before joining UC’s Office of the General Counsel in 2010. Ms. Woodall advises on a wide range of legal issues, including collective bargaining, labor-management relations, employment discrimination, personnel issues, and policy interpretation.

Joan Woodard, Ph.D., retired in 2010 from Sandia National Laboratories as executive vice president and deputy director. She served as the chief operating officer from 1999 to 2005. During her 36-year career at Sandia National Laboratories she led the energy technology development programs as well as the national security programs. She holds a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley, and a master’s in engineering economics from Stanford University. Other directorships include Missouri University of Science & Technology Board of Trustees, Bosque School Board of Trustees, and the New Mexico Women’s Forum.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Member Biographies." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Member Biographies." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Member Biographies." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Member Biographies." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×
Page 105
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Member Biographies." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Member Biographies." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×
Page 107
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Member Biographies." National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2014. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18982.
×
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The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited builds on the 2000 report Enhancing the Postdoctoral Experience for Scientists and Engineers. That ground-breaking report assessed the postdoctoral experience and provided principles, action points, and recommendations to enhance that experience. Since the publication of the 2000 report, the postdoctoral landscape has changed considerably. The percentage of PhDs who pursue postdoctoral training is growing steadily and spreading from the biomedical and physical sciences to engineering and the social sciences. The average length of time spent in postdoctoral positions seems to be increasing. The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited reexamines postdoctoral programs in the United States, focusing on how postdocs are being guided and managed, how institutional practices have changed, and what happens to postdocs after they complete their programs. This book explores important changes that have occurred in postdoctoral practices and the research ecosystem and assesses how well current practices meet the needs of these fledgling scientists and engineers and of the research enterprise.

The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited takes a fresh look at current postdoctoral fellows - how many there are, where they are working, in what fields, and for how many years. This book makes recommendations to improve aspects of programs - postdoctoral period of service, title and role, career development, compensation and benefits, and mentoring. Current data on demographics, career aspirations, and career outcomes for postdocs are limited. This report makes the case for better data collection by research institution and data sharing.

A larger goal of this study is not only to propose ways to make the postdoctoral system better for the postdoctoral researchers themselves but also to better understand the role that postdoctoral training plays in the research enterprise. It is also to ask whether there are alternative ways to satisfy some of the research and career development needs of postdoctoral researchers that are now being met with several years of advanced training. Postdoctoral researchers are the future of the research enterprise. The discussion and recommendations of The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited will stimulate action toward clarifying the role of postdoctoral researchers and improving their status and experience.

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