Ellen Wright Clayton, M.D., J.D. (Chair) is an internationally respected leader in the field of law and genetics who holds appointments in both the law and medical schools at Vanderbilt University, where she also co-founded the Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society. She has published 2 books and more than 100 scholarly articles and chapters in medical journals, interdisciplinary journals, and law journals on the intersection of law, medicine, and public health. In addition, she has collaborated with faculty and students throughout Vanderbilt and in many institutions around the country and the world on interdisciplinary research projects and has helped to develop policy statements for numerous national and international organizations. An active participant in policy debates, she has advised the National Institutes of Health (NIH) as well as other federal and international bodies on an array of topics ranging from children’s health to the ethical conduct of research involving human subjects. Professor Clayton has worked on a number of projects for the Institute of Medicine (IOM), five of which she has chaired or co-chaired, and she is currently a member of the IOM Council. She is an elected fellow of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science.
Margarita Alegría, Ph.D., is the director of the Center for Multicultural Mental Health Research at Cambridge Health Alliance and a professor in the Department of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Alegría
has an extensive publishing history, with more than 200 titles that include journal articles, book chapters, editorials, and research training manuals focused on services research, conceptual and methodological issues with minority populations, ways to bring the community’s perspective into the design and implementation of health services, and disparities in service delivery. She is also on the editorial board of Health Services Research and served as the guest editor of the June 2012 supplemental issue. In addition to her partnerships and collaborations, research work, and publishing, Dr. Alegría has continued her commitment to mentoring and training. She has mentored more than 50 pre- and postdoctoral faculty members, trainees, and junior investigators whose interests are in disparities and other emerging concerns in the mental health field, such as immigration, acculturation, and the role of culture and context in both illness and treatment. She has received several Robert Wood Johnson Foundation grants, which have greatly enabled her mentoring work to continue. She has been recognized for her mentoring leadership with the 2011 Excellence in Hispanic Mental Health Research Advocacy and Leadership award by the National Resource Center for Hispanic Mental Health and the 2011 Excellence in Mentorship award by the National Hispanic Science Network. Dr. Alegría has been honored nationally with the 2003 Mental Health Section Award of the American Public Health Association, the 2006 Greenwood Award for Research Excellence from the Research Centers in Minority Institutions Program Directors Association, and the 2008 American Psychological Association’s Presidential Recognition Award. She received international recognition when she was appointed as a member of the IOM in 2011.
Lucinda Bateman, M.S., M.D., is an internal medicine doctor at the Fatigue Consultation Clinic in Salt Lake City, Utah. She completed medical school at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and internal medicine residency at the University of Utah and was certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine. She practiced general internal medicine until 2000, when she changed her focus to the diagnosis and management of chronic fatigue, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Dr. Bateman’s goal in establishing her Fatigue Consultation Clinic and the nonprofit OFFER (Organization for Fatigue & Fibromyalgia Education & Research) was to encourage a thoughtful evaluation process, better sharing of information, and more research efforts aimed at understanding the cause(s) and treatment of CFS and FMS. In addition to being co-founder, executive director, and board chair of the Utah-based nonprofit OFFER, she has been on the boards of the CFIDS Association of America and the International Association for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (IACFS/ME), and was board chair of Easter Seals of Utah.
Lily Chu, M.D., M.S., is a board member of IACFS/ME and Stanford University’s ME/CFS Initiative. She has a background in internal/geriatric medicine and public health. She graduated from the University of Washington with a B.S. (molecular and cellular biology) and an M.D.; trained in internal medicine at the University of Rochester (New York) and in geriatric medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA); and obtained an M.S. in health services research, also while at UCLA. Dr. Chu has experience working in academic, small private, the Veterans Health Administration, and large integrated multispecialty health care systems. She is interested in all aspects of ME/CFS, ranging from pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment to epidemiology, health care provider education, and access to quality medical care. Dr. Chu also has personal experience with ME/CFS.
Charles S. Cleeland, Ph.D., is a McCullough professor of cancer research and chair, Department of Symptom Research, at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. He is a leader in the area of cancer symptom epidemiology, assessment, and treatment. He has directed epidemiological studies of pain and other symptoms in patients with cancer; studies of the mechanisms of pain and other symptoms; studies using positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine the effects of pain on cortical activity; and clinical trials aimed at reducing the risk of inadequate symptom control, including in underserved populations. Dr. Cleeland is a member and past president of the board of directors of the U.S. Cancer Pain Relief Committee. He is also past president of the American Pain Society. His research is widely published. He has published numerous studies on the prevalence and severity of cancer symptoms, on U.S. and international symptom management practice patterns, and on potential biological mechanisms underlying the symptoms produced by cancer and its treatment.
Ronald W. Davis, Ph.D., is a professor of biochemistry and genetics at the Stanford University School of Medicine in Stanford, California. He is a world leader in the development of biotechnology, especially the development of recombinant DNA and genomic methodologies and their application to biological systems. At Stanford University, where he is director of the Stanford Genome Technology Center, Dr. Davis focuses on the interface of nano-fabricated solid state devices and biological systems. He and his research team also develop novel technologies for the genetic, genomic, and molecular analysis of a wide range of model organisms as well as humans. The team’s focus on practical application of these technologies is setting the standard for clinical genomics.
Betty Diamond, M.D., is chief of the Autoimmune Disease Center at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research. She graduated with a B.A. from Harvard University and an M.D. from Harvard Medical School. She performed a residency in internal medicine at New York-Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center and received postdoctoral training in immunology at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Dr. Diamond has headed the rheumatology divisions at the Albert Einstein School of Medicine and at Columbia University Medical Center. She also directed the Medical Scientist Training Program at the Albert Einstein School of Medicine for many years. She is currently head of the Center for Autoimmune and Musculoskeletal Diseases at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research and director of the Ph.D. and M.D./Ph.D. programs at the Hofstra North Shore–LIJ School of Medicine. A former president of the American Association of Immunology, Dr. Diamond has also served on the board of directors of the American College of Rheumatology and the Scientific Council of the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. She is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of the IOM.
Theodore G. Ganiats, M.D., is a professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. Dr. Ganiats attended the University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, where he completed both his medical degree and his family medicine residency. He is a member of many professional associations, including the Society for Medical Decision Making, Academy Health, the American Public Health Association, and the International Society for Quality of Life Research. Dr. Ganiats’s research interests are in outcomes research, focusing on quality-of-life assessment and cost-effectiveness analysis. He has delivered more than 100 lectures throughout the United States and Europe. In addition, he was a member or chair of more than 50 national guideline and quality/performance panels spanning multiple disciplines. He has published more than 100 manuscripts in peer-reviewed journals, such as Diabetes Care, Medical Care, and the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Dr. Ganiats is currently on the editorial boards of the Journal of Family Practice and Family Practice News and is a member of the IOM.
Betsy Keller, Ph.D., is a professor in the Department of Exercise & Sport Sciences at Ithaca College in New York. She received her Ph.D. in exercise science from the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Her research has focused on physical inactivity and obesity in children, wellness in older adults, occupational physiology, and ME/CFS. For the past 10 years she has tested persons ill with ME/CFS for purposes of research and/or to provide
an objective assessment of functional capacity and ability to perform and recover following physical work. Recently, she collaborated on an NIH R21 grant to study the effects of physical activity in ME/CFS on parameters of physiological and immune function. Dr. Keller has given many scientific, invited, and lay presentations on physical inactivity and obesity; the effects of ME/CFS on physiological and physical function; and the role of physical activity in health, wellness, physical function, and injury prevention. She is a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), past member of the Board of Trustees of ACSM, and past president and former department chair of the Mid-Atlantic Regional Chapter of ACSM.
Nancy Klimas, M.D., is chair of clinical immunology at Nova Southeastern University (NSU). She is one of the world’s leading researchers and clinicians in ME/CFS and recently joined the faculty of NSU’s College of Osteopathic Medicine. An expert in immune disorders, Dr. Klimas retired from the University of Miami as professor emeritus to establish the NSU College of Osteopathic Medicine’s Institute for Neuro-Immune Medicine, which is conducting cutting-edge research and treats patients suffering from ME/CFS and Gulf War illness, as well as other immunologic disorders. Dr. Klimas is director of research for the clinical AIDS/HIV and Gulf War illness research programs at the Miami Veterans Affairs Medical Center. She is immediate past president of the IACFS/ME, an organization of researchers and clinicians dedicated to furthering knowledge of this disabling illness. She continues to work nationally and internationally to bring a better understanding of ME/CFS to clinicians and policy makers.
A. Martin Lerner, M.D., M.A.C.P., is a professor of infectious diseases at Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine. He is certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine. He was resident in internal medicine, Washington University in St. Louis, 1954-1955, and U.S. Public Health Service assistant surgeon, Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, NIH, 1955-1957. He was awarded a 1-year fellowship in molecular biology under the direction of Dr. James Darnell at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1962-1963. Dr. Lerner was Commonwealth of Massachusetts fellow in infectious diseases, Dr. Maxwell Finland sponsor, Harvard Medical School, 1958-1963. He was chief of the Division of Infectious Diseases and professor of internal medicine at Wayne State University School of Medicine from 1963 to 1982. He established a clinical virology laboratory and trained 33 physicians in the subspecialty of infectious diseases at Wayne State University from 1963 to 1982. Dr. Lerner was an elected member of the American Society for Clinical Investigation, American Association of Physicians. He was also a member of the committee that prepared the National Boards in Medical Examiners, US; a member of the training grant
committee, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH; and governor for the Michigan American College of Physicians, 1991-1994. Dr. Lerner is honorary master of the American College of Physicians. The Dr. A. Martin Lerner CFS Foundation was formed to ensure that his past 25 years of CFS-specific work would be recognized and communicated to CFS sufferers and physicians worldwide. The foundation, established in early 2007, conducted a major study that documented Dr. Lerner’s successful antiviral subset treatment. The foundation officially closed in July 2011 after achieving its projected objectives. Dr. Lerner’s work in CFS continues.
Cynthia Mulrow, M.D., M.Sc., is senior deputy editor of Annals of Internal Medicine and adjunct professor of medicine at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. She has been program director of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Generalist Physician Faculty Scholars Program and director of the San Antonio Cochrane Collaboration Center and the San Antonio Evidence-based Practice Center. Dr. Mulrow was elected to the American Society of Clinical Investigation in 1997; served as a member of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, 1998-2002; was honored as a master of the American College of Physicians in 2005; and was elected to the IOM in 2008. Her academic work focuses on systematic reviews, practice guidelines, research methodology, and chronic medical conditions. She contributes to several groups that set standards for reporting research: PRISMA (systematic reviews and meta-analyses), STROBE (observational studies), and CONSORT (clinical trials).
Benjamin H. Natelson, M.D., received his bachelor’s and medical degrees at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia and then did his neurology residency at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City. He then completed two postdoctoral fellowships: one in behavioral neurosciences at the Cornell University Medical Center in White Plains, New York, and one in physiologic psychology at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in Washington, DC. He then moved to the New Jersey Medical School in Newark and the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in East Orange. He rose through the ranks, attaining the position of professor of neurosciences in 1981, and leaving in 2008 as an emeritus professor. Dr. Natelson had continual funding from the Department of Veterans Affairs through 1999 for his experimental work on stress and chronobiology. With the award of a federally funded research center to explore the causes of CFS in 1991, he shifted his research to studies of people with CFS and more recently has extended those studies to include people with fibromyalgia. Dr. Natelson served as president of the Pavlovian Society, the Academy of Behavioral Medicine Research, and the IACFS/ME. He has had more than 250 papers published in peer-reviewed journals and has authored 3
books for lay audiences. In 2008, Dr. Natelson moved his activities to the Department of Pain Medicine and Palliative Care at Mount Sinai Beth Israel in Manhattan, where he directs the Pain & Fatigue Study Center. In that capacity, he is also a professor of neurology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.
Peter Rowe, M.D., has directed the Chronic Fatigue Clinic at the Johns Hopkins Children’s Center since 1996 and is the inaugural recipient of the Sunshine Natural Wellbeing Foundation Chair in Chronic Fatigue and Related Disorders. He graduated from McMaster University Medical School, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, in 1981. From 1981 to 1987, he was a resident, general academic pediatrics research fellow, and chief resident in pediatrics at Johns Hopkins Hospital. Between 1987 and 1991, he was a staff member at the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, and an assistant professor of epidemiology and community medicine and of pediatrics. Dr. Rowe returned to Johns Hopkins University in 1991. His work focuses on conditions characterized by chronic fatigue, particularly the relationship between CFS and treatable orthostatic intolerance syndromes, as well as the association between Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and CFS. His work has been funded by NIH, the Department of Defense, and the CFIDS Association of America, as well as by private donations.
Michael Shelanski, M.D., Ph.D., serves as chairman of the department of pathology and cell biology at Columbia University, co-director of the Taub Institute, and director of the Medical Scientist Training Program. He is a member of the American Society for Cell Biology, the American Society for Investigative Pathology, the Association of American Physicians, and the IOM. Dr. Shelanski’s laboratory has been responsible for the identification and purification of several of the major cytoskeletal proteins and has served as a training ground for a number of outstanding scholars of the neurodegenerations. The laboratory is using a combination of cell biological and molecular biological approaches to unravel the pathways of “cell suicide” or apoptosis in Alzheimer’s disease and other neurodegenerations, to understand the alterations in gene expression that occur in these diseases, and to dissect the regulation of synaptic responses in these diseases.
Rona Briere has worked as an independent writer/editor for the National Academies and numerous governmental and private organizations since 1980. During that time, she also has taught courses in report writing and editing at the National Academies and elsewhere. She is the author of the
texts Writing to Inform and Persuade and Writing with Clarity and Precision. Ms. Briere received her undergraduate degree from Syracuse University and her graduate degrees from Johns Hopkins University.
René Gonin, Ph.D., is a senior biostatistician, academician, and medical researcher with 35 years of experience. He has directed or conducted methodological statistical and medical research, primarily in the areas of hematology and oncology (including surgical and radiation oncology). He has also conducted collaborative research in dermatology, infectious diseases (including HIV), nephrology, radiology, gastroenterology, ophthalmology, and nursing (behavioral and cancer control). At Westat Inc., he was principal investigator for the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Pilot Therapeutics Network Clinical Operations Center (NPTUNE COC). This network is undertaking early phase I, I/II, and II trials in neuromuscular diseases. Dr. Gonin collaborated on analyses for the Disability Evaluation Study, sponsored by the Social Security Administration, particularly in developing a measure of Social Security Disability using Rasch partial credit models. Before joining Westat in 1997, Dr. Gonin served as director of biostatistics at the Indiana University (IU) Cancer Center and as associate professor of medicine at the IU School of Medicine. Between 1989 and 1993, he served concurrently as assistant professor in the Department of Biostatistics at the Harvard School of Public Health and at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. During his tenure, he was a collaborating statistician in the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group, with overall responsibilities for cancer control and health practices. At Dana-Farber, he had several responsibilities, including oversight of the bone marrow transplant program (allogeneic and autologous). Dr. Gonin has extensive experience in the design and analysis of phase I through III clinical trials and in behavior and health practices studies, and has more than 100 publications to his name. He also has many years of experience in the field of nonlinear optimization and numerical analysis.
Troy Petenbrink is a seasoned marketing communications specialist at Caduceus Marketing. His more than 20 years of experience combines in-house, agency, and consulting roles, whereby he has developed strong brand-building and results-driven skills. He has helped shape issues ranging from increasing awareness of HIV, by creating National HIV Testing Day, to fighting underage drinking, by preserving the voluntary ban on alcohol commercials on network television. His clients have included the National Library of Medicine, the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, and the Global Virus Network.
Sulvia Doja, M.S.H.C.P.M., is a senior program assistant in the Board on the Health of Select Populations at the IOM. She began working as a senior program assistant for the present study in May 2014. She earned her M.S. degree in health care policy and management from Carnegie Mellon University’s H. John Heinz III College and her undergraduate degree in biology with a minor in chemistry from Chatham College. Before coming to the IOM, Ms. Doja researched the effect of national health care reform on American Indian and Alaska Native populations and pioneered a social media marketing outlet designed to increase customer visibility and enhance communication with those populations.
Frederick (Rick) Erdtmann, M.D., M.P.H., is the director of the Board on the Health of Select Populations at the Institute of Medicine (IOM). Prior to joining the IOM he was a career military physician in the U.S. Army. While in the military he served as chief of several large departments of preventive medicine at U.S. installations at home and overseas. He also was commander of the military community hospital at Fort Carson, Colorado, and later served as hospital commander for the Walter Reed Army Medical Center. He had several assignments at the Army Surgeon General’s Office working on military health care policies. He received his undergraduate degree from Bucknell University and an M.P.H. degree from the University of California, Berkeley. He is a graduate of the Temple University Medical School and is board certified in the specialty of preventive medicine.
Kate Meck, M.P.H., is an associate program officer in the Board on the Health of Select Populations at the IOM. Prior to joining the Board on the Health of Select Populations, Ms. Meck spent 5 years with the IOM’s Board on Global Health, where she is wrapping up a workshop report on large-scale program evaluation methods and a report on preventing a tobacco epidemic in Africa. She previously worked on an IOM study that produced an evaluation of the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief and with the Committee on the U.S. Commitment to Global Health. Ms. Meck received her B.A. in international relations from American University and her M.P.H. in global health program design, monitoring, and evaluation from the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services.
Adriana Moya is a senior program assistant in the Board on the Health of Select Populations at the IOM. Prior to joining the IOM, Ms. Moya spent a summer during her undergraduate career at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer
Research Center (FHCRC) in Seattle, Washington. As a research intern at FHCRC, she worked on the Thompson studies, focusing on the prevention of cancer disparities among minorities in Washington State’s Yakima Valley. She received her B.A. in political science with a minor in public health from the George Washington University Columbian College of Arts and Science.
Carmen C. Mundaca-Shah, M.D., Dr.P.H., is a senior program officer with the IOM’s Board on the Health of Select Populations. Prior to directing the present study, she served as a postdoctoral fellow with the IOM’s Board on Global Health on the Outcome and Impact Evaluation of Global HIV/AIDS Programs Implemented Under the Lantos-Hyde Act of 2008. Prior to joining the IOM, Dr. Mundaca-Shah was employed as head of the Surveillance Center of the Emerging Infections Program in the U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit 6 in Lima, Peru. In that role, she led the successful implementation of a technology-based disease surveillance system (Alerta) at sites across the nation and initiated the broad adoption of Alerta in five other countries in South America. Alerta is a partnership involving the Peruvian Navy and the U.S. Navy. Dr. Mundaca-Shah also led the collaborative syndromic surveillance pilot implementation in the Peruvian Ministry of Health. She was part of the Early Warning Outbreak Recognition System (EWORS) Working Group and participated in several studies, including a field visit to evaluate the performance of the system in Lao People’s Democratic Republic. She obtained her M.D. from San Marcos University, Lima, Peru, and her M.P.H. and Dr.P.H. degrees from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. Her dissertation work focused on developing a framework that will serve as a guideline for the implementation of disease surveillance systems in developing countries. Dr. Mundaca-Shah completed a certificate in emerging infectious disease epidemiology at the University of Iowa.
Jonathan Schmelzer, M.P.H., is a research associate at the IOM. He has worked at the IOM since January 2010, providing administrative and research support on several studies addressing environmental exposures, health outcomes, program evaluation, and treatment guidelines. Mr. Schmelzer holds a B.A. in political science from Miami University and an M.P.H. in epidemiology from George Washington University.