National Academies Press: OpenBook

Solid-Earth Sciences and Society (1993)

Chapter: Appendix B

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×

APPENDIX B

PANELS

The committee formed 21 panels to help synthesize the vast body of earth science knowledge on specific societal issues or related to a few subdisciplines. The panels and their membership are listed below; their chairmen, who also served on the overall committee, are designated by asterisks. The panels, through several individual meetings, produced draft reports that provided a major input to the report. Because of differences in approach and content among the panel reports, there are no plans to issue those draft materials.

Active Tectonics

Robert E. Wallace,* U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park

Data Bases and Data Management

James E. Biesecker, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston

Larry G. Carver, University of California, Santa Barbara

John C. Davis, University of Kansas

Robert M. Hamilton, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston

John W. Harbaugh, Stanford University

William J. Hinze,* Purdue University

Brian R. Shaw, BHP Petroleum (Americas'), Inc.

Dynamics and Evolution of the Core and Mantle

Don L. Anderson, California Institute of Technology

Donald J. DePaolo, University of California, Berkeley

Raymond Jeanloz,* University of California, Berkeley

Thorne Lay, University of Michigan

Ronald T. Merrill, University of Washington

Frank M. Richter, University of Chicago

John H. Woodhouse, Harvard University

Earth Surface Processes

Athol D. Abrahams, State University of New York, Buffalo

Thure E. Cerling, University of Utah

John E. Costa, U.S. Geological Survey, Vancouver

Michael D. Harvey, Water Engineering & Technology, Inc.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×

James C. Knox, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Mark F. Meier, University of Colorado

Stanley A. Schumm,* Colorado State University

Howard G. Wilshire, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park

Energy Resources

Linda A. F. Dutcher, Consultant, Golden, Colorado

John D. Haun,* Barlow & Haun, Inc.

Edward McFarlan, Jr., Exxon (retired)

Robert J. Weimer, University of Colorado

Geochemical Cycles

Robert A. Berner,* Yale University

C. Bryan Gregor, Wright State University

John M. Hayes, Indiana University

Heinrich D. Holland, Harvard University

Antonio C. Lasaga, Yale University

Geochronology and Chronostratigraphy

James C. Brower, Syracuse University

Alexander N. Halliday, University of Michigan

T. Mark Harrison, University of California, Los Angeles

Teh-Lung Ku, University of Southern California

Robley K. Matthews, Brown University

Julie D. Morris, Carnegie Institution of Washington

George R. Tilton, University of California, Santa Barbara

Robert E. Zartman,* U.S. Geological Survey, Denver

G. Alan Zindler, Columbia University

Geologic Hazards

Clarence R. Allen,* California Institute of Technology

Kevin Coppersmith, Geomatrix Consultants

Robert W. Decker, Mariposa, California

Thomas L. Holzer, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park

Robert L. Schuster, U.S. Geological Survey, Denver

Global Collaboration

G. Arthur Barber,* Consultant, Denver, Colorado

Fred Barnard, Consultant, Golden, Colorado

Charles L. Drake, Dartmouth College

Robert N. Ginsburg, University of Miami

William R. Greenwood, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston (deceased)

Priscilla C. P. Grew, Minnesota Geological Survey

Leonard E. Johnson, National Science Foundation

Peter T. Lucas, Shell Development Co.

A. Thomas Ovenshine, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston

History of Life

Andrew H. Knoll, Harvard University

Jennifer A. Kitchell, University of Michigan

Steven M. Stanley,* Johns Hopkins University

S. David Webb, University of Florida

Hydrology

Craig M. Bethke, University of Illinois, Urbana

John D. Bredehoeft,* U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park

Steven M. Gorelick, Stanford University

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×

Nicholas C. Matalas, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston

M. Gordon Wolman, Johns Hopkins University

Instrumentation and Facilities

Richard W. Carlson, Carnegie Institution of Washington

Charles C. Counselman III, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Larry W. Finger,* Carnegie Institution of Washington

Murli H. Manghnani, University of Hawaii

William H. Menke, Columbia University

Walter D. Mooney, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park

Land Use and Geological Engineering

James W. Erwin, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Allen W. Hatheway,* University of Missouri at Rolla

George E. Heim, Leighton and Associates

Christopher C. Mathewson, Texas A&M University

Theodore R. Maynard, Department of Public Works

Susan G. Steele, Denver Water Department

Mineral Resources

Samuel S. Adams,* Minerals Consultant

Paul B. Barton, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston

Marco T. Einaudi, Stanford University

Frederick T. Graybeal, ASARCO, Inc.

Mark H. Reed, University of Oregon

Modeling

Susan W. Kieffer, Arizona State University

Peter L. Olson, Johns Hopkins University

John B. Rundle, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Norman H. Sleep, Stanford University

Donald L. Turcotte,* Cornell University

David A. Yuen, University of Minnesota

Paleooceangraphy, Paleoclimatology, and Paleogeography

Michael A. Arthur, University of Rhode Island

William W. Hay, University of Colorado

James P. Kennett, University of California, Santa Barbara

John E. Kutzbach, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Peter J. McCabe, U.S. Geological Survey, Denver

Judith T. Parrish,* University of Arizona

Physics and Chemistry of Earth Materials

Thomas J. Ahrens, California Institute of Technology

R. James Kirkpatrick, University of Illinois

Bruce D. Marsh, Johns Hopkins University

William F. Murphy, Schlumberger-Doll Research

Virginia M. Oversby, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Charles T. Prewitt,* Carnegie Institution of Washington

Professional Community

Gordon P. Eaton, Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory

Marvin E. Kauffman,* National Science Foundation

Amy S. Mohler, Texas Eastern Gas Pipeline

Allison R. Palmer, Geological Society of America

David A. Stephenson, Harding Lawson Associates

Stephen H. Stow, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×

Reinhard A. Wobus, Williams College

Hatten S. Yoder, Jr., Carnegie Institution of Washington

Remote Sensing

Raymond E. Arvidson, Washington University

Alan R. Gillespie, University of Washington

Alexander F. H. Goetz,* University of Colorado

G. Randy Keller, Jr., University of Texas at El Paso

Harold R. Lang, Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Jean-Bernard H. Minster, University of California, San Diego

Lawrence C. Rowan, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston

Floyd F. Sabins, Jr., Chevron Oil Field Research Company

Mark F. Settle, ARCO Oil & Gas Company

Roger J. Phillips, Southern Methodist University

Sedimentary Basins and Basin Analysis

Nicholas Christie-Blick, Columbia University

Grant Garven, Johns Hopkins University

Joseph W. Hakkinen, Marathon Oil Company

Teresa A. Jordan, Cornell University

Lisa M. Pratt, Indiana University

Lee R. Russell,* ARCO Oil & Gas Company

Leon T. Silver, California Institute of Technology

Ronald C. Surdham, University of Wyoming

Structure, Dynamics, and Evolution of the Lithosphere

Marion E. Bickford, University of Kansas

B. Clark Burchfiel, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

David S. Chapman, University of Utah

Bruce R. Doe,* U.S. Geological Survey, Reston

W. Gary Ernst, Stanford University

Bryan L. Isacks, Cornell University

David L. Jones, University of California, Berkeley

Community Input

In August 1988 and January 1989 a ''Dear Colleague" letter from the Chairman of the Committee on Status and Research Objectives in the Solid-Earth Sciences: A Critical Assessment was sent to a large number of addressees. These included the earth science departments of many colleges and universities, the oil and gas industries, geological engineers and engineering geologists, some U.S. Geological Survey Branch Chiefs, State Geological Surveys, and chairmen of 21 NRC boards and committees. In March 1989 the "Dear Colleague" letter and a description of the study were distributed to approximately 120 geoscience organizations with a request that one of the items (or a combination) be printed in a forthcoming publication. The two letters and accompanying memos are reproduced on the following pages.

We would like to take this opportunity to thank the respondents to the "Dear Colleague" letter and have listed them below.

Dr. John B. Anderson, Dept of Geology & Geophysics, Rice University

Dr. John T. Andrews, Dept of Geological Sciences, University of Colorado

Dr. Subir K. Banerjee, Dept of Geology & Geophysics, University of Minnesota

Dr. Charles A. Baskerville, McLean, Virginia

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×

Dr. Kenneth E. Bencala, U.S. Geological Survey

Prof. Charles R. Bentley, Dept of Geology & Geophysics, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Mr. Manuel G. Bonilla, Palo Alto, California

Mr. Dwain K. Butler, Waterways Experiment Station, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Dr. Lokesh Chaturvedi, Environmental Evaluation Group

Prof. D. L. Clark, Dept of Geology and Geophysics, University of Wisconsin

Dr. Donald M. Davidson, Jr., Dept of Geology, Northern Illinois University

Dr. Owen K. Davis, Dept of Geosciences, University of Arizona

Dr. J-CI. De Bremaecker, Dept of Geology & Geophysics, Rice University

Mr. B. Louis Decker, Ballwin, Missouri

Prof. John R. Delaney, School of Oceanography, University of Washington

Prof. Robert S. Dietz, Department of Geology, Arizona State University

Prof. James Dorman, Center for Earthquake Research & Information, Memphis State University

Dr. A. Dreimanis, Dept of Geology, University of Western Ontario

Dr. Herbert H. Einstein, Dept of Civil Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Prof. T. Edil, Dept of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Prof. Wilfred A. Elsers, Institute of Geophysics & Planetary Physics, University of California, Riverside

Dr. Alfred G. Fischer, Dept of Geological Sciences, University of Southern California Dr. Mel Friedman, College of Geosciences, Texas A&M University

Dr. W. S. Fyfe, Faculty of Science, University of Western Ontario

Dr. John W. Geissman, Dept of Geology, University of New Mexico

Dr. Lee C. Gerhard, Kansas Geological Survey

Dr. Charles E. Glass, College of Mines, University of Arizona

Dr. Harry W. Green II, Dept of Geology, University of California, Davis

Dr. Charles V. Guidotti, Dept of Geological Sciences, University of Maine

B. C. Haimson, Dept of Metallurgy & Mineral Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Prof. Richard L. Hervig, Center for Solid State Science, Arizona State University Dr. Mason L. Hill, Whittier, California

Dr. Lincoln Hollister, Dept of Geological & Geophysical Sciences, Princeton University

Dr. Donald M. Hoskins, Bureau of Topographic & Geologic Survey, Department of Environmental Resources, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

Dr. Nicholas Hotton III, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

Mr. Jeffery R. Keaton, Consulting Geotechnical Engineers, Sergent, Hauskins, & Beckwith

Dr. Michael M. Kimberley, Dept of Marine, Earth, & Atmospheric Sciences, North Carolina State University

Dr. Gary L. Kinsland, Dept of Geology, University of Southwestern Louisiana

Mr. Louis Kirkaldie, Avondale, Pennsylvania

Dr. George deV. Klein, Dept of Geology, University of Illinois

Dr. Robert F. Legget, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Prof. Rosalie F. Maddocks, Department of Geosciences, University of Houston

Dr. James McCalpin, Department of Geology, Utah State University

Dr. Diane McKnight, U.S. Geological Survey

Dr. Robert C. Melchior, Department of Geology & Biology, Bemidji State

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×

College

Mr. Martin O. Mifflin, Mifflin & Associates, Inc.

Dr. Brian J. Mitchell, Dept of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, Saint Louis University

Mr. Luis Rey M. Morales, Environmental Department, H. V. Lawmaster & Company, Inc.

Dr. Paul Morgan, Department of Geology, Northern Arizona University

Dr. Ivan I. Mueller, Department of Geodetic Science, Ohio State University

Dr. Brendan Murphy, Department of Geology, St. Francis Xavier University

Mr. Norman K. Olson, South Carolina Geological Survey

Prof. M. Ostrom, Dept of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Dr. Shailer S. Philbrick, Ithaca, New York

Dr. Howard J. Pincus, San Diego, California

Dr. Brian R. Pratt, Department of Geology, University of Toronto

Dr. Jonathan G. Price, Nevada Bureau of Mines & Geology

Dr. George R. Priest, Department of Geology and Mineral Industries, State of Oregon

Mr. Courtney Riordan, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Protection Agency

Dr. Eleanora I. Robbins, U. S. Geological Survey

Mr. W. H. Roberts III, Houston, Texas

Dr. W. I. Rose, Jr., Dept of Geological Engineering, Geology, & Geophysics, Michigan Technological University

Mr. Gerald P. Salisbury, San Marino, California

Mr. James L. Sampair, Geological Engineer, J. L. Sampair Associates

Dr. Roger T. Saucier, Waterways Experiment Station, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Dr. Steven D. Scott, Dept of Geology, University of Toronto

Mr. Jerry A. Sesco, Forest Service, Department of Agriculture

Dr. Charles W. Shabica, Earth Science Department, Northeastern Illinois University

Dr. W. Edwin Sharp, Dept of Geological Sciences, University of South Carolina

Dr. Nobu Shimizu, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Dr. Rudy Slingerland, College of Earth & Mineral Sciences, Pennsylvania State University

Dr. James E. Slosson, Consulting Geologists, Slosson and Associates

Dr. Jon Spencer, Arizona Geological Survey

Mr. Donald K. Stevens, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Department of Energy

Prof. Donald J. Stierman, Department of Geology, University of Toledo

Dr. Raphael Unrug, Dept of Geological Sciences, Wright State University

Dr. Gerald J. Wasserburg, California Institute of Technology Dr. E. G. Wermund, Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas, Austin

Dr. James H. Williams, Missouri Department of Natural Resources

Dr. John W. Williams, Department of Geology, San Jose State University

Dr. Clark R. Wilson, Dept of Geological Sciences, University of Texas at Austin

Dr. Robert S. Yeats, Dept of Geology, Oregon State University

Dr. Grant M. Young, Dept of Geology, University of Western Ontario

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×

"DEAR COLLEAGUE" LETTER AND ACCOMPANYING MEMO OF AUGUST 1988

August 4, 1988

STATUS AND RESEARCH OBJECTIVES IN THE SOLID-EARTH SCIENCES: A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT

Dear Colleague:

This is a request or your assistance in a challenging opportunity for the solid-earth sciences community, which is outlined in the enclosed letter. The Committee hopes you will share its conviction that this project has substantial potential to benefit the solid-earth sciences and that you will distribute copies of the letter to all scientists in your department. Thoughtful contributions from the solid-earth sciences community will be essential to the success of the project.

Sincerely,

Peter J. Wyllie

Chairman,

Committee on Solid-Earth Sciences

<><><><><><><><><><><>

August 4, 1988

MEMORANDUM

To: Scientists in Departments dealing with solid-earth sciences

From: Peter J. Wyllie

Chairman of Committee on:

STATUS AND RESEARCH OBJECTIVES IN THE SOLID-EARTH SCIENCES: A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT

This is an invitation to participate in a challenging project initiated by the Board on Earth Sciences. You may have admired and perhaps envied the disciplinary surveys emphasizing opportunities and directions for future research that have been published for Chemistry, Physics, Astronomy and Astrophysics. Frank Press, President of the National Academy of Sciences, has given the solid-earth sciences an opportunity to prepare the first major assessment of its current and potential contributions to science and the nation. Generous private foundation funding has been provided for the project.

The Committee has been charged with eight tasks, including the following:

  1. to identify emerging lines of research promise

  2. to identify and address key scientific and societal issues

  3. to identify and assess directions, changes, and contributing factors

  4. to recommend long- and short-range research priorities

The Committee passes these charges to the solid-earth science community. We would like input from as many earth science scientists as possible. Please

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×

send concise statements about items (1) to (4) to the address above; they will be most effective if received before the middle of September.

The Committee does not have to start from scratch; a most important basis for the assessment will be the excellent NAS/NRC reports published during recent years. Another will be provided by solicitations such as this. About 20 panels will be working through the summer and fall on topical areas in solid-earth sciences. Your comments will be distributed among these panels for consideration.

I am sure you noticed #4, and that you have been reading scientific editorials. In the absence of clear advice from the Committee, priorities will be set by others who may have little interest in the field. The Committee expects to present in this report clear evidence for dazzling scientific opportunities in, and societal contributions provided by geology, geobiology, geochemistry, and geophysics. Thank you for your participation.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×

"DEAR COLLEAGUE" LETTER AND ACCOMPANYING MEMO OF JANUARY 1989

January 13, 1989

Dear Colleague:

This is a request for your assistance in a challenging opportunity for the solid-earth sciences community, which is outlined in the enclosed letter. The Committee hopes you will share its conviction that this project has substantial potential to benefit the solid-earth sciences and that you will distribute copies of this letter to scientists in your state survey. If you or they should wish to circulate it more widely, we would welcome that assistance. Thoughtful contributions from the solid-earth sciences community will be essential to the success of the project.

Sincerely,

Peter J. Wyllie

Chairman

Committee on the Solid-Earth Sciences

<><><><><><><><><><><><>

January 13, 1989

MEMORANDUM

TO: Colleagues in the Solid-Earth Sciences Community

FROM: Peter J. Wyllie,

Chairman

Committee on the Solid-Earth Sciences

This is an invitation to participate in a challenging project. Frank Press, President of the National Academy of Sciences, has given the solid-earth sciences an opportunity to prepare the first major assessment of its current and potential contributions to science and the national. Generous private foundation funding has been provided for the project.

The Committee has been charged with a number of tasks, including the following:

  1. to identify emerging lines of research promise

  2. to identify and address key scientific and societal issues

  3. to identify and assess directions, change,s and contributing factors

  4. to recommend long- and short-range research priorities.

The Committee passes these charges to the solid-earth sciences community and would like input from as many individuals as possible. Please send concise statements about items (1) to (4) to the address above. Your comments can be incorporated most effectively in the Committee's deliberations if received by mid March 1989, or as soon thereafter as possible.

The Committee has not started from scratch: a most important basis for the assessment is an excellent set of reports published by the NAS/NRC and others during recent years. Another is being provided by solicitations such as this. More than 20 panels have begun working on topical areas in the solid-earth

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×

sciences and will continue into the spring. Your comments will be distributed among these panels for consideration.

I am sure you noticed item (4) and that you have been reading scientific editorials. In the absence of clear advice from this Committee, priorities will be set by others who may have little interest in the field. The committee expects to present in this report clear evidence for dazzling scientific opportunities in, and societal contributions provided by geology, geobiology, geochemistry, and geophysics.

Thank you for your participation.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×
Page 330
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×
Page 331
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×
Page 332
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×
Page 333
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×
Page 334
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×
Page 335
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×
Page 336
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×
Page 337
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×
Page 338
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B." National Research Council. 1993. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1990.
×
Page 339
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As environmental problems move upward on the public agenda, our knowledge of the earth's systems and how to sustain the habitability of our world becomes more critical. This volume reports on the state of earth science and outlines a research agenda, with priorities keyed to the real-world challenges facing human society.

The product of four years of development with input from more than 200 earth-science specialists, the volume offers a wealth of historical background and current information on

  • Plate tectonics, volcanism, and other heat-generated earth processes.
  • Evolution of our global environment and of life itself, as revealed in the fossil record.
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This volume offers a comprehensive look at how earth science is currently practiced and what should be done to train professionals and adequately equip them to find the answers necessary to manage more effectively the earth's systems.

This well-organized and practical book will be of immediate interest to solid-earth scientists, researchers, and college and high school faculty, as well as policymakers in the environmental arena.

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