APPENDIX A Background Papers
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: SELECTED CASE STUDIES*
John S. Wilson and Brent M. Haddad
INTRODUCTION: THE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER CHALLENGE
In April 1990, the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering sponsored a workshop on the diffusion and transfer of innovative technologies. The workshop was part of the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy's study of the government's role in civilian technology.
The primary objectives of the workshop were the identification of factors that contribute to successful technology transfer and of the impact collaborative technology transfer ventures have on the pace of technological change and technology commercialization. The discussions focused on technology transfer in three settings: within a single company; from one company to another; and from federal laboratories and universities to industry. The role