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Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop (2015)

Chapter: Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
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Appendix B

Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members

EDWARD ALDEN

Edward Alden is the Bernard L. Schwartz senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), specializing in U.S. economic competitiveness. In addition, Mr. Alden is the director of the CFR Renewing America publication series and coauthor of the recent CFR Working Paper Managing Illegal Immigration to the United States. The former Washington bureau chief of the Financial Times, his work focuses on immigration and visa policy, and on U.S. trade and international economic policy. Mr. Alden was the project co-director of the 2011 Independent Task Force on U.S. Trade and Investment Policy, which was co-chaired by former White House Chief of Staff Andrew Card and former Senate Majority Leader Thomas Daschle. He was also the project director for the 2009 Independent Task Force on U.S. Immigration Policy. Mr. Alden is the author of the book The Closing of the American Border: Terrorism, Immigration, and Security Since 9/11 (HarperCollins), which was named a 2009 finalist for the J. Anthony Lukas Book Prize for nonfiction writing. The judges called it “a masterful job of comprehensive reporting, fair-minded analysis, and structurally sound argumentation.” Mr. Alden was previously the Canadian bureau chief for the Financial Times based in Toronto, and before that was a reporter at the Vancouver Sun specializing in labor and employment issues. He also was the managing editor of the newsletter Inside U.S. Trade, widely recognized as the leading source of reporting on U.S. trade policies. He has won several national and international awards for his reporting. Mr. Alden has done numerous TV and radio appearances as an analyst on political and economic issues, including NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, McLaughlin Group, NPR, the BBC, CNN, and MSNBC. His work has also appeared in Foreign Policy, Foreign Affairs, the Japan Times, the San Jose Mercury News, and the Toronto Globe and Mail. He is the coauthor, with Franz Schurmann, of Democratic Politics and World Order, a monograph published by Berkeley’s Institute of International Studies in 1990. Mr. Alden holds a master’s degree in international relations from the University of

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×

California, Berkeley, and pursued doctoral studies before returning to a journalism career. He also has a bachelor’s degree in political science from the University of British Columbia. He was the winner of numerous academic awards, including a Mellon fellowship in the humanities and a MacArthur Foundation graduate fellowship.

CHARLES BEACH

Charles Beach grew up in Montreal and earned a BA with Honors at McGill University in 1968 and a PhD at Princeton University in 1972. He has taught at Queen’s University since 1972 and became Professor Emeritus in 2012. He was co-founder of the Canadian Econometric Study Group and the Canadian Employment Research Forum, Editor of Canadian Public Policy (1995-02), and Director of the John Deutsch Institute at Queen’s (2001-2009). He is currently a research associate at both the C. D. Howe Institute in Toronto and the Institute for Research on Public Policy in Montreal, has been an advisor to many federal departments, and is president-elect of the Canadian Economics Association. He has published a number of research and policy papers and has written or edited 17 books including “Transition and Structural Change in the North American Labour Market” (with Michael Abbott and Richard Chaykowski, 1997), “Canadian Immigration Policy for the 21st Century” (with Alan Green and Jeffrey Reitz, 2003), “Higher Education in Canada” (with Robin Boadway and Marvin McInnis, 2005), “Retirement Policy Issues in Canada” (with Robin Boadway and James MacKinnon, 2009), and “Toward Improving Canada’s Skilled Immigration Policy: An Evaluation Approach” (with Alan Green and Christopher Worswick, 2011). His current research interests are on immigration policy and income distribution and inequality.

HERBERT BRÜCKER

Herbert Brücker is professor of Economics at the University of Bamberg and head of the department for International Comparisons and European Integration at the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) in Nuremberg. Dr. Brücker studied economics, sociology and politics at the University of Frankfurt, where he received his doctoral degree in economics in 1994. He received his Habilitation degree in economics from the University of Technology (TU) in Berlin in 2005. He held the positions of a visiting professor at the Aarhus School of Business, of a senior researcher at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin), at the German Development Institute (GDI) and of a research associate at the University of Frankfurt.

FRANCIS CISSNA

Francis Cissna is director, Immigration Policy at U.S. Department of Homeland Security. From 2006-2008, he served as deputy director. Prior to that position,

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×

Mr. Cissna worked as Associate Counsel with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. From 1999-2002, he served as a Foreign Service Officer in Sweden. Mr. Cissna earned his MA in International Security Policy from Columbia University. He earned his JD from Georgetown University.

ELLEN DULBERGER

Ellen R. Dulberger, PhD had responsibility for designing and implementing IBM’s Enterprise Risk Management program from 2006 until her retirement in 2012. Dr. Dulberger became the first person to hold that position which was created at the request of the Board. The original mission continues to endure: to take advantage of the scale and scope of the company’s globally integrated enterprise to improve business performance through better identification and management enterprise level risks. From the beginning, the effort engaged the senior executive team to focus on strategic and operational risk and across all dimensions of the management matrix. Dr. Dulberger participated in discussions among the CEO and his direct reports on key strategic risks with enterprise-wide implications. Her background in business strategy development, economic analysis and measurement provided business insight and methodologies to analyzing risk and measuring risk management effectiveness.

Over the preceding decade of her career, she held several strategy development roles. In 1993, she became the first strategist for the outsourcing business, ($16b in 2006) which was led by Samuel J. Palmisano who went on to become CEO and chairman of IBM. Drawing on her economics background, Dr. Dulberger was well suited to developing insights into the big picture, and using her abilities to see the forest for the trees, helped the company identify and pursue non-traditional opportunities and with non-traditional approaches. One example was called at the time, “Intelligent Infrastructure” which evolved along one branch into Cloud Computing.

The first half of her career was dedicated to economic analysis. Dr. Dulberger’s innovative work on price measurement was used internally to improve demand forecasts for the company’s products, and externally was adopted by the U.S. Department of Commerce and other statistical agencies to improve measures of investment in the U.S. and other major economies. As a recognized expert in economic measurement, she has served in many advisory roles to government statistical agencies (U.S. and Canada) and was a member of the CPI Advisory Commission to the United States Senate Committee on Finance. The recommendations of the commission are part of the current discussions to prevent falling off the fiscal cliff.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×

Since retiring from IBM in August, 2012, she has been doing consulting work. Most recently, Ellen has been engaged by Samuel J. Palmisano, recently retired Chairman of IBM, to consult for him in his new role as Chairman of the newly formed Center for Global Enterprise, a not-for-profit think tank. She has also stepped up her volunteer activities as co-chair of the Alumni Professional Development Committee at the Graduate Center of The City University of New York, and as a board member of U.S. Alliance Federal Credit Union. Dr. Dulberger earned a bachelor’s degree in economics from Queens College, CUNY (1974) and then a PhD in economics from The Graduate Center, CUNY (1986) with field of specialty in human resource economics and international trade. Her published work led to improvements in economic measurement of investment in computing equipment and in prices of electronic components.

JEAN-CHRISTOPHE DUMONT

Jean-Christophe Dumont is head of the International Migration Division (IMD) of the Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs at the OECD. He is responsible for the publication of the OECD Annual Report International Migration Outlook and other OECD publications related to international migration. Dr. Dumont joined the OECD in 2000 as an economist in the International Migration Division. He has many publications on the economics of international mobility of persons, including on labor market integration of immigrants and on the management of migration flows. Recently he has published several reports on the international mobility of health workers to OECD countries, in collaboration with the WHO. Prior to joining the OECD, Dr. Dumont has worked as a research fellow in Laval University, Quebec Canada and at the European research Centre on Economic Development DIAL in Paris, France. He holds a PhD in development economics and a master degree in mathematics applied to social sciences from University Paris IX Dauphine, France.

FELICIA ESCOBAR

Felicia Escobar is Special Assistant to the president for Immigration Policy. In this role, Ms. Escobar develops the President’s strategy for building a 21st century immigration system. This work involves coordinating efforts across the Executive branch to strengthen the current system and working toward passage of meaningful, comprehensive immigration reform legislation. Ms. Escobar previously served on U.S. Senator Ken Salazar’s legislative team, working with him to develop his legislative agenda on a host of issues including labor, civil rights, judicial nominations and immigration. She advised Senator Salazar during the comprehensive immigration reform debates of 2006 and 2007 in which Senator Salazar was a key member of the bipartisan group pressing for reform. Prior to this, Ms. Escobar was associate director of the Senate Democratic Steering and Outreach Committee. In this role, she helped cultivate rela-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×

tionships between Democratic Leader Tom Daschle and key stakeholder groups, including Latino, immigration and education advocacy groups. Ms. Escobar started her career as a State Policy Analyst working for the National Council of La Raza. She represented NCLR and its network of affiliates in the Texas State Legislature, testifying before legislative committees to advocate for education, immigrant access to benefits, and hate crimes legislation. She received an undergraduate degree from Yale University, a master’s in Public Policy from the Harvard Kennedy School of Government and her J.D. from UCLA School of Law.

RICHARD FREEMAN

Richard B. Freeman is the Herbert Ascherman Chair in Economics at Harvard University. He is currently serving as faculty co-director of the Labor and Worklife Program at the Harvard Law School, and is a senior research fellow in Labour Markets at the London School of Economics’ Centre for Economic Performance. He directs the Science and Engineering Workforce Project at the National Bureau of Economic Research, and is co-director of the Harvard Center for Green Buildings and Cities. Dr. Freeman is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Science, and has served on 11 panels and boards of the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine including the Board of Higher Education and Workforce (BHEW), the Committee on Understanding the Engineering Education-Workforce Continuum (NAE), the Committee on Assuring a Future U.S.-based Nuclear Chemistry Expertise, the Committee on National Statistics Panel on Developing Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators for the Future, the Committee on Capitalizing on the Diversity of the Science and Engineering Workforce in Industry, the Committee on National Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Scientists, the Committee on Demographic and Economic Impacts of Immigration, and the joint NAS, NAE and IOM study on Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States. Dr. Freeman received the Mincer Lifetime Achievement Prize from the Society of Labor Economics in 2006. In 2007 he was awarded the IZA Prize in Labor Economics. In 2011 he was appointed Frances Perkins Fellow of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. Dr. Freeman’s research interests include the job market for scientists and engineers; the transformation of scientific ideas into innovations; Chinese labor markets; the effects of immigration and trade on inequality; and forms of labor market representation and shared capitalism. His recent publications include: America Works (2007), What Workers Want (with Joel Rogers, 2007, 2nd edition), What Workers Say: Employee Voice in the Anglo American World (with Peter Boxall and Peter Haynes, 2007), International Differences in the Business Practices & Productivity of Firms (with with Kathryn Shaw, 2009), Science and Engineering Careers in the United States (with Daniel Goroff, 2009),

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×

Reforming the Welfare State: Recovery and Beyond in Sweden (with Birgitta Swedenborg and Robert Topel, 2010), Shared Capitalism at Work: Employee Ownership, Profit and Gain Sharing, and Broad-based Stock Options (with Douglas Kruse and Joseph Blasi, 2010), and The Citizen’s Share: Putting Ownership Back Into Democracy (with Joseph Blasi and Douglas Kruse, Yale University Press 2013).

MARK GIRALT

Mark Giralt is a career diplomat with Citizenship and Immigration Canada. In August 2013, he was appointed as Minister-Counsellor for Immigration at the Embassy of Canada in Washington and serves as Area Director for the United States of America and Canada’s offices in Haiti, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago. Prior to this assignment, Mr. Giralt was Minister-Counsellor for Immigration in the Federative Republic of Brazil where he served as area director for Central and South America.

Over the past 20 years, Mr. Giralt has served in a total of seven missions abroad, including as program manager for visa programs in Ghana, Mexico and Indonesia. His other diplomatic assignments include Colombo, Sri Lanka and New Delhi, India. In Canada, he has served as a senior analyst, within the Resource Management division of the International Region. Mr. Giralt graduated from the University of Guelph with a Bachelor of Commerce degree.

LESLEYANNE HAWTHORNE

Dr. Lesleyanne Hawthorne (PhD, MA, BA Hons, Dip Ed, Grad Dip Mig Stud) is professor (International Workforce) at the University of Melbourne. She is an expert on skilled migration policy, foreign credential recognition, labour market integration strategies (all major fields), and the study-migration pathway. In terms of research, Dr. Hawthorne has recently completed projects commissioned by UNESCO, the Australian, Canadian, and New Zealand governments, the International Organization of Migration and the European Union, the U.S. Migration Policy Institute, the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council/APEC, the World Health Organization, and the Global Forum of Federations. In 2005-2006 she was appointed to an Expert Panel of Three by Federal Cabinet to complete the most extensive evaluation of Australia’s skilled migration program in 20 years (all fields). In 2012 she was designated Australian Expert on foreign credential recognition by the International Organization of Migration, and appointed International Expert to the Australian Qualifications Framework International Alignment Committee. Dr. Hawthorne also has significant experience related to tertiary education and workforce capacity building in immigrant source countries. As Associate Dean International at the University of Melbourne she spent 16 years liaising with governments, university and develop-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×

ment bodies across Asia, Africa, the Middle East, Europe, and North America. In terms of cross-national studies, Dr. Hawthorne was commissioned to complete the first detailed studies of skilled migration policy and outcomes in Canada compared to Australia (for the Canadian government from 2004 to 2007) and in New Zealand compared to Australia (for the New Zealand and Australian governments from 2009 to 2011). She was lead academic on UNESCO’s nine country comparison of migration and education quality assurance, sole-authoring the Australia paper and the Nine Country comparison paper (2008). Most recently she has co-authored a WHO comparison of medical and nurse migration, followed by analysis of health workforce mobility in the Asia-Pacific region (2012-2014); co-authored the Global Forum of Federations study comparing federal and state roles in migration and integration in seven countries (2012); and prepared the Australian chapter defining assessment strategies for the foreign qualification recognition of third country nationals for the IOM (2013). Since 2011, Dr. Hawthorne has also played a key role in the Canadian and Australian First and Second Round Tables on Mutual Foreign Qualification Recognition (2011-current), including co-authorship of the policy setting background paper (2011).

GRAEME HUGO

The late Graeme Hugo was ARC Australian Professorial Fellow, professor of the Discipline of Geography, Environment and Population and director of the Australian Population and Migration Research Centre at the University of Adelaide. His research interests included population issues in Australia and South East Asia, especially migration. He authored over three hundred books, articles in scholarly journals and chapters in books, as well as a large number of conference papers and reports. In 2002, he secured an ARC Federation Fellowship for his research project, “The New Paradigm of International Migration to and from Australia: Dimensions, Causes and Implications.” Dr. Hugo’s more recent research focused on migration and development, environment and migration and migration policy. In 2009, he was awarded a 5-year ARC Australian Professorial Fellowship for his research project “Circular Migration in Asia, the Pacific and Australia: Empirical, Theoretical and Policy Dimensions.” Dr. Hugo was chair of the Demographic Change and Liveability Panel of the Ministry of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population, and Communities and was appointed to National Housing Supply Council in 2011. In 2012, he was named an Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) for distinguished service to population research, particularly the study of international migration, population geography and mobility, and through leadership roles with national and international organizations.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×

JENNIFER HUNT

Jennifer Hunt is a professor of Economics at Rutgers University, a position she has held since 2011. She was on leave as Chief Economist of the U.S. Department of Labor in 2013-2014 and as deputy assistant secretary for Microeconomic Analysis at the U.S. Department of the Treasury in 2014-2015. Dr. Hunt previously held positions at McGill University (2004-2011), the University of Montreal (2001-2004), and Yale University (1992-2001). She received her PhD in Economics from Harvard in 1992 and her Bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1987. She is a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, Massachusetts, a Research Fellow at the Centre for Economic Policy Research in London and the Institut für Arbeitsmarkt-und Berufsforschung in Nuremburg. She has done research in the areas of employment and unemployment policy, immigration, wage inequality, transition economics, crime, and corruption. Dr. Hunt’s current research focuses on immigration and innovation in the United States, the U.S. science and engineering workforce, and the 2008-2009 recession in Germany.

WILLIAM KAMELA

Bill Kamela is the senior federal policy lead for the Microsoft Corporation on workforce readiness and immigration related issues. Prior to joining Microsoft, Mr. Kamela worked for over 30 years in Washington, DC in a variety of public policy related jobs, including over 10 years on the staff of the House and Senate Education and Labor Committee and 7 years in the Clinton Administration at the Department of Labor where he led the USDOL’s legislative efforts on the Workforce Investment Act (WIA), Welfare to Work, employment-based immigration programs, unemployment insurance reform, the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) and Youth Opportunity Grants. He has also spent over 10 years in the Washington, DC non-profit community at Children’s Hospital and the National Urban Coalition. Bill is a native of Buffalo, NY and is a product of the SUNY system.

WILLIAM KERR

William Kerr is a professor at Harvard Business School (HBS). Dr. Kerr teaches in the MBA, executive education and doctoral programs at HBS. He is the faculty chair of HBS’ Launching New Ventures program, and he recently created an MBA course entitled Launching Global Ventures. He has received Harvard’s Distinction in Teaching Award. Dr. Kerr’s research focuses on entrepreneurship and innovation. One research strand examines the role of immigrant scientists and entrepreneurs in U.S. technology development and commercialization, as well as their impact for the global diffusion of new innovations and ideas. A second research strand considers clusters and entrepreneurship, with special

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×

interest in how government policies aid or hinder the entry of new firms, cluster formation, and growth. A final interest area is entrepreneurial finance and angel investments. In 2013, Dr. Kerr received the Ewing Marion Kauffman Prize Medal for Distinguished Research in Entrepreneurship, awarded annually to one scholar under age 40 whose research has made a significant contribution to the literature in entrepreneurship. He has worked with companies worldwide on projects related to entrepreneurship and launching new ventures, with particular emphasis on innovation and global dynamics. Dr. Kerr has also advised several governments about deregulation processes and their investments in the innovative capacities of their nations.

MIRANDA LAUMAN

Miranda Lauman is the principal migration officer, based in the Australian Embassy in Washington DC. She manages Australian visa and citizenship processing and integrity in North America.

In this role Miranda has overseen the introduction of electronic visa processing in the region and led an active innovation and change agenda to improve the quality and efficiency of processing operations.

The key caseloads are tourist, business, and temporary work visas. The Washington office manages around 900 partner applications each program year, together with a small number of child, other family, and RRV applications. Although the department grants nearly 400,000 visas each year to United States citizens, nearly 90 percent of applicants managed at post are third-country nationals.

With over 15 years’ experience in the immigration field, Miranda has worked in a range of operational, policy and legal branches in the Australian Department of Immigration and Border Protection (DIBP). She managed the development and implementation of eVisitor, the Australian Government’s response to EU visa-free reciprocity requirements and lead the legislative drafting team for the major reforms to Australia’s skilled migration program ‘SKILLSELECT’ in 2012.

Miranda holds a Bachelor of Arts (Government) and a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Queensland and a Post Graduate Diploma of Legal Practice from the Australian National University.

WILLIAM LINCOLN

William Lincoln is an assistant professor at the The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at The Johns Hopkins University. He received a PhD in Economics from the University of Michigan and an SB in Math-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×

ematics from the University of Chicago. His research focuses broadly on globalization and firm performance and has been cited in The Economist, The New York Times, El País, The India Times, BusinessWeek and on CNN’s Lou Dobbs Tonight.

LINDSAY LOWELL

Dr. Lowell is director of Policy Studies at the Institute for the Study of International Migration, Georgetown University. He was previously director of Research at the congressionally appointed Commission on Immigration Reform where he was also assistant director for the Mexico-US Binational Study on Migration. He has been research director of the Pew Hispanic Center at the University of Southern California, a Labor Analyst at the Department of Labor; and he taught at Princeton University and the University of Texas, Austin. Dr. Lowell has written over 150 articles and reports. He has published in journals such as Demography, American Economic Review, Population and Development Review, Industrial Relations and Work and Occupations. His research interests include immigration policy, labor force, economic development, Mexico-US migration, education and the global mobility of the highly skilled. He received his PhD as a demographer from Brown University.

ANNA MARIA MAYDA

Anna Maria Mayda is an associate professor of Economics at Georgetown University, with a joint appointment in the Department of Economics and the School of Foreign Service. She studied statistics and economics at University of Rome La Sapienza, where she received her degree summa cum laude in 1997. Before graduate school, she worked at the World Bank in the Latin America and Caribbean Region Unit. In June 2003, she completed a PhD in Economics at Harvard University, where she was also a doctoral fellow at the Center for International Development. Since 2003 she has been at Georgetown University, first as an assistant professor (2003-2009), next as an associate professor with tenure (2009-now). In the spring of 2004, Dr. Mayda held a visiting position at the International Monetary Fund where she served as a Resident Scholar at the Trade Unit of the Research Department. During the 2007-2008 academic year she was on leave at Centro Studi Luca d’Agliano, University of Milan, with a Marie Curie Fellowship within the TOM (Transnationality of Migrants) program, financed by the European Commission. Dr. Mayda’s research mainly focuses on issues of trade, immigration and development economics and has been published in journals such as the European Economic Review, the Review of Economics and Statistics, the Journal of International Economics, the Journal of Population Economics, and the Canadian Journal of Economics. She has also been awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) grant. In terms of topics, she has worked on the determinants—labor-market, welfare-state, and non-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×

economic determinants—of individual attitudes towards trade and immigration across countries; on preferential trade agreements; on the most-favored-nation clause in the GATT/WTO system; on international trade negotiations; and on the determinants of international migration flows. More recently, she has been working on the role played by interest groups in shaping U.S. trade and migration policy.

DAVID MCKENZIE

David McKenzie is a lead economist in the Development Research Group, Finance and Private Sector Development Unit at the World Bank. He received his B.Com.(Hons)/BA from the University of Auckland, New Zealand and his PhD in Economics from Yale University. Prior to joining the World Bank, he spent four years as an assistant professor of Economics at Stanford University. Dr. McKenzie’s main research is on migration, microenterprises, and methodology for use with developing country data. He has published over 90 articles in journals such as Quarterly Journal of Economics, Science, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of the European Economic Association, American Economic Journal: Applied Micro, Journal of Econometrics, and all leading development journals. He is currently on the editorial boards of the Journal of Development Economics, the World Bank Economic Review, the Journal of Economic Perspectives, and Migration Studies. He is also a co-founder and regular contributor to the Development Impact blog.

STEPHEN MERRILL

Stephen Merrill founded the National Academies’ Program on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP) in 1992 and served as its executive director until March 2014. With the sponsorship of numerous federal government agencies, foundations, multinational corporations, and international institutions, the STEP program has become an important discussion forum and authoritative voice on innovation, competitiveness, intellectual property, human resources, statistical, and research and development policies. At the same time he has directed many STEP projects and publications, including A Patent System for the 21st Century (2004), Innovation Inducement Prizes (2007), Innovation in Global Industries (2008), Copyright in the Digital Era (2013), and Effects of U.S. Tax Policy on Greenhouse Gas Emissions (2013). For his work on patent reform he was named one of the 50 most influential people worldwide in the intellectual property field by Managing Intellectual Property magazine and received the Academies’ 2005 Distinguished Service Award. Dr. Merrill has been a member of the World Economic Forum Global Council on the Intellectual Property System.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×

Previously, Dr. Merrill served as the Academies’ director of Government and Congressional Affairs (1987-1990) and executive director of Government and External Affairs (1990-1995) and was a fellow in International Business at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), where he specialized in technology trade issues. He served on several congressional staffs including that of the U.S. Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee, where he organized the first congressional hearings on international competition in the semiconductor and biotechnology industries and contributed to the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 and other legislation.

He earned degrees in political science from Columbia (BA, summa cum laude), Oxford (M. Phil.), and Yale (MA and PhD) Universities. He attended the Kennedy School of Government’s Senior Executives Program and was an adjunct professor of international affairs at Georgetown University from 1989 to 1996. Dr. Merrill continues to serve as a consultant to the Academies’ STEP Program.

PIA ORRENIUS

Pia Orrenius is a vice president and senior economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. Dr. Orrenius’s research focuses on Mexico–U.S. migration, unauthorized immigration, and U.S. immigration policy. As a labor economist at the Dallas Fed, she analyzes the regional economy, with special focus on labor markets and demographic change. She is also adjunct professor at Baylor University and a Tower Center Fellow at The Tower Center for Political Studies at Southern Methodist University. Dr. Orrenius spent the 2004–2005 academic year as senior economist on the Council of Economic Advisers in the Executive Office of the President, Washington D.C. She holds a PhD in economics from the University of California at Los Angeles and BA degrees in economics and Spanish from the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

DANIELE PASERMAN

Daniele Paserman is a professor of Economics at Boston University (BU) and a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. He completed a PhD in economics at Harvard University, and, before joining BU, was a Senior Lecturer at Hebrew University. His fields of interest are labor economics and public economics. His current research includes work on gender differences in cooperative behavior of U.S. Congress members, the effect of female leadership on firm and employee outcomes in German firms, and intergenerational mobility in the United States in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Previously, he has worked on the effect of the childhood environment on long term socioeconomic outcomes; search in labor and marriage markets, and the cycle of violence in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. He has also conducted extensive research on the unique episode of mass high-skilled migration from the former

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×

Soviet Union to Israel in the 1990s and beyond, focusing in particular on the dynamic impact migration on native Israelis’ wage and employment outcomes; on the productivity of Israeli firms in response to the migration shock; and on the impact of migration on the Israeli school system. His research has been published in many top outlets in economics and political science, and has been featured in the Financial Times, Foreign Policy and the Freakonomics blog. He is currently the co-editor of the Journal of the European Economic Association.

SUBHASH SINGHAL

Subhash Singhal joined the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in April 2000 after having worked at Siemens Power Generation (formerly Westinghouse Electric Corporation) for over 29 years. At PNNL, Dr. Singhal provided senior technical, managerial, and commercialization leadership to the Laboratory’s extensive fuel cell and energy programs. At Siemens Westinghouse, he conducted and/or managed major research, development, and demonstration programs in the field of advanced materials for various energy conversion systems including steam and gas turbines, coal gasification, and fuel cells. From 1984 to 2000, he was manager of Fuel Cell Technology there, and was responsible for the development of high temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) for stationary power generation. In this role, he led an internationally recognized group in the SOFC technology and brought this technology from a few-watt laboratory curiosity to fully-integrated 200 kW size power generation systems. He has authored over 100 scientific publications, edited 17 books, received 13 patents, and given over 315 plenary, keynote and other invited presentations worldwide. Dr. Singhal is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, a Fellow of four professional societies (American Ceramic Society, The Electrochemical Society, ASM International, and American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); and a senior member of the Mineral, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). He served on the Electrochemical Society’s Board of Directors during 1992-1994, received its Outstanding Achievement Award in High Temperature Materials in 1994, and continues as the Chairman of its International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells held biennially since 1989. He served as president of the International Society for Solid State Ionics during 2003-2005. He received the American Ceramic Society’s Edward Orton Jr. Memorial Award in 2001; an Invited Professorship Award from the Japan Ministry of Science, Education and Culture in 2002; and the Christian Friedrich Schoenbein Gold Medal from the European Fuel Cell Forum in 2006. He has served on the editorial boards of the Elsevier’s Journal of Power Sources, the Fuel Cell Virtual Journal, and the ASME’s Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology. He has also served on many national and international advisory panels including those of the National Materials Advisory Board of the National Research Council, National Science Foundation, Materials Properties Council, U.S. Department of Energy, NATO Advanced Study Institutes and NATO

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
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Science for Peace Programs, United Nations Development Program (UNDP), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), International Energy Agency (IEA), and the European Commission. Dr. Singhal is also an adjunct professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Utah; and serves on the Visiting Advisory Board of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Florida and Boston University.

PAULA STEPHAN

Paula Stephan’s research interests focus on the careers of scientists and engineers and the process by which knowledge moves across institutional boundaries in the economy. Dr. Stephan currently serves on the National Research Council Board on Higher Education and Workforce. She served on the National Advisory General Medical Sciences Council, National Institutes of Health, 2005-2009 and served on the Advisory Committee of the Social, Behavioral, and Economics Program, National Science Foundation, 2001-2008. She was a member of the European Commission High-Level Expert Group that authored the report “Frontier Research: The European Challenge.” She has served on a number of National Research Council committees including the committee on Dimensions, Causes, and Implications of Recent Trends in the Careers of Life Scientists, Committee on Methods of Forecasting Demand and Supply of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers, and the Committee on Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States. Her research has been supported by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Andrew W. Mellow Foundation, and the National Science Foundation. Dr. Stephan graduated from Grinnell College (Phi Beta Kappa) with a BA in Economics and earned both her MA and PhD in Economics from the University of Michigan. She has been a visiting scholar at Katholeike Universiteit Leuven, Belgium, spring 2005, a Wertheim Fellow, Harvard University, February 2007, and an ICER fellow, Turin, Italy, fall 2009, spring 2011, and fall 2011. She has also been a visiting scholar at the Department of Economics, Cognetti de Martiis, University of Torino, spring 2011 and fall 2011. Dr. Stephan is a research associate, National Bureau of Economic Research. She has published numerous articles in journals such as The American Economic Review, Science, The Journal of Economic Literature, Economic Inquiry, The International Economic Review and Social Studies of Science. She co-wrote, with Sharon Levin, Striking the Mother Lode in Science (Oxford University Press, 1992).

MADELEINE SUMPTION

Madeleine Sumption is the director of the Migration Observatory, with particular expertise in visa policy and the role of migrants in the labor market. Until late 2014, she served as senior policy analyst and director of Research for the International Program at the Migration Policy Institute (MPI)—an independent

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×

research institute headquartered in Washington, DC, with offices in Brussels and the Philippines. Ms. Sumption oversaw the International Program’s research agenda and leads MPI’s work on the economics of immigration. Her research focuses on the design and implementation work-based visa policies, the role of immigrants in the labor market, and the economic impacts of immigration policies in Europe, North America, and other high-income countries. Her other areas of expertise include immigrants’ labor-market integration and international cooperation on mobility (including free movement and the recognition of qualifications). Ms. Sumption is also a nonresident fellow with the Migration Policy Institute Europe. Ms. Sumption’s recent publications include Remaking the US Green Card System (coauthor); Rethinking Points Systems and Employer-Selected Immigration (coauthor); Policies to Curb Illegal Employment; Projecting Human Mobility in the United States and Europe for 2020 (Johns Hopkins, coauthor); Migration and Immigrants Two Years After the Financial Collapse (BBC World Service and MPI, co-editor and author), Immigration and the Labor Market: Theory, Evidence and Policy (Equality and Human Rights Commission, co-author), and Social Networks and Polish Immigration to the UK (Institute for Public Policy Research).

MICHAEL S. TEITELBAUM

Michael S. Teitelbaum is a senior research associate at LWP. In 2010, he was a Wertheim Fellow during which he worked on his book on the U.S. science and engineering workforce: Falling Behind? Boom, Bust, and the Global Race for Scientific Talent (published by Princeton University Press, 2014). He is a demographer, with research interests that include the causes and consequences of very low fertility rates; the processes and implications of international migration; and patterns and trends in science and engineering labor markets in the United States and elsewhere. He is the author or editor of 10 books and a large number of articles on these subjects. Among his previous roles, he has served as Vice President and Program Directof at the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, as a faculty member at Princeton University and Oxford University; and as vice chair and acting chair of the U.S. Commission on International Migration. He was educated at Reed College and at Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes Scholar.

JONATHAN WADSWORTH

Jonathan Wadsworth, (PhD (LSE)), is professor of economics at Royal Holloway College, University of London. He is also the deputy director of the Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration at UCL and is a senior research fellow at the LSE’s Centre for Economic Performance. Since 2007 Dr. Wadsworth has been one of the five academic economists appointed to the UK Home Office Migration Advisory Committee which is tasked with providing the UK government with independent, evidence-based advice on migration related issues. His main

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×

research interests are in applied labor market analysis in industrial and transition economies. He is the co-editor of the State of Working Britain volumes and the author of many articles examining issues dealing with unemployment, wages, inequality, migration and immigration in Britain, Europe and the U.S. He co-developed the concept and measurement of workless households, since taken up by the ONS, Eurostat and the OECD.

MADELINE ZAVODNY

Madeline Zavodny is professor of Economics at Agnes Scott College in Decatur, Georgia. She is also a research fellow of the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn, Germany. Her research areas are labor and health economics and economic demography. Much of her research focuses on economic issues related to immigration, including Beside the Golden Door: U.S. Immigration Reform in a New Era of Globalization (AEI Press, 2010), co-authored with Dr. Pia Orrenius. She received a BA in economics from Claremont McKenna College and a PhD in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
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Page 134
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Planning Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Workers: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20145.
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The market for high-skilled workers is becoming increasingly global, as are the markets for knowledge and ideas. While high-skilled immigrants in the United States represent a much smaller proportion of the workforce than they do in countries such as Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom, these immigrants have an important role in spurring innovation and economic growth in all countries and filling shortages in the domestic labor supply.

This report summarizes the proceedings of a Fall 2014 workshop that focused on how immigration policy can be used to attract and retain foreign talent. Participants compared policies on encouraging migration and retention of skilled workers, attracting qualified foreign students and retaining them post-graduation, and input by states or provinces in immigration policies to add flexibility in countries with regional employment differences, among other topics. They also discussed how immigration policies have changed over time in response to undesired labor market outcomes and whether there was sufficient data to measure those outcomes.

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