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Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Healthy Eating Index 2010 Assessment." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Healthy Eating Index 2010 Assessment." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
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TABLE K-1 Healthy Eating Index-2010 Based on NHANES 2007–2010

HEI-2010 Component Maximum Score Children Participating in WIC (n = 405) Children Not Participating in WIC (n = 374)
Mean Percent of Maximum Score Mean
Total Vegetablea 5 2.14 43 2.13
Greens and Beansa 5 0.35 7 0.39
Total Fruitb 5 3.85 77 3.53
Whole Fruitc 5 2.75 55 2.84
Whole Grains 10 2.20 22 2.61
Dairyd 10 8.54 85 8.33
Total Protein Foodse 5 3.98 80 4.02
Seafood and Plant Proteinse,f 5 1.81 36 2.03
Fatty Acidg 10 2.92 29 2.87
Sodium 10 5.84 58 5.34
Refined Grains 10 5.94 59 5.46
Empty Caloriesh 20 12.31 62 10.75
HEI-2010 Total Diet 100 52.62 53 50.31

NOTE: HEI = Healthy Eating Index.

a Includes any beans and peas not counted as Total Protein Foods.

b Includes 100% fruit juice.

c Includes all forms except juice.

d Includes all milk products, such as fluid milk, yogurt, and cheese, and fortified soy beverages.

e Beans and peas are included here (and not with vegetables) when the Total Protein Foods standard is otherwise not met.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Healthy Eating Index 2010 Assessment." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
×
Women Participating in WIC (n = 96) Women Not Participating in WIC, Eligible (n = 51) Women Ineligible for WIC (n = 1,379)
Mean Percent of Maximum Score Mean Mean
2.57 51 3.06 2.93
0.57 11 0.89 0.77
2.38 48 2.36 2.10
2.19 44 2.12 2.20
1.96 20 1.62 2.09
6.03 60 6.12 5.53
4.40 88 4.38 4.33
2.09 42 2.06 2.35
4.17 42 4.72 4.72
4.22 42 4.93 4.55
4.91 49 4.49 5.65
11.08 55 10.12 10.87
46.58 47 46.88 48.07

f Includes seafood, nuts, seeds, soy products (other than beverages) as well as beans and peas counted as Total Protein Foods.

g Ratio of poly- and monounsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs and MUFAs) to saturated fatty acids (SFAs).

h Calories from solid fats, alcohol, and added sugars; threshold for counting alcohol is more than 13 grams/1,000 kcal. See additional notes for Tables K-1 and K-2 following Table K-2.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Healthy Eating Index 2010 Assessment." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
×

TABLE K-2 Healthy Eating Index-2010: Total Distributions for Children and Women

Population Subgroup 10th 25th Median 75th 90th
Children participating in WIC (n = 405) 43.02 47.95 53.27 58.41 62.88
Children not participating in WIC (n = 374) 40.02 44.84 50.09 55.32 60.08
Women participating in WIC (n = 96) 35.57 40.06 45.41 51.17 56.69
Women not participating in WIC (n = 51) 31.07 38.42 47.17 55.49 61.77
Women ineligible for WIC (n = 1,379) 34.70 39.67 45.56 51.78 57.61

NOTE: See notes for Tables K-1 and K-2 following this table.

NOTES FOR TABLES K-1 AND K-2: All groups are ≤ 185 percent of the poverty-income ratio. Analysis sample was data for children 2–4.9 years of age and women 19–50 years of age.

DATA SOURCES FOR TABLES K-1 AND K-2: 2007–2010 NHANES (USDA/ARS, 2007–2010) analyzed using criteria outlined in Guenther et al., 2013.

REFERENCES

Guenther, P. M., K. O. Casavale, J. Reedy, S. I. Kirkpatrick, H. A. Hiza, K. J. Kuczynski, L. L. Kahle, and S. M. Krebs-Smith. 2013. Update of the Healthy Eating Index: HEI-2010. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 113(4):569-580.

USDA/ARS (U.S. Department of Agriculture/Agricultural Research Service). 2007–2010. What we eat in America, NHANES 2007-2010. Beltsville, MD: USDA/ARS. http://www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=18349 (accessed December 15, 2014).

Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Healthy Eating Index 2010 Assessment." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
×
Page 83
Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Healthy Eating Index 2010 Assessment." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
×
Page 84
Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Healthy Eating Index 2010 Assessment." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
×
Page 85
Suggested Citation:"Appendix K: Healthy Eating Index 2010 Assessment." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
×
Page 86
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Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher assesses the impact of 2009 regulation to allow the purchase of vegetables and fruits, excluding white potatoes, with a cash value voucher on food and nutrient intakes of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) population and to consider whether white potatoes should be permitted for purchase with the voucher. This report considers the effects on diet quality, the health and cultural needs of the WIC population, and allows for effective and efficient administration nationwide in a cost-effective manner. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher recommends that the U.S. Department of Agriculture should allow white potatoes as a WIC-eligible vegetable, in forms currently permitted for other vegetables, in the cash value voucher pending changes to starchy vegetable intake recommendations in the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

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