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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Dietary Reference Intakes." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Dietary Reference Intakes." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
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TABLE E-1 Dietary Reference Intakes for Nutrients of Concern

Children, 1–3 Years Children, 4–8 Years Females, 19–50 Years Females, 19–50 Years, Pregnant Females, 19–50 Years, Lactating
Vitamin C (mg/d) 15 25 75 85 120
Vitamin D (IU/d) 600 600 600 600 600
Folate (μg DFE/d) 150 200 400 600 500
Potassium (mg/d)a 3,000 3,800 4,700 4,700 5,100
Calcium (mg/d) 700 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
Iron (mg/d)b 7 10 18 27 9
Total fiber (g/d)a 19 25 25 28 29

NOTES: DFE = dietary folate equivalents. Values represent the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) with the exception of potassium and total fiber.

a Sufficient scientific evidence was not available to calculate an RDA for potassium and total fiber. For these nutrients, an Adequate Intake level is established.

b Although a Dietary Reference Intake for iron has been established for nonpregnant, nonbreastfeeding, pregnant, or breastfeeding women, the skewed distribution of requirements has only been estimated for nonpregnant, nonbreastfeeding women (IOM, 2001). For this reason, the Dietary Reference Intake for iron from this group has been applied to women of all physiological states in this analysis, recognizing the limitations of this approach.

DATA SOURCES: Nutrients of concern are as presented in the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (USDA/HHS, 2010). Dietary Reference Intake values are from the Institute of Medicine reports (IOM, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002/2005, 2011).

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Dietary Reference Intakes." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
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REFERENCES

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1997. Dietary reference intakes for calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin D, and fluoride. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

IOM. 1998. Dietary reference intakes for thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

IOM. 2000. Dietary reference intakes for vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and carotenoids. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

IOM. 2001. Dietary reference intakes for vitamin A, vitamin K, arsenic, boron, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, silicon, vanadium, and zinc. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

IOM. 2002/2005. Dietary reference intakes for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein, and amino acids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

IOM. 2005. Dietary reference intakes for water, potassium, sodium, chloride, and sulfate. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

IOM. 2011. Dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

USDA/HHS (U.S. Department of Agriculture/U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). 2010. Dietary guidelines for Americans 2010. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Dietary Reference Intakes." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Dietary Reference Intakes." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Dietary Reference Intakes." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
×
Page 52
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Dietary Reference Intakes." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
×
Page 53
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Dietary Reference Intakes." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher: Letter Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20221.
×
Page 54
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Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher assesses the impact of 2009 regulation to allow the purchase of vegetables and fruits, excluding white potatoes, with a cash value voucher on food and nutrient intakes of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) population and to consider whether white potatoes should be permitted for purchase with the voucher. This report considers the effects on diet quality, the health and cultural needs of the WIC population, and allows for effective and efficient administration nationwide in a cost-effective manner. Review of WIC Food Packages: An Evaluation of White Potatoes in the Cash Value Voucher recommends that the U.S. Department of Agriculture should allow white potatoes as a WIC-eligible vegetable, in forms currently permitted for other vegetables, in the cash value voucher pending changes to starchy vegetable intake recommendations in the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

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