National Academies Press: OpenBook

Emergency Medical Services for Children (1993)


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Suggested Citation:"A ACRONYMS." Institute of Medicine. 1993. Emergency Medical Services for Children. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2137.
Page 369
Suggested Citation:"A ACRONYMS." Institute of Medicine. 1993. Emergency Medical Services for Children. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2137.
Page 370
Suggested Citation:"A ACRONYMS." Institute of Medicine. 1993. Emergency Medical Services for Children. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2137.
Page 371
Suggested Citation:"A ACRONYMS." Institute of Medicine. 1993. Emergency Medical Services for Children. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2137.
Page 372

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Acronyms AACN American Association of Critical Care Nurses AAOS American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons AAP American Academy of Pediatrics AAPCC American Association of Poison Control Centers ABEM American Board of Emergency Medicine ABP American Board of Pediatrics ACEP American College of Emergency Physicians ACGME Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education ACLS Advanced Cardiac Life Support ACS American College of Surgeons ADA Americans with Disabilities Act ADL Activity of daily living AHA American Heart Association AHCPR Agency for Health Care Policy and Research AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIS Abbreviated Injury Scale ALI Automatic location identification ALS Advanced life support AMA American Medical Association ANI Automatic number identification APA Ambulatory Pediatric Association APACHE Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation APCO Associated Public-Safety Communications Officers APLS Advanced Pediatric Life Support 369

370 ARN ASCOT ASTM ATLS BAT BLS CAHEA CDC CME CNMC CPR COBRA CRAMS DHEW DHHS DOD DOT ED EDAP EMS EMS-C EMSS EMT ENA FACT PARS FCC APPENDIX A Association of Rehabilitation Nurses A Severity Characterization of Trauma American Society for Testing and Materials Advanced Trauma Life Support Basic Aid Training Basic life support Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Continuing medical education Children's National Medical Center Cardiopulmonary resuscitation Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act Circulation, Respirations, Abdomen, Motor, Speech scale U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare U.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Defense U.S. Department of Transportation Emergency department Emergency Department Approved for Pediatrics Emergency medical services Emergency medical services for children Emergency Medical Services Systems fAct Emergency medical technician Emergency Nurses Association First Aid for Children Today Fatal Accident Reporting System Federal Communications Commission GAO U.S. General Accounting Office GCS Glasgow Coma Scale HCFA Health Care Financing Administration HMO Health maintenance organization HOME Home Organizer for Medical Emergencies HRSA Health Resources and Services Administration ICD-9-CM International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification

ACRONYMS 371 ICU Intensive care unit IHS Indian Health Service IOM Institute of Medicine ISS Injury Severity Scale IV Intravenous IVD Interactive videodisc JCAHO Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations MADD Mothers Against Drunk Driving MCHB Maternal and Child Health Bureau MICN Mobile intensive care nurse MIEMSS Maryland Institute for Emergency Medical Services Systems MIS Management information system MISS Modified Injury Severity Score MTOS Major Trauma Outcome Study NACHRI National Association of Children's Hospitals and Related Institutions NAEMSP National Association of EMS Physicians NAEMT National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians NAS National Academy of Sciences NASEMSD National Association of State EMS Directors NASS National Accident Sampling System NCCAN National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect NCHS National Center for Health Statistics NCIPC National Center for Injury Prevention and Control NCVHS National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics NEISS National Electronic Injury Surveillance System NENA National Emergency Number Association NERA National EMS-C Resource Alliance NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NICHD National Institute of Child Health and Human NICU NINDS NLN NPTR NRC OBRA Development Neonatal intensive care unit National Institute for Neurological Diseases and Stroke National League for Nursing National Pediatric Trauma Registry National Research Council Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act

372 ODPHP OJJDP OMH OTA PALS PBLS PCCC PECCC PHI PHTLS PICU PPO PRISM PSAP PSAT PSI PTC PTS RMP RTS RWJ SADD SCCM SIDS TIPP TISS TNCC TRISS TS UCR UHDDS WEDI APPENDIX A Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Office of Minority Health Office of Technology Assessment Pediatric Advanced Life Support Pediatric Basic Life Support Pediatric Critical Care Center (California) Pediatric Emergency and Critical Care Coalition Pediatric Emergency Medical Services Tra Prehospital Index Prehospital Trauma Life Support Pediatric intensive care unit Preferred provider organization Pediatric Risk of Mortality Public safety answering point Pediatric Severity Assessment Tool Physiologic Stability Index Pediatric trauma center Pediatric Trauma Score Regional Medical Program Revised Trauma Score Robert Wood Johnson [Foundation] Students Against Drunk Driving Society of Critical Care Medicine Sudden Infant Death Syndrome The Injury Prevention Program Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System Trauma Nurse Core Curriculum Trauma Score, Injury Severity Score [analysis] Trauma Score Uniform Crime Report Uniform Hospital Discharge Data Set Workgroup on Electronic Data Interchange ining Program

Emergency Medical Services for Children Get This Book
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How can we meet the special needs of children for emergency medical services (EMS) when today's EMS systems are often unprepared for the challenge? This comprehensive overview of EMS for children (EMS-C) provides an answer by presenting a vision for tomorrow's EMS-C system and practical recommendations for attaining it.

Drawing on many studies and examples, the volume explores why emergency care for children—from infants through adolescents—must differ from that for adults and describes what seriously ill or injured children generally experience in today's EMS systems.

The book points the way to integrating EMS-C into current emergency programs and into broader aspects of health care for children. It gives recommendations for ensuring access to emergency care through the 9-1-1 system; training health professionals, from paramedics to physicians; educating the public; providing proper equipment, protocols, and referral systems; improving communications among EMS-C providers; enhancing data resources and expanding research efforts; and stimulating and supporting leadership in EMS-C at the federal and state levels.

For those already deeply involved in EMS efforts, this volume is a convenient, up-to-date, and comprehensive source of information and ideas. More importantly, for anyone interested in improving the emergency services available to children—emergency care professionals from emergency medical technicians to nurses to physicians, hospital and EMS administrators, public officials, health educators, children's advocacy groups, concerned parents and other responsible adults—this timely volume provides a realistic plan for action to link EMS-C system components into a workable structure that will better serve all of the nation's children.

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