National Academies Press: OpenBook

Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam (1994)

Chapter: E: Author Index, Chapters 7-11

« Previous: D: Committee and Staff Biographies
Suggested Citation:"E: Author Index, Chapters 7-11." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×

Appendix E
Author Index, Chapters 7-11

This index is provided to aid the reader in locating all discussions of the epidemiologic studies considered in this report. Each study is discussed in reference to its study design, methodology, and exposure assessment in Chapter 7 and then is discussed and evaluated regarding specific health outcome results and the assessment of an association with herbicide exposure in Chapters 8-11. This index is organized by the first author's last name based on the reference list appearing in Chapter 7, and entries are followed by the page numbers where each epidemiologic study is discussed.

Air Force Health Study (AFHS), 1983: 385, 386, 407

Air Force Health Study, 1984a: 386, 407, 646, 659, 665, 689, 696, 707

Air Force Health Study, 1984b: 386, 407

Air Force Health Study, 1985: 386, 407

Air Force Health Study, 1986: 386, 407

Air Force Health Study, 1987: 407, 646, 659, 665, 707

Air Force Health Study, 1989: 386, 407

Air Force Health Study, 1990: 407, 646, 659, 704, 706, 707, 711, 712

Air Force Health Study, 1991a: 386, 407, 704, 706

Air Force Health Study, 1991b: 386, 407, 646, 656, 659, 665, 673, 678, 684, 687, 689, 691, 696, 698, 705, 706, 707, 711, 712

Air Force Health Study, 1992: 386, 407, 601, 612, 617, 621, 622, 627, 632, 633

Alavanja et al., 1988: 338, 360, 443, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 466, 480, 502, 504, 516, 517, 518, 520, 523, 524, 533, 550, 558, 559, 567, 569

Alavanja et al., 1989: 338, 360, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 466, 480, 515, 516, 517, 518, 520, 524, 533, 550, 558, 559, 561, 575, 576, 643, 658, 700, 709

Alderfer et al., 1992: 303, 304, 305, 342, 643, 650

Anderson et al., 1986a: 404, 414, 445,

Suggested Citation:"E: Author Index, Chapters 7-11." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×

447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 455, 456, 470, 473, 474, 496, 503, 504, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 521, 523, 524, 546, 547, 555, 556, 570, 655, 702, 710

Anderson et al., 1986b: 404, 415, 445, 448, 449, 450, 451, 455, 456, 470, 473, 474, 496, 497, 503, 504, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 520, 521, 523, 524, 546, 547, 556, 570, 702, 710

Aschengrau and Monson, 1989: 405, 406, 415, 602, 604, 617

Aschengrau and Monson, 1990: 405, 406, 415, 613, 620, 621, 622, 623

Assennato et al., 1989a: 367, 377, 644, 664, 676, 689

Assennato et al., 1989b: 368, 378, 677

Axelson and Sundell, 1974: 323, 351, 444, 467, 471, 491, 575

Axelson et al., 1980: 324, 444, 448, 468, 491

Balarajan and Acheson, 1984: 340, 361, 479, 480

Barbieri et al., 1988: 366, 376, 644, 664

Barthel, 1981: 326, 353, 459

Bashirov, 1969: 317, 347, 643, 650

Bender et al., 1989: 326, 353, 444, 468, 491, 567

Bertazzi et al., 1989a: 367, 377, 444, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 503, 504, 518, 520, 523, 524, 568, 569, 644, 652, 659, 684, 701, 702, 710

Bertazzi et al., 1989b: 367, 377, 444, 447, 448, 449, 451, 454, 456, 509, 511, 518, 520, 523, 540, 701, 710

Bertazzi et al., 1992: 367, 378, 444, 568, 569

Bisanti et al., 1980: 366, 376, 598, 676

Blair, 1983: 324, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 468, 471, 491, 502, 504, 515, 516, 517, 518, 520, 523, 524, 566, 575

Blair and Thomas, 1979: 332, 357

Blair and White, 1985: 332, 358, 566, 569

Boeri et al., 1978: 365, 376, 645, 658, 663

Boffetta et al., 1989: 334, 358, 559, 561, 576

Bond et al., 1983: 303, 344, 518, 691, 701

Bond et al., 1987: 303, 308, 344, 643, 658, 671

Bond et al., 1988: 307, 310, 345, 447, 448, 450, 451, 456, 461, 465, 471, 473, 474, 477, 502, 504, 515, 516, 517, 519, 520, 521, 523, 524, 529, 549, 558, 565, 566

Bond et al., 1989a: 303, 310, 345, 674

Bond et al., 1989b: 303, 310, 345, 529, 643, 658, 674

Boyle et al., 1987: 390, 391, 408, 445, 447, 455, 469, 503, 519, 523, 542, 556, 562, 570, 646, 655, 706, 710

Breslin et al., 1988: 393, 398, 410, 445, 447, 448, 449, 450, 455, 456, 469, 473, 474, 493, 497, 503, 504, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 520, 521, 523, 524, 543, 544, 554, 555, 562, 570, 646, 654

Brown et al., 1990: 332, 358, 566, 569

Bueno de Mesquita et al., 1993: 314, 316, 347, 464, 477, 558, 565, 566

Bullman et al., 1990: 394, 410, 445, 470, 493, 543

Bullman et al., 1991: 395, 397, 411, 647, 654

Burmeister, 1981: 318, 334, 348, 443, 447, 448, 449, 450, 473, 474, 502, 504, 515, 516, 517, 518, 520, 523, 524, 534, 550, 560, 566, 569

Burmeister et al., 1982: 334, 358, 567

Burmeister et al., 1983: 335, 359, 447, 448, 518, 520, 533, 534, 559, 560, 561, 575, 576

Burt et al., 1987: 393, 410, 543, 544, 545


Calvert et al., 1991: 303, 304, 342, 709, 712

Calvert et al., 1992: 303, 304, 305, 342, 685, 686, 687, 691

Suggested Citation:"E: Author Index, Chapters 7-11." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×

Cantor, 1982: 336, 359, 533, 534

Cantor and Blair, 1984: 559, 560

Cantor et al., 1992: 333, 358

Caramaschi et al., 1981: 366, 376, 676, 686, 691

Carmelli et al., 1981: 336, 360, 597, 604

Cartwright et al., 1988: 380, 383, 537

Centers for Disease Control Birth Defects Study (listed under Erickson et al., 1984a,b)

Centers for Disease Control Selected Cancers Study, 1989b, 1990a-d: 387, 389, 391, 404, 409, 440, 455, 456, 459, 493, 498, 527, 541, 543, 548, 554, 555, 573, 604, 616, 617, 623, 624, 627, 630, 633

Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Vietnam Experience Study, 1988a-c, 1989b: 389, 390, 408, 444, 445, 447, 503, 504, 508, 562, 601, 609-611, 622, 626, 627, 629, 630, 632, 633, 646, 647, 654, 656, 659, 665, 677, 696, 698, 702, 703, 706, 707, 710, 711, 712

Clapp et al., 1991: 401, 496, 515, 546, 547

Coggon et al., 1986: 314, 315, 346, 444, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 459, 462, 465, 471, 473, 474, 477, 502, 504, 515, 516, 517, 518, 520, 521, 523, 524, 558, 565, 700, 709

Coggon et al., 1991: 314, 315, 346, 444, 462, 471, 477, 643, 700, 709

Collins et al., 1993: 303, 306, 343, 479

Constable and Hatch, 1985: 370, 380, 599, 600, 608, 622

Cook et al., 1980: 303, 308, 309, 344, 674

Cook et al., 1986: 303, 309, 310, 344

Cook et al., 1987: 303, 309, 344, 684

Corrao et al., 1989: 320, 349, 537, 538, 566

Dai et al., 1990: 371, 379, 622

Dalager et al., 1991: 395, 396, 397, 411, 543, 544, 545

Decoufle et al., 1992: 391, 409, 647, 654, 660

Deprez et al., 1991: 400, 415, 603, 614

Donna et al., 1984: 338, 361, 509, 510

Donovan et al., 1983, 1984: 406, 416, 614, 617

Dubrow et al., 1988: 336, 359, 533, 534, 550


Eisen et al., 1991: 395, 398, 406, 412, 647, 660, 695, 703, 711

Erickson et al., 1984a,b: 387, 408, 606, 611, 612, 629

Eriksson et al., 1979, 1981: 327, 354, 481, 482, 485, 489, 495, 499, 572

Eriksson et al., 1990: 328, 354, 484, 485, 489, 499, 573

Eriksson et al., 1992: 322, 350, 531, 553

Evans et al., 1988: 350, 369, 694


Farberow et al., 1990: 395, 397, 398, 412, 655

Fett et al., 1987a: 416, 418, 444

Fett et al., 1987b: 416, 418, 444, 470, 496, 546, 556, 570, 647, 654, 656, 702, 706, 710

Fiedler and Gochfeld, 1992: 401, 402, 413, 647, 656

Field and Kerr, 1988: 417, 418, 603, 604, 615, 622, 623, 624, 626, 627, 629, 630, 633

Filippini et al., 1981: 365, 376, 645, 664

Fingerhut et al., 1991: 303, 305, 307, 308, 315, 342, 443, 445, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 453, 456, 464, 465, 466, 471, 473, 474, 478, 479, 489, 499, 502, 504, 508, 515, 516, 517, 519, 520, 523, 524, 529, 548, 549, 558, 564, 566, 573, 575, 577, 660

Fitzgerald et al., 1989: 363, 364, 444, 608, 616, 621, 626, 627, 675

Forcier et al., 1987: 417, 418, 444


Goldberg et al., 1990: 405, 406, 416, 647, 654

Suggested Citation:"E: Author Index, Chapters 7-11." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×

Gordon and Shy, 1981: 374, 380, 608

Goun and Kuller, 1986: 403, 414, 562

Green, 1987: 323, 351, 643

Green, 1991: 314, 323, 351, 443, 467, 468, 471, 491, 516, 517, 538, 553, 561, 568, 575, 650

Greenwald et al., 1984: 402, 414, 495

Hanify et al., 1981: 373, 380, 608, 616

Hansen et al., 1992: 321, 350, 443, 447, 480, 502, 504, 537, 538, 567, 569

Hardell, 1981: 328, 355, 450, 482, 483, 484, 530, 548, 573

Hardell and Bengtsson, 1983: 328, 355, 551, 556, 574

Hardell and Eriksson, 1988: 328, 354, 483, 484, 485, 489, 499, 573

Hardell and Sandstrom, 1979: 326, 328, 329, 353, 481, 485, 489, 495, 499, 529, 572

Hardell et al., 1980: 328, 355, 530, 531, 551

Hardell et al., 1981: 328, 329, 355, 447, 484, 529, 530, 548, 551, 556, 573, 574

Hardell et al., 1982: 329, 355, 459, 483

Hardell et al., 1984: 329, 356, 454, 455, 456, 577

Hardell et al., 1987: 338, 361, 695

Henneberger et al., 1989: 341, 362, 443, 448, 449, 450, 451, 515, 516, 517, 518, 520, 523, 524, 540, 562, 684

Hoar et al., 1986: 335, 359, 447, 450, 455, 533, 550, 551, 553, 573

Hoffman et al., 1986: 369, 379, 444, 455, 456, 645, 665, 681, 687, 694

Holmes et al., 1986: 404, 415, 470, 496, 497, 546, 547, 555


Ideo et al., 1982: 367, 377, 687

Ideo et al., 1985: 367, 377, 687


Jansson and Voog, 1989: 375, 381, 608

Jappinen and Pukkala, 1991: 341, 362, 364, 443, 468

Jennings et al., 1988: 316, 347, 676, 697


Kahn et al., 1992a,b,c: 401, 402, 413, 695

Kang et al., 1986: 395, 396, 411, 494, 498

Kang et al., 1987: 395, 396, 411, 494, 498, 543

Kogan and Clapp, 1985: 400, 401, 413, 445, 447, 470, 497, 515, 647, 660, 702

Kogan and Clapp, 1988: 400, 401, 413, 470, 496, 515, 516


Lampi et al., 1992: 381, 383, 444, 447, 450, 492, 517, 541

LaVecchia et al., 1989: 341, 362, 536, 537, 551, 552, 559, 561

Lawrence et al., 1985: 402, 414, 447, 470, 473, 474, 495, 497, 503, 504, 523, 524, 546, 547, 555, 647, 654, 656

Lerda and Rizzi, 1991: 321, 349, 632

Levy, 1988: 401, 413, 632, 647

Lynge, 1985: 314, 317, 444, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 454, 456, 463, 465, 502, 504, 509, 515, 516, 517, 518, 520, 523, 524, 565


Manz et al., 1991: 313, 346, 443, 448, 450, 464, 465, 466, 471, 477, 502, 508, 509, 515, 516, 517, 520, 530, 548, 574, 575, 643

Mastroiacovo et al., 1988: 368, 378, 608, 616

May, 1982, 1983: 316, 347, 596, 597, 620, 621, 623, 675, 686, 687, 689

Michalek et al., 1990: 385, 386, 407, 445, 469, 492, 498, 541, 556, 570, 712

Michigan, 1983: 375, 382

Mocarelli et al., 1986: 366, 377, 676, 686, 689

Morris et al., 1986: 336, 359, 559, 560

Morrison et al., 1992: 319, 320, 349, 523, 524

Suggested Citation:"E: Author Index, Chapters 7-11." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×

Morrison et al., 1993: 319, 349, 518, 520, 575

Moses et al., 1984: 303, 306, 343, 503, 508, 516, 596, 597, 604, 607, 616, 620, 643, 662, 674, 684, 686, 689, 700, 701, 706

Musicco et al., 1988: 339, 361, 523, 524

Nelson et al., 1979: 373, 381, 608

Newell, 1984: 403, 415, 696, 698


O'Brien et al., 1991: 391, 409, 542, 543

Olsson and Brandt, 1988: 329, 356, 531, 532, 539

Ott et al., 1980: 303, 307, 308, 309, 344

Ott et al., 1987: 303, 309, 310, 344


Pazderova-Vejlupkova et al., 1981: 317, 347, 644, 649, 662, 675, 683, 684, 688

Pearce et al., 1985: 331, 357, 535, 536, 552, 560

Pearce et al., 1986a: 331, 357, 559, 560, 561

Pearce et al., 1986b: 331, 357, 535, 536

Perce et al., 1987: 331, 357, 535, 536

Persson et al., 1989: 329, 356, 531, 539, 548, 552, 553, 556, 573, 574

Pesatori et al., 1992: 367, 377, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 455, 456, 469, 491, 492, 503, 504, 511, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 521, 523, 524, 540, 562, 570

Phuong et al., 1989a: 372, 379, 600

Phuong et al., 1989b: 372, 379, 608

Poland et al., 1971: 317, 348, 644, 649, 662, 674, 680

Pollei et al., 1986: 402, 414, 703, 707, 711, 712


Rellahan, 1985: 400, 413, 603, 614, 648, 660

Riihimaki et al., 1982: 324, 352, 443, 467, 468, 471, 491

Riihimaki et al., 1983: 324, 352, 443, 467, 468, 491, 538, 539, 553, 559, 561, 676

Robinson et al., 1986: 341, 362, 443, 447, 448, 449, 450, 459, 515, 516, 517, 518, 520, 523, 524, 540, 562, 568

Ronco et al., 1992: 320, 349, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 453, 456, 459, 464, 465, 471, 474, 478, 479, 499, 502, 504, 509, 515, 516, 517, 519, 520, 521, 523, 524, 529, 537, 538, 548, 549, 550, 554, 558, 565, 569, 573, 575, 577


Saracci et al., 1991: 313, 314, 315, 346, 443, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 453, 456, 459, 464, 465, 471, 478, 479, 499, 502, 504, 509, 516, 517, 519, 520, 521, 523, 524, 529, 548, 549, 550, 558, 565, 566, 573, 575, 577

Smith and Christophers, 1992: 340, 361, 488, 536, 537

Smith and Pearce, 1986: 330, 357, 486, 490

Smith et al., 1981: 324, 325, 352

Smith et al., 1982: 324, 325, 352, 596, 598, 604, 608, 616, 620, 623

Smith et al., 1983: 330, 331, 356, 486, 490

Smith et al., 1984: 330, 331, 356

Snow et al., 1988: 399, 412, 648, 654

Sobel et al., 1987: 303, 311, 345, 489

Solet et al., 1989: 341, 362, 364, 443, 448, 449, 450, 454, 456, 468, 518, 520, 540, 562, 568

Stehr et al., 1986: 368, 378, 456, 645, 664, 677, 694

Stehr-Green et al., 1987: 369, 379, 455, 645, 652, 681, 694

Stellman et al., 1988a: 399

Stellman et al., 1988b: 399, 412, 601, 604, 626, 633, 677, 695, 703, 706, 711

Stellman et al., 1988c: 399, 412

Stockbauer et al., 1988: 370, 379, 608, 616, 621, 622, 623, 624, 626, 627

Suskind and Hertzberg, 1984: 303, 305,

Suggested Citation:"E: Author Index, Chapters 7-11." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×

502, 504, 516, 596, 597, 604, 616, 620, 621, 623, 644, 663, 673, 674, 684, 691, 700, 706, 707, 709, 712

Swaen et al., 1992: 325, 353, 443, 447, 448, 449, 450, 468, 491, 502, 504, 518, 520, 523, 524, 538, 539, 553, 554, 559, 561

Sweeney et al., In press: 303, 304, 305, 342, 644, 663, 679, 684

Tarone et al., 1991: 405, 416, 519, 521

Tenchini et al., 1983: 368, 378, 599

Thiess et al., 1982: 312, 345, 450

Thomas, 1987: 303, 318, 348, 444, 448, 449, 450, 451, 644, 658

Thomas and Kang, 1990: 394, 410, 470, 523, 524, 570, 705, 706, 711

Thomas et al., 1991: 394, 411, 445, 449, 470, 509, 511, 544, 545, 702, 706

Townsend et al., 1982: 303, 311, 345, 597, 604, 607, 616, 620, 622, 623, 624

True et al., 1988: 395, 397, 398, 411, 648, 654


U.S. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), 1979: 372, 382, 598


van Houdt et al., 1983: 323, 351, 676

Vineis et al., 1986: 339, 361, 381, 486

Vineis et al., 1991: 384, 490, 492, 537, 538


Watanabe et al., 1991: 393, 410, 445, 469, 493, 498, 519, 521, 544, 545, 710

Webb et al., 1987: 368, 378, 646, 664, 677, 686, 694

Wendt, 1985: 400, 413, 495, 603, 614, 648, 660, 677

White et al., 1988: 374, 381, 608, 620, 623

Wigle et al., 1990: 319, 348, 447, 448, 502, 504, 518, 523, 524, 537-538, 567, 569

Wiklund, 1983: 322, 350, 443, 448, 449, 450, 451, 454, 456, 459, 466, 473, 474, 503, 504, 509, 510, 515, 516, 519, 520, 521, 531, 532, 552, 554, 566, 577

Wiklund and Holm, 1986: 322, 350, 479

Wiklund et al., 1987: 325, 352, 532

Wiklund et al., 1988a: 322, 350, 532, 552, 554

Wiklund et al., 1988b: 325, 353, 491, 552

Wiklund et al., 1989a: 325, 353, 468, 491, 531, 532

Wiklund et al., 1989b: 325, 353, 491, 531, 532, 533, 554

Wingren et al., 1990: 328, 354, 485, 490

Wolfe et al., 1990: 386, 407, 503, 504, 541, 556, 562, 678, 689, 696

Woods and Polissar, 1989: 337, 338, 360, 535

Woods et al., 1987: 337, 360, 480, 487, 490, 533, 535, 574


Zack and Gaffey, 1983: 303, 307, 343, 700

Zack and Suskind, 1980: 303, 305, 343, 444, 454, 456, 508, 700

Zahm et al., 1990: 333, 358, 527, 533, 535, 548, 566, 573

Zober et al., 1990: 312, 346, 444, 447, 448, 450, 463, 465, 473, 474, 477,

Suggested Citation:"E: Author Index, Chapters 7-11." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×
Page 771
Suggested Citation:"E: Author Index, Chapters 7-11." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×
Page 772
Suggested Citation:"E: Author Index, Chapters 7-11." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×
Page 773
Suggested Citation:"E: Author Index, Chapters 7-11." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×
Page 774
Suggested Citation:"E: Author Index, Chapters 7-11." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×
Page 775
Suggested Citation:"E: Author Index, Chapters 7-11." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×
Page 776
Next: Glossary »
Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $225.00
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Have U.S. military personnel experienced health problems from being exposed to Agent Orange, its dioxin contaminants, and other herbicides used in Vietnam? This definitive volume summarizes the strength of the evidence associating exposure during Vietnam service with cancer and other health effects and presents conclusions from an expert panel.

Veterans and Agent Orange provides a historical review of the issue, examines studies of populations, in addition to Vietnam veterans, environmentally and occupationally exposed to herbicides and dioxin, and discusses problems in study methodology. The core of the book presents

  • What is known about the toxicology of the herbicides used in greatest quantities in Vietnam.
  • What is known about assessing exposure to herbicides and dioxin.
  • What can be determined from the wide range of epidemiological studies conducted by different authorities.
  • What is known about the relationship between exposure to herbicides and dioxin, and cancer, reproductive effects, neurobehavioral disorders, and other health effects.

The book describes research areas of continuing concern and offers recommendations for further research on the health effects of Agent Orange exposure among Vietnam veterans.

This volume will be critically important to both policymakers and physicians in the federal government, Vietnam veterans and their families, veterans organizations, researchers, and health professionals.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!