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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
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Acronyms and Abbreviations


AAAS

American Association for the Advancement of Science

AFHS

Air Force Health Study

AFIP

Armed Forces Institute of Pathology

AHH

aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase

AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

ALA

δ-aminolevulinic acid

ALL

acute lymphocytic leukemia

ALS

Assembly of Life Sciences

ALT

alanine aminotransferase

AML

acute myeloid leukemia

AOS

Agent Orange Study

AOVI

Agent Orange Victims International

AOVS

Agent Orange Validation Study

AOWG

Agent Orange Working Group

AST

aspartate aminotransferase


BIRLS

Beneficiary Identification and Record Locator Subsystem (DVA)

BLS

Bureau of Labor Statistics


°C

degree Celsius

CAS

Chemical Abstracts Service

CCR

Cancer Control Region

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×

CDC

Centers for Disease Control (now Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

CER

Cancer Environment Registry (Sweden)

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

CI

confidence interval

CLL

chronic lymphocytic leukemia

CLS

Commission on Life Sciences

cm

centimeter

CML

chronic myeloid leukemia

CNS

central nervous system

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CP

chlorophenol

CSM

cerebrospinal malformation

CTL

cytotoxic T lymphocyte


2,3-D

2,3-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid

2,4-D

2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid

DMSO

dimethyl sulfoxide

DMZ

Demilitarized Zone

DOD

Department of Defense

DRE

dioxin-responsive enhancer

DTH

delayed-type hypersensitivity

DVA

Department of Veterans Affairs (formerly the Veterans Administration)


EAS

Environmental Agents Service

EBV

Epstein-Barr virus

ECOD

ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase

EEG

electroencephalography

EES

Environmental Epidemiology Service

EGF

epidermal growth factor

EHAC

Veterans' Advisory Committee on Environmental Hazards

EKG

electrocardiogram

EMG

electromyography

EOI

exposure opportunity index

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

EROD

ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase

ESG

Joint Services Environmental Support Group


FEF

forced expiratory flow

FEV

forced expiratory volume

FT4

free thyroxine

FVC

forced vital capacity

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×

GAO

General Accounting Office

GBDS

General Birth Defects Study

GGT

gamma-glutamyltransferase

GI

gastrointestinal


HAC

Herbicide Assessment Commission

HAH

halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon

HCB

hexachlorobenzene

HD

Hodgkin's disease

HDL

high-density lipoprotein

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

H/OCDD

hexa- to octachlorodibenzodioxin

H.R.

House resolution


IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer

ICD

International Classification of Diseases

Ig

immunoglobulin

IOM

Institute of Medicine

i.p.

intraperitoneal

IRS

Internal Revenue Service

IUGR

intrauterine growth retardation


JEM

job exposure matrix


kd

kilodalton (103 daltons)

kg

kilogram (103 grams)

km

kilometer (103 meters)


LDL

low-density lipoprotein


m

meter

m2

square meter

m3

cubic meter

MACDP

Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program

MACV

U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam

MCDF

6-methyl-1,3,8-trichlorodibenzofuran

MCPA

2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid

MCPP

2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenoxy)propanoic acid

MDL

multidistrict litigation

MEDLARS

Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System

MeSH

Medical Subject Headings (National Library of Medicine)

MFO

mixed-function oxidase

mg

milligram (10-3 gram)

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×

min

minute (time)

ml

milliliters

MM

multiple myeloma

MMPI

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory

mol

mole

MOR

mortality odds ratio

MPTP

1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine

MRI

Midwest Research Institute

MTD

maximum tolerated dose

MWD

military working dog

MWMS

men without known military service

µg

microgram (10-6 gram)

µl

microliter (10-6 liter)

µmol

micromole (10-6 mole)


NAD

nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide

NAS

National Academy of Sciences

NaTCP

sodium trichlorophenol

NEPACCO

Northeast Pharmaceutical and Chemical Corporation

ng

nanogram (10-9 gram)

NHL

non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

NIOSH

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

NLM

National Library of Medicine

nM

nanomolar (10-9 molar)

nmol

nanomole (10-9 mole)

NRC

National Research Council

NSAID

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

NSVG

National Survey of the Vietnam Generation

NTP

National Toxicology Program

NVV

non-Vietnam veteran


OCDD

octachlorodibenzodioxin

OTA

Office of Technology Assessment


PBB

polybrominated biphenyl

PCB

polychlorinated biphenyl

PCDD

polychlorinated dibenzodioxin

PCT

porphyria cutanea tarda

PEPCK

phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase

pg

picogram (10-12 gram)

PH

phenoxy acid herbicide

PMN

polymorphonuclear neutrophil

pmol

picomole (10-12 mole)

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×

PMR

proportionate mortality ratio

PNS

peripheral nervous system

ppb

parts per billion

ppm

parts per million

ppt

parts per trillion

pre-SEA

pre-Southeast Asia

PRR

prevalence risk ratio

PTD

preterm delivery

PTF

Patient Treatment File (Veterans Administration)

PTSD

posttraumatic stress disorder


RH

Ranch Hand

RR

relative risk

rt3

reverse triiodothyronine


S.

Senate

SCL-90

Self-Report Symptom Inventory-Revised-90

SCS

Selected Cancers Study

SES

socioeconomic status

SIR

standardized incidence ratio

SLE

systemic lupus erythematosus

SMbR

standardized morbidity ratio

SMR

standardized mortality ratio

SRBC

sheep red blood cell

SRR

standardized rate ratio

SSA

Social Security Administration

STS

soft tissue sarcoma


2,4,5-T

2,3,4-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid

T3

triiodothyronine

T4

thyroxine

TBDD

2,3,7,8-tetrabromodibenzo-para-dioxin

TCDD

2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin

TCP

trichlorophenol

TGF-α

transforming growth factor-α

TMAO

trimethylarsine oxide

TNF

tumor necrosis factor

TSH

thyroid-stimulating hormone

TT3

total triiodothyronine

TT4

total thyroxine


UDPGT

uridine 5' -diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase

UROD

uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×

USAF

U.S. Air Force

USDA

U.S. Department of Agriculture

UTM

Universal Transverse Mercator


VA

Veterans Administration

VDL

very low-density lipoprotein

VES

Vietnam Experience Study

VV

Vietnam veterans

VVAOHS

Vietnam Veteran Agent Orange Health Study


WAIS

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×
Page 784
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×
Page 785
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×
Page 786
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×
Page 787
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×
Page 788
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2141.
×
Page 789
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Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam Get This Book
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Have U.S. military personnel experienced health problems from being exposed to Agent Orange, its dioxin contaminants, and other herbicides used in Vietnam? This definitive volume summarizes the strength of the evidence associating exposure during Vietnam service with cancer and other health effects and presents conclusions from an expert panel.

Veterans and Agent Orange provides a historical review of the issue, examines studies of populations, in addition to Vietnam veterans, environmentally and occupationally exposed to herbicides and dioxin, and discusses problems in study methodology. The core of the book presents

  • What is known about the toxicology of the herbicides used in greatest quantities in Vietnam.
  • What is known about assessing exposure to herbicides and dioxin.
  • What can be determined from the wide range of epidemiological studies conducted by different authorities.
  • What is known about the relationship between exposure to herbicides and dioxin, and cancer, reproductive effects, neurobehavioral disorders, and other health effects.

The book describes research areas of continuing concern and offers recommendations for further research on the health effects of Agent Orange exposure among Vietnam veterans.

This volume will be critically important to both policymakers and physicians in the federal government, Vietnam veterans and their families, veterans organizations, researchers, and health professionals.

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