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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Material Measurement Laboratory: Fiscal Year 2014. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21660.
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Acronyms

2-D LC-MS two-dimensional liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry
 
ACMD Applied Chemicals and Materials Division
ADA American Dental Association
AFM atomic force microscopy
ALD atomic layer deposition
ANSI American National Standards Institute
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
 
BBD Biosystems and Biomaterials Division
BCARS broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering
BMD Biomolecular Measurement Division
BMM beam line for master measurements
BSA bovine serum albumin
 
CD-SAXS critical dimension measurement by small-angle x-ray scattering
CD-SAXS critical dimension small-angle x-ray scattering
CHO Chinese Hamster Ovary
CMOS complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor
CNTs carbon nanotubes
CRADA cooperative research and development agreement
CRP C-reactive proteins
CSD Chemical Sciences Division
 
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DATA Digital Accountability and Transparency Act
DFT density functional theory
DHS Department of Homeland Security
DNAA delayed neutron activation analysis
DoD Department of Defense
DSQAP Dietary Supplement Laboratory Quality Assurance Program
 
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
ERCC External RNA Controls Consortium
ES-DMA electrospray-differential mobility analysis
 
FARS frequency-agile, rapid scanning spectroscopy
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FIB focused ion beam
FRET fluorescence resonance energy transfer
 
GOCO government-owned, contractor-operated
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Material Measurement Laboratory: Fiscal Year 2014. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21660.
×
GOGO government-owned, government-operated
 
HAXPES hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
HER2 human epidermal growth factor receptor 2
HITRAN high-resolution transmission
HPCVD handheld point chemical vapor detector
 
IBBR Institute for Bioscience and Biological Research
ICP-MS inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
IIS Innovation and Industry Services
INAA instrumental neutron activation analysis
IP intellectual property
IS institutional services
ISI Institute for Scientific Information
ISO International Organization for Standardization
 
LC–MS liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry
 
MGI Materials Genome Initiative
miRNA microRNA
MML Material Measurement Laboratory
MMSD Materials Measurement Science Division
MRD Materials Reliability Division
MSED Materials Science and Engineering Division
 
NanoEHS nanotechnology environment, health, and safety
NCI National Cancer Institute
NEXAFS near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure
NIH National Institutes of Health
Ni-MH nickel–metal hydride
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NRC National Research Council
NSLS National Synchrotron Light Source
NTRM NIST Traceable Reference Material
 
ODI Office of Data and Informatics
OLED organic light-emitting diode
ORM Office for Reference Materials
 
PGNAA prompt gamma neutron activation analysis
PMA Pharmaceutical Manufacturers’ Association
POP persistent organic pollutant
 
qNMR quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance
qPCR quantitation using the polymerase chain reaction
 
REFPROP Reference Fluid Thermodynamic and Transport Properties Database
RNAA radiochemical neutron activation analysis
 
SAM self-assembled monolayer
SEM scanning electron microscope
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Material Measurement Laboratory: Fiscal Year 2014. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21660.
×
SIMS secondary ion mass spectrometry
SMG Structural Materials Group
SPARC stratosphere–troposphere processes and their role in climate
spICP-MS single-particle, inductively coupled analysis plasma-mass spectrometer
SRD standard reference database
SRM standard reference material
STR short tandem repeat
STRS scientific and technical research and services
 
TGA thermogravimetric analyses
TOFMS time-of-flight mass spectrometry
TPD Thermophysical Properties Division
TRC Thermodynamics Research Center
 
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
UV-Vis-NIR ultraviolet, visible, and near infrared
 
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WMO-GAW WMO global atmosphere watch
 
XAFS x-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopy
XPS x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Material Measurement Laboratory: Fiscal Year 2014. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21660.
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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Material Measurement Laboratory: Fiscal Year 2014. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21660.
×
Page 71
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Material Measurement Laboratory: Fiscal Year 2014. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21660.
×
Page 72
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Material Measurement Laboratory: Fiscal Year 2014. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21660.
×
Page 73
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Material Measurement Laboratory: Fiscal Year 2014. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21660.
×
Page 74
An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Material Measurement Laboratory: Fiscal Year 2014 Get This Book
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The National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST's) Material Measurement Laboratory (MML) is our nation's reference laboratory for measurements in the chemical, biological, and materials sciences and engineering. Staff of the MML develop state-of-the-art measurement techniques and conduct fundamental research related to measuring the composition, structure, and properties of substances. Tools that include reference materials, data, and measurement services are developed to support industries that range from transportation to biotechnology and to address problems such as climate change, environmental sciences, renewable energy, health care, infrastructure, food safety and nutrition, and forensics.

This report assesses the scientific and technical work performed by NIST's Material Measurement Laboratory. In particular, the report assesses the organization's technical programs, the portfolio of scientific expertise within the organization, the adequacy of the organization's facilities, equipment, and human resources, and the effectiveness by which the organization disseminates its program outputs.

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