WANDA M. AUSTIN is president and chief executive officer of the Aerospace Corporation, a leading architect of the nation’s national security space programs, with nearly 4,000 employees and annual revenues of more than $850 million. She assumed this position on January 1, 2008. She is also committed to inspiring the next generation to study the STEM disciplines and making science and engineering preferred career choices. Under her guidance, the Aerospace Corporation has undertaken a number of initiatives in support of this goal, including participation in MathCounts, US FIRST Robotics, and Change the Equation.
Dr. Austin is internationally recognized for her work in satellite and payload system acquisition, systems engineering, and system simulation. She served on President Obama’s Review of Human Spaceflight Plans Committee in 2009, and was appointed to the Defense Science Board in 2010 and the NASA Advisory Council in 2014.
She is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, International Academy of Astronautics, and American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). She has received numerous awards and citations, among them the National Intelligence Medallion for Meritorious Service, Air Force Scroll of Achievement, and National Reconnaissance Office Gold Medal, as well as the AIAA von Braun Award for Excellence in Space Program Management (2010), the Horatio Alger Award (2012), the NDIA Peter B. Teets Industry Award (2012), and the USC Viterbi Distinguished Alumni Award (2014).
Dr. Austin earned her bachelor’s degree in mathematics from Franklin and Marshall College, master’s degrees in systems engineering and math
ematics from the University of Pittsburgh, and doctorate in systems engineering from the University of Southern California.
CORALE L. BRIERLEY is principal and founder (in 1991) of Brierley Consultancy LLC, which provides technical and business consultation to the mining and chemical industries and government agencies. Previously, she worked as chief of environmental process development for Newmont Mining Corporation (1990–1991), general partner at VistaTech Partnership Ltd. (1988–1999), president of Advanced Mineral Technologies, Inc. (1982–1988), chemical microbiologist at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (1971–1982), and microbiologist with Martin-Marietta Corp. (1968–1969). Her interests are in biotechnology applied to mine production; the treatment and management of metal-bearing aqueous, solid, and radioactive wastes; and market and business development in these technical areas.
Dr. Brierley was elected to the NAE in 1999 for her innovations applying biotechnology to mine production and remediation. She served as NAE Councillor from 2009 to 2014, when she was elected vice president. She has been active on a number of NAE committees, currently chairs the NRC Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, and previously chaired the congressionally mandated NRC Committee on Coal Research, Technology, and Resource Assessments to Inform Energy Policy. Her past NRC committee service includes the Panel on Technologies for the Mining Industries, Committee on Novel Approaches to the Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Energy Systems, Committee on Ground Water Recharge in Surface-Mined Areas, and Committee on Review of the US Geological Survey’s Mineral Resources Program (which she chaired).
Dr. Brierley is a member of the Society of Mining Engineers (SME) of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers (AIME) and has received both the AIME James Douglas Gold Medal (2008) for distinguished achievement in nonferrous metallurgy and the SME Milton E. Wadsworth Award (2011) for distinguished contributions advancing understanding of the science and technology of nonferrous chemical metallurgy. She is a member of the International Advisory Committee for the Biohydrometallurgy Symposia (since 1983), and has served on the editorial boards for Elsevier’s Hydrometallurgy journal since 1996 and Minerals Engineering journal since June 2014.
She received her BS degree in biology (1968) and MS in chemistry (1971), both from the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, and her PhD in environmental sciences (1982) from the University of Texas at Dallas.
LEONARD KLEINROCK is Distinguished Professor of Computer Science at UCLA. He developed the mathematical theory of packet networks, the technology underpinning the Internet, as an MIT graduate student in 1962 (he received his PhD in 1963). His UCLA host computer became the first node of the Internet in September 1969 from which he directed the transmission of the first Internet message.
Dr. Kleinrock has served as professor of computer science at UCLA since 1963, and was department chair in 1991–1995. He has published over 250 papers and authored six books in areas including packet switching networks, packet radio networks, local area networks, broadband networks, nomadic computing, performance evaluation, intelligent agents, and peer-to-peer networks. He was a cofounder and first president of Linkabit Corporation, cofounder of Nomadix, Inc., and founder of TTI/Vanguard.
Dr. Kleinrock is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and American Academy of Arts and Sciences; a fellow of the IEEE, ACM, INFORMS, and IEC; and an inaugural member of the Internet Hall of Fame. Among his many honors, he is a recipient of the Ericsson Prize, the NAE Draper Prize, the Marconi Prize, the Okawa Prize, the Dan David Prize, and the IEEE Alexander Graham Bell Medal and Harry M. Goode Award. He was further recognized when he received the 2007 National Medal of Science, the highest honor for achievement in science, bestowed by the president of the United States.
ROBERT W. LUCKY has led premier research laboratories in telecommunications over the last several decades, first at Bell Labs and then at Telcordia Technologies, where he was corporate vice president for applied research. Since retiring he has remained active in professional activities including advisory boards, studies, and consulting.
Dr. Lucky is the author of many technical papers and several books, including Silicon Dreams: Information, Man, and Machine and Lucky Strikes … Again: Feats and Foibles of Engineers. However, most engineers know him through his monthly columns for IEEE’s Spectrum magazine over the past 30 years, offering philosophical and sometimes
humorous observations on engineering, life, and technology. He has been invited to speak at more than 100 universities and is a frequent speaker at technical, business, academic, and social occasions, delivering plenary and keynote addresses to conferences.
He received his PhD in electrical engineering from Purdue University, and has since been honored with four honorary doctorates as well as a number of major awards, including the Marconi Prize and IEEE Edison Medal. He is an elected fellow of the IEEE and member of the National Academy of Engineering as well as the American and European Academies of Arts and Sciences.
ARUNAVA MAJUMDAR is the Jay Precourt Professor at Stanford University, where he serves on the faculty of the Department of Mechanical Engineering and is a senior fellow of the Precourt Institute for Energy. Before joining Stanford, he was vice president for energy at Google, where he created several energy technology initiatives.
In October 2009 he was nominated by President Obama and confirmed by the Senate as founding director of the Advanced Research Projects Agency–Energy (ARPA-E), where he served ’til June 2012. From March 2011 to June 2012 he was also acting under secretary of energy and a senior advisor to the secretary of energy. He currently serves on the US Secretary of Energy’s Advisory Board, the councils of the National Academy of Engineering (of which he is an elected member) and the Electric Power Research Institute, and the Science Board of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. He is a member of the International Advisory Panel for Energy of the Singapore Ministry of Trade and Industry and the US delegation for the US-India Track II Dialogue on Climate Change and Energy, and US science envoy to Eastern Europe in the area of energy and innovation. He is also a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Dr. Majumdar was previously the Almy and Agnes Maynard Chair Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley, and associate laboratory director for energy and environment at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. His research interests include the science and engineering of nanoscale materials and devices as well as large engineered systems.
He received his bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering at the
Indian Institute of Technology in Bombay in 1985 and his PhD from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1989.
RODERIC I. PETTIGREW, PhD, MD, is the first director of the NIH National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) and in 2013 was also appointed NIH’s acting chief officer for scientific workforce diversity. This position was established by the NIH director for the coordination and oversight of all NIH programs and activities designed to strengthen the biomedical research workforce through enhanced diversity.
Before his appointment at the NIH, Dr. Pettigrew was professor of radiology, medicine (cardiology) at Emory University and of bioengineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology; he was also director of the Emory Center for Magnetic Resonance Research, Emory University School of Medicine, in Atlanta. He is known internationally for his pioneering work at Emory University involving four-dimensional imaging of the cardiovascular system using MRI. His current research focuses on integrated imaging and predictive biomechanical modeling of coronary atherosclerotic disease.
Early on at NIBIB he jointly led a national effort with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute to create new interdisciplinary graduate training programs, and established the Quantum Projects program to achieve “medical moon shots” by pursuing high-risk, high-impact projects designed to solve major healthcare problems. Under his leadership, national collaborative and international initiatives have been issued to develop low-cost and point-of-care medical technologies.
At present he leads an effort to reduce CT radiation dose to background levels. And he has recently called for a US-India collaboration to develop unobtrusive technologies for frequent recording of blood pressure to address the worldwide problem of hypertension.
Dr. Pettigrew is a member of both the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine. His awards include Phi Beta Kappa, the Benjamin E. Mays Award from A Better Chance Foundation, Most Distinguished Alumnus of the University of Miami, Herbert Nickens Award of the Association of Black Cardiologists, Pritzker Distinguished Achievement Award of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Distinguished Service Award of the National Medical Association, and the Pierre Galletti Award of the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering.
ROBERT E. SCHAFRIK recently retired as general manager of the Materials and Process Engineering Department at GE Aviation (formerly GE Aircraft Engines) in Cincinnati, a position he held since 1999. During his tenure he and his team reduced the development time for several new materials—including low rhenium turbine blade alloy, R65 (a high-temperature cast-and-wrought disk alloy), and titanium aluminide turbine blade alloy—and greatly expanded the use of composite applications in engines. He was hired in 1997 as a senior staff department engineer.
Before that (1991–1997) he staffed the National Research Council’s National Materials Advisory Board (NMAB) and Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design (BMAED), following his service as vice president of research and development at Technology Assessment and Transfer, Inc., in Annapolis (1988–1991).
Dr. Schafrik spent 20 years on active duty as a military officer in the US Air Force before retiring as a lieutenant colonel in 1988. He was chief of the Long-Term Planning Division with the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization (SDIO) at the Pentagon and, before that, chief of the Air Superiority Division for the Headquarters Air Force Systems Command (AFSC) at Andrews Air Force Base.
He chairs the NRC National Materials and Manufacturing Board as well as the External Advisory Committee for the Materials Science and Engineering Department at Ohio State University, and is a member of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board.
He was elected to the NAE in 2013 for more than 40 years of innovation in materials for gas turbine engines.
Dr. Schafrik earned his BS in metallurgy from Case Western Reserve University, an MS in aerospace engineering from the Air Force Institute of Technology and a second MS, in information systems, from George Mason University, and a PhD in metallurgical engineering from Ohio State University.
ALI VELSHI is the host of “Real Money with Ali Velshi,” a one-hour nightly business news program on Al Jazeera America. Before that he was CNN’s chief business correspondent, anchor of CNN International’s World Business Today, and host of CNN’s weekly business roundtable “Your Money.” He has reported extensively on the global financial meltdown; the financial collapses of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, AIG, and
Lehman Brothers; the US government’s bailout plan; and the US debt ceiling and budget debate. He hosted “The Turnaround,” CNN’s small business improvement show; traveling across America, the show introduced troubled small business owners to high-profile mentors and helped them develop a plan for success.
His latest book, How to Speak Money, was coauthored with CNN’s Christine Romans. He is also the author of Gimme My Money Back. Born in Kenya and raised in Toronto, Velshi graduated from Queens University in Canada with a degree in religion.