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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2015. Modeling the Health Risks of Climate Change: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21705.
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MODELING THE HEALTH RISKS
OF CLIMATE CHANGE

images

WORKSHOP SUMMARY

Kellyn Betts and Keegan Sawyer, Rapporteurs

Standing Committee on Emerging Science for Environmental Health Decisions
Board on Life Sciences
Division on Earth and Life Studies

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
                        OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, D.C.

www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2015. Modeling the Health Risks of Climate Change: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21705.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street NW Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This workshop was supported by Contract HHSN26300049 between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Institutes of Health.

Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-37098-1

International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-37098-1

Additional copies of this report are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2015 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2015. Modeling the Health Risks of Climate Change: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21705.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr. are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2015. Modeling the Health Risks of Climate Change: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21705.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2015. Modeling the Health Risks of Climate Change: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21705.
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PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR THE WORKSHOP MODELING THE HEALTH RISKS OF CLIMATE CHANGE*

William H. Farland (Chair), Colorado State University (retired)

John M. Balbus, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Ann Bostrom, University of Washington

Kristie Lee Ebi, ESS, LCC

Gerald Geernaert, US Department of Energy

Anne Grambsch, Environmental Protection Agency

Robert Vallario, US Department of Energy

Linda S. Wennerberg, National Aeronautics and Space Agency

Helmut Zarbl, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

___________________

*The members of the workshop planning committee were not involved in the writing of the workshop summary.

Members of the Standing Committee on Emerging Science for Environmental Health Decisions.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2015. Modeling the Health Risks of Climate Change: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21705.
×

STANDING COMMITTEE ON EMERGING SCIENCE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH DECISIONS

William H. Farland (Chair), Colorado State University (retired)

Ann Bostrom, University of Washington

George P. Daston, Procter & Gamble Company

Richard A. Denison, Environmental Defense Fund

Shuk-mei Ho, University of Cincinnati

Ana Navas-Acien, Johns Hopkins University

Carolyn Mattingly, North Carolina State University

Ivan Rusyn, Texas A&M University

Joyce S. Tsuji, Exponent, Inc.

Cheryl Walker, Texas A&M Health Science Center

Helmut Zarbl, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Lauren A. Zeise, California Environmental Protection Agency

National Research Council Staff:

Marilee Shelton-Davenport, Project Director

Keegan Sawyer, Program Officer

Lauren Soni, Senior Program Assistant

Kellyn Betts, Consulting Science Writer

Normal Grossblatt, Senior Editor

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2015. Modeling the Health Risks of Climate Change: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21705.
×

BOARD ON LIFE SCIENCES

James P. Collins (Chair), Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona

Enriqueta C. Bond, Burroughs Wellcome Fund (retired)

Roger D. Cone, Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Joseph R. Ecker, Salk Institute for Biological Studies

Sean Eddy, HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus

Sarah C. R. Elgin, Washington University

David R. Franz, Former Cdr USAMRIID; Consultant

Stephen Friend, Sage Bionetworks

Elizabeth Heitman, Vanderbilt University Medical Center

John G. Hildebrand, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona

Richard A. Johnson, Arnold & Porter, LLC

Judith Kimble, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wisconsin

Mary E. Maxon, Science Philanthropy Alliance

Karen E. Nelson, J. Craig Venter Institute

Robert M. Nerem, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia

Mary E. Power, University of California, Berkeley, California

Margaret Riley, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts

Lana Skirboll, Sanofi, Baltimore

Janis C. Weeks, University of Oregon

Mary Woolley, Research!America

National Research Council Staff:

Frances E. Sharples, Director

Jo L. Husbands, Scholar/Senior Project Director

Jay B. Labov, Senior Scientist/Program Director for Biology Education

Katherine W. Bowman, Senior Program Officer

Marilee K. Shelton-Davenport, Senior Program Officer

Keegan Sawyer, Program Officer

Audrey Thevenon, Associate Program Officer

Bethelhem Mekasha, Financial Associate

Angela Kolesnikova, Administrative Assistant

Jenna Ogilvie, Senior Project Assistant

Lauren Soni, Senior Project Assistant

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2015. Modeling the Health Risks of Climate Change: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21705.
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ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF REVIEWERS

This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by persons chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purposes of this review are to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making the published summary as sound as possible and to ensure that the summary meets institutional standards of objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We thank the following for their participation in the review of this summary:

Peter Berry, Health Canada

William Farland, Colorado State University (retired)

Kim Knowlton, Natural Resources Defense Council

Benjamin Zaitchik, Johns Hopkins University

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse, nor did they see, the final draft of the workshop summary before its release. The review of the report was overseen by Patrick Kinney of Columbia University. Appointed by the National Academies, Dr. Kinney was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of the summary was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of the summary rests entirely with the authors and the National Research Council.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2015. Modeling the Health Risks of Climate Change: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21705.
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Climate change poses risks to human health and well-being through shifting weather patterns, increases in frequency and intensity of heat waves and other extreme weather events, rising sea levels, ocean acidification, and other environmental effects. Those risks occur against a backdrop of changing socioeconomic conditions, medical technology, population demographics, environmental conditions, and other factors that are important in determining health. Models of health risks that reflect how health determinants and climate changes vary in time and space are needed so that we can inform adaptation efforts and reduce or prevent adverse health effects. Robust health risk models could also help to inform national and international discussions about climate policies and the economic consequences of action and inaction.

Interest in resolving some of the challenges facing health effects modelers and health scientists led the National Research Council's Standing Committee on Emerging Science for Environmental Health Decisions to hold a workshop on November 3-4, 2014, in Washington, DC, to explore new approaches to modeling the human health risks of climate change. Throughout the workshop, the discussions highlighted examples of current application of models, research gaps, lessons learned, and potential next steps to improve modeling of health risks associated with climate change. Modeling the Health Risks of Climate Change summarizes the presentation and discussion of the workshop.

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