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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
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A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in
Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research

Committee on the Development of a Strategic Vision for the
U.S. Antarctic Program

Polar Research Board
Division on Earth and Life Studies

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, DC

www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS     •     500 Fifth Street, NW     •     Washington, DC 20001

This study was supported by the National Science Foundation under award number PLR-1353826. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the sponsoring agencies or any of their subagencies.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-37367-8
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-37367-0
Library of Congress Control Number: 2015951217
DOI: 10.17226/21741

Additional copies of this report are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu/.

Image credits (front cover):

Left: Paul Cziko, University of Oregon, and Chi-Hing Christina Cheng, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; iStock

Center: Jim Yungel, NASA; Robin Bell, Columbia University

Right: Keith Vanderlinde, National Science Foundation; NASA/WMAP Science Team

Background: Filipa Carvalho

Image credits (back cover):

Left: Deneb Karentz, University of San Francisco

Center: Elaine Hood, National Science Foundation

Right: Vasilii Petrenko, National Science Foundation

Copyright 2015 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
×

image

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.national-academies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
×

COMMITTEE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF A STRATEGIC VISION FOR THE U.S. ANTARCTIC PROGRAM

ROBIN E. BELL (Co-Chair), Columbia University, Palisades, NY

ROBERT A. WELLER (Co-Chair), Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA

DAVID H. BROMWICH, Ohio State University, Columbus

JOHN E. CARLSTROM, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL

CHI-HING CHRISTINA CHENG, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

CALVIN ROBERT CLAUER, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Hampton

CRAIG E. DORMAN, U.S. Navy (ret.), Fairbanks, AK

ROBERT B. DUNBAR, Stanford University, Stanford, CA

DAVID R. MARCHANT, Boston University, Boston, MA

MARK A. PARSONS, Research Data Alliance, Rensselaer Institute for Data Exploration and Applications, Troy, NY

JEAN PENNYCOOK, Penguin Science, Fresno, CA

A. R. RAVISHANKARA, Colorado State University, Fort Collins

TED A. SCAMBOS, University of Colorado, Boulder

WILLIAM H. SCHLESINGER, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY

OSCAR M. E. SCHOFIELD, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ

JEFFREY P. SEVERINGHAUS, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA

CRISTINA TAKACS-VESBACH, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

LAURIE GELLER, Senior Program Officer

LAUREN EVERETT, Associate Program Officer

SHELLY FREELAND, Senior Program Assistant

ROB GREENWAY, Program Associate

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
×

POLAR RESEARCH BOARD

JULIE BRIGHAM-GRETTE (Chair), University of Massachusetts, Amherst

WALEED ABDALATI, University of Colorado, Boulder

SRIDHAR ANANDAKRISHNAN, Pennsylvania State University, University Park

KATEY WALTER ANTHONY, University of Alaska, Fairbanks

BETSY BAKER, Vermont Law School, South Royalton

JOHN CASSANO, University of Colorado, Boulder

SARA B. DAS, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA

JENNIFER A. FRANCIS, Rutgers University, Marion, MA

EILEEN E. HOFMANN, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA

BRENDAN KELLY, Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH), Monterey CA

JOHN KOVAC, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

NANCY G. MAYNARD, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL

ELLEN S. MOSLEY-THOMPSON, Ohio State University, Columbus (until July 2015)

GEORGE B. NEWTON, U.S. Arctic Research Commission, Marstons Mills, MA

RAFE POMERANCE, Independent Consultant, Washington, DC

CARYN REA, ConocoPhillips, Anchorage, AK (until July 2015)

GAIUS (GUS) R. SHAVER, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA

Ex-Officio:

LARRY D. HINZMAN, University of Alaska, Fairbanks

DENEB KARENTZ, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA

TERRY WILSON, Ohio State University, Columbus

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

AMANDA STAUDT, Board Director

LAURIE GELLER, Program Director

LAUREN EVERETT, Associate Program Officer

AMANDA PURCELL, Research and Financial Associate

RITA GASKINS, Administrative Coordinator

ROB GREENWAY, Program Associate

SHELLY FREELAND, Administrative and Financial Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
×

Acknowledgments

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in their review of this report:

Stephen Ackley, University of Texas at San Antonio

Richard Alley, Pennsylvania State University, University Park

Sridhar Anandakrishnan, Pennsylvania State University, University Park

Steven Boggs, University of California, Berkeley

John Cassano, University of Colorado, Boulder

Rob DeConto, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Hugh Ducklow, Columbia University, Palisades, New York

Michael Gooseff, University of Colorado, Boulder

Albrecht Karle, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Ramon Lopez, University of Texas at Arlington

Alison Murray, Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada

Joseph Silk, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France

David Spergel, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ

Eric Steig, University of Washington, Seattle

Achim Stössel, Texas A&M University, College Station

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by W. Berry Lyons (Ohio State University) and David Karl (University of Hawaii), appointed by the Division on Earth and Life Studies and the Report Review Committee, who were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
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The Committee extends a special thanks to Allan T. Weatherwax, Merrimack College, and Roberta L. Marinelli, University of Southern California Los Angeles, who both provided valuable input as ex-officio liaisons to the committee during the course of the study.

Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21741.
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Antarctic and Southern Ocean scientific research has produced a wide array of important and exciting scientific advances. Spanning oceanography to tectonics, microbiology to astrophysics, the extreme Antarctic environment provides unique opportunities to expand our knowledge about how our planet works and even the very origins of the universe. Research on the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic ice sheets is becoming increasingly urgent not only for understanding the future of the region but also its interconnections with and impacts on many other parts of the globe.

The U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) provides U.S. researchers with broad access to the continent and its surrounding ocean. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research identifies priorities and strategic steps forward for Antarctic research and observations for the next decade. This survey presents a decadal vision for strategic investments in compelling research and the infrastructure most critical for supporting this research. This report makes recommendations for high-priority, larger-scale, community-driven research initiatives that address questions poised for significant advance with the next decades. This report also outlines a roadmap through which the vision and these priorities can be met.

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