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Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rock (2020)

Chapter: Appendix A: Committee Member Biographies

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rock. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21742.
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Appendix A

Committee Member Biographies1

David E. Daniel (NAE) (Chair), has served as the president of The University of Texas at Dallas since 2005. From 1996 to 2005, he served in multiple roles, finishing as the dean of engineering at the University of Illinois. He served on the faculty at The University of Texas at Austin from 1980 to 1996. Dr. Daniel has been recognized for his leadership in waste containment, landfilling of wastes, and cleanup of contaminated lands. He has worked on the flow of water and chemicals in soils, the engineering design of soil barriers (e.g., clay liners) and drainage systems for waste containment systems, the measurement of hydraulic conductivity in the laboratory and field, the alterations of barrier materials caused by chemicals, the construction of waste containment systems, and various design and permitting issues. The work has focused on bottom liner systems for landfills, final cover systems for landfills and abandoned dumps, the containment of buried wastes or contaminated groundwater, and the cleanup of old waste disposal sites. He has also conducted research on various types of geosynthetic materials, with most of the work involving geosynthetic clay liners used for waste containment but some of the work involving geomembranes, geonets, and geotextiles. Dr. Daniel’s professional work has been recognized by the American Society of Civil Engineers, which awarded him its highest honor for papers published in its journals (the Norman Medal), and on two separate occasions awarded him its second highest honor (the Croes Medal). He received the Presidents’ Award in 2007 and the Outstanding Projects and Leaders Award for Education in 2010. Dr. Daniel received his bachelor’s degree, master’s degree, and Ph.D. in civil engineering from The University of Texas at Austin.

Lisa Alvarez-Cohen (NAE), is the Fred and Claire Sauer Professor of Environmental Engineering in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley. Her research areas include environmental microbiology and ecology, biotransformation and the fate of environmental contaminants, nutrient cycling in soils, and innovative molecular and isotopic techniques for studying the microbial ecology of complex communities. Specifically, her research focuses on the application of omics-based molecular tools and isotopic techniques to understand and optimize microbial communities involved in the bioremediation of emerging and conventional environmental contaminants and nutrient cycling in engineered processes. Bioremediation and nutrient cycling are processes that rely on complex mixed microbial communities that interact to catalyze important reaction pathways. Dr. Alvarez-Cohen is a fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology, an editorial advisory board member of Environmental Science and Technology, and an associate editor of Environmental Engineering Science. Her previous service to the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine includes numerous committees, including the Water Science and Technology Board, Committee on Metagenomics: Challenges and Functional Applications, Committee to Assess the Performance of Engineered Barriers, Committee on In Situ Bioremediation, and Committee on Source Removal of Contaminants in the Subsurface. She received her B.S. in engineering and applied science from Harvard University and her M.S. and Ph.D. in environmental engineering and science from Stanford University.

___________________

1 Biography information current as of September 2015.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rock. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21742.
×

William Dershowitz is an engineer and hydrogeologist at Golder Associates Inc., in Redmond, Washington. Dr. Dershowitz has a broad background in the analysis and modeling of fractured rock. In addition to more than 35 years of experience in conventional hydrogeologic techniques and modeling, Dr. Dershowitz is a pioneer of the Discrete Fracture Network (DFN) approach to flow, transport, and geomechanics. Since 1977, Dr. Dershowitz has developed and applied DFN models for environmental, civil, mining, geothermal, and oil/gas projects. Dr. Dershowitz integrates the principles of geology, structural geology, geophysics, hydrodynamics, and geomechanics to develop models for groundwater flow and for transport pathways and retention. He is also active in the development of approaches for hydrogeological optimization and uncertainty analysis for fractured and heterogeneous aquifers and is the author of more than 50 professional papers. Dr. Dershowitz earned his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in civil engineering (geotechnics/rock mechanics) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has served on the Board of Directors of the American Rock Mechanics Association and holds an adjunct faculty appointment at the University of Washington.

Herbert H. Einstein is a professor in the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Einstein is a former chair of the U.S. National Committee on Rock Mechanics and is well known in the civil engineering community for his work in rock mechanics. His areas of expertise include rock fracture genesis, fracture coalescence, description of fracture patterns, and hydrologic properties of rock masses. He is particularly well known for his work on fracture pattern characterization, including stochastic representation of fracture patterns, flow in individual fractures, and fractured rock masses and hydraulic fracturing. His research and consulting activities have included the influence of fractured rock patterns on the performance of nuclear waste storage facilities and engineered geothermal systems. Dr. Einstein earned his Dipl.-Bauing and Sc.D. from Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule in Zurich.

Carl Gable is the group leader of the Computational Earth Science Group in the Earth and Environmental Sciences Division at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. His major research interests include two- and three-dimensional unstructured finite element mesh generation and model setup for geological applications, flow and reactive chemical transport modeling in saturated and unsaturated porous media, computational physics and fluid dynamics, and the interaction of tectonic plates in mantle convection. Dr. Gable and collaborators have developed capabilities to build high-quality computational meshes of large Discrete Fracture Networks that are optimized for parallel multi-phase, multi-component flow solvers and transport using Lagrangian particle tracking. The areas of subsurface flow and transport modeling applications in which he works are underground waste repositories, unconventional fossil energy, geothermal energy, carbon capture, storage and utilization, water resource management, and the remediation of contaminated groundwater. Dr. Gable earned his B.A. in geophysics from the University of California, Berkeley, and his M.S. and Ph.D. in applied physics and geophysics from Harvard University.

Franklin M. Orr, Jr. (resigned from the committee December 2014) (NAE), was sworn in as the Under Secretary for Science and Energy on December 17, 2014. As the Under Secretary, Dr. Orr is the principal advisor to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary on clean energy technologies and science and energy research initiatives. Prior to joining the U.S. Department of Energy, he was the Keleen & Carlton Beal Professor in the Department of Energy Resource Engineering at Stanford University. He joined Stanford in 1985. He served as the founding director of the Precourt

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rock. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21742.
×

Institute for Energy at Stanford University from 2009 to 2013. He was the founding director of the Stanford Global Climate & Energy Project from 2002 to 2008, and he served as the dean of the School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences at Stanford from 1994 to 2002. He was head of the miscible flooding section at the Petroleum Recovery Research Center, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, from 1978 to 1985; a research engineer at the Shell Development Company Bellaire Research Center from 1976 to 1978; and an assistant to the director, Office of Federal Activities, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, from 1970 to 1972. He holds a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota and a B.S. from Stanford University, both in chemical engineering.

David Reynolds is an associate at Geosyntec Consultants. Dr. Reynolds’s primary areas of expertise include hazardous waste management with a particular focus on groundwater remediation, fate and transport of chemical contaminants in the environment, and site investigation in fractured systems. He has been the technical director, reviewer, or expert witness on numerous site investigation and remediation projects in fractured and unfractured systems during his 20 years in the industry. Dr. Reynolds was a faculty member and leader of the Hydrogeology Research Group at The University of Western Australia and the research director of the National Centre for Groundwater Research and Training, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia. His research interests include the migration of contaminants in fractured consolidated and unconsolidated media, remediation of low permeability soils and rock, and value of information approaches in site investigation. Dr. Reynolds received a B.A.Sc. in geological engineering from the University of Waterloo, an M.Sc. (Eng.) from Queen’s University, and a Ph.D. in environmental engineering from Queen’s University.

J. Carlos Santamarina (NAE) is a professor at the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia, formerly at the Georgia Institute of Technology in the United States. His research focuses on the fundamental study of geomaterials and subsurface coupled processes at multiple scales. The implementation of this research has involved the development and utilization of multi-scale experimental methods, high-resolution process monitoring, forward modeling, and inverse problem solving. Using this theoretical and experimental research framework, Dr. Santamarina and co-workers explore critical problems in energy geoengineering and science, with emphasis on petroleum, gas hydrates, and carbon dioxide geological storage. He has co-authored 2 books and more than 300 articles that summarize salient concepts and research results. He is a corresponding member of the National Academy of Sciences of Argentina and the U.S. National Academy of Engineering. He holds a Ph.D. from Purdue University, an M.S. from the University of Maryland, and a B.Sc. from Universidad de Córdoba.

Allen Shapiro is a research hydrologist with the U.S. Geological Survey in Reston, Virginia. His research has focused on characterizing groundwater flow and chemical transport in fractured rock. It has included investigations in various geologic settings, including fractured and dissolution-enhanced limestone, bedded sedimentary formations, and igneous and metamorphic rock. Dr. Shapiro has authored papers on equipment design and field techniques, the interpretation of hydraulic and geochemical data, and theories of groundwater flow and chemical transport. His research has application to issues of societal importance, including water supply, groundwater contamination and restoration, waste isolation, and groundwater flow in the vicinity of engineered structures. Dr. Shapiro earned a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering from Lafayette College in

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rock. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21742.
×

Easton, Pennsylvania, and a master’s and a Ph.D. in civil and geological engineering from Princeton University.

Kamini Singha is an associate professor in the Department of Geology and Geological Engineering and the associate director of the Hydrologic Science and Engineering Program at the Colorado School of Mines. She worked at the U.S. Geological Survey Hydrogeophysics Branch from 1997 to 2000 and served on the faculty of The Pennsylvania State University from 2005 to 2012. Her research interests are focused on the physical process controlling solute and contaminant mass transport, including “long-tailed” distributions of solute arrival times in groundwater systems and during groundwater–surface water exchange, integration of geophysical imaging with flow and transport modeling, and establishing field-scale rock physics relations between geophysical and hydrogeologic parameters. Dr. Singha served as the chair of the American Geophysical Union’s Hydrogeophysics Technical Committee from 2009 to 2012 and is an associate editor at Water Resources Research. She earned her B.S. in geophysics from the University of Connecticut and her Ph.D. in hydrogeology from Stanford University.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rock. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21742.
×
Page 157
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rock. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21742.
×
Page 158
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rock. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21742.
×
Page 159
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rock. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21742.
×
Page 160
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Fractured rock is the host or foundation for innumerable engineered structures related to energy, water, waste, and transportation. Characterizing, modeling, and monitoring fractured rock sites is critical to the functioning of those infrastructure, as well as to optimizing resource recovery and contaminant management. Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rock examines the state of practice and state of art in the characterization of fractured rock and the chemical and biological processes related to subsurface contaminant fate and transport. This report examines new developments, knowledge, and approaches to engineering at fractured rock sites since the publication of the 1996 National Research Council report Rock Fractures and Fluid Flow: Contemporary Understanding and Fluid Flow. Fundamental understanding of the physical nature of fractured rock has changed little since 1996, but many new characterization tools have been developed, and there is now greater appreciation for the importance of chemical and biological processes that can occur in the fractured rock environment.

The findings of Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rock can be applied to all types of engineered infrastructure, but especially to engineered repositories for buried or stored waste and to fractured rock sites that have been contaminated as a result of past disposal or other practices. The recommendations of this report are intended to help the practitioner, researcher, and decision maker take a more interdisciplinary approach to engineering in the fractured rock environment. This report describes how existing tools—some only recently developed—can be used to increase the accuracy and reliability of engineering design and management given the interacting forces of nature. With an interdisciplinary approach, it is possible to conceptualize and model the fractured rock environment with acceptable levels of uncertainty and reliability, and to design systems that maximize remediation and long-term performance. Better scientific understanding could inform regulations, policies, and implementation guidelines related to infrastructure development and operations. The recommendations for research and applications to enhance practice of this book make it a valuable resource for students and practitioners in this field.

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