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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review Criteria for Successful Treatment of Hydrolysate at the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21771.
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C

Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

Todd A. Kimmell, chair, is principal investigator with the Environmental Science Division at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory. He is an environmental scientist and policy analyst with more than 30 years’ experience in solid and hazardous waste management, permitting and regulatory compliance, cleanup programs, environmental programs policy development, and emergency management and homeland security. He has supported the Army’s chemical and conventional munitions management programs and has contributed to the Army’s Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment program and the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program. Mr. Kimmell also has a strong technical background in analytical and physical/chemical test method development and analytical quality assurance and control. Mr. Kimmell has also supported a number of environmental permitting programs at Army chemical weapons storage sites and at open burning/open detonation sites. He graduated from George Washington University with an M.S. in environmental science.

Edward A. Bouwer is currently the Abel Wolman Professor of Environmental Engineering and chair of the department of Geography and Environmental Engineering at Johns Hopkins University. He is also director of the Center for Contaminant Transport, Fate and Remediation. Prior to this position, Dr. Bouwer spent 7 years as director of the Center for Hazardous Substances in Urban Environments, a project that was funded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Dr. Bouwer’s research interests encompass factors that influence biotransformation of contaminants, bioremediation for control of contaminated soils and groundwaters, bio-film kinetics, biological processes design in wastewater, industrial, and drinking water treatment, transport and fate of microorganisms in porous media, and the behavior of metal and organic contaminants in sediments and aquatic ecosystems. Dr. Bouwer received his B.S.C.E. in civil engineering with a minor in nuclear engineering from Arizona State University and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in environmental engineering and science from Stanford University

Judith A. Bradbury graduated from the University of Pittsburgh with a Ph.D. in public and international affairs and has an M.A. in public affairs from the Indiana University of Pennsylvania and a B.S. in sociology from the London School of Economics. She retired after almost 20 years as a senior social scientist with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, which is operated by Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy. In her work, she has emphasized the relevance of social science insights and tools to the analysis and resolution of science policy issues. She has extensive experience in both the practice of and research into public involvement and institutional activities. Her experience includes (most recently) responsibility for planning and implementing outreach and education activities for the Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration partnership. Previous work includes evaluation of selected U.S. Army Restoration Advisory Boards; a series of evaluations of the effectiveness of Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Site-Specific Advisory boards; evaluation of training programs in public participation for DOE managers; meeting facilitation, planning, and program evaluation for the DOE nuclear waste transportation program; and research into community perspectives on the risk of incineration for disposing of the nation’s stockpile of chemical weapons.

Rebecca A. Haffenden, Esq., is an attorney and currently serves as a program’s attorney at the Argonne National Laboratory. Her recent professional work has included work for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to evaluate legislation and regulations associated with security vulnerabilities and providing legal expertise to programs involving federal facility site remediation and hazardous waste compliance and corrective actions (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act). She also coauthored a working paper on the application of federal and state hazardous waste regulatory programs to

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review Criteria for Successful Treatment of Hydrolysate at the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21771.
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waste chemical agents, in addition to being a co-author of the Environmental Impact Statement for the Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives program. Ms. Haffenden received a B.A. in psychology from the University of Illinois and a J.D. degree from Suffolk Law School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Kimberly L. Jones is a professor and chair of the Department of Civil Engineering at Howard University. She previously worked as an associate and assistant professor in this department from 1996 to 2009. Over the past 5 years, her research objectives have primarily been interdisciplinary, collaborative research in the emerging research areas of nanotechnology and nanobiotechnology, while continuing to build her environmental engineering capabilities. She has worked to develop an effective research strategy to investigate innovative technologies involving nanotechnology, environmental engineering, and membrane processes in an effort to solve some of the more pervasive problems facing our world, while working to attract, retain, and graduate technically competent African-American students to increase the number of minority engineers and scientists in academic-, industrial-, and government-related careers. Dr. Jones received her B.S. in civil engineering from Howard University, an M.S. in civil and environmental engineering from the University of Illinois, and a Ph.D. in environmental engineering from the Johns Hopkins University.

Murray Glenn Lord is associate environmental health and safety (EH&S) director in the EH&S Operations Technology Center at Dow Chemical Company. He is responsible for the research program for technology development for Global Environmental Operations, which includes project areas in process optimization, technology development, and capital project execution. Mr. Lord has experience in project areas across multiple business and technology areas. He is also accountable for EH&S performance, budget performance, project development, and personnel leadership of a research group from four locations and is the leader of the Environmental Technology Leadership Group, accountable for environmental technology development for Dow. Previously, Mr. Lord was a technical leader of propylene oxide process research and was responsible for a research program in support of technology development of the propylene oxide process. He was also responsible for development and coordination of research studies at laboratory, pilot plant, and full commercial scale.

Douglas M. Medville retired from The MITRE Corporation as program leader for chemical materiel disposal and remediation. He has led many analyses of risk, process engineering, transportation, and alternative disposal technologies and has briefed the public and senior military officials on the results. Mr. Medville was responsible for evaluating the reliability and performance of the demilitarization machines used by the Army to disassemble stockpile chemical munitions and wrote several test plans and protocols for alternative chemical munition disposal technologies. He also led the evaluation of the operational performance of the Army’s chemical weapon disposal facility on Johnson Atoll and directed an assessment of the risks, public perceptions, environmental aspects, and logistics of transporting recovered nonstockpile chemical warfare materiel to candidate storage and disposal destinations. Following his retirement from MITRE, he participated as a committee member in 10 NRC studies concerning the Army’s ACWA and nonstockpile programs and was vice chair for three of these committees. Prior to his work at MITRE, Mr. Medville worked as an engineer for the Franklin Institute Research Laboratories and General Electric. Mr. Medville earned a B.S. in industrial engineering and an M.S. in operations research, both from New York University.

Trisha H. Miller is a systems analyst/engineer with Sandia National Laboratories. She has participated in a number of analysis projects focused on chemical security, including projects supporting the Department of Homeland Security related to the evaluation of the security benefits of inherently safer technologies in the chemical industry and risk assessments for chemical attacks. Dr. Miller was awarded an early career grant to develop new methodologies for end-to-end analysis of chemical defense systems. She received her Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of California at Berkeley in 2009. She serves as an adjunct faculty member in the Department of Chemistry at Augsburg College in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Robert B. Puyear is an independent consultant specializing in corrosion prevention and control, failure analysis, and materials selection. Mr. Puyear worked at the Haynes Stellite Division of Union Carbide for 16 years developing high-performance materials for chemical and aerospace applications. He also worked for Monsanto for 21 years as a corrosion specialist, where he managed the mechanical and materials engineering section. He is an expert in materials engineering and evaluating materials of construction. Mr. Puyear graduated from the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy with a B.S. in chemical engineering and from Purdue University with an M.S. in industrial administration. He was also a member of the National Research Council Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program.

William R. Rhyne is a retired risk and safety analysis consultant to the nuclear, chemical, and transportation industries, He has over 30 years’ experience associated with nuclear and chemical processing facilities and with the transportation of hazardous materials. From 1984 to 1987, he was the project manager and principal investigator for a probabilistic analysis of transporting obsolete chemical munitions. Beginning in 1997, he was a member of several NRC committees for

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review Criteria for Successful Treatment of Hydrolysate at the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21771.
×

the Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives program and is a former member of the Committee on Chemical Demilitarization (2007-2010). Dr. Rhyne has authored or coauthored numerous publications and reports on nuclear and chemical safety and risk analysis areas and is the author of the book Hazardous Materials Transportation Risk Analysis: Quantitative Approaches for Truck and Train. He is a former member of the NRC Transportation Research Board’s Hazardous Materials Committee, the Society for Risk Analysis, the American Nuclear Society, and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. He received a B.S. in nuclear engineering from the University of Tennessee and M.S. and D.Sc. degrees in nuclear engineering from the University of Virginia.

Phillip E. Savage is the head of the chemical engineering department at Penn State. He earned a B.S. from Penn State and M.Ch.E. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Delaware. All of his degrees are in chemical engineering. His research and teaching focus on the rates, mechanisms, and engineering of chemical reactions that move us toward a more environmentally sustainable society. Current research projects deal with hydrothermal reactions that can be used for hydrogen production from biomass and for liquid transportation fuel production from algae. His teaching focuses on chemical reaction engineering and environmental sustainability. Dr. Savage is editor in chief for Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, and he is on the editorial boards for the Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Energy & Fuels, and Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy. Dr. Savage is a fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and the American Chemical Society. He received the 2009 Michigan Governor’s Award for Green Chemistry and the 2001 National Catalyst Award from the American Chemistry Council in recognition of his outstanding teaching and contributions to chemical education.

Philip C. Singer (NAE) is an emeritus professor in the Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering in the Gillings School of Global Public Health at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), where he was the Dan Okun Distinguished Professor of Environmental Engineering from 2002 to 2010. After obtaining his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1969, Dr. Singer was an assistant professor in the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of Notre Dame before joining the faculty at UNC in 1973. He conducted research on the chemical aspects of water and wastewater treatment and on aquatic chemistry for 45 years and has published more than 250 papers and reports on these subjects. Dr. Singer has been active in the American Water Works Association and has served on the National Research Council’s Water Science and Technology Board and its Committee on Drinking Water Contaminants and on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Science Advisory Board and the National Drinking Water Advisory Council. Dr. Singer is a recipient of the American Water Works Association’s A.P. Black Research Award and the Abel Wolman Award of Excellence, the American Academy of Environmental Engineers’ Gordon Maskew Fair Award, the National Water Research Institute’s Athalie Richardson Irvine Clarke Prize, and the Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors’ Charles R. O’Melia Distinguished Educator Award. He was elected to membership in the National Academy of Engineering in 2005. Dr. Singer is currently a part-time consultant with CDM-Smith.

Seth Tuler is an associate teaching professor in the Interdisciplinary and Global Studies Division, Worcester Polytechnic Institute. His research interests have focused on public participation, risk communication, risk governance, and developing tools to characterize human impacts and vulnerabilities to risk events. He seeks to apply insights emerging from research to practical applications in a wide range of policy arenas, including climate change adaptation planning, nuclear waste management, marine fisheries management, and cleanup of contaminated sites. He previously served on the National Academy of Science’s Committee on Transportation of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High Level Radioactive Waste and the Federal Advisory Committee on Energy-Related Epidemiologic Research, chairing its Subcommittee for Community Affairs for 2 years, and an ad hoc committee to advise the National Cancer Institute in its efforts to inform people about health risks from iodine-131 nuclear weapons testing fallout. Dr. Tuler has an extensive publication record in peer-reviewed journals, book chapters, and peer-reviewed technical reports. He was a coauthor of two technical reports for President Obama’s Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future. Dr. Tuler received a B.A. in mathematics from the University of Chicago, an M.S. in technology and policy from the interdisciplinary Technology and Policy Program of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a Ph.D. from the Environmental Science and Policy Program, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review Criteria for Successful Treatment of Hydrolysate at the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21771.
×
Page 81
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review Criteria for Successful Treatment of Hydrolysate at the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21771.
×
Page 82
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review Criteria for Successful Treatment of Hydrolysate at the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21771.
×
Page 83
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In 1993, the United States signed the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), an international treaty outlawing the production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons. The chemical weapons stockpiles at five of the U.S. chemical weapons storage sites have now been destroyed. At those sites, the munitions were robotically opened and the chemical agent was removed, collected, and incinerated.

One of the remaining sites with chemical weapons stockpiles is the Blue Grass Army Depot near Richmond, Kentucky. In this case, caustic hydrolysis will be used to destroy the agents and energetics, resulting in a secondary waste stream known as hydrolysate. Review Criteria for Successful Treatment of Hydrolysate at the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant develops criteria for successfully treating the hydrolysate, identifies systemization data that should factor into the criteria/decision process, suggests potential modifications to suggested treatment that would allow continued onsite processing, and assesses waste disposal procedures. This study further examines the possibility of delay or failure of the existing technology and examines possible alternatives to onsite treatment.

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