National Academies Press: OpenBook

Handbook of Frequency Allocations and Spectrum Protection for Scientific Uses: Second Edition (2015)

Chapter: Appendix H: Selected Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Selected Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Handbook of Frequency Allocations and Spectrum Protection for Scientific Uses: Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21774.
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H

Selected Acronyms and Abbreviations

For the reader’s convenience, following is an alphabetical list of selected acronyms and abbreviations used in this handbook.

AGN active galactic nuclei
ALMA Atacama Large Millimeter Array
AMSU Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit
AMT aeronautical mobile telemetry
ATMS Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder
   
BAO baryonic acoustic oscillation
   
CCIR International Radio Consultative Committee (antecedent of the ITU-R)
CIWP cloud ice water path
CMB cosmic microwave background radiation
COBE Cosmic Background Explorer
CORF Committee on Radio Frequencies
COSPAR Committee on Space Research
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
CyGNSS Cyclone GNSS
   
DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
DOD Department of Defense
   
EESS Earth Exploration-Satellite Service
EoR Epoch of Reionization
EOS Earth Observing System
ERS Earth Remote Sensing Satellite
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Selected Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Handbook of Frequency Allocations and Spectrum Protection for Scientific Uses: Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21774.
×
ESA European Space Agency
   
FARS Frequency Allocations in Remote Sensing
FCC Federal Communications Commission
FS Fixed Service (point-to-point transmissions, such as radio relay towers)
   
GBT Green Bank Telescope
GEO geostationary orbit (satellite)
GEOSS Global Earth Observation System of Systems
GLONASS Global Navigation Satellite System
GMI GPM Microwave Imager
GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System
GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites
GPM Global Precipitation Mission
GPS Global Positioning System
GSO geostationary orbit
GWR gravitational wave radiation
   
IAU International Astronomical Union
ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions
IGS International Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)
InSAR interferometric synthetic aperture radar
IRAC Inter-department Radio Advisory Committee
ISM industrial, scientific, and medical (bands in which radio-frequency-noisy systems can be operated)
ITAC International Telecommunication Advisory Committee
ITU International Telecommunication Union
ITU-R ITU Radiocommunication Sector
IUCAF Scientific Committee on Frequency Allocations for Radio Astronomy and Space Science
   
JPSS Joint Polar Satellite System
   
LEO low Earth orbit
LWA Long Wavelength Array
   
MetAids Meteorological Aids Service (radiosondes, etc.)
MetSat Meteorological Satellite Service
MF medium frequency
MLS Microwave Limb Sounder
MLT Mesosphere/Lower Thermosphere
MR meteor radar
MS Mobile Service
MSU Microwave Sounding Unit
   
NAIC National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Selected Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Handbook of Frequency Allocations and Spectrum Protection for Scientific Uses: Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21774.
×
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NRAO National Radio Astronomy Observatory
NSF National Science Foundation
NTIA National Telecommunications and Information Administration
   
OH hydroxyl
OOBE out-of-band emissions
OSTM Ocean Surface Topography Mission
   
pfd power flux density (usually measured in W m–2)
   
RAS Radio Astronomy Service
RF radio frequency
RFI radio frequency interference
RLS Radiolocation Service (radars)
RSS radio star scintillation
   
SAR synthetic aperture radar
SED spectral energy distribution
SETI search for extraterrestrial intelligence
SG study group
SM soil moisture
SMAP Soil Moisture Active/Passive
SMBH supermassive black hole
SMOS Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity
SOS Space Operations Service
spfd spectral power flux density (measured in W m–2 Hz–1)
SRS Space Research Service
SRT Small Radio Telescope
SRTM Shuttle Radar Topographic Mapper
SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (of the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program)
SSM/T Special Sensor Microwave/Temperature (of the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program)
SZ Sunyaev-Zel’dovich
   
TDRSS Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System
TEC total electron content
TPW total precipitable water
TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission
   
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
URSI International Union of Radio Science
   
VLA Very Large Array
VLBA Very Long Baseline Array
VLBI very long baseline interferometry
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Selected Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Handbook of Frequency Allocations and Spectrum Protection for Scientific Uses: Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21774.
×
WARC World Administrative Radio Conference (antecedent of WRC)
WMAP Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe
WRC World Radiocommunication Conference
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Selected Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Handbook of Frequency Allocations and Spectrum Protection for Scientific Uses: Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21774.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Selected Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Handbook of Frequency Allocations and Spectrum Protection for Scientific Uses: Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21774.
×
Page 260
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Selected Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Handbook of Frequency Allocations and Spectrum Protection for Scientific Uses: Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21774.
×
Page 261
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Selected Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Handbook of Frequency Allocations and Spectrum Protection for Scientific Uses: Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21774.
×
Page 262
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Selected Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Handbook of Frequency Allocations and Spectrum Protection for Scientific Uses: Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21774.
×
Page 263
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Selected Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Handbook of Frequency Allocations and Spectrum Protection for Scientific Uses: Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21774.
×
Page 264
Handbook of Frequency Allocations and Spectrum Protection for Scientific Uses: Second Edition Get This Book
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The electromagnetic spectrum is a vital part of our environment. Measures of radio frequency emissions from natural phenomena enable both practical applications, such as weather predictions and studies of the changing of Earth's climate here at home, and reveal the physical properties of cosmic sources. The spectrum is therefore a resource to be used wisely now and to be protected for future generations.

Handbook of Frequency Allocations and Spectrum Protection for Scientific Uses: Second Edition sets forth the principles for the allocation and protection of spectral bands for services using the radio spectrum for scientific research. This report describes the radio frequency bands used by scientific services and includes relevant regulatory information and discussion of scientific use of frequency bands. This reference will guide spectrum managers and spectrum regulatory bodies on science issues and serve as a resource to scientists and other spectrum users.

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