National Academies Press: OpenBook

Continuity of NASA Earth Observations from Space: A Value Framework (2015)

Chapter: Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Continuity of NASA Earth Observations from Space: A Value Framework. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21789.
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I

Acronyms and Abbreviations

A affordability
ACE Aerosol-Cloud-Ecosystems (missions)
ACRIMSat Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite
AMSU Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit
AO Announcement of Opportunity
AR autoregressive
AR5 Fifth Assessment of the IPCC
ARCM Assessing the Reliability of Complex Models (report)
ASCENDS Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days, and Seasons
ATLAS Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter System
ATMS Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder
AWS automated weather station

B

benefit

BSRN Baseline Surface Radiation Network

CALIOP

Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization

CALIPSO Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations
CEOS Committee on Earth Observing Satellites
CERES Clouds and Earth’s Radiant Energy System
CH4 methane
CIESIN Center for International Earth Science Information Network
CLARREO Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory
CMIP Climate Model Intercomparison Project
CNES Centre National d’Études Spaciales
CO2 carbon dioxide
CRF cloud radiative forcing

DESDynI

Deformation, Ecosystem Structure, and Dynamics of Ice

Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Continuity of NASA Earth Observations from Space: A Value Framework. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21789.
×
DSCOVR Deep Space Climate Observatory

ECS

equilibrium climate sensitivity

ECV essential climate variable
ENSO El Niño southern oscillation
EOS Earth Observing System
ERBE Earth Radiation Budget Experiment
ERF effective radiative forcing
ESA European Space Agency
ESD Earth Science Division
ESSP Earth System Science Pathfinder
EUMETSAT European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites
EV Earth Venture
EVI Earth Venture-Instrument
EVM Earth Venture Mission
EVS Earth Venture Suborbital

FY

fiscal year

GCOS

Global Climate Observing System

GEDI Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation
GEO-CAPE Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events
GIA Glacial Isostatic Adjustment
GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System
GOSAT Greenhouse gases Observing Satellite
GPM Global Precipitation Measurement
GPS-RO GPS-Radio Occultation
GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment
GRACE-FO Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment Follow-on
GRUAN GCOS Reference UpperAir Network
GSICS Global Space-based Intercalibration System

HyspIRI

Hyperspectral Infrared Imager

I

importance

ICESat Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite
ICESat-2 Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite-2
IDPS Interface Data Processing Segment
InSAR interferometric synthetic aperture radar
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IR infrared
ISRO Indian Space Research Organization

JPSS

Joint Polar Satellite System

JPSS-2 Joint Polar Satellite System-2

LDCM

Landsat Data Continuity Mission

LW longwave

MOD

merged ozone data

Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Continuity of NASA Earth Observations from Space: A Value Framework. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21789.
×
MODIS Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
MSU Microwave Sounding Unit

NAC

NASA Advisory Council

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NESDIS National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service
NISAR NASA-ISRO synthetic aperture radar
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System
NPP NPOESS Preparatory Project
NRA NASA Research Announcement
NRC National Research Council

OCO

Orbiting Carbon Observatory

OCO-2 Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2
OIB Operation IceBridge
OMPS-L Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite Limb
OSSE Observing System Simulation Experiment

PACE

Pre-Aerosol, Clouds, and Ocean Ecosystem

PMOD Physikalisch-Meteorologisches Observatorium Davos

Q

quality

QBO quasi-biennial oscillation
QESO quantified Earth science objective
QuickSCAT Quick Scatterometer

RBI

Radiation Budget Instrument

ROSES Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences
RSS Remote Sensing System

S

success probability

SAGE III Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment–III
SAR synthetic aperture radar
SBUV Solar Backscatter UltraViolet
SCC Social Cost of Carbon memo
SMAP Soil Moisture Active-Passive
SMMI Special Sensor Microwave Imager
S-NPP Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership
SORCE Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment
SST sea surface temperature
SW shortwave
SW CRF shortwave cloud radiative forcing
SWOT Surface Water and Ocean Topography
SYN Synoptic Radiative Fluxes and Clouds

TIM

Total Irradiance Monitor

TIR thermal infrared
TLT temperature lower troposphere
Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Continuity of NASA Earth Observations from Space: A Value Framework. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21789.
×
TOA top of the atmosphere
TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer
TOPEX Ocean Topography Experiment
TRL technology readiness level
TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission
TSI total solar irradiance
TSIS Total Solar Irradiance Sensor
TSIS-2 Total Solar Irradiance Sensor-2

U

utility

UAH University of Alabama in Huntsville
USGS U.S. Geological Survey
UV ultraviolet

V

value

VIIRS Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite
VIS visible

WMO

World Meteorological Organization

Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Continuity of NASA Earth Observations from Space: A Value Framework. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21789.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Continuity of NASA Earth Observations from Space: A Value Framework. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21789.
×
Page 102
Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Continuity of NASA Earth Observations from Space: A Value Framework. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21789.
×
Page 103
Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Continuity of NASA Earth Observations from Space: A Value Framework. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21789.
×
Page 104
Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Continuity of NASA Earth Observations from Space: A Value Framework. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21789.
×
Page 105
Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Continuity of NASA Earth Observations from Space: A Value Framework. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21789.
×
Page 106
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NASA's Earth Science Division (ESD) conducts a wide range of satellite and suborbital missions to observe Earth's land surface and interior, biosphere, atmosphere, cryosphere, and oceans as part of a program to improve understanding of Earth as an integrated system. Earth observations provide the foundation for critical scientific advances and environmental data products derived from these observations are used in resource management and for an extraordinary range of societal applications including weather forecasts, climate projections, sea level change, water management, disease early warning, agricultural production, and the response to natural disasters.

As the complexity of societal infrastructure and its vulnerability to environmental disruption increases, the demands for deeper scientific insights and more actionable information continue to rise. To serve these demands, NASA's ESD is challenged with optimizing the partitioning of its finite resources among measurements intended for exploring new science frontiers, carefully characterizing long-term changes in the Earth system, and supporting ongoing societal applications. This challenge is most acute in the decisions the Division makes between supporting measurement continuity of data streams that are critical components of Earth science research programs and the development of new measurement capabilities.

This report seeks to establish a more quantitative understanding of the need for measurement continuity and the consequences of measurement gaps. Continuity of NASA's Earth's Observations presents a framework to assist NASA's ESD in their determinations of when a measurement or dataset should be collected for durations longer than the typical lifetimes of single satellite missions.

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