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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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HOW MODELING CAN
INFORM STRATEGIES
to IMPROVE
POPULATION HEALTH

WORKSHOP SUMMARY

Joe Alper and Amy Geller, Rapporteurs

Roundtable on Population Health Improvement

Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

Institute of Medicine

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the Aetna Foundation (#10001504), The California Endowment (20112338), HealthPartners, Kaiser East Bay Community Foundation (20131471), The Kresge Foundation (101288), Mayo Clinic, Missouri Foundation for Health (12-0879-SOF-12), Nemours, New York State Health Foundation (12-01708), Novo Nordisk, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (70555). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-37848-2
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-37848-6
Digital Object Identifier: 10.17226/21807

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Copyright 2016 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How modeling can inform strategies to improve population health: Workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
×
image

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.national-academies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR HOW MODELING CAN INFORM STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE POPULATION HEALTH1

STEVEN TEUTSCH (Chair), Former Chief Science Officer, Los Angeles County Public Health

ANA DIEZ ROUX, Dean, Drexel University School of Public Health

MARTHE GOLD, Visiting Scholar, New York Academy of Medicine; Professor Emerita of Community Health and Social Medicine, City College of New York

DAVID MENDEZ, Associate Professor of Health Management and Policy, Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan School of Public Health

BOBBY MILSTEIN, Director, ReThink Health

PASKY PASCUAL, Former Director, Council for Regulatory Environmental Modeling, Environmental Protection Agency

LOUISE RUSSELL, Distinguished Professor, Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research and Department of Economics, Rutgers University

STEVEN WOOLF, Director, Virginia Commonwealth University Center on Society and Health

___________________

1Institute of Medicine planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published workshop summary rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
×

ROUNDTABLE ON POPULATION HEALTH IMPROVEMENT1

GEORGE ISHAM (Co-Chair), Senior Advisor, HealthPartners, Inc., and Senior Fellow, HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research

DAVID A. KINDIG (Co-Chair), Professor Emeritus and Emeritus Vice Chancellor, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

TERRY ALLAN, President, National Association of County and City Health Officials, and Health Commissioner, Cuyahoga County Board of Health

CATHERINE BAASE, Global Director of Health Services, The Dow Chemical Company

GILLIAN BARCLAY, Vice President, Aetna Foundation

RAYMOND J. BAXTER, Senior Vice President, Community Benefit, Research and Health Policy, Kaiser Permanente and President, Kaiser Permanente International

RAPHAEL BOSTIC, Judith and John Bedrosian Chair in Governance and Public Enterprise, Sol Price School of Public Policy, University of Southern California

DEBBIE I. CHANG, Vice President, Policy and Prevention, Nemours

CARL COHN, Clinical Professor of Education, Claremont Graduate University

CHARLES FAZIO, Medical Director, HealthPartners, Inc.

GEORGE R. FLORES, Program Manager, The California Endowment

JACQUELINE MARTINEZ GARCEL, Vice-President, New York State Health Foundation

ALAN GILBERT, Director, Global Government and NGO Strategy, healthymagination

MARY LOU GOEKE, Executive Director, United Way of Santa Cruz County

MARTHE R. GOLD, Emeritus Professor, Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education, City College of New York

GARTH GRAHAM, President, Aetna Foundation

ROBERT HUGHES, President and Chief Executive Officer, Missouri Foundation for Health

ROBERT M. KAPLAN, Chief Science Officer, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

JAMES KNICKMAN, President and Chief Executive Officer, New York State Health Foundation

___________________

1Institute of Medicine forums and roundtables do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. The responsibility for the published workshop summary rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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PAULA LANTZ, Professor and Associate Dean for Research and Policy Engagement, Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, University of Michigan

MICHELLE LARKIN, Assistant Vice President, Health Group, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

THOMAS A. LaVEIST, William C. and Nancy F. Richardson Professor in Health Policy and Director, Hopkins Center for Health Disparities Solutions, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

JEFFREY LEVI, Executive Director, Trust for America’s Health

SARAH R. LINDE, Rear Admiral, U.S. Public Health Service, Chief Public Health Officer, Health Resources and Services Administration

SANNE MAGNAN, President and Chief Executive Officer, Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement

PHYLLIS D. MEADOWS, Associate Dean for Practice, Office of Public Health Practice, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, and Senior Fellow, Health Program, The Kresge Foundation

BOBBY MILSTEIN, Director, ReThink Health

JUDITH A. MONROE, Director, Office for State, Tribal, Local, and Territorial Support, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

JOSÉ MONTERO, Vice President of Population Health and Health Systems Integration, Cheshire Medical Center/Dartmouth Hitchcock Keene

MARY PITTMAN, President and Chief Executive Officer, Public Health Institute

PAMELA RUSSO, Senior Program Officer, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

LILA J. FINNEY RUTTEN, Associate Scientific Director, Population Health Science Program, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic

BRIAN SAKURADA, Senior Director, Managed Markets and Integrated Health Systems

MARTÍN JOSE SEPÚLVEDA, Fellow and Vice President, Health Industries Research, IBM Corporation

ANDREW WEBBER, Chief Executive Officer, Maine Health Management Coalition

IOM Staff

ALINA BACIU, Roundtable Director

AMY GELLER, Senior Program Officer

LYLA HERNANDEZ, Senior Program Officer

COLIN FINK, Senior Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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ANDREW LEMERISE, Research Associate

DARLA THOMPSON, Associate Program Officer

ROSE MARIE MARTINEZ, Senior Board Director, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

Consultant

JOE ALPER, Rapporteur

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
×

Reviewers

This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published workshop summary as sound as possible and to ensure that the workshop summary meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this workshop summary:

Sandro Galea, Boston University

Trina Gonzalez, Milbank Memorial Fund

Tiffany Huang, National Association of County and City Health Officials

Tamar Lansky, MIE Resources

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the workshop summary before its release. The review of this workshop summary was overseen by Ned Calonge, The Colorado Trust. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this workshop summary was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this workshop summary rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
×

Acknowledgments

The sponsors of the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement have made it possible to plan and conduct the workshop How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health, which this report summarizes. Non-federal sponsorship was provided by the Aetna Foundation, The California Endowment, HealthPartners, Kaiser East Bay Community Foundation, The Kresge Foundation, Mayo Clinic, Missouri Foundation for Health, Nemours, New York State Health Foundation, Novo Nordisk, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

The Roundtable wishes to express its appreciation to the following speakers and moderators at the workshop for their interesting and stimulating presentations: Rajiv Bhatia, Sharon Cooper, Ross Hammond, J. T. Lane, Nick Macchione, David Mendez, George Miller, Bobby Milstein, Karen Minyard, Pasky Pascual, Louise B. Russell, Darshak Sanghavi, Steven Teutsch, Gary VanLandingham, Michael Weisberg, and Steven Woolf.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Page xviii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Acronyms and Abbreviations

ADHD attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CMMI Center for Medicare & Medicaid Innovation
CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
FDA Food and Drug Administration
HHS Department of Health and Human Services
HIA health impact assessment
IOM Institute of Medicine
MCO managed care organization
MIDAS Models of Infectious Disease Agent Study
NIH National Institutes of Health
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population Health: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21807.
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In April 2015, the Institute of Medicine convened a workshop to explore the potential uses of simulation and other types of modeling for the purpose of selecting and refining potential strategies, ranging from interventions to investments, to improve the health of communities and the nation's health. Participants worked to identify how modeling could inform population health decision making based on lessons learned from models that have been, or have not been, used successfully, opportunities and barriers to incorporating models into decision making, and data needs and opportunities to leverage existing data and to collect new data for modeling. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from this workshop.

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