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Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
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Page 50
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 51
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 52
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 53
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 54
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 55
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 56
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 57
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 58
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 59
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 60
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 61
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 62
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 63
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 64
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 65
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 66
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 67
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 68
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 69
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 70
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 71
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 72
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 73
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 74
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 75
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 76
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 77
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 78
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 79
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 80
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 81
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 82
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 83
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 84
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 85
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 86
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 87
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 88
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 89
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 90
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 91
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 92
Suggested Citation:"3 INFRARED ASTRONOMY." National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. 1973. Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970's: Volume 2: Reports of the Panels. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21812.
×
Page 93

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From the time of the ancient Greeks to the mid-twentieth century, the universe was conceived as of as an unchanging cosmos of fixed stars. The growth of technology, theoretical insight, and deeper understanding of the properties of matter, however, have replaced this view with a steadily expanding universe of galaxies--each galaxy a majestic, solely rotating collection of stars intertwined with dust and gases. Dramatic growth in the tools and techniques of observational astronomy have led to the discovery of explosive events, such as exploding galaxies and quasars, and an almost universal presence of high-energy particles and magnetic fields.

Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1970s: Volume 2 discusses the future of astronomy and astrophysics and recommends new programs and increased funding of moderate research. It concludes that a balanced and well-planned space-astronomy program with adequate computational facilities is essential. The goal should be one large space telescope. The book also asserts that both large national centers and strong university groups are critical for health, balance and innovation.

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