Archibald, R., and K. Kelleher. 2015. NASA evidence report: Risk of unacceptable health and mission outcomes due to limitations of in-flight medical capabilities. https://humanresearchwiki.jsc.nasa.gov/index.php?title=Exploration_Medical_Capability_(ExM)_Evidence_Report (accessed October 2, 2015).
Behnke, B. J., R. B. Armstrong, and M. D. Delp. 2011. Adrenergic control of vascular resistance varies in muscles composed of different fiber types: Influence of the vascular endothelium. American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative, and Comparative Physiology 301(3):R783-R790.
Buckey, Jr., H. C., D. A. Knaus, D. L. Alvarenga, M. A. Kenton, and P. J. Magari. 2005. Dual-frequency ultrasound for detecting and sizing bubbles. Acta Astronautica 56(9-12):1041-1047.
Chappell, S. P., J. R. Norcross, A. F. J. Abercromby, and M. L. Gernhardt. 2015. NASA evidence report: Risk of injury and compromised performance due to EVA operations. http://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/evidence/reports/EVA.pdf (accessed September 29, 2015).
Conkin, J. 2011. Decompression sickness after air break in prebreathe described with a survival model. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 82(6):589-598.
Conkin, J., J. R. Norcross, J. H. Wessel III, A. F. J. Abercromby, J. S. Klein, J. P. Dervay, and M. L. Gernhardt. 2013. NASA evidence report: Risk of decompression sickness. http://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/evidence/reports/DCS.pdf (accessed September 29, 2015).
Convertino, V. A., S. A. Bloomfield, and J. E. Greenleaf. 2010. An overview of the issues: Physiological effects of bed rest and restricted physical activity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 29(2):187-190.
Cooper, M., G. Douglas, and M. Perchonok. 2011. Developing the NASA food system for long-duration missions. Journal of Food Science 76(2):R40-R48.
Davis, J. R., R. Johnson, J. Stepanek, and J. A. Fogardty, eds. 2008. Fundamentals of aerospace medicine, 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Downs, M., A. Moore, S. M. C. Lee, and L. Ploutz-Snyder. 2015. NASA evidence report: Risk of reduced physical performance capabilities due to reduced aerobic capacity. http://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/evidence/reports/Aerobic.pdf (accessed September 29, 2015).
EUFIC (European Union Food Information Council). 2013. Food shelf life and its importance for consumers. http://www.eufic.org/article/en/artid/Food_shelf_life_and_its_importance_for_consumers (accessed November 11, 2015).
Finn, S., O. Condell, P. McClure, A. AmÃ©zquita, and S. Fanning. 2013. Mechanisms of survival, responses and sources of Salmonella in low-moisture environments. Frontiers in Microbiology 4:331.
Friedl, K. E., and R. W. Hoyt. 1997. Development and biomedical testing of military operational rations. Annual Review of Nutrition 17:51-75.
Gernhardt, M. L., J. A. Jones, R. A. Scheuring, A. F. Abercromby, J. A. Tuxhorn, and J. R. Norcross. 2009. Risk of compromised EVA performance and crew health due to inadequate EVA suit systems. In Human health and performance risks of space exploration missions: Evidence reviewed by the NASA Human Research Program, edited by J. C. McPhee and J. B. Charles. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Pp. 333-358.
Guinet, P., S. M. Schneider, B. R. Macias, D. E. Watenpaugh, R. L. Hughson, A. P. Le Traon, J. Y. Bansard, and A. R. Hargens. 2009. WISE-2005: Effect of aerobic and resistive exercises on orthostatic tolerance during 60 days bed rest in women. European Journal of Applied Physiology 106(2):217-227.
Hickson, R. C., C. Kanakis, Jr., J. R. Davis, A. M. Moore, and S. Rich. 1982. Reduced training duration effects on aerobic power, endurance, and cardiac growth. Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology 53(1):225-229.
Hickson, R. C., S. M. Overland, and K. A. Dougherty. 1984. Reduced training frequency on aerobic power and muscle adaptations in rats. Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology 57(6):1834-1841.
Hickson, R. C., C. Foster, M. L. Pollock, T. M. Galassi, and S. Rich. 1985. Reduced training intensities and loss of aerobic power, endurance, and cardiac growth. Journal of Applied Physiology 58(2):492-499.
Holschuh, B. T. 2014. Mechanical counter-pressure space suit design using active materials. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/90602 (accessed October 2, 2015).
Huguet, A., J. A. Hayden, J. Stinson, P. J. McGrath, C. T. Chambers, M. E. Tougas, and L. Wozney. 2013. Judging the quality of evidence in reviews of prognostic factor research: Adapting the GRADE framework. Systematic Reviews 2(1):71.
Hunter, S. K. 2014. Sex differences in human fatigability: Mechanisms and insight to physiological responses. Acta Physiologica 210(4):768-789.
IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1995. Not eating enough: Overcoming underconsumption of military operational rations. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
IOM. 1999. Committee on Military Nutrition Research: Activity report. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
IOM. 2006. Dietary reference intakes: The essential guide to nutrient requirements. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
IOM. 2008. Review of NASA’s human research evidence books: A letter report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
IOM. 2011. Finding what works in health care: Standards for systematic reviews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
IOM. 2014. Review of NASA’s evidence reports on human health risks: 2013 letter report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
IOM. 2015. Review of NASA’s evidence reports on human health risks: 2014 letter report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
Jersey, S. L., R. A. Jesinger, and P. Palka. 2013. Brain magnetic resonance imaging anomalies in U-2 pilots with neurological decompression sickness. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 84(1):3-11.
Jonas, W. B. and S. J. Montain. 2014. Nutritional armor: Omega-3 for the war-fighter. In Military Medicine: International Journal of AMSUS 179(11). http://publications.amsus.org/pb/assets/raw/Supplements/179_11_Supplement.pdf (accessed November 20, 2015).
Josephson, E. S. 2015. Advantages, problems, and experiences of irradiated foods. http://history.nasa.gov/SP-202/sess2.5.htm (accessed November 11, 2015).
Landon, L. B., W. B. Vessey, and J. D. Barrett. 2015. Risk of performance and behavioral health decrements due to inadequate cooperation, coordination, communication, and psychosocial adaptation within a team. https://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/evidence/reports/Team.pdf (accessed November 17, 2015).
Lee, S. M., A. D. Moore, M. E. Everett, M. B. Stenger, and S. H. Platts. 2010. Aerobic exercise deconditioning and countermeasures during bed rest. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 81(1):52-63.
Ley, W., and W. Von Braun. 1956. The exploration of Mars. London: Sidgwick & Jackson.
Mahon, R., D. Klaus, T. Neuman, A. Pilmanis, and D. Regis. 2014. Decompression sickness/extravehicular activity risks standing review panel. http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20150008160.pdf (accessed October 2, 2015).
McGuire, S., P. Sherman, L. Profenna, P. Grogan, J. Sladky, A. Brown, A. Robinson, L. Rowland, E. Hong, B. Patel, D. Tate, E. S. Kawano, P. Fox, and P. Kochunov. 2013. White matter hyperintensities on MRI in high-altitude U-2 pilots. Neurology 81(8):729-735.
McManus, K., L. Antinoro, and F. Sacks. 2001. A randomized controlled trial of a moderate-fat, low-energy diet compared with a low fat, low-energy diet for weight loss in overweight adults. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 25(10):1503-1511.
Mekjavic, I. B., S. N. Kounalakis, M. E. Keramidas, G. Biolo, M. Narici, and O. Eiken. 2012. Heat production and heat loss responses to cold water immersion after 35 days horizontal bed rest. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 83(5):472-476.
NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). 2013a. Evidence book overview. http://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/Evidence/#overview (accessed November 30, 2014).
NASA. 2013b. Human Research Program, Revision F. http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/579466main_Human_Research_Program_Requirements_DocumentRevF.pdf (accessed November 17, 2014).
NASA. 2014a. Human research roadmap: Introduction. http://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/intro (accessed September 30, 2015).
NASA. 2014b. The NASA Z-2 suit: Spacesuit design vote. https://jscfeatures.jsc.nasa.gov/z2 (accessed November 18, 2015).
NASA. 2015. Risk of injury and compromised performance due to EVA operations. http://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/Risks/risk.aspx?i=84 (accessed October 19, 2015).
Newman, D. J., J. Hoffman, K. Bethke, C. Carr, N. Jordan, L. Sim, N. Campos, C. Conlee, B. Smith, J. Wilcox, G. Trotti, and MIDE-Technologies. 2005. Astronaut bio-suit system for exploration class missions. http://www.niac.usra.edu/files/studies/final_report/833Newman.pdf (accessed October 2, 2015).
Pedersen, B. K., and M. A. Febbraio. 2012. Muscles, exercise and obesity: Skeletal muscle as a secretory organ. Nature Reviews. Endocrinology 8(8):457-465.
Perchonok, M., D. Barta, M. Lawson, J. Joshi, and D. Russo. 2003. Advanced food technology workshop report: Volume 1. https://www.nasa.gov/centers/johnson/pdf/486020main_AdvFoodTechReportVol1.pdf (accessed November 11, 2015).
Perchonok, M., G. Douglas, and M. Cooper. 2012. NASA evidence report: Risk of performance decrement and crew illness due to an inadequate food system. http://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/evidence/reports/Food.pdf (accessed September 29, 2015).
Pilmanis, A. A., J. T. Webb, U. I. Balldin, J. Conkin, and J. R. Fischer. 2010. Air break during preoxygenation and risk of altitude decompression sickness. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 81(10):944-950.
Ploutz-Snyder, L., S. Bloomfield, S. M. Smith, S. K. Hunter, K. Templeton, and D. Bemben. 2014. Effects of sex and gender on adaptation to space: Musculoskeletal health. Journal of Women’s Health 23(11):963-966.
Ploutz-Snyder, L., J. Ryder, K. English, F. Haddad, and K. Baldwin. 2015. NASA evidence report: Risk of impaired performance due to reduced muscle mass, strength, and endurance. http://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/evidence/reports/Muscle.pdf (accessed September 29, 2015).
Pratesi, A., F. Tarantini, and M. Di Bari. 2013. Skeletal muscle: An endocrine organ. Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism 10(1):11-14.
Reisner, A. T., D. Xu, K. L. Ryan, V. A. Convertino, C. A. Rickards, and R. Mukkamala. 2011. Monitoring non-invasive cardiac output and stroke volume during experimental human hypovolaemia and resuscitation. British Journal of Anaesthesia 106(1):23-30.
Ricci, F., R. De Caterina, and A. Fedorowski. 2015. Orthostatic hypotension: Epidemiology, prognosis, and treatment. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 66(7):848-860.
SÃ¡ndor, A., S. V. Schuh, and B. F. Gore. 2013. NASA evidence report: Risk of inadequate critical task design. https://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/evidence/reports/TASK.pdf (accessed October 2, 2015).
Scheuring, R. A., J. A. Jones, J. D. Polk, D. B. Gillis, J. Schmid, J. M. Duncan, J. R. Davis, and J. D. Novak. 2007. The Apollo Medical Operations Project: Recommendations to improve crew health and performance for future exploration missions and lunar surface operations. NASA/TM-2007-214755. http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20070030109.pdf (accessed September 29, 2015).
Sekhon, B. S. 2010. Food nanotechnology: An overview. Journal of Nanotechnology, Science and Applications 3:1-15.
Smith, S. M., S. R. Zwart, and M. Heer. 2015. NASA evidence report: Risk factor of inadequate nutrition. http://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/evidence/reports/Nutrition-20150105.pdf?rnd=0.506950985410694 (accessed September 4, 2015).
Stabley, J. N., J. M. Dominguez II, C. E. Dominguez, F. R. Mora Solis, J. Ahlgren, B. J. Behnke, J. M. Muller-Delp, and M. D. Delp. 2012. Spaceflight reduces vasoconstrictor responsiveness of skeletal muscle resistance arteries in mice. Journal of Applied Physiology 113(9):1439-1445.
Steinberg, S., R. Mahon, D. Klaus, T. Neuman, A. Pilmanis, and D. Regis. 2014. 2014 Decompression sickness/extravehicular activity risks standing review panel. NASA Technical Report JSC-CN-33307. http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20150008159.pdf (accessed September 30, 2015).
Stenger, M., S. H. Platts, S. M. C. Lee, C. M. Westby, T. R. Phillips, N. M. Arzeno, S. Johnston, and L. Mulugeta. 2015. NASA evidence report: Risk of orthostatic intolerance during re-exposure to gravity. http://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/evidence/reports/ORTHO.pdf (accessed September 29, 2015).
Stuster, J. 2010. Acceptable risk: The human mission to Mars. Journal of Cosmology 12:3566-3577.
Taylor, C. R., M. Hanna, B. J. Behnke, J. N. Stabley, D. J. McCullough, R. T. Davis III, P. Ghosh, A. Papadopoulos, J. M. Muller-Delp, and M. D. Delp. 2013. Spaceflight-induced alterations in cerebral artery vasoconstrictor, mechanical, and structural properties: Implications for elevated cerebral perfusion and intracranial pressure. The FASEB Journal 27(6):2282-2292.
Trappe, T. A., F. White, C. P. Lambert, D. Cesar, M. Hellerstein, and W. J. Evans. 2002. Effect of ibuprofen and acetaminophen on postexercise muscle protein synthesis. American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism 282(3):E551-E556.
Trappe, T. A., C. C. Carroll, J. M. Dickinson, J. K. LeMoine, J. M. Haus, B. E. Sullivan, J. D. Lee, B. Jemiolo, E. M. Weinheimer, and C. J. Hollon. 2011. Influence of acetaminophen and ibuprofen on skeletal muscle adaptations to resistance exercise in older adults. American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 300(3):R655-R662.
USDA/HHS (U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). 2015. Scientific report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. http://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015-scientific-report/PDFs/Scientific-Report-of-the-2015-Dietary-Guidelines-Advisory-Committee.pdf (accessed November 13, 2015).
Waldie, J. M. A. 2005. Mechanical counter pressure space suits: Advantages, limitations, and concepts for Martian exploration. Lakewood, CO: The Mars Society.
Wallace, B. C., I. J. Dahabreh, C. H. Schmid, J. Lau, and T. A. Trikalinos. 2013. Modernizing the systematic review process to inform comparative effectiveness: Tools and methods. Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research 2(3):273-282.
Wallace, J. P., G. T. Trail, and W. D. Franke. 2010. LBNP tolerance analyzed retrospectively using a structural equation model. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 81(4):363-368.
Webb, P. 1968. The space activity suit: An elastic leotard for extravehicular activity. Aerospace Medicine 39:376-383.
Webb, P., and J. Annis. 1967. The principle of the space activity suit. Washington, DC: NASA.
Zeizel, S. H., and M. A. Caudill. 2010. Choline. Advances in Nutrition 1:46-48.
Zeizel, S. H., and K. D. Corbin. 2012. Choline. In Present knowledge in nutrition, 10th ed., edited by J. W. Erdman, Jr., I. A. MacDonald, and S. H. Zeisel. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
Zeizel, S. H., and K. A. da Costa. 2009. Choline: An essential nutrient in public health. Nutrition Reviews 67(11):616-623.
Zeizel, S. H., M. H. Mar, J. C. Howe, and J. M. Holden. 2003. Concentrations of choline-containing compounds and betaine in common foods. The Journal of Nutrition 133(5):1302-1307.