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Fostering Transformative Research in the Geographical Sciences (2019)

Chapter: Appendix E: Committee and Staff Biographies

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Fostering Transformative Research in the Geographical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21881.
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Appendix E

Committee and Staff Biographies
*

COMMITTEE MEMBERS

MICHAEL F. GOODCHILD, Ph.D. (Committee Chair and National Academy of Sciences member), is Emeritus Professor of Geography at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), where he also holds the title of research professor. He holds an affiliate appointment in the Department of Geography at the University of Washington, as well. Until his retirement in June 2012, he was the Jack and Laura Dangermond Professor of Geography and director of UCSB’s Center for Spatial Studies. He received his B.A. degree from Cambridge University in physics in 1965, his Ph.D. in geography from McMaster University in 1969, and has received four honorary doctorates. Dr. Goodchild was elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a foreign member of the Royal Society of Canada in 2002, member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2006, foreign member of The Royal Society and corresponding fellow of the British Academy in 2010; and in 2007, he received the Prix Vautrin Lud. He was editor of Geographical Analysis between 1987 and 1990 and editor of the Methods, Models, and Geographic Information Sciences section of the Annals of the Association of American Geographers from 2000 to 2006. Dr. Goodchild serves on the editorial boards of 10 other journals and book series, and has published more than 15 books and 500 articles. He was chair of the National Research Council’s Mapping Science Committee from 1997 to 1999 and chair of the Advisory Committee on Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences of the National Science Foundation from 2008 to 2010. His research interests center on geographic information science, spatial analysis, and uncertainty in geographic data.

AMY K. GLASMEIER, Ph.D., holds a professional master’s degree and a Ph.D. in city and regional planning from the University of California, Berkeley. In spring 2009, she became the department head of Urban Studies and Planning at the Massachusetts Institute for Technology (MIT). She simultaneously serves as a professor of economic geography and regional planning. She has two books on policies to develop and expand technology industries. Her book, Manufacturing Time: Global Competition in the World Watch Industry, 1750–2000, provides considerable perspective on how different modes of industrial organization and varieties of capitalism yield varying levels of competitive success of national systems of industrialization. Dr. Glasmeier continues to research topics related to organizational learning, regional competitiveness, and technology development. She also is an expert on income inequality and regional development. Her most recent 2005 book, An Atlas of Poverty in America: One Nation, Pulling Apart, 1960–2003, examines the experience of people and places in poverty since the 1960s. She also wrote a

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*Committee biographies current as of 2015. Staff biographies current as of 2019.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Fostering Transformative Research in the Geographical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21881.
×

series of papers on the spatial location of wounded soldiers from Iraq and Afghanistan. Specifically, Dr. Glasmeier acquired data that allowed her to map the location of health care services and the soldier’s home of record. Her analytic specialties include spatial analysis, social sciences research methods, and policy analysis. She is a member of MIT’s Energy Initiative and is co-director of MIT’s undergraduate minor in energy studies. Her work on energy includes studies of sectors, regions, and technologies. Dr. Glasmeier has advised local, state, and federal officials on energy policy. Her current research compares energy systems and policy within the United States, China, and Russia.

GLEN M. MACDONALD, Ph.D., is the John Muir Professor of Geography at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), with a joint appointment in ecology and evolutionary biology. He is also director of the Institute of Environmental and Sustainability. Previously, he served in positions at McMaster University and Clare Hall of Cambridge University. The focus of Dr. MacDonald’s research is long-term climatic and environmental change and the impact of such changes on plants, animals, and humans. He uses a variety of archives to reconstruct past climate and environments, including fossil pollen, plant macrofossils, tree rings, fossil insects, elemental geochemistry, stable isotopes, population genetics, and historical documents, artwork, and maps. Dr. MacDonald has published more than 140 peer-reviewed journal articles and numerous book chapters, reports, and other pieces, as well as an award-winning text on biogeography (Biogeography: Time, Space and Life). He was elected a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and has won the McMaster University Award for Teaching Excellence and the UCLA Distinguished Teaching Award. Dr. MacDonald has served as the chair of the AAAS Geology and Geography Section, the co-chair of the National Science Foundation (NSF) Paleoenvironmental Arctic Sciences (PARCS) Program, chair of the American Association of Geographers Biogeography Specialty Group, and international coordinator (global change) for the International Boreal Forest Research Association, as well as associate editor or editorial board member for the Annals of the American Association of Geographers, Geography Compass, Journal of Biogeography, and Physical Geography. He received an A.B. degree in geography with highest honors and distinction from the University of California, Berkeley, an M.Sc. in geography from the University of Calgary, and a Ph.D. in botany from the University of Toronto.

NATIONAL ACADEMIES OF SCIENCES, ENGINEERING, AND MEDICINE STAFF

ELIZABETH A. EIDE, Ph.D., is the senior board director for the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources and the Water Science and Technology Board at the National Academies. The Boards oversee a range of activities, including geospatial, geographical, and mapping science; energy and mineral resources; natural hazards; deep-through surface-earth processes; geological and geotechnical engineering; and all topics related to water resources in both the natural and built environment. Prior to joining the National Academies in 2005 as a senior program officer, she served as a research geologist, team leader, and geochronology laboratory manager for 12 years at the Geological Survey of Norway in Trondheim. She received a Fulbright Scholarship to Norway and was elected to membership in the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters. She completed a Ph.D. in geology at Stanford University and received a B.A. in geology from Franklin and Marshall College.

MARK D. LANGE, Ph.D. (Study Director, current as of 2015), is a program officer at the National Academies of Sciences, where he also directs the Geographical Sciences Committee. Dr. Lange is a geomorphologist with research interests in river and coastal processes, geographic information systems (GISs), and science policy. He

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Fostering Transformative Research in the Geographical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21881.
×

has directed National Academies studies on land change science, geospatial technologies, and national research priorities in both the Earth and geographical sciences. His work has been funded by the National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Forest Service, and U.S. Department of State. He was previously a Tyler Environmental Fellow, a Merit Fellow, and a Congressional Fellow, where he managed federal environment and natural resource policy for a member of the U.S. Congress. Dr. Lange is a member of the Phi Kappa Phi academic honor society, the Association of American Geographers (AAG), the American Geophysical Union, and the Commission on Coastal Systems of the International Geographical Union, and was the U.S. Representative to the 32nd International Geographical Congress in Cologne, Germany. He received the Reds Wolman Award from the geomorphology specialty group of the AAG. He holds a graduate certificate in geographic information sciences and a Ph.D. in geography, both from the University of Southern California.

NICHOLAS D. ROGERS is a financial associate with the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources (BESR) and Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology (BCST) of the National Academies. He also supports the Environmental Health Matters Initiative as well. He received a B.A. in history (honors), with a focus on the history of science and early American history, from Western Connecticut State University in 2004. He began working for the National Academies in 2006 with BESR and joined the BCST staff in 2018.

ERIC J. EDKIN is a program coordinator for the National Academies’ Board on Earth Sciences and Resources where he coordinates logistical and administrative aspects of committees, meetings, and a variety of other promotional and summary related products. Eric started at the National Academies in 2009 and has contributed to projects in the in the earth sciences, water sciences, disaster resilience, and communication fields. Eric earned career diplomas in desktop publishing and computer graphics from the Penn Foster Career School.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Fostering Transformative Research in the Geographical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21881.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Fostering Transformative Research in the Geographical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21881.
×
Page 77
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Fostering Transformative Research in the Geographical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21881.
×
Page 78
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Fostering Transformative Research in the Geographical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21881.
×
Page 79
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Fostering Transformative Research in the Geographical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21881.
×
Page 80
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The central purpose of all research is to create new knowledge. In the geographical sciences this is driven by a desire to create new knowledge about the relations between space, place, and the anthropogenic and non-anthropogenic features and processes of the Earth. But some research goes beyond these modest aims and creates new opportunities for further research, or affects the process of knowledge acquisition more broadly, or changes the way other researchers in a domain think about the world and go about their business.

Due to its positive impacts, transformative research can be regarded as inherently having greater value than more conventional research, and funding agencies clearly regard transformative research as something to be encouraged and funded through special programs. Assessments of transformative research funding initiatives are few and provide a mixed picture of their effectiveness. The challenge is whether transformative research can be identified at the time it is proposed rather than after it has been conducted, communicated, and its influence on the discipline has become clear. Fostering Transformative Research in the Geographical Sciences reviews how transformative research has emerged in the past, what its early markers were, and makes recommendations for how it can be nurtured in the future.

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