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Suggested Citation:"Literature Cited." National Research Council. 1993. Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2216.
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LITERATURE CITED

Abelson, P.H. 1993. Regulatory Costs (Editorial). Science 259:159.

Anderson, A. 1989. Prodigious Birds: Moas and Moa-hunting in Prehistoric New Zealand. New York: Cambridge University Press.


Callahan, J.T. 1984. Long-term ecological research. BioScience 34(6):363-367.

Carlin, A. 1990. Environmental Investments: The Cost of a Clean Environment. A Summary. EPA-230-12-90-084. December 1990. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 51 pp.

Carnegie (Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government). 1992a. Environmental Research and Development: Strengthening the Federal Infrastructure. December 1992. New York: Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government. 143 pp.

Carnegie (Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government). 1992b. International Environmental Research and Assessment: Proposals for Better Organization and Decision Making. July 1992. New York: Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government. 82 pp.

Carson, R. 1962. Silent Spring. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

CEES (Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences). 1992. Our Changing Planet: The FY 1993 U.S. Global Change Research Program. A Report by the Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences. A Supplement to the U.S President's Fiscal Year 1993 Budget. Washington, D.C.: Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President.

CEQ (Council on Environmental Quality). 1989. Environmental Trends. Cosponsored by the Interagency Advisory Committee on Environmental Trends. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 152 pp.

CEQ (Council on Environmental Quality). 1991. Environmental Quality: 22nd Annual Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.


Deason, J.P. 1991 Statement before the Committee on Environmental Research, National Academy of Sciences, October 21, 1991, by Dr. Jonathan P. Deason, Director, Office of Environmental Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior. 5 pp.

Suggested Citation:"Literature Cited." National Research Council. 1993. Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2216.
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DOE (Department of Energy). 1992. Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Task Force on the Department of Energy National Laboratories, DRAFT Final Report, January 29, 1992. 42 pp.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1987. Unfinished Business: A Comparative Assessment of Environmental Problems. Volume 1: Overview. EPA/230/2-87/025A-E. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1988. Future Risk: Research Strategies for the 1990s. SAB-EC-88-040. Washington, D.C.: Science Advisory Board, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 19 pp.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1990a. Environmental Investments: The Cost of a Clean Environment. Report of the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to the Congress of the United States. EPA-230-11-90-083. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Available from NTIS as PB91-153783.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1990b. Reducing Risk: Setting Priorities and Strategies for Environmental Protection. SAB-EC-90-021. Washington, D.C.: Science Advisory Board, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 26 pp.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1991. EMAP Monitor, January 1991 . An Overview of the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program. EPA/600/M-90/022. Washington, D.C.: Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Available from NTIS as PB 91-191320.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1992a. Safeguarding the Future: Credible Science, Credible Decisions. The Report of the Expert Panel on the Role of Science at EPA. EPA/600/9-91/050. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1992b. A Guide to Selected National Environmental Statistics in the U.S. Government. 230-R-92-003, April 1992. [n.p.]: Center for Environmental Statistics Development Staff, Office of Policy, Planning, and Evaluation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 88 pages.

Erwin, T.L. 1991. How many species are there?: Revisited. Conserv. Biol. 5(3):330-333.

ESA (Ecological Society of America). 1991. Sustainable Biosphere Initiative: An ecological research agenda. Ecology 72(2):371-412.


Fleagle, R.G. 1992. From the International Geophysical Year to Global Change. Rev. Geophys. 30(Nov. 4):305-313.

Franklin, J.F., C.S. Bledsoe, and J.T. Callahan. 1990. Contributions of the Long-Term Ecological Research Program. BioScience 40(7):509-523.

Suggested Citation:"Literature Cited." National Research Council. 1993. Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2216.
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Galas, D. 1992. Presentation of David Galas, Associate Director for Health and Environmental Research, Department of Energy before the Committee on Environmental Research, at its meeting on January 13, 1992. Dr. Galas and Dr. Ari Patrinos were also interviewed by Al Lazen, CER Staff at the DOE offices in Germantown, on March 4, 1992.

Grad, F.P. 1986. Public Lands and Conservation. Rel.18-8/86 Pub. 323. Section 12.02 in Treatise on Environmental Law. New York: Bender, Matthew & Company.

Gramp, K.M., A.H. Teich, and S.D. Nelson. 1992. Federal Funding for Environmental R & D: A Special Report. Washington, D.C.: Directorate for Science and Policy Programs, American Association for the Advancement of Science. 72 pp.


Hance, B.J., C. Chase, and P.M. Sandman. 1988. Improving Dialogue with Communities: A Risk Communication Manual for Government. Trenton: New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.


International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. 1983. The IUCN Invertebrate Red Data Book. Gland, Switzerland.


Kareiva, P., and M. Anderson. 1988. Spatial aspects of species interactions: The wedding of models and experiments. Pp. 38-54 in Community Ecology, A. Hastings, ed. New York: Springer Verlag.

Knauss, J.A. 1992. Presentation by John A. Knauss, Undersecretary for Oceans and Atmosphere, Department of Commerce before the Committee on Environmental Research, January 13, 1992.


Ludwig, D., R. Hilborn, and C. Walters. 1993. Uncertainty, resource exploitation, and conservation: Lessons from history. Science 260:17,36.


Magnuson, J.J. 1990. Long-term ecological research and the invisible present. BioScience 40(7):495-501.

Martin, P.S., and R.G. Klein, eds. 1984. Quaternary Extinctions: A Prehistoric Revolution. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

May, R.M. 1988. How many species are there on earth? Science 241:1441-1449.

Molina, M., and F.S. Rowland. 1974. Stratospheric sink for chlorofluoromethanes: Chlorine atom catalyzed destruction of ozone. Nature 249:810-812.


NAPAP (U.S. National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program). 1991. National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program 1990 Integrated Assessment Report. Washington, D.C.: The NAPAP Office of the Director. 520 pp.

NCE (National Commission on the Environment). 1993. Choosing a Sustainable Future. The Report of the National Commission on the

Suggested Citation:"Literature Cited." National Research Council. 1993. Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2216.
×

Environment, convened by the World Wildlife Fund. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

NRC (National Research Council). 1985. Nuclear Arms Control: Background and Issues. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 378 pp.

NRC (National Research Council). 1986. Ecological Knowledge and Environmental Problem-Solving: Concepts and Case Studies. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 400 pp.

NRC (National Research Council). 1989a. The Adequacy of Environmental Information for Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Decisions: Florida and California. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 86 pp.

NRC (National Research Council). 1989b. Improving Risk Communication. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 352 pp.

NRC (National Research Council). 1990a. Managing Troubled Waters: The Role of Marine Environmental Monitoring. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 140 pp.

NRC (National Research Council). 1990b. Spatial Data Needs: The Future of the National Mapping Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 78 pp.

NRC (National Research Council). 1991. Solving the Global Change Puzzle: A U.S. Strategy for Managing Data and Information. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 52 pp.

NRC (National Research Council). 1992a. Rethinking the Ozone Problem in Urban and Regional Air Pollution. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 489 pp.

NRC (National Research Council). 1992b. Science and the National Parks. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 122 pp.

NRC (National Research Council). 1992c. Assessment of the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Studies Program. III. Social and Economic Studies. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 153 pp.

NRC (National Research Council). 1992d. Review of EPA's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP). Interim Report, June 1992. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 25 pp.

NRC (National Research Council). 1993a. Issues in Risk Assessment. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 356 pp.

NRC (National Research Council). 1993b. Global Environmental Change: Understanding the Human Dimensions. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 308 pp.

Ohio. 1992. Ohio Metropolitan Area Cost Report for Environmental Compliance. Columbus, Ohio: Columbus Health Department.

Suggested Citation:"Literature Cited." National Research Council. 1993. Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2216.
×

OMB (Office of Management and Budget). 1990. Coordination of Surveying, Mapping, and Related Spatial Data Activities. Circular A-16 (Revised). October 19. Washington, D.C.: Office of Management and Budget, Executive Office of the President.

Ostenso, N. 1992. Interview with Ned Ostenso, Director, Oceanic and Atmospheric Research, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, in March 1992 and his draft of John Knauss' presentation to the Committee.

OSTP (Office of Science and Technology Policy, Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences, Interagency Working Group on Data Management for Global Change). 1992. The U.S. Global Change Data and Information Management Program Plan, DRAFT June 8, 1992.

OTA (U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment). 1987. Technologies to Maintain Biological Diversity. OTA-F-330. Springfield, Va.: National Technical Information Service.

OTA (U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment). 1991. Federally Funded Research: Decisions for a Decade. OTA-SET-490. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 314 pp.

OTA (U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment). 1992. Trade and Environment: Conflicts and Opportunities. OTA-BP-ITE-94. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Russell, M., E.W. Colglazier, and M.R. English. 1991. Hazardous Waste Remediation: The Task Ahead. Knoxville, Tenn.: Waste Management Research and Education Institute, University of Tennessee.


Tilman, D. 1989. Ecological experimentation: Strengths and conceptual problems. Pp. 136-157 in Long-Term Studies in Ecology: Approaches and Alternatives, G.E. Likens, ed. New York: Springer Verlag.


USGS (United States Geological Survey). 1991. United States Geological Survey Yearbook Fiscal Year 1990. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 108 pp.


Vitousek, P.M., P.R. Ehrlich, A.H. Ehrlich, and P.A. Matson. 1986. Human appropriation of the products of photosynthesis. BioScience 36(6):368-373.


Wilson, E.O. 1992. The Diversity of Life. Cambridge: Harvard University, Belknap Press.

WRI (World Resources Institute). 1993. A New Generation of Environmental Leadership: Action for the Environment and the Economy. Proposals for the New Administration and the New Congress. Washington, D.C.: World Resources Institute. 23 pp.

Suggested Citation:"Literature Cited." National Research Council. 1993. Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2216.
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Suggested Citation:"Literature Cited." National Research Council. 1993. Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2216.
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Suggested Citation:"Literature Cited." National Research Council. 1993. Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2216.
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Page 220
Suggested Citation:"Literature Cited." National Research Council. 1993. Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2216.
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Page 221
Suggested Citation:"Literature Cited." National Research Council. 1993. Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2216.
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Suggested Citation:"Literature Cited." National Research Council. 1993. Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2216.
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Suggested Citation:"Literature Cited." National Research Council. 1993. Research to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2216.
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This book assesses the strengths and weaknesses of current environmental research programs, describes the desirable characteristics of an effective program, and recommends cultural and organizational changes to improve the performance of environmental research. Research areas in need of greater emphasis are identified, and overall directions for environmental research are recommended. The book also comments on the proposal to establish a National Institute for the Environment and on the elevation of the Environmental Protection Agency to cabinet status.

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