National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: Executive Summary
Suggested Citation:"1 Introduction." National Research Council. 1993. Demographic Effects of Economic Reversals in Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2228.
Page 5
Suggested Citation:"1 Introduction." National Research Council. 1993. Demographic Effects of Economic Reversals in Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2228.
Page 6
Suggested Citation:"1 Introduction." National Research Council. 1993. Demographic Effects of Economic Reversals in Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2228.
Page 7
Suggested Citation:"1 Introduction." National Research Council. 1993. Demographic Effects of Economic Reversals in Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2228.
Page 8

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

1980$ was a dame of economic s~gna~tion off revered ~r much of s~-S~= Ages. For tbe~=gion Sable, (O~P) far Lima Lined between 19~8sO ^^, are ale ~Age. ^ gooses noons p~d~c1 mat ~d ~ be In's lo~income counties (par crib GASP less men $~ in 1987), ~11 ~ ~ Snug tale of ~3~.6 pe~ent~ build Bank, 1939b~. Economic ~=c~ in ohm Dan of be developing Body over be she pedod~ gas mixed: 6, chits ~1 Loss ~n~on~ Induct gear at an Nub ~ of 4.0 perenl ~: ~1 lo~^inco~ couriers, bd$ ~cl:i~ped it ~ ~- - ~ 1.~1 Docent Clan Cain Id laddie a~ cud. bows ex~pl~ations brave Input Or He pow ace discussed! in me derail in Cube 2, ~ner~Iy inch ale or ~!0~ of Mesa aunts: one, reverser lands debug He 19~80~s in Abed ~comm~ily prices, ~b~b~resduced em - Seventh ~ndretumsbo producers; 1~0, excess sivel~e~vels of mainly public)deblo~ed ~ofbreign b~sk~sand goven~nenls, Blob wonted the Sterna sever limb bigh foliage ex~bange outlays; db~e.exces~siv~e~@overnment~i~t~d~ncei~:nibe ecso~nom ~ tbrou~b botb slate mo~Dopol~i~es and other regulation. Some~have also Glued tab poor pe ~ nuance bos been e~xaceDboled by media policies,oh~n Chad $~UC~ tural a~us~lme~nt prOg~un$. the Ben imposed by o~g~niz~ion$sucb as tbelnern~ional)Tone1~ry Fund and he avoid Balk and ~1are~i.n~nded lo elimi~na~ inethcie~nciesin~th~e economy. Astbe magnitude oftbe recession ~ developing counties beeline eve dentin He eddy 1980~s.:in$1ilulions and individuals raised concerns about

d 1be enacts on vulnerable groups. Eat ~~ ~ S# P~iculatly ~i~n~uc~ntial was a volume publ~isbed in ~1984 under 1be auspices of Abe [ni1od ~ati~ons 1~1e~mationa Cbildren s Emergency Puked, 74~ gaff ~ ^~ ~ ~ CAf/~ (J~olIy and Gloria. 1984~. Me unde~tlying~ argument of this volume Was am able Cessions ad es~pec~i~ly Me a~ustme~n1 policies Induced in Me name of sound economic managemp~, Ply Scatted He ~1~ of ~ young. l\vo s~ubsequ~e~1 volumes dfe~ss~ays and country case studies(com~ia e1~1., 1~. 1~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ m~igb1 Bane ad l~ncl~udod pelimin~ evidence tba1 -~ustme~1 policies bad Aeon associated Big increases its ingot and child mollify bitt some off counts studied. Links ~t~ee~nlbeesconomica~ddemo~gr~bicp~ar~metersofa ~ u~Ia- liOC ~ is~tuid~vel~yplau~sible ln~ecaseofmo~i1~tb~eassoci~10nseems clean On ~ cros~s-~ssec~tional basis, b~igb~i~come countries have locater mo-- ~ily, ~batever~indicalor is chosen. than Lois come countries. Similarly. ~ m alongiludinilperspective, ins in lift expccl~cy and f~l~lsin child Polity brave in genera Scamp Died gains in ~rc~itaincome. filmy, the c~oss~seclion~ and ~longitudinai relationships suggest Bat i~n- co~ goings He ~soci~d Bib logger ~il~il~ Comb He sborl-le~ ~ spob~se~issprobably1beSs~si~. The trim csomponen1 ~ pop~lali~on change, million, figs Moore collier. 11~!s~gen~er~ly~seen ~s~driven partly by gal gage diCtrenti~ls begged origins Bald de~s11~nsalionsE>bu1 also byline costs of m~i~gr~1ion,~so 1b~ a supposing pos~i~1ive~relati~0~sbip Ida economic condi: i~nsidibe:~plsoo 0f~!r:igin emerges. Steps ~bave been made lo folio ups o~ Bee p~e~l~im.:inory~! OPTICS sding~s in ~con~mpo=~ dealing cougar stags =~d ~ tests rigorously Be ~b~ypo~esi~s~ Bale epic verbals bare dem~og~bic ens. Base Cop leer 3 ~sc~dbes fain great dial. Bare is a body Of knowledge on Ace ~1~ 1ions~bips between economics conditions ad demote pales pen l~icularly in bis~ri~c~1 populism ~ Cove despite tb~e clear ass~i~ion$ between long~te~n econom~c~=d dem~o~gn~pb~:ic~cb~anges, es~bl~i~s~bi~ng ally cau~s~1~rel~i~on~sb~ipsbe~l~een~tbem has been ex~lremel~y~difi~c~l~p~ily be- cau~s~oflbe COmDl~eix-~lY of Me n~oce~sse~s~i~v~ved~a~d parlay bec~ause~ofibe imposs:ibil!~ of~se11~i~g up age expe~e~1~:1esls. ~Sbo~$o~n ral~i~on~sb~ip~s bevy pnovon~m~ore1~ac1ible ~E`~s~ivc =al~y $~is of tim~e~series~sd~ ~r Pius Rape ~~veal.s pe~si~s~te~nl and plau sibl.e dom~og~r~b~ic :~sponses to economic conditions Ed limited swoon in 1be contemporary developing World s~gGes1!s~s~imilarli^~s. Hoer astbe discussion~i~n Cb~pler 3 sbo~$, ~ ~ systematic studies 0ftbc enacts of ~e ~198sOs~=cession bare been candied out, except Olin America. As ~ result, 1be Corm mitl!ee on Popul~i~on'$ Panel on Popula1:ion Dynamics of Sub-Sibaran Afdca decided 10 undertake ~ m ~ori~nitia~liveintbis~area as Ha. ~ ~ ~ o

literslu~ and to utilize excising ads SC1S 10 employ links be~l~ee~>domo- g~pb~icou~1c0~mes~ndavad~ety o~feconomicindi~c~o~tbatcaoturedi~ren~1 dimensions of ~e ~:ce~ssi-. Ibe underlying sl~legy n~ Theses lo use ~co- s~1iveevenlbisto~ d~easasubsti~ ~rv~i=1~1s~aliond~ ~sp~- v~idean~nu~ se~hesof~risksofJemog~bic events 1bat can be flamed to =nual$odesof~onomiomeasu~swi~sui~bTelags. Tbe~usisno st~clur~a~us~ne~1~rse,b~utonge~ileconomiccondilions~ . A~view ofoconomi~c and demographic cb~nEgoin~su~b^Sab~n Africa s p~se~n~di~n Cb~pter 2 The sources of economic data~tbeirlimi~ions, and deOnidons ofibe economic v~dabl~es usedin the study can be fbundin Appendix A. A discussion of the concep$u~ ~ ~ monk is plosen~d in C~bap~r S Adobe methodology in CbaplOr4 The demographic data tab He use co ~ Tom He Demographic and Sealab Survey (~S)~P~og, ~ . ~ation~1y representative surveys undoer th{< no have hang Lied out an! ~ dozen c~ou~ntde$ of sub-Sibar~n in~fbnnalion col ~ __ A~i~ca. Tab surveys fb}.lo~ a standardized fb~nat, Aim located Mom all Compel concerning dale of SO m~ip~e,and does otbi~b ~nd~if~lev~l.age alde~lb,ofallchil~d=n everborn alive. TO nag of the d.~al~i~mits He demograpbic ou~omestbalc~n be studied. ~\oinfbnna- tion~is available on to m~o~ity ofadu~lls,so me only eat ~ ins child mom amity Asks. However such Asks brave been the focus of many ofibe cone corns raised about economic crisis. The surveys do not include completer mandage b~is~ries,~necordine only date of Brat mandate. so redcap only study age maniage roes. second births, because dbe numDe~ OI ODDS OCC1~1CC rap~lO1y AS Olden O[~[ rises' Id Cause of He Even condilionality consents applied ~ bigger order bias (6 example, only a Roman Ago Away bus bad exactly two bias can abase a thirds. Ho~e~ve~ in He absence of Ides con~cep- dve use, family Ion Ed initiation of chil~in~ me ~i~mpo~an~1 deeds mingles of overall 1~11~ Ed ~pu~l~ion gawk. ~Besc~se m.ig~lion big Ages ~ not av~11ible ~ the D8S, me carom soda He link beech ~ , ~ EVE also limit analysis of fitly lo burst and ^ . . ^ ^ ec~ono~mc varl~lon ano mlgra~:lon~ns~ A discussion of He BUS and the quality of data can be foundin Appendix B. \~ hoe me =~yzed ~1 the aisle sues ~r sub-S^=an A~ca. Rather he bove Lied to include ill our analysis couches ~1 ~p~sen dirt Ems of economic ex~ri~enct Botswana, Gb~a, Kenya, Id, Senegal, ~go, and Uganda. ~ caboose these canes not Accuse ~tbeir populations arid economic expedences represent a11 of Utica. Rawer, the , . ~, a, aim was lo choose counties tab React 1be dives ot Pecan ex~pedence Sand for ~bicb data ~ m Demonic and Heals Survey Aeon avails able) The coupe are located in Ashen ALica (Kenya and Uganda), soutbe~rn Apical (Botswana), and Western Ahica (Gibing. Ike, Senegal, and Tb~o). The recenloconomi~c and demographic b~lslodes of these coun . ^ . . ^ ~ ~

^ .~ as ~ In- / likes are brolly described i:n C~b~ter 2.. TO Mulls of Isis ~r each seven coun~ie~s, along ~i1b: i~n-<d~eptb~di~sc~u~ss~ions of Hair recent ecus busies, area p~sen~d~ ill gabbler 5. ~ Cb.ap~r ~ compares Be Sums as cou~t:~es~s~.~nd~!Cb~r 7 pressents~c~es~ls Ed cons At..

Next: 2 Economic and Demographic Overview of Sub-Saharan Africa and the Seven Countries Studied »
Demographic Effects of Economic Reversals in Sub-Saharan Africa Get This Book
Buy Paperback | $45.00
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

This book examines the effects of economic downturns in recent decades on first marriages, first and second births, and child mortality in Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo, and Uganda.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook,'s online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!