National Academies Press: OpenBook

Airport Terminal Incident Response Planning (2014)

Chapter: Chapter 7 - Budgeting for Airport Terminal Preparedness

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Page 31
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 7 - Budgeting for Airport Terminal Preparedness." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2014. Airport Terminal Incident Response Planning. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22333.
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Page 31

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31 Budgeting for Airport Terminal Preparedness Preparing an airport terminal to execute TIRPs requires foresight and ingenuity. The major costs fall into three categories: capital/initial procurement, one-time operational, and recurring operational. Appendix B provides a checklist of the line items for the services and supplies neces- sary to enable effective airport terminal evacuation, shelter-in-place, and repopulation events. Sound preparation may involve terminal construction or reconstruction for communications systems, information systems, signage, sensors, warning signs, and route marking. Areas with high risk of extreme weather hazards such as tornadoes may need to strengthen shelter areas and dedicate extra storage for emergency equipment and supplies such as drinking water. The plan- ning and design of spaces for evacuation, evacuation routes, rally points, and shelter-in-place locations is best included in the general terminal planning and design process. Small equipment such as handheld radios, flashlights, and electric megaphones can be bought once or at least infrequently since they do not spoil or expire. These types of expenditures are typically funded through operations budgets. Some emergency response materials such as water, emergency food supplies, and batteries have limited shelf life or are quickly consumed during a response, so they must be inventoried and restocked. Most airports inspect and restock or replace such supplies on an annual basis. As with durable small equipment, these supplies are typically funded through operations budgets. One airport periodically donates supplies nearing their expiration dates to charities and replaces them. Certain recurring services associated with planning, documenting, drilling, and exercising TIRPs, such as building materials and temporary repair services, will also normally be part of operations budgets. Some repairs or tasks, such as clearing broken glass or repairing damaged electrical systems, may be required before repopulation can occur. The types of incidents addressed by TIRPs are unlikely to involve presidential or state declara- tions of emergencies or disasters, so it is unlikely that services and supplies will be reimbursable by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) or other agencies. C H A P T E R 7

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TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Report 112: Airport Terminal Incident Response Planning summarizes the development and use of a tool that creates and maintains integrated incident response plans that address hazards in and around airport terminals.

The Airport Terminal Incident Response Plan (TIRP) tool, available on the CD-ROM that accompanies the report, assists in the development of a response plan to help mitigate the impact of events on terminal users. In addition to the TIRP tool, the report contains a user’s guide that provides a step-by-step process of generating incident response plans.

The report also contains an output example that demonstrates completed terminal incident response plans using the TIRP tool. The CD-ROM is also available for download from TRB’s website as an ISO image. Links to the ISO image and instructions for burning a CD-ROM from an ISO image are provided below.

Help on Burning an .ISO CD-ROM Image

Download the .ISO CD-ROM Image

(Warning: This is a large file and may take some time to download using a high-speed connection.)

CD-ROM Disclaimer - This software is offered as is, without warranty or promise of support of any kind either expressed or implied. Under no circumstance will the National Academy of Sciences or the Transportation Research Board (collectively "TRB") be liable for any loss or damage caused by the installation or operation of this product. TRB makes no representation or warranty of any kind, expressed or implied, in fact or in law, including without limitation, the warranty of merchantability or the warranty of fitness for a particular purpose, and shall not in any case be liable for any consequential or special damages.

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